MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

Question 1.
You are Ankit reading in Class X of New Era Higher Secondary School, Dewas. Write an application to your Principal requesting him to grant you leave for a week as you want to go to Bhopal to participate in the marriage ceremony of your elder brother/sister. (1999-A, 2002-A, B, C, A2, B2, C2, 12, 13, Imp.)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
New Era Higher Secondary School,
Dewas (M.P.)
Respected sir,

I request you to grant me leave for one week because I have to go to Bhopal to participate in the marriage ceremony of my elder brother/sister on 4.11.2012. I have to stay there to help my father.
Thanking you sir,

Yours most obediently,
Ankit
Class X.

Date
2nd November, 20….

Question 2.
You are Swarna Rajawat reading in Class X C of Christ Church Higher Secondary School, Jabalpur. Your father has been transferred to Seoni. Write an application to your Principal requesting him to issue your transfer certificate/School Leaving Certificate. (M.P. 1998, 99-C, 2002-B, 03-A1,B1C1; 12, 15, 17)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
Christ Church Higher Secondary School,
Jabalpur (M.P.)
Respected sir,

I beg to say that my father has been transferred to Seoni. So I have to go to Seoni with my parents. Therefore, kindly issue my transfer certificate at an early date so that I may get admission there without difficulty.
Thanking you sir,

Yours obediently,
Swarna Rajawat
Class X C.

Date
2nd July, 20….

MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

Question 3.
You are Sumit Sharma reading in Class X A in Govt. Higher Secondary School, Tarana. Write an application to your Principal requesting him to grant you two/three days sick leave. (M.P. 2016 Imp.)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
Govt. Higher Secondary School
Tarana (M.P.)
Through the class teacher X A.
Respected sir,

Most respectfully I beg to say that I have been suffering from fever since last night. So I am unable to attend the school. Kindly grant me two days leave and oblige.
Thanking you,

Yours obediently,
Sumit sharma
Class X A.

Date: 14.9.20….

Question 4.
You are Raju Samdani reading in class X B in Vaishnav Higher Secondary School, Indore. Write an application to your Principal requesting him to grant permission to your class to go on a picnic. (2004-A1, B1, C1)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
Vaishnav Higher Secondary School,
Indore (M.P.)
Respected sir,

With due respect I beg to say that the students of my class want to go on a picnic to the nearly garden on the riverside. We shall return before sun-set. I assure you that no problem of discipline shall arise. Kindly, grant permission for the same.
Thanking you sir,

Your most obedient student,
Raju Samdani
Captain Class X B.

Date: 20.12.20……

MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

Question 5.
Write an application to your Principal for change of section. (M.P. 2002-C1, 12)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
Govt. High School
Kachnaria (Ujjain)
Sir,

Most respectfully, I beg to state that I am a student of class X B in your school. Most of the students in this class are weak in studies. I had secured 82% marks in class IX. There are better students in class X A. So I request you to change me from section X B to X A.
Thank you very much sir.

Your obedient student,
Radha Chauhan

Date
10th August, 20…..

Question 6.
Write an application to your principal to issue you books from book-bank. (M.P. 1998, 2002, 09-A1, 02-B1, 02-A)
Answer:
To,
The Principal
Govt. Higher Secondary School
Morena
Sir,

I am a student of class X of your school. I have passed IX class in first division this year. Sir, as you know, I was granted exemption from payment of tuition fees last year due to my poor financial condition.

My father is very poor. He can’t buy books for me. Kindly, issue me books from the book bank of the school. I assure you that I will return them after the examination. Thanking you.

Yours obediently,
Poonam

Date
10th January, 20…….

Question 7.
You are Kuldeep Singh living in 252, Wright Town, Jabalpur. Write a complaint to the Post Master against the new postman who does not deliver the letters and parcels properly in time. (M.P. 1999-C)
Answer:
To,
The Post Master,
General Post Office,
Jabalpur (M.P.)
Sir,

I have to bring to your kind notice that new postman of our locality unnecessarily delays in delivering letters and parcels. Many times he hands over the letters to other persons. This causes a great difficulty. Last month, my friend Harendra could not attend an interview due to the late delivery of the interview call.

Kindly take necessary action and instruct him to do his duties properly.
Thanking you in anticipation

Yours faithfully,
Kuldeep Singh
252, Wright Town, Jabalpur.

Date: 12.09.20….

MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

Question 8.
You are Ravi Singh Bhadauria reading in Class X A in Govt. Higher Secondary School, Manhad (Bhind). Write an application to your principal requesting him to grant you freeship. (M.P. 2013, 15)
Answer:
To,
The Principal
Govt. Higher Secondary School
Manhad (Bhind)
Respected Sir,

I have to submit that I am a poor student of Class X A of your school. I take interest in my studies and pass the examinations with good marks. My father is a lower division clerk and has to maintain a large family. He is not able to pay my school fees. I am afraid that my studies may not be discontinued.

So, I request you to grant me freeship so that I may continue my studies without any difficulty.
For this act of your kindness I shall be grateful to you, sir.

Yours most obedient student,
Ravi Singh Bhadauria
Class X A

Date: 10.06.20….

Question 9.
Write an application to your principal requesting him to issue you a character certificate. (2004, 09-A2, B2, C2 Imp.)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
Govt, Higher Secondary School,
Rewa.
Subject: Character Certificate.
Sir,

I have passed the Higher Secondary Examination from your school in the 20…. My Roll number was 1284696. I have secured 402/500 marks. I have been a member of the school Cricket Team. I have taken active part in debates and represented school in inter-college competitions also.

I shall feel grateful to you if you issue me a character certificate which I require for the purpose of employment.

Yours obediently,
Mohan Bhatia
24/4, Nehru Nagar
Rewa

Date: 10.05.20…….

MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

Question 10.
Application to the Principal for a certificate. (Imp.)
Answer:
To,
The Principal,
Govt. High School Kharbai,
Raisen.
Subject: Sports/games certificate.
Sir,

I want to state that I have been a very good player of volleyball in the school and have participated many times in the state level tournaments. I have got admission in a polytechnic college. I have to submit the sports certificate with the application form. Please issue me the sports certificate.
Thanking you

Yours obediently,
Rohit.

Date: 13.12.20….

Question 11.
You are Irfan, studying in Excellence School Kachnaria (Ujjain). Write an application to your principal requesting him to issue you a character certificate.
Answer:
To,
The Principal
Excellence School
Kachnaria
Ujjain.
Subject: Character certificate.
Sir,

I wish to state that I am going to represent our school at the state-level quiz competition. To participate in that I need to submit a character certificate issued by the school. Therefore, I request you to issue me a character certificate and oblige.
Thanking you,

Yours obediently,
Irfan

Date: 25.03.20….

MP Board Class 10th General English Application Writing Important Questions

Question 12.
You are Monika Sharma, a student of class X Govt. Hr. Secondary School, Balaghat. Write an application to the Principal for character certificate. You have to submit it with your admission form at the Polytechnic College. (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
To,
The Principal
Govt. Hr. Secondary School,
Balaghat
Subject: Character certificate.
Sir,

I have the honour to state that I have to seek admission at the Polytechnic College for which I stand in need of a character certificate. Kindly issue me the same and oblige. Thanking you,

Yours obediently,
Monika Sharma
Class X

Date: 01.07.20….

MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 1.
Wonders of Science (M.P. 2015, 17 Imp.)
Or
Science, a Blessing or a Curse
(1997, 98, 99A, B, C, 2000, 09-A, C; 01-A, B, C; 02-A1, B1, C1, A2, B2, C2, 03-A1, B1, C1, A2, B2, C2, A1E, B1E, C1E, 04-C1, A2E, B2E, C2E, 12, Imp.)
Or
Science: A good servant but a bad master (M.P. 2016)
Or
Science: A Boon or a Curse (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
“In the sky above, in the ocean below and on the earth in between-everywhere has gone the triumphant chariot of science.” – Anon

“Our life, today, is governed and conditioned by the offshoots of science.” – Nehru

1. Introduction: In the dim dawn of creation when man opened his eyes he saw the blazing sun, the shining moon, the twinkling stars, the fast flowing rivers etc. he cried in the amazement, “What are these ?”
That question has been fully answered, today, by science.

The modern age is the age of science. The effect of science can be seen in all aspects of life. There are many wonderful things invented by science. In fact it has brought about a complete change in the whole world. We can say that science has changed this world into a fairyland.

2. Science as a Blessing: We can discuss science as a blessing as below:
(i) Science in our Daily Life: Science has increased comforts in the life of mankind. Daily life has now become very easy with the help of science. Food can be cooked very quickly by pressure cooker and can be kept fresh for a long time in refrigerator. Clothes can be washed in a washing machine without any labour in a very short time.

(ii) Electricity: Electricity is a great wonder of science. Science has given us fans and air-conditioners which save us from heat and cold. Electric bulbs and tubelights give us light. Machinery works with the help of electricity.

(iii) Means of Transportation and Communication: Science has made our travels more comfortably now. We have various means of journey. They take us to our destination in a short time comfortably. We have won distance by the use of trains, buses, cars, steamers and planes. In fact, the far off countries have come closer due to quick services of aeroplanes. We can travel thousands of miles in a few hours.

Science has brought a revolutionary change in the field of communications also. Telephone, telegraph and wireless have made the world quite small. Radio and television are the valuable gifts of science.

(iv) Medical Field: Science has helped us to fight many fatal diseases like T.B. and Cancer. It has lessened the sufferings and miseries of mankind. Surgery and X-rays are great boons. Science has given eyes to the blind, legs to the lame and ears to the deaf. Diseases like plague, cholera, small pox and maleria have been controlled by the help of science.

(v) Agriculture: Better with the help of fertilizers, medicines and better irrigation facilities we can take bumper crops. ‘Green Revolution’ and ‘White Revolution’ (milk) have given us a lot.

(vi) Entertainment and Education: Science has given us cinema, T.V., radio and many other things. It has given us calculators, robots, cameras and computers. Computer is a great wonder of science. These inventions help in the field of education.

3. As a Curse: But this is only one side of the coin. Science has produced many deadlier weapons also and made wars most destructive by bombs and missiles. The world is sitting on a valcano. Any Laden or Hitler may explode it. If the Third World War breaks, it will destroy the whole world by nuclear weapons.

It has been rightly said, “The third world war will be fought with bombs and missiles but the fourth will be fought with stones and arrows.” – C.E.M. Joad

4. Conclusion: Gandhiji has rightly said, “Science has taught us to fly like birds in the sky and swim like fish in the oceans but it has not taught us how to walk on the earth.”

In fact, there is nothing wrong with science. It is up to man, how he uses it. It is a blessing and a curse both. Hence, many should use science for peace and happiness of mankind. It should never be used for war or any other destructive purpose. We can say that science is a good servant but a bad master.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 2.
An Indian Festival
(1999-B, C, 2000-B, 01-A, 02-A2, B1, C1, B2, C2, 03-A1, A2, 04-A1, B1, C1, 04-A2E, B2E, C2E, 12, 16, Imp.)
Or
The Festival You Like Most (M.P. 2014, 17)
Answer:
1. Introduction: India is a land of fasts, feasts, fairs and festivals. There is some fair or festival in every month throughout the year. They are mostly religious, social, national or seasonal. Diwali is an important festival celebrated all over the country.

2. When and Why Celebrated: Diwali is celebrated on the fifteenth day of the month of Kartik when rains have ended. It marks the advent of winter when the harvest is ready to be reaped. It is said that Ram, the king of Ayodhya returned to his kingdom on this day after his victory over Ravan, the king of Lanka. So people welcomed him by lighting lamps in the city. People illuminate their houses and worship Laxmi, the Goddess of wealth in memory of the same.

3. Celebrations: This festival is celebrated with great Joy. People clean their houses, whitewash and decorate them. In the evening the earthen lamps, candle sticks and electric bulbs of different colours are lighted. Crackers are burnt. Goddess Laxmi is worshiped. Sweets are eaten. The merchants open new account-books for their business. Most of the people and children put on new clothes on this auspicious day.

People send greetings to their relatives and friends. ‘Diwali Milan’ is arranged to meet local friends and relatives who join to enjoy this festival. Usually they forget their mutual enmity and embrace one another with hearty sentiments. Though this is a festival of the Hindus yet people of all communities of the country join in this celebration. Thus this festival increases the feeling of unity and brotherhood.

4. Conclusion: But there is a dark aspect too of this great festival. On this day many people gamble. Many times the fireworks result in accidents and children fall prey to bums. These fireworks are costly, and there is a huge wastage of money. If these evils are controlled, this festival brings the message of happy future for all alike.

Question 3.
My Hobby
(1998, 99-A, 2001-C, 02-A2, C1, 03-A1, B1, 03-B1E, 04-A1B1, C1, A2E, C2E, 12, 15, 16, 17 Imp.)
Answer:
“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.”
1. Introduction: Man is not a machine. So he has to take shelter to some hobby or the other. Hobby is a pleasant pastime. It washes away the monotony and gives fresh energy. It is the best use of leisure. It gives mental recreation too.

2. My Hobby: There are many kinds of hobbies e.g. singing, dancing, photography, painting, stamp-collection, gardening, hunting and swimming etc. I have taken up gardening as my hobby. I have inculcated a taste for gardening since my childhood. I am very much interested in plants and flowers. I have visited many beautiful gardens situated in big cities.

3. What I do for my hobby: I have prepared a small but beautiful garden within the boundary of my house. There are many plants with beautiful flowers. I am very fond of roses. So I have collected fifteen varieties of roses in my garden. There are various other flowers too. Besides this there are small fruit trees. In a small portion of my garden, I grow vegetables also.

I work in my garden during my leisure time daily. I prepare beds of plants and water them. I also do grafting and cutting of the unwanted branches. I take great pleasure in these works. Many times I present the fruits and flowers to my friends. When I pluck vegetables for my mother’s kitchen, she is very much pleased.

4. Conclusion: My hobby is not expensive. I do not spend much on it. Other hobbies like photography etc. are quite expensive. My parents take delight in watching me working in the garden. Gardening is a good exercise also. It keeps my body and mind fit. The beautiful scenery of my small garden attracts everybody who passes by it. The fragrant flowers, the sweet fruits and the tasty vegetables of my garden are valuable wealth to me. I love my garden very much.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 4.
A Visit to a Historical Place
(2000-A,B,C, 01-A, 02-A1, C1, 02-B1, B2, 03-C2, B1E, Imp.)
Answer:
1. Introduction: It is truly said that ‘a thing of beauty is a joy forever.’ There are many beautiful spots of historical importance. The Taj Mahal has the first position among them. It is the most glorious tomb built in the memory of love. It is one of the wonders of the world. Thousands of tourists come from remote countries of the world to enjoy its beauty every year. I too was very eager to see the Taj.

2. Our Journey: The combined efforts of our Principal and our history teacher brought that auspicious day when a batch of fifty students started for Agra where the Taj Mahal is situated on the bank of the holy river Yamuna. It was the month of October the most suitable season for outings and excursions. Our seats were reserved and we did not face any difficulty during our journey to Agra. Thus, we reached our destination safely the next morning and decided to go to see the Taj in the evening.

3. How it was built: Our history teacher had already taught us that the Taj Mahal, was built by Shahjahan, the Mughal emperor of India. He built this monument in the sweet memory of his beloved Begham Mumtaj who died in 1631. Twenty thousand artists were employed to build this historical monument with white marble stones. This is really a human attempt to make an immortal thing in this mortal world.

4. The Taj at Night: It was the time of sun-set when our party reached the premises. The rays of the setting sun fell on the silvery body of the Taj. The scene was extremely charming. We took some snaps and waited there till the moon came out with it’s full glory because it was a full moon night. We were spell bound to see the radiant beauty of the Taj. The domes seemed to swim in the silver light and the grand minarets shot up towards the blue sky. Words fail to express the beauty of the Taj shining in full moon light.

Going inside, we found that every part of the Taj Mahal was covered with the most graceful designs on the marble. All the arches are ornamented with the finest touches of art. Shahjahan and his queen Mumtaj sleep eternally in the heart of the central chamber. In fact the Taj is the masterpiece of architecture. Its real beauty lies in it’s simplicity. Thus, we enjoyed the beauty of the Taj till late in the night and returned to the lodge with a sweet memory in my heart. The next day we started on return journey and reached home by evening.

5. Conclusion: The Taj is really the Taj of wonders. It is the poetry in marble. It is the best love song sung by Shahjahan. Its beauty and grandeur still flashes upon my inward eye.

Question 5.
Importance of Games and Sports
Or
Value of Games
(2002-C1, C2, 03-B2, 04-A1, C1, C2E, 09, 16, Imp.)
Or
Importance of Games in Student Life (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
A sound mind lives in a sound body. – Aristotle
“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.”

1. Introduction: It is said that “Health is Wealth”. We can have a sound mind only in a sound body. Games and sports play a very important role in the life of young boys and girls. On one hand they give us recreation and on the other they help in the development of body, mind and personality. They make life charming and useful.

2. Advantages: Games and sports impart the real education for future life. Many good qualities are taught by games and sports. Discipline, mutual cooperation, unity and obedience of rules are some of the characteristic features which form the total personality of the youths. A regular habit of playing according to rules becomes a part of their character. Classroom teaching does not impart that vital education which is the impact of games and sports.

Games and sports bring about national and international honours to us. The players and athletes of different countries participate in various games and sports in the world competition. They try to show their skill with utmost vigour. If they win they bring a name for their country.

Games and sports make the growing boys and girls honest and hard working. They leam patience, confidence and courage. Victory and defeat are equal in their view. This sportsmanship makes their future bright. Moreover they form regular habits which lead them on the path of success.

3. As a profession: In the modem age games and sports have become profession also. Many skilled players and athletes earn a huge amount of money by competiting in various national and international competitions. By virtue of being good players or good athletes, they get jobs. Wherever they go they get honour.

4. Conclusion: Thus we see that games and sports are very important for the mental, physical and moral make up of the youths who have to bear great responsibilities for the progress of their country.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 6.
Independence Day Celebration
(2002-C1, 03-B2, C2, C1E)
Or
Any National Festival
Or
A School Function
Answer:
“A man is born free but everywhere he is bound in chains.”
-Rouseeux

1. Introduction: Fifteenth of August is a red letter day for the whole of India because we achieved the long cherished independence on the 15th of August 1947. We had to struggle hard for long and our national leaders were put to severe sufferings by the foreign rulers. Many times the British rulers fired on the innocent crowd of freedom fighters as in ‘Jaliyanwala Bagh.’ But this black rule did not last long and we got the glorious victory.

2. Dawn of Independence: With the dawn of independence the chapter of slavery was closed and we had our own government with the Prime Ministership of Pt. Jawahar Lai Nehru. In memory of this glorious victory we celebrate this auspicious day with great joy every year.

3. Flag Hoisting and Procession: Independence day is celebrated in our school every year in a remarkable manner. This year also we assembled in the school in the early morning at 7.00 a.m. Our honourable Principal unfurled the national-flag followed by singing of National Anthem. Then there was the ceremonial march-past by the N.C.C. troop of our school. The Principal took the salute and read out the message of the Chief Minister of our state. After that the whole school started on a colourful procession and took a round of the town. Many guardians and government officials joined us on the way.

4. Back at School: On the return of the procession to school premises, it turned into a meeting under the chairmanship of the Municipal President. Short speeches of national importance were delivered. National poems were recited. The huge crowd of the general public and guardians was very much impressed. At the end sweets were distributed to the students by the people of the town.

5. The Colourful Evening: In the evening a programme of games and sports was held. A huge crowd had assembed to watch the performance of students. The guidance of our teachers was very much praised by everybody. Just before sun-set the National Flag was pulled down with honour. Later the whole of school building was illuminated artistically with small bulbs of different colours.

6. Conclusion: Thus the independence day was celebrated with great rejoicing. Now we have gained political liberty. But it is not enough. We have to struggle hard to get rid of illiteracy and poverty. The government of India has done a lot in this direction yet much is left to be done. Our former President, Abdul Kalam’s vision that India will become a developed country by 2020 will come true if we make it a mission and fulfil it with action.

Question 7.
Television (1999-C, 02-C2, 12)
Answer:
1. Introduction: The modem age is the age of science and technology. Scientific inventions have brought about a revolutionary change in human life. People of all the countries of the world have accepted the marvellous inventions of science as a routine of their daily life. Television is one of those wonderful inventions by which we cannot only hear the voices but can also see what is being telecast. It has become so popular that it can be found in every house in the present times.

2. A Source of Knowledge and Entertainment: A number of transmission stations have been started all over our country also during the past few years. Since it is an audio-visual means of communication, it has become most popular. It plays a vital role in almost all the aspects of our life. We get the latest news of our country and abroad with actual scenes. We enjoy the various national and international programmes of importance sitting in our rooms. We also enjoy films and various international matches of games and sports. Many times educational programmes are also telecast. In this way we find that television is not only a source of recreation but also imparts education and increases our general knowledge.

3. A Boon for Villages: These days television has gained a very great importance in our villages where the people are mostly uneducated. It has become an effective source of adult education. Village people have started taking interest to uplift their society in all walks of life through this media. They learn a lot through the various programmes which depict the evils of superstitions, early marriages, illiteracy, increase in population etc.

4. Conclusion: Thus, we can safely say that television is very advantageous in many ways. But excess of anything is bad. If we sit before television for longer hours, it affects the eyesight and distracts the attention of students from their regular studies. So proper care should be taken to escape from the bad effects.

Question 8.
A Great Indian Leader (M.P. 2017)
Or
The Man I Like Most
Or
My Favourite Leader
(Mahatma Gandhi)
(1997, 98, 99-A, 2002-A, 02-B1, C1, 02 A2, 03-A1, B1, C1, A2, B2, C2, 03-A1E1, B1, E1, C1E, Imp.)
Answer:
“Lives of great men all remind us.
We can make our lives sublime.” -H. W. Longfellow

1. Introduction: Some are born great, some achieve greatness and there are some whom greatness is thrust upon Gandhiji was born great. He is the most dazzling star in the horizon of modem India. He was an apostle of peace.

2. Birth and Family: His fall name was Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbander in Gujrat. His father, Karam Chand Gandhi was the Deewan of Rajkot state. His mother, Putlibai was a pious lady. His wife, Kasturba was a simple lady. She assisted him all her life.

3. Education and Practice: Having received his early education in India, he went to England for further studies. He passed Bar-at-law and came back to India. He became a barrister. He started his practice at Godhara and then Mumbai. He went to South Africa in a case. The condition of the Indians was very bad there. The English tortured them. He fought for their rights. Then, he came back to India.

4. His Struggle for India’s Freedom: He started struggle for freedom. He started non-cooperation, Satyagraha and Quit India Movements. He had to go to jail many times. He loved truth and Ahimsa. Under his leadership India became free on 15th August, 1947. He worked for Harijans and Hindu-Muslim unity all his life.

5. His Death: On January 30, 1948 Gandhiji was shot dead. He left the world with his last words, ‘He Ram’. The Angel of peace left us forever. All the country mourned his death. Some reactions were as follows:
(i) Light has gone out of our lives and darkness is everywhere. – Nehru
(ii) “O Indians ! We saved Gandhi but you killed him.” – Churchil
(iii) “The world to come will never believe that such a man had ever walked on this earth with the same flesh and blood as we have.” – Einstein.
(iv) “Gandhi shot dead! The Christ has been crucified a second time.” – Pearl S. Buck

6. Conclusion: He did not possess the authority of a king; he did not possess the power of a General; he did not possess the riches of a millionaire. He was a simple man clad in a loin-cloth. But he set the stamp of his personality on an epoch. We are proud of our Bapu.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 9.
A School Function
Or
Prize Distribution Day in Our School
(1999-A, 2002-C1, 12)
Answer:
1. Introduction: Parents give birth to a child but schools bring them up into a human being. An allround development of the child is brought about by the schools. In our school also competitions in various activities, other than class-room teaching, are held every year. Literary and games and sports competitions are held throughout the year but prizes are distributed on annual prize distribution day only. This year it was celebrated on the 26th January as decided by the school council of staff and students.

2. Preparations: Preparations for this great day started atleast a fortnight before. Different sub-committees of students were formed under the charge of teachers. The whole school building was decorated with colourful buntings and balloons. A tent was pitched in front of the permanent stage of the school. Chairs were arranged in rows on the red carpets under the tent. The parents of all the students and other citizens were invited to grace the occassion.

3. The Chief Guest: The Director of Education was the chief guest who came exactly at 4 00 p.m. He was welcomed at the school gate and was garlanded by the Principal and the school captain. Then he was led to the stage. The audience stood up to pay respect to him. On his taking a seat on the stage, all the people took their seats.

4. The Main Function: All the items of competition had already been completed. So the actual function of prize distribution commenced. First of all the Principal expressed his gratitude to all those who attended the function, particularly the chief guest. Next came the student-secretary who read out a report on the various activities and achievements of the students under the guidance of their beloved Principal and respected teachers. Later came the teacher-in-charge with a list of the prize winners in different competitions.

The chief guest was requested to give away the prizes. The teacher pronounced the names of the prize winners one by one. They came to the stage and accepted their prize from the hands of the chief guest with honour. Every time the students and the audience clapped with joy. Then the chief guest was requested to speak a few words to encourage the students. He spoke on the importance of co-curricular activities. He said that our school was one of the best schools of the state. He thanked the school family and took his seat.

5. Cultural Programme: After the end of this programme, the chief guest was requested and led to the front row because a cultural programme was to take place on the stage. This programme started with the, ‘Arti’ of Mother Saraswati, the Goddess of learning. Then came the turn of dances, songs and short plays. The performance of the students was very much praised by everybody.

6. Conclusion: At about 8.30 p.m. the Principal again came to the stage and thanked the chief guest and all other persons for attending the function and declared the close of the programme. The Director was very much impressed with the achievements of the students and wished a bright future for the whole school family.

Question 10.
An Interesting Match
(1997, 99-A, 2000-A, B, C, 01-B, 02-A1, B2, 03-A1, A2, 03-A1E, B1E, C1E, 04-B2F, 12, 15)
Answer:
1. Introduction: Games play a vital role in the life of men and women. Due to this reason they occupy a very important place in schools and colleges. Worldwide importance of games and sports cannot be denied these days. International competitions are arranged. These days cricket has become most popular throughout the world. Our India enjoys an honourable position in the world of cricket. Our country has produced many skilled cricketers.

2. My Favourite Game: In our school also due importance is given to the various games and sports. I am also interested in playing volley-ball and cricket. But cricket is my favourite game. I have been elected as captain of the school cricket team because I am an allrounder. I am equally skilled in batting, bowling and fielding. I always try to give suitable guidance to the players of my team.

3. The Teams and Venue: In November last, a cricket match was arranged between our school team and the National School team. The match was played in the Subhash Stadium of our city. Since it was Sunday, a great crowd of spectators had assembled to watch the match. At 10 A.M. sharp both the teams came to the field. The two umpires were also present. First of all we won the toss and choose to bat. The National School team was spread up for fielding.

4. Our Batting: I had already prepared the order of my batsmen. Giriraj and Jeevan were the openers. They went to the crease to face the bowlers of the opponent team. They had a very good start. They played all the fast and spin balls with confidence. Both of the batsmen hit many of balls to the boundary. They stayed at the crease for more than an hour. They scored 72 runs. Suddenly, Sunil was caught out just before the boundary line.

Ravi took his place. He could not set himself properly and was declared L.B. W. out. Next batsman was Raju who was a left hander. He helped Rajesh to increase the score. This partnership also could not give a good stand. Raju was caught behind the wicket at the score of 105 runs. Now I took his place. In the beginning I simply stopped the balls to judge them properly. Then I started hitting the ball strongly. My batting gave confidence to Rajesh also.

When my individual score crossed half a century, the spectators clapped with joy and cheered me up. Since this was a 30 overs match we had to score fast. I hit four sixes and ten fours to raise the score to 212 runs along with the score of Giriraj at the end of the prescribed 30 overs.

5. Our Fielding: Now it was the turn of the National School team to bat. So I spread up my players for fielding. On the very first spin ball sent by me, I caught the first opener and sent him back to pavillion. Next batsman came and tried to play steadily. This pair played for eight overs and at the score of only 32 runs, the second opener was run out. In this way the batsmen of the opponent team came and were sent back to the pavillion.

Five of them were out at their individual score of zero. This made them nervous but when their captain came at five down, they were a little encouraged. Runs poured in and he brought the score to respectable point of 148 runs. But he alone could not do much and was caught out. The next batsman also could not give a good stand. At the end of 30 overs they had a score of 174 runs with two wickets in hand.

6. Conclusion: Thus we won the match by 38 runs. The match was very interesting and everybody enjoyed it. I was congratulated by my teachers who witnessed my performance. We shook hands with one another and departed.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 11.
Electricity in Life
(H.S. 1998, 2000-B, 12, Imp.)
Answer:
1. Introduction: Electricity is a great wonder of science. Modem life is not possible without electricity. It has really invaded all fields of human life.

2. Electricity in House-hold Works: A housewife uses various gadgets which run on electricity. She uses oven, fridge, mixer, washing-machine and electric iron. All these make her work easy. The fans, coolers and heaters save us from severe weather conditions. They add to our comfort.

We use radio, tape-recorder, T.V., C.D. player and V.C.Ps. They entertain us and enrich our knowledge. They help us to pass time.

3. Electricity outside the House: A doctor today uses many scientific instruments. They run on electricity. X-rays and E.C.G. etc. help the doctor to diagnose diseases. Microsurgery is possible only with the help of sensitive-electronic apparatus.

Trains run on electricity. Roads are lighted by it. Factories that produce consumer goods for us are run on electricity. Buses, cars and scooters have electronic parts. Multi-storey buildings have lifts. Banks use electronic alarms to safeguard our money.
Farmers use pumps and other machines which run on electricity.

4. Conclusion: There is not a field of life where electricity is not used. In fact, its excessive use has brought about the problem of its shortage.
We however hope that alternative sources of electricity will be discovered and life would continue to move as happily as ever.

Question 12.
Environmental Pollution
Or
Problem of Pollution
(H.S. 1997, 2003-B2, Imp.)
Answer:
1. Introduction: It is said that man is the child of his environment. From our environment we get things without which it may not be possible to live. Our relation with our environment is delicately balanced,

2. Causes of Pollutions: Man is however, polluting this environment by various acts. We cut trees to make houses and roads. We dispose waste matter into rivers. Our vehicles pollute the atmosphere with toxic-gases. Vehicles and machines produce a lot of noise.

3. Problem of Pollution: Nature has its ways of clearing the toxic material from the environment but it has a limit. We have crossed that limit. So the problem of pollution has become severe.

Cities have polluted air. This causes respiratory diseases. The water of rivers is polluted. It contains chemical waste and disease-germs. So, there are water-borne-diseases. The high noise in cities causes deafness and mental tension.

4. Measures against Pollution: It is a good thing that we have become aware of this problem. Now, there is restriction of cutting trees or polluting the rivers. Farmers are asked to use pesticides rationally. There is also awareness that our resources cannot bear the load of our excessive population.

5. Conclusion: It is a global problem. Agencies like the UNO and other bodies are trying to make people aware of the problem. Indeed, we can solve this problem only by making combined efforts. We must leave the future generations a cleaner and greener world.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 13.
Importance of Trees/Forests. (2004-B1, 12)
Or
Why should we plant Trees?
(H.S. 1998, 2002-B1, 16, Imp.)
Answer:
1. Introduction: From old days, man and trees have lived in harmony we depend on them as they depend on us. In fact, the animals can’t live if there are no plants. Let us see how plants and trees are useful to us.

2. Advantages of Trees: Trees give us wood. This wood is used as fuel. It is also used for building houses and boats. Wood is the raw material for paper and rayon.

Trees and plants make starch by photosynthesis. This starch is the food of all grass-eating animals. It is also the main food for human beings. Our demand for meat is also indirectly fulfilled by plants.

Trees give out water vapour. This cools the air. It is helpful in causing rains. Also, they bind the soil fast and stop the erosion of soil.

We get many herbs and medicines from plants, Uses of Tulsi, Neem, Cinchona, Eucalyptus, Amla, etc. are well known. They also purify the air by taking carbon-dioxide and releasing oxygen to the atmosphere.

Forests also provide food and shelter to various birds and animals which make our earth such a beautiful place.

3. Causes of the Problem: Unfortunately, our growing population needs lots of space and so trees have been mercilessly cut in the past. Forests are destroyed to make roads, dams and mines.

4. Conclusion: It is time, we should think seriously about this. If we don’t wake up in time to the need to save forests, it may be too late.

Question 14.
My Best Friend (M.P. 2015)
Or
An Ideal Student
(2002-C2, 03-C)
Answer:
“A friend in need is a friend indeed.”

1. Introduction: You may have many friends, but true friends are few. Umesh is one of my best friends. I consider him an ideal boy.

2. Details: Umesh’s father is a lecturer. His father is a simple man, always helpful to others. His mother is a doctor. She is a virtuous lady. Qualities of parents are combined in Umesh.

3. His age and Personality: Umesh is 16 years old. He reads in class X of our school. He has a charming personality. He is very healthy.

4. His habits: Umesh has many good habits. He wakes up early in the morning. He goes for walking. He studies and does his home work regularly. He reaches his school in time. He obeys and respects all his teachers. He helps the weak students. He has no bad habits. He mostly stands first in the examinations. He is a good player also.

5. Position in the School: Students have elected him General Secretary. He is popular among students. He organizes many activities in the school. He himself takes active part in them.

6. At Home: Umesh helps his neighbours at the time of any trouble, all praise him. Once he saved the life of a child at the risk of his life when his house was on fire. The child’s parents thanked him very much.

7. Why I like him?: I like him most because he has a very good nature. He is kind, honest and truthful. He always helps me. He bears a good moral character. The Principal and the teachers praise him much. He believes in simple living and high thinking.

May God grant him a happy long life!

Question 15.
My Ambition in Life
(1999, 2003-A1, 09, Imp.)
Answer:
1. Introduction: I am a student of class X at this moment. When I was in IXth class, I once heard a lecture on science. It increased my curiosity. When I came in Class X after passing IXth class examination, I want to offer science in class XI.

2. Education: Why do I leam science? My aim is to be a scientist. I wish to know more and more about Physics. I wish to obtain graduate and post graduate degree in Physics. After that I wish to continue my study. I want to obtain the degree of Ph.D. I wish to do something new.

3. My Ambition: Our country is developing very fast. We are making more and more progress in science and technology yet we have to do much more. We are still far behind. Our industries and research centres need more scientists and technicians. I hope to be one of them.

My aim is to serve our country. I am sure I shall earn enough with this qualification. I don’t want to earn more by unfair and foul means. I hope 1 shall be able to follow certain values and principles.

The people of our country are very much in distress to find that in every sphere there is corruption. I too feel that corrupt practices should be stopped. Only then the common people can enjoy the real benefit of life. I shall do my best to remain fair and give all possible help to the people. I shall devote a good time to make researches.

Chiefly India is the land of farmers. Most of the people are engaged directly or indirectly in farming. Much has been done to increase agricultural production. I shall also work for the development of industrialization.

4. Conclusion: I am doing hard work. I am studying day and night. I hope. I shall be able to fulfil what I aspire with the good wishes of my parents, teachers and friends. I shall achieve my goal. May God give me strength to do so.

MP Board Class 10th General English Essay Writing Important Questions

Question 16.
An Ideal Teacher
(1998, 2002-A2, C1 04-A1, 12, Imp.)
Or
My Favourite Teacher (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
“He that governs well leads the blind but he that teaches gives him eyes.”

1. Introduction: I read in Govt. Anand Higher Secondary School No. 1, Chhindwara. There are many lecturers and teachers in our school. All are well-qualified. They take much interest in teaching us and have affection for us. We also like and respect all of them. But we like Shri Sunil Vajpai very much. He is very sympathetic towards us. He is hard working.

2. His Personality and Qualification: Shri Vajpai has a handsome personality. He is a man of noble nature. He is very honest, regular and punctual. He is a man of principles. These qualities make him popular. He is always well-dressed. Generally he wears shirt and pant. He is always smiling. He is an M.Com., B.Ed. He has a great knowledge of his subject.

3. His Qualities: Shri Vajpai has many qualities. He is never angry with the students. He loves his students very much. He helps them. He is a good friend of all the teachers.

4. His Work: Shri Vajpai pays great attention to his work. He is incharge of the morning shift. He assists the Principal in the administration of the school. He is also incharge of co-curricular and extra-curricular activities of the school. He organises these activities. He guides students taking part in debates, speech competitions and essay competitions. He conducts examinations of the school also.

5. His Discipline: He likes discipline very much. All students observe discipline before him. They obey his orders cheerfully. He preaches the students to do good and noble deeds. He inspires them to make progress.

6. His Behaviour: His behaviour with the Principal and other staff members is very good. All like him. Shri Vajpai sometimes meets our parents and guardians also. He takes keen interest in all-round development of the students. He tries to help all.

7. Conclusion: Shri Vajpai is liked and respected by all. Sometimes he attends us in the games periods also. He encourages students to take part in games also. We wish him all success in his life.

MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

Read the following passages carefully and answer the questions given after them:

(1) It is a fact universally acknowledged that means justify the end. Therefore we all must remember that one of the keys to success is to pay as much attention to the means as to the end. The duty of every human being is to help others and do something good to the world and society. Religious texts teach us that the giver and receiver both are equally blessed. It is our duty to be thankful to God that we have been allowed to exercise our power of benevolence and march in the world and thus become pure and perfect. The natural course of events dictates that every action has to reach its concluding phase. The act once performed is bound to bear fruit. No power in the universe can stop it from bringing its results. (M.P. 2017)

Questions:

Question 1.
What should be the relationship between means and end?

Question 2.
What is the secret of success?

Question 3.
Who is more blessed – the giver or receiver or both?

Question 4.
The fact is ……….. acknowledged.
(a) fully
(b) universally
(c) truly
(d) really

Question 5.
Give the noun form of ‘perform’:
(a) performent
(b) performance
(c) performation
(d) performing

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(2) Yoga is the ancient system to keep a person fit in body and mind. It is basically a system of self-treatment. According to the yogic view, diseases, disorders and ailments are the result of some faulty way of living, bad habits, lack of proper knowledge and unsuitable food. The diseases are thus the resultant state of a sort of prolonged malfunctioning of the body system. Since the root cause of a disease lies in the mistakes of the individual himself. The yoga expert shows only the path and works so more than a counsellor. The yogic practice of treatment comprises three steps namely diet, proper yogic practice and proper knowledge of things about the self.
Questions: (M.P. 2011)

A. Fill in the blanks:

Question 1.
The root cause of disease lies in …………. :
(a) Mistakes of physician
(b) Mistakes of the individual
(c) Mistakes of others.
Answer:
(b) Mistakes of the individual

Question 2.
The word prolonged means:
(a) New
(b) Very old
(c) None
Answer:
(b) Very old

Question 3.
What are the main causes of diseases and disorders?
Answer:
The main causes of diseases and disorders are faulty way of living, bad habits, lack of proper knowledge and unsuitable food.

Question 4.
What does a yoga expert do?
Answer:
The yoga expert shows only the path and works so more than a counsellor.

Question 5.
What is yoga?
Answer:
Yoga is the ancient system to keep a person fit in body and mind.

(3) A young father was visiting an old neighbour. They were standing in the older man’s garden and talking about children. The young man said, “How strict should parents be with their children?” The older man pointed to a string between a big, strong tree and a thin, young one. ‘Please untie that string,’ he said. The young man untied it and the young tree bent over to one side. ‘Now tie it again, please,’ said the older man. “But first pull the string tight so that the young tree is straight again.”

The young man did this. Then the older man said, “It is the same with children. You must be strict with them, but sometimes you must untie the string to see how they are getting on. If they are not yet able to stand alone, you must tie the string tight again. But when you find that they are ready to stand alone, you can take the string away.” (M.P. 2014)

Questions:

Question 1.
Where were the men standing?
Answer:
They were standing in the older man’s garden and talking about the children.

Question 2.
What did the older man ask the young man to do with the string?
Answer:
The older man said to the young man to untie the string between a big, strong tree and a thin, young tree.

Question 3.
With whom should the parents be strict sometimes?
Answer:
The parents should be strict with the children some times.

Question 4.
Find out the opposite of the word: ‘different’ from the passage.
Answer:
Same.

Question 5.
Fill in the blanks with the correct alternative:
When the young man untied string, the young tree ………….. to one side.
(a) fell down
(b) bent over
(c) stood straight
(d) didn’t bend
Answer:
(b) bent over

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(4) There was once an engine driver who was a very careful person. He always looked at the bright side of things and was fond of telling people, who were in trouble that there was sure to be some good in it whether they could see it or not. One day his train ran into another train and he was terribly injured. When he was taken to the hospital, it was found necessary to cut off one of his legs, which was badly crushed. Some days afterwards, a party of friends visited him and one said to another “I am afraid, the poor fellow will have some difficulty in seeing the bright side of this affair.” Hearing this the engine driver smiled and said “Not at all, I shall only have one boot to buy and clean in future.” Cheerfulness is better than grumbling. (M.P. 2011)

Questions:

Question 1.
The engine driver always looked at the side of things:
(a) dark
(b) dirty
(c) bright
Answer:
(c) bright

Question 2.
Antonym of ‘dirty’ is:
(a) untidy
(b) clean
(c) soft
Answer:
(b) clean

Question 3.
What kind of man was the engine driver?
Answer:
The engine driver was a cheerful person and looked at the bright side of things.

Question 4.
What was he fond of?
Answer:
He was fond of telling people if there is trouble, there will be some good in it.

Question 5.
Why was it necessary to cut-off one of his legs?
Answer:
It was necessary because in an accident he was terribly injured and the leg was terribly crushed.

(5) Once on a lonely Island in the sea there lived three people, a wise old man named Prospero, his beautiful young daughter Miranda, and their servant Caliban. Prospero and Miranda had come to the Island twelve years ago. When Miranda was only a baby, she hardly remembered having seen any human face except her father’s. As for Caliban he looked hardly human; he was more like a fish than a man.

Prospero had another servant, a magic spirit named Ariel, whom he commanded by means of his magic. Before Prospero’s arrival lived on the island a witch called Sycorax; the ugly Caliban was her son. This witch had imprisoned Ariel in the heart of a pine tree and left him there when she died. Prospero found him and released him and he became Prospero’s servant. Ariel carried out all Prospero’s commands, whether it was to raise a storm in the sea or make thunder in the air. (M.P. 2016)

Questions:

Question 1.
Miranda was the ………… of Prospero.
(i) daughter
(ii) sister
(iii) wife
Answer:
(i) daughter

Question 2.
When did they come there?
Answer:
They came there twelve years ago.

Question 3.
Who was Ariel?
Answer:
Ariel was a magic spirit.

Question 4.
What did Ariel do?
Answer:
Ariel helped Prospero by raising storm in the sea or thundering in air.

Question 5.
Find out a word from the passage that means ‘witch craft’
Answer:
Magic.

Question 6.
Find out the opposite of ‘ugly’ from the passage.
Answer:
Beautiful.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(6) Of man’s earliest invention we know very little. The first may have been the use of a stone to crack a nut. The next was possibly the use of a stick to strike an enemy. Once man found that stick and stones were useful, it was only a step further to the making of a rude weapon by fastening a stone to the end of a stick.

Man used sticks and stone long before he dared to meddle with fire; for the early man like all wild creatures dreaded the fire. Fire, of course, existed; for lightning must sometimes have set the forests ablaze just as it does today; and in those days volcanoes were much more active than they now are. The forgotten hero who first dared to tame fire to his own use was the greatest of early inventors. Once man had fire he was master of all lower creatures. (M.P. 2014)

Questions:

Question 1.
What may have been man’s earliest inventions?
Answer:
Man’s earliest inventions have been the use of stone to crack nuts and stick to strike an enemy.

Question 2.
Who was the greatest of early inventors?
Answer:
Man, the forgotten hero who first dared to tame fire to his own use was the greatest of early inventors.

Question 3.
How did the early man make his first weapon?
Answer:
Early man made his first weapon by fastening a stone to an end of the stick.

Question 4.
Find out a word from the passage which means: animals.
Answer:
Gestures.

Question 5.
In old days volcanoes were:
(a) not much active
(b) less active
(c) much more active
(d) passive
Answer:
(c) much more active

(7) The Himalayas are beautiful mountains in the north of India. They stretch for two thousand miles from Kashmir to Assam. Some of the world’s highest peaks are in the Himalayas. The highest peak is the Mount Everest. The tops of the mountains are covered with snow throughout the year. Therefore, we call them the Himalayas or the ‘abodes of snow’. There are many beautiful lakes and forests in the Himalayas. Many passes connect India with Tibet, Turkistan and Afganistan. Many rivers the Ganga, the Yamuna, the Bramhaputra and the Vyas flow from these mountains. The climate and the scenery of these mountains are so charming that people have built many hill stations there. Many visitors go to the hill stations for pleasure and relaxation. (M.P. 2002 Set B, Imp.)

Questions:

A.
Question 1.
Which word is used to express extending?
Answer:
Stretch

Question 2.
Abode means.
Answer:
Home

Question 3.
A narrow gap through mountains is called
Answer:
Pass

B.
Question 1.
Why are these mountains called the Himalayas?
Answer:
These mountains are called the Himalayas because they are covered with snow throughout the year. Thus, they are really ‘abodes of snow’.

Question 2.
Why have people built hill stations in the Himalayas?
Answer:
People have built hill stations in the Himalayas because the climate and scenery of these mountains are very charming.

Question 3.
What makes the Himalayas so charming?
Answer:
The white snow, the beautiful lakes, the forests and the holy rivers make the Himalayas so charming.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(8) India is a land of diversity. Since the ancient times people belonging to different communities, races, religions and cultural groups are living here in harmony. Toleration is a characteristic feature of India’s culture and heritage. In the past, although India did not have much of political unity but there was always cultural and emotional unity. During the British regime India was also united politically. But the foreign rulers were firm believers in the theory of divide and rule. Although they united India geographically they also created disunity among the people belonging to different communities and provinces. They promoted separatist tendencies among the people. They also instigated communal feelings between Hindus and Muslims.

Questions:

A. Fill in the blanks:

Question 1.
India is a land of …………..
Answer:
diversity

Question 2.
The characteristic feature of India’s culture and Heritage is ……………
Answer:
toleration

Question 3.
Antonym of disunity is ……………
Answer:
unity.

B.
Question 1.
How is India a land of diversity?
Answer:
India is a land of diversity because since ancient times people belonging to different communities, races, religions and cultural groups have been living here in harmony.

Question 2.
What did the foreign rulers create among the people?
Answer:
The foreign rulers created disunity among the people.

(9) There seems to be a general opinion in this country that Sardar Patel was slightly of harsh and rough temperament. Men call him the ‘Iron Man of India’. He was, no doubt, an iron man in the sense that one could rely on him for strict and efficient administration. But as a man, to those who had the good fortune of coming into close contact with him, he was kind and considerate. At times, he even became emotional where his personal friends and followers were concerned. However, it goes without saying that the Sardar had the great skill for organizing affairs. He knew the way of picking people and putting them in their proper places. Once he judged a man and found him correct, he trusted him fully and got him to do anything he wanted. (M.P. 2014, 16)

Questions:

Question 1.
What did people call Sardar Patel?
Answer:
People called Sardar Patel ‘Iron Man of India’.

Question 2.
What special skill did Sardar Patel have?
Answer:
Sardar Patel had the great skill of organising affairs.

Question 3.
For whom was he kind and considerate?
Answer:
He was kind and considerate to those who had good fortune of coming into close contact with him.

Question 4.
One could rely on him for strict and efficient:
(a) people
(b) work
(c) administration
Answer:
(c) administration

Question 5.
Find out the word from the passage which means: ‘luck’.
Answer:
Fortune.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(10) An Ideal student is one who is fully conscious of his duties and aware of his responsibilities. He paves the way for the younger generation to tread on. Students are the leaders of tomorrow. A nation can prosper and reach the zenith of glory if it has a disciplined army of students. An ideal student is intelligent and simple. According to Gandhiji, he should have the quality of “Simple living and high thinking.” An ideal student should live in accordance with the strict rules of conduct and discipline. A student without the sense of discipline is a ship without rudder. It sails a drift and never comes safe to harbour. According to Swami Vivekanand, What our country now wants are men and women with muscles of iron, nerves of steel, who can accomplish their purpose in any fashion though it means going down to the bottom of the ocean and meeting death face to face. (M.P. 2009)

Questions:

Question 1.
A student without discipline is compared to a:
(i) A ship
(ii) rudderless ship
(iii) a ship with a rudder.
Answer:
(ii) rudderless ship

Question 2.
Who are the leaders of tomorrow?
(i) Gandhiji
(ii) Vivekanandji
(iii) Students
Answer:
(iii) Students

Question 3.
Who is an ideal student?
Answer:
An ideal student is one who is fully conscious of his duties and aware of his responsibilities.

Question 4.
According to Gandhiji what qualities should an ideal student have?
Answer:
According to Gandhiji, he should have the quality of “simple living and high thinking”. An ideal student should live in accordance with the strict rules of conduct and discipline.

Question 5.
What does Swami Vivekanand say about men and women?
Answer:
Swami Vivekanand says that our country now wants men and women with muscles of iron, nerves of steel, who can accomplish their purpose in any fashion though it means going down to the bottom of the ocean and meeting death face to face.

(11) The word ‘Cobra’ is neither English nor Indian in origin, for it comes from a Portuguese word, which means simple ‘Snake’. Many of the early European settlers in India came from Portugal, speaking Portuguese and they gave the name “Cobra di Capello” to a certain kind of hooded snake that they found in this country. Subsequently the name has been given to any member of the family of snakes with hoods which are found in tropical countries.

The two types of Cobra most commonly found in Asian countries are the common Cobra and King Cobra. The hood of the Cobra is not a covering or a protection, but it is, in fact, a portion of the skin of the neck which can be raised by moving the ribs and bones underneath it. The Cobra normally raises its head and expands its hood when it is frightened or alert, the hood is not otherwise visible. Some Cobras have marks resembling rings on their heads while others are black all over. (M.P. 2009)

Questions:

Question 1.
From which language the word ‘Cobra’ has been derived?
(i) English
(ii) Hindi
(iii) Portuguese
Answer:
(iii) Portuguese

Question 2.
What distinguishes “Cobra” from all other snakes?
(i) colour
(ii) hood
(iii) tail
Answer:
(ii) hood

Question 3.
When does Cobra raise its hood?
Answer:
Cobra raises its hood when it is frightened.

Question 4.
What is the meaning of the word ‘Cobra’?
Answer:
Cobra means ‘simple snake’ in Portuguese.

Question 5.
Which are the most common types of Cobras found in India?
Answer:
The two types of Cobra found in India are the common Cobra and the king Cobra.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(12) One day a wonderful plate made of gold fell from heaven into the court of a temple. These words were inscribed on the plate. “A gift from heaven to him who loves mankind the best.” The priests invited people to the temple and told them about the gift from the heaven. All claimed that they loved mankind the best. Then each on got up and one by one narrated his own kind deeds but as soon as he touched the plate, it turned into lead. The richest man in the city got up and spoke about his charity. But as soon as he touched the plate it turned to lead. A poor farmer was also present there. He did not know about the plate. He sat in a comer quietly. People called him. He bowed to the priests and touched the plate. Shone more brightly. The priest awarded the plate to the poor farmer. (M.P. 2016)

Questions:

Question 1.
From where did the plate of gold fall?
Answer:
The plate of gold fell from heaven.

Question 2.
Who was awarded the plate?
Answer:
The poor farmer was awarded the gold plate by the priest.

Question 3.
What happened when the richest man touched the plate?
Answer:
When the richest man touched the plate it turned to lead.

Question 4.
The noun form of the word ‘invited’ is …………
Answer:
invitation.

Question 5.
The word ‘inscribed’ means ……………:
(i) to write
(ii) to read
(iii) to paint
Answer:
(i) to write

(13) City children suffer from a great disability. They have little contact with nature. They do not know the joys of living in the open air. In cities, there is no space to live. So one story is piled upon another. Their lives are so artificial that don’t enjoy the benefit of seeing the stars at night. They buy flower pots and put paper flowers or plastic flowers in them. They hang pictures of sun-rise or sun-set on the walls. Wherever one turns, one finds artificial lights during the day as well as in the night. They have lost even darkness of night which is given to man for peace and quiet thought. So the task before education is to change the whole system of values that are current in our cities. (M.P. 2012)

Questions:

Question 1.
Which disability do the city children suffer from:
(i) They are weak
(ii) They cannot play in the open
(iii) They have little contact with nature.
Answer:
(iii) They have little contact with nature.

Question 2.
Find the opposite of the word ‘natural’ from the above passage:
(i) Beneficial
(ii) Artificial
(iii) Superficial
Answer:
(ii) Artificial

Question 3.
What is the importance of night for man?
Answer:
The darkness of night given to man peace and quiet thought.

Question 4.
What is the task before education?
Answer:
The task before education is to change the whole system of values that are current in our cities.

Question 5.
How have their lives become artificial?
Answer:
Their lives have become artificial that they don’t enjoy the benefit of seeing stars at night, have plastic flowers, hang pictures of sunrise and sunset etc.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(14) Helen Keller lost her eye-sight and hearing at the age of two because of an illness. She became deaf. She also lost the ability to speak, for we learn to speak by imitating what we hear. At first, it seemed impossible that she would ever understand others or be understood by them. Hers was thus a lonely world. But she was helped by a wonderful teacher named Miss Sullivan who had herself been blind as a child but recovered her eye-sight by an operation. Miss Sullivan volunteered to help Helen and taught her to speak, read and write. Helen, later, went to a University and gained a degree. She then spent the rest of her life working to help the blind and the deaf. (M.P. 2012, 17)

Questions:

Question 1.
When did Helen Keller lose her eye-sight and hearing:
(i) A birth
(ii) At the age of two
(iii) At the age of four
Answer:
(ii) At the age of two

Question 2.
Which word in the passage means “one who is unable to see”?
(i) Deaf
(ii) Sight
(iii) Blind
Answer:
(iii) Blind

Question 3.
How do we learn to speak?
Answer:
By imitating we learn to speak.

Question 4.
How did Miss Sullivan help Helen?
Answer:
Miss Sullivan volunteered to help Helen and taught her to speak, read and write.

Question 5.
What did Helen do for the blind and the deaf?
Answer:
She spent the rest of her life working to help the blind and the deaf.

(15) Mars and Venus are two planets which are nearest to the earth. Planets have days, nights and seasons. But we do not know whether they have creatures also. We cannot see Venus as it is covered with clouds. We can see the surface of Mars. Mars was named for the “God of war” because of its red colour. The most noticeable features of the Mars as seen through a telescope are the icecaps at its North and South poles. These appear just as those on earth to a man on Mars due to the presence of redrock. It is tilted at about same angle as an earth. Low-lying areas change from blue-green in summer to brown in winter. Some astronomers have found canals on the Mars. (Imp.)

Questions:

Question 1.
Which two planets are mentioned in the passage?
Answer:
The two planets are Mars and Venus.

Question 2.
Why was Mars named for the “God of war”?
Answer:
Mars was named for the “God of war” because of its red colour.

Question 3.
Which are the most noticeable features of the Mars seen through telescope?
Answer:
The most noticeable features of the Mars as seen through and telescope are the ice-caps at its north and south poles.

Question 4.
Find out the word from the passage which means ‘Sloping position’.
Answer:
Low-lying areas.

Question 5.
Some astronomers have found on the Mars:
(i) Creatures
(ii) Canals
(iii) Camels
Answer:
(ii) Canals

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(16) Milk is the best food. It has in it water, sugar, fat, vitamins and proteins. People get milk from different animals. In England, New Zealand and many other cool lands, there are cows. In hot, dry countries like Arabia and the middle of Asia there are camels. In India there are buffaloes as well as cows. In many places there are goats. The Eskimos have herds of reindeers. They live in the very cold countries of North America. People keep all these animals and get lots of milk. From milk they can make butter and cheese. It is essential that the milk we use should be pure and germ-free. Impure milk does more harm than good to the human body. (Imp.)

Questions:

Question 1.
Find out a word from the passage which is opposite in meaning for, ‘pure’.
Answer:
Impure.

Question 2.
We find camels in:
(i) cool lands
(ii) hot, dry countries.
Answer:
(ii) hot, dry countries.

Question 3.
Why is milk called the best food?
Answer:
Milk is called the best food because it has in its water, sugar, fat, vitamins and proteins.

Question 4.
Why should we use pure milk?
Answer:
We should use pure milk because impure milk does more harm than good to the human body.

Question 5.
What do we make from milk?
Answer:
We make butter and cheese from milk.

MP Board Class 10th General English Unseen Passages Important Questions

(17) Language is a wonderful gift given to man. No animal possesses this gift; but they have their own way of expressing themselves. When a rabbit sees an enemy, it runs away into its hole or burrows. Its tail bobs up and down as it runs away. The other rabbits see it and they too run away. They know that there is a danger. When a Cobra is angry, it raises its hood, and makes itself look fierce. This warns other animals. When a bee has found some food, it goes back to the hive. It cannot tell the other bees where the food is by speaking to them; but it does a kind of dance in the air. Some animals say things by making sounds. A dog barks when strangers come near.

Questions:

Question 1.
How does a rabbit react when it see an enemy?
(i) It bobs its tail up and down
(ii) It makes a sound
(iii) It shows its teeth
Answer:
(i) It bobs its tail up and down

Question 2.
Pick out a word from the passage which means ‘cautions’:
(i) Bobs
(ii) Dances
(iii) Warns
Answer:
(iii) Warns.

Question 3.
How does a rabbit give a signal of danger?
Answer:
It bobs its tail up and down.

Question 4.
How does a Cobra give a warning of attack to other animals?
Answer:
A Cobra raises its hood, it makes itself look fierce.

Question 5.
What does a dog do when strangers come near?
Answer:
A dog barks when strangers come near.

MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

I. Put the verbs in their correct forms:

Question 1.
It was dark, so I ………….. a torch with me. (take) (M.P. 2014, 17)
Answer:
took

Question 2.
Mohan was very tired, so he ………….. to bed early, (go) (M.P. 2015, 17)
Answer:
went

Question 3.
When the little boy woke up, he ………….. the doctor telling his mother that her son ………….. surely die. (hear, will)
Answer:
heard, would

Question 4.
They listened to the joke and ………….. to laugh, (begin) (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
began

Question 5.
The boy was very hungry, so he ………….. his lunch, (have)
Answer:
had.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

II. (A) Fill in the blanks with past continuous form of the verbs given in brackets:

Question 1.
The revolutionaries ………….. (sing) a patriotic song.
Answer:
were singing

Question 2.
The crowd ………….. (raise) loud slogans.
Answer:
was raising

Question 3.
Bhagat Singh ………….. (stand) between Rajguru and Sukhdeo.
Answer:
was standing

Question 4.
Sardar Kishan Singh ………….. (deliver) his speech.
Answer:
was delivering

Question 5.
The people ………….. (not, move) from their place.
Answer:
were not moving

Question 6.
The moon ………….. (shine) brightly in the sky. (M.P. 2012, 16)
Answer:
shines

Question 7.
She ………….. (do) her work when I reached there.
Answer:
was doing

Question 8.
The students ………….. in this ground daily, (play, plays, playing) (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
play

(B) combine the pairs of sentences using past perfect tense to express the earlier action or event:

Question 1.
(a)The sun rose. (b) I woke up some time later.
…………………………………………..
Answer:
When I woke up, the sun had already risen.

Question 2.
The fire burnt down all the huts. (b) The fire brigade arrived later.
…………………………………………..
Answer:
When the fire brigade arrived, the fire had already burnt down all the huts.

Question 3.
I did not see him for many years. (b) I did not recognise him at once.
…………………………………………..
Answer:
I did not recognise him at once because I had not seen him for many years.

Question 4.
The match began at 10 am. (b) The spectators packed the stadium at 9 am.
…………………………………………..
Answer:
When the match began, the spectators had already packed the stadium.

Question 5.
The teacher said they could go home. (b) They did not complete the assignment.
…………………………………………..
Answer:
When the teacher said they could go home, they had not completed the assignment.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

III. Fill in the blanks using correct form of the verbs: (Imp.)

Question 1.
By the time, the doctor ………….. (arrive), the patient ………….. (die).
Answer:
arrived, had died,

Question 2.
We ………….. (understand) the poem after the teacher ………….. (explain).
Answer:
understood, had explained

Question 3.
When we ………….. (reach) the cinema hall, the film ………….. (begin). (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
reached, had begun

Question 4.
Mother ………….. (make) tea when we ………….. (wake) up.
Answer:
had made, woke

Question 5.
I thought you ………….. (submit) your application by the due date.
Answer:
had submitted

Question 6.
Your friend ………….. (arrive). He ………….. here at 8 o’ clock, (come)
Answer:
has arrived, came

Question 7.
Manoj ………….. the chair (repair). He it yesterday, (repair)
Answer:
has repaired, repaired

Question 8.
We ………….. (plant) an apple tree but it died unfortunately.
Answer:
planted

Question 9.
Three thieves ………….. (escape) from the prison. They (get) away during the night.
Answer:
have escaped, got

Question 10.
The match ………….. (start). Our team is playing well.
Answer:
has started

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

IV. (A) Fill in the blanks with may/might/can/could/must/need’t/was able to/couldn’t:

Question 1.
My brother is very strong. He ………….. lift 80 kg of weight. (M.P. 2014,17)
Answer:
can

Question 2.
The student said, “Sir, ………….. I drink some water, please?” (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
may

Question 3.
When 1 was ten, I ………….. not ride a bicycle.
Answer:
could

Question 4.
It’s the Independence day tomorrow. Everyone of you ………….. be here at 7am sharp.
Answer:
must

Question 5.
Don’t you touch the box. It ………….. have a bomb inside.
Answer:
might

Question 6.
It’s a holiday tomorrow and you ………….. come to school. (M.P. 2012)
Answer:
needn’t

Question 7.
He tried hard and ………….. find the answer.
Answer:
was able to

Question 8.
Yesterday my brother ………….. find the books in the library.
Answer:
could

Question 9.
He said that he ………….. help me.
Answer:
might

Question 10.
When I was young, I ………….. ride a bike.
Answer:
couldn’t

Question 11.
You ………….. informed me earlier.
Answer:
could have

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

(B) Fill in the blanks selecting suitable words from brackets:

Question 1.
He is …………. to buy a car next month. (goes, going to, went) (Imp.)
Answer:
going to

Question 2.
…………. I entered the room, It started raining. (as long as, as soon as)
Answer:
as soon as

Question 3.
He is not allowed to leave the class room …………. he complete his work. (if, unless, as)
Answer:
unless

Question 4.
It was …………. accident that she fell down. (M.P. 2016) (a, an, the)
Answer:
an

Question 5.
Will you please give me …………. money? (M.P. 2016) (any, some)
Answer:
some

Question 6.
You …………. do it. (may, can, could)
Answer:
can

Question 7.
The teacher does not …………. noise in the class room. (like, likes)
Answer:
like

Question 8.
My brother is …………. SDO. (a, an, the) (M.P 2017)
Answer:
an

Question 9.
Rama wanted to know …………. she was doing. (M.P. 2014) (where, what, while)
Answer:
what

Question 10.
Her father is …………. M.L.A. (M.P. 2014) (a, an, the)
Answer:
an

Question 11.
Distribute these sweets …………. the children. (M.P. 2014) (between, among)
Answer:
among

Question 12.
He has invited …………. to his birthday party. (M.P. 2014, 16) (them, their, they)
Answer:
them

Question 13.
The student has been suffering from fever …………. three days. (M.P. 2014) (for, since, from)
Answer:
for

Question 14.
We …………. go to school in time. (M.P. 2014) (can, must, may)
Answer:
must

Question 15.
He is …………. honest man. (M.P. 2015) (a, an, the)
Answer:
an

Question 16.
Distribute the money …………. Ram and Mohan. (M.P. 2015) (between, among)
Answer:
between

Question 17.
This is very light box. You …………. lift it. (M.P. 2015) (can, could)
Answer:
can

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

(C) Change the sentences given below using ‘may’ as shown in the example:

Example: Perhaps the principal is in his office.
The principal may be in his office.

Question 1.
Perhaps the manager is busy.
Answer:
The manager may be busy.

Question 2.
Perhaps he does not want to see me.
Answer:
He may not want to see me.

Question 3.
Perhaps Golu is not working today.
Answer:
Golu may not be working today.

Question 4.
Perhaps Anuj is walking on the road.
Answer:
Anuj may be walking on the road.

V. Fill in the blanks with suitable connectors from brackets:

(While, since, during, until, just, because, as, for)

Question 1.
I could not watch the whole movie. I fell asleep …………. the film.
Answer:
during

Question 2.
India was not independent …………. 14 August 1947.
Answer:
until

Question 3.
Mohan met his friend …………. he was on a holiday. (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
while

Question 4.
He has been sleeping …………. evening. (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
since

Question 5.
He was absent …………. he was sick. (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
because

Question 6.
…………. I am ill. I can’t go to school today.
Answer:
As

Question 7.
…………. I am going out. I can’t see you now.
Answer:
While

Question 8.
We cannot be happy …………. we are contented.
Answer:
just because

Question 9.
…………. it was raining heavily. I did not go to school.
Answer:
As

Question 10.
Don’t leave the place …………. I give orders.
Answer:
until

Question 11.
Don’t disturb me …………. I am sleeping.
Answer:
while

Question 12.
They were talking …………. the teacher was teaching.
Answer:
while

Question 13.
…………. he was ill he could not attend the class.
Answer:
As

Question 14.
He has been waiting for the bus …………. morning. (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
since

Question 15.
You have to wait …………. the signal is green. (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
until

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

VI. (A) Fill in the blanks with an infinitive, gerund or a participle:

Question 1.
Kamini decided …………. alone. (to go/going) (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
to go

Question 2.
She is thinking of …………. a car. (buying/bought/to buy) (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
buying

Question 3.
Reshma felt …………. on getting the scholarship, (delighting, delighted, to delight)
Answer:
delighted

Question 4.
He promised …………. the money soon. (returning/to return) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
to return

Question 5.
Parents postponed …………. their daughter’s marriage, (to celebrate/celebrating)
Answer:
celebrating

(B) Fill in the blanks with correct alternatives.

Question 1.
Shikha refused …………. the doll. (leaving/to leave)
Answer:
to leave

Question 2.
You should avoid …………. mistakes. (making/to make)
Answer:
making

Question 3.
I don’t fail …………. promises. (to keep/keeping)
Answer:
to keep

Question 4.
Would you mind …………. for me? (to wait/waiting)
Answer:
waiting

Question 5.
He has decided …………. smoking. (to give up/giving up)
Answer:
to give up

Question 6.
I used to …………. in the river when I was young, (swim, swimming) (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
swim

Question 7.
…………. the news, he felt disappointed, (read, reading) (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
reading

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

VII. Do as directed:

Question 1.
If you work hard. You will succeed. (Rewrite using ‘unless’ in place of ‘IF) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
Unless you work hard you will not succeed.

Question 2.
…………. we are united, we remain strong. (as soon as or as long as)
Answer:
As long as.

Question 3.
They ran very fast. (Make the sentence interrogative)
Answer:
Did they run very fast?

Question 4.
She makes a noise in the classroom. (Make the sentence negative)
Answer:
She does not make noise in the classroom.

Question 5.
The teacher was very angry.
The teacher shouted at the students. (Combine the sentences using so)
Answer:
The teacher was very angry so the teacher shouted at the students.

Question 6.
The shirt was very attractive.
I bought it. (Combine the sentences using relative clause)
Answer:
The shirt which I bought was very attractive.

VIII. (A) Underline the noun clauses in the following sentences:

Question 1.
A teacher always thinks how his students are preparing for the examinations.
Answer:
how his students are preparing for the examinations.

Question 2.
I do not know what she will sing at the annual function.
Answer:
What she will sing at the annual function.

Question 3.
The postman knows everybody where he/she lives.
Answer:
were she/he lives.

Question 4.
Harish told me that he would come late.
Answer:
that he would come late.

Question 5.
Do you know when Mahatma Gandhi was born?
Answer:
when Mahatma Gandhi was born.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

(B) Combine the pair of sentences using suitable conjunction:

Question 1.
Razia wants to know:
What did Sheela want?
Answer:
Razia wants to know what Sheela wanted.

Question 2.
I believed.
He was a true friend.
Answer:
I believed that he was a true friend.

Question 3.
Rajesh does not know.
He can solve the problems.
Answer:
Rajesh does not know how he can solve the problems.

Question 4.
Do you know?
When will the bus arrive here? (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
Do you know when the bus will arrive here?

Question 5.
Can you tell me?
What was the result of the match?
Answer:
Can you tell me what the result of the match was?

Question 6.
It is a mystery.
Why did she leave the hall?
Answer:
It is a mystery why she left the hall?

IX. Put the verbs in present perfect or past simple as required. (Imp.)

Question 1.
I was very tired, so I …………… down on the bed and went to sleep, (lie)
Answer:
lay

Question 2.
Anuj …………… me his address but I’m afraid I …………… it. (give, lose)
Answer:
gave, have lost

Question 3.
Is Abhilasha still here? No, she …………… out. (just go)
Answer:
has just gone

Question 4.
(a) Look! somebody …………… (spill) coffee on the carpet.
(b) Well, it …………… (not/be) me. I …………… it (not/do)
Answer:
a. has spilled
b. was not, have not done

Question 5.
What do you think of my English? Do you think I …………… ? (improve)
Answer:
have improved

Question 6.
I wanted to phone Pallav last night but I …………… (forget).
Answer:
forgot

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

X. Combine these pairs using suitable connectors who, what, which, since and write them in your notebook. (Imp.)

Question 1.
(a) Subuddhi and Kubuddhi were friends.
(b) They lived in a village (who)
Answer:
Subuddhi and Kubuddhi who lived in a village were friends.

Question 2.
The two friends found a pot which/that contained a thousand gold coins.
Answer:
The two friends found a pot which/that contained a thousand gold coins.

Question 3.
When he finished his money, he went back to the banyan tree.
Answer:
When he finished his money, he went back to the banyan tree.

Question 4.
They dug up the place where they had buried their pot of gold.
Answer:
They dug up the place where they had buried their pot of gold.

Question 5.
Subuddhi was shocked to see the pot because there were no gold coins in it.
Answer:
Subuddhi was shocked to see the pot because there were no gold coins in it.

Question 6.
It is you who has taken away all the gold.
Answer:
It is you who has taken away all the gold.

Question 7.
The judge did not know what to do since there were no witnesses.
Answer:
The judge did not know what to do since there were no witnesses.

Question 8.
Tell your partner how Kubuddhi cheated his friend.
Answer:
Tell your partner how Kubuddhi cheated his friend.

XI. (A) make negatives and write them in your notebooks.

Question 1.
He is very fat.
Answer:
He is not very fat.

Question 2.
I believe in God. (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
I do not believe in God.

Question 3.
Kamla learns English, she is an intelligent girl.
Answer:
Kamla does not learn English, she is not an intelligent girl.

Question 4.
I went to see the book-fare.
Answer:
I did not go to see the book fair.

Question 5.
Rahim wrote a good article for the school magazine.
Answer:
Rahim did not write a good article for the school magazine.

Question 6.
I can speak English now.
Answer:
I cannot speak English now.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

(B) Make questions as indicated against each sentence.

Question 1.
The boy was playing. (Y/N question)
Answer:
Was the boy playing?

Question 2.
Prakash plays tennis. (Wh question)
Answer:
What does Prakash play?

Question 3.
They learn English. (Y/N question)
Answer:
Do they leam English?

Question 4.
Girls sang sweet songs yesterday. (Wh question)
Answer:
What did the girls sing yesterday?

XII. (A) Punctuate the following paragraph with appropriate capitalization and rewrite:

The children were happy during the month of August especially when it began to get near the twenty-third it was on this day that the great silver spaceship carrying professor hugos interplanetary zoo settled down for its annual six-hour visit to the Chicago area ^
Answer:
The children were happy during the month of August, especially when it began to get near the twenty-third. It was on this day, that the great silver spaceship carrying professor Hugos interplanetary zoo, settled down for its annual six-hour visit to the Chicago area.

(B) Combine these pairs of sentences using words in bracket:

(just as, then, since, while, as, until, because)

Question 1.
(a) Do not talk.
(b) The teacher is teaching.
Answer:
Do not talk as the teacher is teaching.

Question 2.
(a) Ten days have passed.
(b) I returned from Delhi before ten days.
Answer:
Ten days have passed since I returned from Delhi.

Question 3.
(a) The teacher was teaching.
(b) There was pin drop silence.
Answer:
There was pin drop silence while the teacher was teaching.

Question 4.
(a) The clock struck ten.
(b) The principal came into the class.
Answer:
The clock struck ten just as the principal came into the class.

Question 5.
(a) My friend will help you.
(b) He is very kind.
Answer:
My friend will help you because he is very kind.

Question 6.
(a) Give my message to your father.
(b) I can’t visit him again.
Answer:
Give my message to your father until I visit him again.

Question 7.
(a) Reena switched the light off.
(b) She went to bed.
Answer:
Reena switched the light off, then she went to bed.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XIII. Join the following pairs of sentences:

Question 1.
We got into a bus. It was crowded.
Answer:
We got into a bus which was crowded.

Question 2.
The gift reached me. My brother sent the gift.
Answer:
The gift which my brother sent reached me

Question 3.
This is my friend. I was speaking of her.
Answer:
This is my friend whom I was speaking of.

Question 4.
I have a friend. He is a great artist.
Answer:
I have a friend who is a great artist.

Question 5.
We praise Brett Lee. Brett Lee’s bowling is very good.
Answer:
We praise Brett Lee whose bowling is very good.

Question 6.
This is the girl. Her bag was stolen yesterday.
Answer:
This is the girl whose bag was stolen yesterday.

Question 7.
The box was heavy. I lifted it.
Answer:
The box which I lifted was heavy.

Question 8.
Bring me the letter. The letter was left by the man.
Answer:
Bring me the letter that was left by the man.

Question 9.
We met the people. Their house was ruined.
Answer:
We met the people whose house was ruined.

Question 10.
Show me the books. You bought the books.
Answer:
Show me the books which you bought.

XIV. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word:

Question 1.
They got their house …………..
(a) lock
(b) white-washing
(c) repairing
(d) whitewashed
Answer:
They got their house whitewashed.

Question 2.
We found the machine …………..
(a) repair
(b) repairing
(c) repaired
(d) be repaired.
Answer:
We found the machine repaired.

Question 3.
The guests found the house …………..
(a) lock
(b) locking
(c) locked
(d) has been locked.
Answer:
The guests found the house locked.

Question 4.
The doctor got the patient …………..
(a) recovered
(b) wns recovering
(c) had recovered
(d) recovering.
Answer:
The doctor got the patient recovered.

Question 5.
He had his car …………..
(a) repair
(b) repairing
(c) repaired
(d) to repair.
Answer:
He had his car repaired.

Question 6.
We wanted our food …………..
(a) cooked
(b) cooking
(c) cook
(d) is cooking.
Answer:
We wanted our food cooked.

Question 7.
My father got my clothes …………..
(a) stitching
(b) stitched
(C) stitch
(d) wns stitching.
Answer:
My father got my clothes stitched.

Question 8.
I had my house …………..
(a) paint
(b) painted
(c) painting
(d) to paint.
Answer:
I had my house painted.

Question 9.
The commander got the enemy …………..
(a) killing
(b) kill
(c) killed
(d) was killing.
Answer:
The commander got the enemy killed.

Question 10.
The police caught the thief …………..
(a) handing
(b) handed
(c) high handed
(d) red handed.
Answer:
The police caught the thief red handed.

Question 11.
Leela gets her clothes ………….. (use correct form of ‘wash’)
Answer:
Leela gets her clothes washed.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XV. Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with correct alternative:

Question 1.
Javed ………….. living with his friend, Kapil since 8 o’clock.
(a) had been
(b) has been
(c) am
(d) was
Answer:
(b) has been

Question 2.
I ………….. for several minutes.
(a) wait
(b) am waiting
(c) have been waiting
(d) was waiting
Answer:
(c) have been waiting

Question 3.
It ………….. since this morning.
(a) has been raining
(b) is raining
(c) was raining
(d) had rained
Answer:
(a) has been raining

Question 4.
I ………….. this book since morning.
(a) am reading
(b) was reading
(c) read
(d) have been reading
Answer:
(d) have been reading

Question 5.
He has been living in this house ………….. January 1980.
(a) from
(b) since
(c) for
(d) in
Answer:
(b) since

Question 6.
You ………….. teaching English for twenty years.
(a) have been
(b) has been
(c) are
(d) were
Answer:
(a) have been

Question 7.
We ………….. studying since 11 o’clock in the morning.
(a) has been
(b) have been
(c) are
(d) were
Answer:
(b) have been

Question 8.
She ………….. a novel since morning.
(a) is reading
(b) has been reading
(c) was reading
(d) will be reading
Answer:
(b) has been reading

Question 9.
The police ………….. chasing the thief since last night.
(a) have been
(b) was
(c) is
(d) has been
Answer:
(a) have been

Question 10.
The scholar ………….. for two years on his thesis.
(a) worked
(b) was working
(c) has been working
(d) did work.
Answer:
(c) has been working

Question 11.
They ………….. the car since morning.
(a) repaired
(b) has repaired
(c) has been repaired
(d) have been repairing
Answer:
(d) have been repairing

Question 12.
I ………….. a novel since this morning.
(a) am reading
(b) was reading
(c) have been reading
(d) had been readings
Answer:
(c) have been reading

Question 13.
I ………….. for several minutes.
(a) wait
(b) am waiting
(c) have been waiting
(d) was waiting
Answer:
(c) have been waiting

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XVI. (A) Fill in the blanks with the correct option and rewrite the sentences: (Imp.)

Question 1.
We reached Delhi. We ………….. for three days.
(a) are travelling
(b) were travelling
(c) had been travelling
(d) have been travelling
Answer:
We reached Delhi. We had been travelling for three days.

Question 2.
Dr. Fleming ………….. for years on bacteria before he discovered Penicillin.
(a) has been working
(b) had been working
(c) was working
(d) is working
Answer:
Dr. Fleming had been working for years on bacteria before he discovered Penicillin.

Question 3.
We ………….. in the train for six hours when it reached Indore.
(a) has been sitting
(b) had been sitting
(c) was sitting
(d) is sitting
Answer:
We had been sitting in the train for six hours when it reached Indore.

(B) Fill in the blanks with the correct Past Perfect Continuous form of the verb:

Question 1.
Lata ………….. (sing) for one hour when we reached the hall.
(a) has been singing
(b) is singing
(c) had been singing
(d) was singing
Answer:
Lata had been singing for one hour when we reached the hall.

Question 2.
Akbar ………….. (hunt) for a fortnight when Bairam Khan told him the fact.
(a) was hunting
(b) had been hunting
(c) have been hunting
(d) were hunting
Answer:
Akbar had been hunting for a fortnight when Bairam Khan told him the fact.

Question 3.
Gandhiji ………….. for several years.
(a) has been spinning
(b) had been spinning
(c) was spinning
(d) is spinning
Answer:
Gandhiji had been spinning for several years.

Question 4.
It was his kindness that my friend ………….. me for many years.
(a) was helping
(b) has been helping
(c) had been helping
(d) helped
Answer:
It was his kindness that my friend had been helping me for many years.

Question 5.
The boys ………….. in the classroom before the teacher came.
(a) were crying
(b) are crying
(c) has been crying
(d) had been crying
Answer:
The boys had been crying in the classroom before the teacher came.

Question 6.
The dogs ………….. since the previous night.
(a) have barked
(b) had barked
(c) were barking
(d) had been barking
Answer:
The dogs had been barking since the previous night.

Question 7.
I ………….. studying hard for two months to pass in the first division.
(a) had been
(b) was
(c) am
(d) have
Answer:
I had been studying hard for two months to pass in the first division.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XVII. Rewrite the following sentences using correct alternative:

Question 1.
I ………….. answered all questions but I hadn’t enough time.
(a) could have
(b) ought to have
(c) would have
(d) had
Answer:
I could have answered all questions but I hadn’t enough time.

Question 2.
You ………….. well but you hadn’t done so.
(a) behaved
(b) ought to behave
(c) ought to have behaved
(d) should behave
Answer:
You ought to have behaved well but you hadn’t done so.

Question 3.
We ………….. read that book long ago had it been in the library.
(a) should have
(b) might
(c) might have
(d) can have
Answer:
We might have read that book long ago, had it been in the library.

Question 4.
They ………….. well before time to obtain a comfortable seat in the hall.
(a) ought to have reached
(b) have reached
(c) might have reached
(d) could have reached
Answer:
They ought to have reached well before time to obtain a comfortable seat in the hall.

Question 5.
We ………….. paid our taxes regularly.
(a) shall have
(b) ought to have
(c) could have
(d) might have
Answer:
We ought to have paid our taxes regularly.

Question 6.
If my friend had come to my house, I ………….. gone with him.
(a) should have
(b) would have
(c) could have
(d) might have
Answer:
If my friend bad come to my house, I would have gone with him.

Question 7.
If Akbar had not stopped the people at the Durbar, they ………….. attacked Bairam Khan.
(a) should have
(b) would have
(c) could have
(d) might have
Answer:
If Akbar had not stopped the people at the Durbar, they would have attacked Bairam Khan.

Question 8.
India ………….. in hockey had the players played well.
(a) could have won
(b) could win
(c) can win
(d) could have win
Answer:
India could have won in hockey, had the players played well.

Question 9.
P.T. Usha ………….. a gold medal, if she had no pain in her ankle.
(a) might get
(b) might have got
(c) could have got
(d) got
Answer:
P.T. Usha might have got a gold medal, if she had no pain in her ankle.

Question 10.
You ………….. your friend in need but you did not do so.
(a) might have helped
(b) might help
(c) helped
(d) ought to have helped
Answer:
You ought to have helped your friend in need but you did not do so.

Question 11.
Gabriel’s mother ………….. spoken politely.
(a) ought to have
(b) would have
(c) might have
(d) could have
Answer:
Gabriel’s mother ought to have spoken politely.

XVIII. Use ‘ought to’ and rewrite the sentences:

Question 1.
It is our moral duty to help the handicapped.
Answer:
We ought to help the handicapped.

Question 2.
It is our moral duty to help the poor.
Answer:
We ought to help the poor.

Question 3.
You should have shown respect to the old man.
Answer:
You ought to have shown respect to the old man.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XIX. Put the verbs in their past perfect continuous form:

Question 1.
Sapna found the book. She …………. it for 5 hours. (look for)
Answer:
had been looking for

Question 2.
The businessman went bankrupt. He …………. money for several years. (lose)
Answer:
had been losing

Question 3.
Malini felt tired. She …………. in the pond since morning. (swim) (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
had been swimming

Question 4.
I was half an hour late. I …………. for the bus for 40 minutes. (wait)
Answer:
had been waiting

Question 5.
I …………. tennis for two hours. I got tired and took rest. (play)
Answer:
had been playing

XX. (A) Make negatives or questions as directed and rewrite the sentences:

Question 1.
Mr. Roy lives in Delhi. (Negative)
Answer:
Mr. Roy does not live in Delhi.

Question 2.
He does his duty. (M.P. 2017) (Negative)
Answer:
He does not do his duty.

Question 3.
Mr. David lives in Mumbai. (M. P. 2014) (Make a question beginning with ‘where’)
Answer:
Where does Mr. David live?

Question 4.
They found a pot of gold. (Negative)
Answer:
They did not find a pot of gold.

Question 5.
He decided to solve this problem by giving them a test. (Question beginning with ‘how’)
Answer:
How did he decide to solve this problem?

Question 6.
He went up to the driver of the car. (Negative)
Answer:
He did not go upto the driver of the Car.

Question 7.
They wanted to stay at that village. (Question beginning with ‘where’)
Answer:
Where did they want to stay?

Question 8.
Roli was very pleased to see Pachmarhi. (Question beginning with ‘why’)
Answer:
Why was Roli pleased?

Question 9.
I am going to market. (Make a question with ‘where’)
Answer:
Where are you going?

(B) Fill in the blanks with past form of verb : (Note: The past form of ‘be’ are ‘was’ and ‘were’)

Question 1.
Mohan about yesterday. (be)
Answer:
was

Question 2.
My friend happy to see me at the school last week. (be)
Answer:
were

Question 3.
Sachin hit the ball but the fielder it. (catch)
Answer:
caught

Question 4.
I my teacher some questions. (ask)
Answer:
asked.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

(C) Put these verbs in simple past forms and complex the sentence:

(catch, fall, hurt, sell, spend, win)

Question 1.
My car was sold. So I ………….. it.
Answer:
sold

Question 2.
Mohan and Raju played badminton. Mohan ………….. easily.
Answer:
won

Question 3.
Rajini down the stairs, yesterday and ………….. her leg.
Answer:
fell, hurt

Question 4.
They ………….. a lot of money yesterday.
Answer:
spent

Question 5.
Sachin hit the ball very high but Shoaib ………….. it.
Answer:
caught

XXI. (A) Fill in the blanks with a suitable connector from the box:

(because, as, when, where, while, so that, then, since, how)

Question 1.
The theatre was half empty ………….. it was raining heavily.
Answer:
because

Question 2.
He opened the box ………….. he took out his shirt.
Answer:
then

Question 3.
She takes only two meals a day ………….. she may reduce her weight.
Answer:
so that

Question 4.
An accident took place ………….. the meeting was going on.
Answer:
where

Question 5.
I met my friend ………….. the train arrived.
Answer:
when

Question 6.
Tell me ………….. you learned to swim.
Answer:
how

Question 7.
Three years have passed ………….. you came here to live.
Answer:
since

Question 8.
She will not come today ………….. she is ill.
Answer:
as

Question 9.
I saw a lion ………….. walking through the jungle.
Answer:
while

(B) Fill in the blanks with correct form of verb. (M.P. 2014)

Question 1.
When I reached the station the train had already ………….. (leave). (Imp.)
Answer:
left

Question 2.
Repair the ………….. window just now. (broken/break)
Answer:
broken

Question 3.
My younger brother used to ………….. tennis in his childhood, (play/playing)
Answer:
play

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XXII. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the correct words:

Question 1.
It was dark so I ………….. a torch with me. (M.P. 2014,17)
Answer:
took

Question 2.
………….. dogs seldom bite. (M.P. 2016,17)
Answer:
Barking

Question 3.
He promised ………….. the money. (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
to return

Question 4.
Strike the iron ………….. it is hot. (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
while

Question 5.
Work hard ………….. you will fail. (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
or

Question 6.
My brother is very strong. He ………….. lift 80 kg of weight. (M.P. 2014, 17) (many, can, ought to)
Answer:
can

(B) Choose the correct modals and complete the sentence:

Question 1.
He have gone to school. (Correct the sentence) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
He has gone to school.

Question 2.
To save his life, Kiran ran fast and (can, could, was able to) save his life.
Answer:
To save his life, Kiran ran fast and was able to save his life.

Question 3.
(Shall, might, could) you show me the way to the railway station.
Answer:
Could you show me the way to the railway station.

Question 4.
He was afraid that you (might, may, can) refuse, so he didn’t ask you again.
Answer:
He was afraid that you might refuse, so he didn’t ask you again.

Question 5.
Everyone (must, should, could) obey the rules of the road to avoid accidents.
Answer:
Everyone must obey the rules of the road to avoid accidents.

Question 6.
(Can, may) you swim across the Narmada.
Answer:
Can you swim across the Narmada.

Question 7.
It (might, may) rain tomorrow but it (may, might) not rain today.
Answer:
It may rain tomorrow but it might not rain today.

Question 8.
(May, can) you live long! (Imp.)
Answer:
May you live long!

XXIII. Do as directed: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
He is building a new house in Mandsaur. (Change into Past indefinite)
Answer:
He built a new house in Mandsaur.

Question 2.
She did it correctly. (Change into negative) (Imp.)
Answer:
She did not do it correctly.

Question 3.
She is singing a song. (Change the voice) (Imp.)
Answer:
A song is being sung by her.

Question 4.
My father believes this. I will get very good marks in High School Examination. (Combine the pair of sentences using Noun clause)
Answer:
My father believes that I will get very good marks in High School Examination.

Question 5.
He is attending English Spoken Class regularly.
He wants to speak English fluently. (Combine the pair of sentences with ‘to’ infinitive)
Answer:
He is attending English spoken class regularly to speak English fluently.

Question 6.
Perhaps he is out of station. (Rewrite the sentences using correct modal)
Answer:
He may be out of station.

Question 7.
He will take admission in an engineering/arts college. (M.P. 2016) (Frame a question beginning with ‘where’)
Answer:
Where will he take admission?

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XXIV. Do as directed: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
The police arrested him. (Change into Present Perfect)
Answer:
The Police has arrested him.

Question 2.
They supported me. (Change into negative)
Answer:
They did not support me.

Question 3.
Where did you find this book? (Change the voice)
Answer:
Where was this book found by you?

Question 4.
My friend hopes this.
He will get first division. (Combine the pair of sentences using Noun clause)
Answer:
My friend hopes that he will get first division.

Question 5.
He is working very hard these days.
He wants to stand first in the class. (Combine the pair of sentences with ‘to’ infinitive)
Answer:
He is working very hard these days to stand first in the class.

Question 6.
Perhaps the Principal is busy in his office.
(Rewrite the sentence using correct modal)
Answer:
The Principal may be busy in his office.

Question 7.
I live in Mandsaur. (Frame a question beginning with where)
Answer:
Where do you live?

XXV. (A) Do as directed: (M.P. 2012)

Question 1.
I did not go to school yesterday. I was ill. (Combine using ‘because.’) (Imp.)
Answer:
I did not go to school yesterday because I was ill.

Question 2.
My friends go to school. (M.P. 2016) (Rewrite using ‘simple past tense’.) (Imp.)
Answer:
My friends went to school.

Question 3.
It is a fact.
Most students fail in maths and english. (Combine the sentences using ‘that’.)
Answer:
It is a fact that most students fail in maths and english.

Question 4.
I can operate the computer. (Make negative.) (Imp.)
Answer:
I can’t operate the computer.

Question 5.
He saved money.
His aim was to buy a new car. (Rewrite using ‘to + infinitive’.)
Answer:
He saved money to buy a new car.

Question 6.
The telephone bell rang.
She was sweeping the room at that time.
(Rewrite the sentences into one using ‘while’.)
Answer:
The telephone bell rang while she was sweeping the room.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

(B) Do as directed: (M.P. 2014)

Question 1.
The camel is one of the older domestic animals.
(Correct the underlined word and rewrite the sentence)
Answer:
The camel is one of the domestic animal.

Question 2.
It rained heavily yesterday. (Change into negative)
Answer:
It did not rain heavily yesterday.

Question 3.
He is playing cricket. (M.P. 2017) (Change into present perfect tense)
Answer:
He has played cricket.

Question 4.
(a) Rohit is my friend.
(b) He is sitting at the last bench. (Combine the above sentences using ‘who’)
Answer:
Rohit who is sitting at the last bench is my friend.

Question 5.
Have/we/work/done/our. (Rearrange the words to make a meaningful sentence)
Answer:
We have done our work.

Question 6.
(a) He is very lazy.
(b) He cannot go for a morning walk. (M.P. 2017)
(Combine above sentences using ‘so ………… that’)
Answer:
He is so lazy that he cannot go for a morning walk.

XXVI. Do as directed: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
Kamal has played Cricket. (Change the sentences into Passive voice)
Answer:
Cricket has been played by Kamal.

Question 2.
Bali Ram is my best friend. (Make a question beginning with ‘who’) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
Who is your best friend.

Question 3.
We will buy a new car. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘going to’ verb)
Answer:
We are going to buy a new car.

Question 4.
Your mother is too weak to walk. (Rewrite the sentence using so that)
Answer:
Your mother is so weak that she cannot walk.

Question 5.
Harshit was reading a book of English. (Change the sentence into Past Perfect Tense)
Answer:
Harshit had read a book of English.

Question 6.
He likes sweet. (Add Question tag)
Answer:
He likes sweet, doesn’t he?

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XXVII. Do as directed: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
He broke the cup. (Change into Negative)
Answer:
He did not break the CUD.

Question 2.
He is too poor to pay the fee. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘so that’) (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
He is so poor that he cannot pay the fee.

Question 3.
They are playing cricket. (Change the sentence into Passive voice) (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
Cricket is being played by them.

Question 4.
It is true. He is not feeling well. (Combine the sentences using ‘that’)
Answer:
It is true that he is not feeling well.

Question 5.
He has sold his car. (Change the sentence into past perfect tense)
Answer:
He had sold his car.

Question 6.
(a) He will be punished. (b) He should come in time.
(Combine the sentences using otherwise)
Answer:
He should come in time otherwise he will be punished.

Question 7.
Amit will buy a car. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘going to + V. 1st form’)
Answer:
Amit is going to buy a car.

Question 8.
Gandhiji was not afraid. He always spoke the truth.
(Combine the pair of sentence using ‘V. 1st form + ing’)
Answer:
Gandhiji was not afraid of speaking the truth.

Question 9.
(a) I watch educational programmes, (b) I love it.
(Combine the pair of sentence using ‘V. 1st form + ing’)
Answer:
I love watching educational programmes.

Question 10.
He went to the market. He wanted to buy fruits.
(Combine pair of sentence with ‘to +infinitive’)
Answer:
He went to the market to buy fruits.

XXVIII. Do as directed:

Question 1.
The sun rose. (Change into present indefinite)
Answer:
The sun rises.

Question 2.
He put the pen on the table. (Make negative)
Answer:
He did not put the pen on the table.

Question 3.
The match began at 10 a.m.
The spectators packed the stadium at 9 a.m.
(Combine the sentences using past perfect to express the earlier event.)
Answer:
The spectators had packed the stadium when the match began.

Question 4.
Golu may not be working today. (Rewrite the sentence using ‘perhaps’)
Answer:
Perhaps, Golu is not working today.

Question 5.
You took medicine.
Two hours have passed. (Combine the sentences using ‘since’)
Answer:
Two hours have passed since you took medicine.

Question 6.
A car hit Mohan.
He was walking on the road. (Combine using ‘while’)
Answer:
A car hit Mohan while he was walking on the road.

Question 7.
Smoking is a bad habit. (Rewrite using ‘it’)
Answer:
It is a bad habit to smoke.

Question 8.
Work hard.
You will fail. (Combine the sentences using ‘unless’)
Answer:
Unless you work hard, you will fail.

Question 9.
I have found the book.
I lost the book yesterday. (Combine the sentences using an ‘adjective clause’)
Answer:
I have found the book which I lost yesterday.

Question 10.
Perhaps the manager is busy. (Remove ‘perhaps’ and rewrite the sentence)
Answer:
The manager may be busy.

Question 11.
I like tea. (Change into past indefinite tense)
Answer:
I liked tea.

Question 12.
He finished his money.
He went back to the banyan tree. (Combine the sentences using ‘so’)
Answer:
He finished his money so he went back to the banyan tree.

Question 13.
Some one has taken my pen. It is you. (Combine the sentences using ‘who’)
Answer:
It is you who have taken my pen.

Question 14.
Girls sang sweet songs. (Change into present perfect tense)
Answer:
Girls have sung sweet song.

Question 15.
He will come in the evening. (Change into simple present tense)
Answer:
He comes in the evening.

Question 16.
The workers work hard from morning till night.
Thus they earn their livelihood. (Combine the pair of sentence with ‘to’ infinitive)
Answer:
The workers work hard from morning till night to earn their livelihood.

Question 17.
The principal held a meeting.
He wanted to discuss some policy matters.
(Combine the pair of sentence with ‘to’ infinitive)
Answer:
The principal held a meeting to discuss some policy matters.

MP Board Class 10th General English Grammar Important Questions

XXIX. Do as directed: (M.P. 2015)

Question 1.
I do my home work. (Change into negative) (Imp.)
Answer:
I did not do my home work.

Question 2.
(a) The two friends found a pot.
(b) The pot contained a thousand gold muhar.
(Combine the sentences by using ‘which’) (Imp.)
Answer:
The two friends found a pot which contained a thousand gold muhar.

Question 3.
It is raining. (Change into present perfect tense)
Answer:
It has rained.

Question 4.
My grandmother is very weak. She cannot walk. (Combine above sentences using ‘so………….that’) (Imp.)
Answer:
My grandmother is so weak that she cannot walk.

Question 5.
the/won/have/we/match. (Rearrange the words to make a meaningful sentence)
Answer:
We have won the match.

Question 6.
They play cricket in the playground. (Change into interrogative)
Answer:
Do they play cricket in the playground?

Question 7.
My father went to Bhopal yesterday. (Make a question beginning with ‘where’) (Imp.)
Answer:
Where did my father go yesterday?

MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 1

A. Complete the statements choosing the correct options:

Question 1.
The boy made up his mind that he would:
(a) survive
(b) not start the fire again
(c) leave the school
(d) change the doctor.
Answer:
(a) survive

Question 2.
The boys used to work out in his yard because he wanted ……….:
(a) to develop life in his lifeless legs
(b) to climb a hill
(c) to take part in a wrestling competition
(d) to strengthen his arm muscles.
Answer:
(a) to develop life in his lifeless legs

Question 3.
The thing that helped the body to develop the ability to run was ……….:
(a) daily massage
(b) iron persistence
(c) resolute determination
(d) all of these
Answer:
(d) all of these

Question 4.
The name of the little disabled boy who later ran the world’s fastest mile is ……….:
(a) Pete Sampras
(b) Ben Johnson
(c) Dr. Glenn Cunningham
(d) Diago Maradona.
Answer:
(c) Dr. Glenn Cunningham

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 2

A. Give one word for the following expressions:

Question 1.
A room for one or more prisoners in a prison or police station …………..
Answer:
cell

Question 2.
The act of killing somebody especially as legal punishment ……………
Answer:
execute

Question 3.
A person who suffers very much or is killed because of their religious political beliefs ……………
Answer:
martyr

Question 4.
A word or phrase that is easy to remember, used by politicians, advertisers etc. in order to attract people’s attention …………..
Answer:
slogan

B. Choose the correct alternative and fill in the blanks:

Question 1.
Rajguru and Sukhdev refused to …………..:
(a) go to the gallows
(b) get their faces covered
(c) be hanged
(d) to come out of their cells
Answer:
(b) get their faces covered

Question 2.
Bhagat Singh called the magistrate …………..:
(a) unfortunate
(b) fortunate
(c) lucky
(d) unlucky
Answer:
(b) fortunate

Question 3.
The British took the dead bodies of the revolutionaries to the bank of the river ………..:
(a) Sutlej
(b) Ganga
(c) Yamuna
(d) Narmada
Answer:
(a) Sutlej

Question 4.
By offering his supreme sacrifice to his motherland Bhagat Singh became a symbol of …………:
(a) progress
(b) love
(c) patriotism
(d) kindness
Answer:
(c) patriotism

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 3

A. Choose the correct meaning of the following words from the given alternatives:

Question 1.
crawl:
(a) run
(b) to move slowly
(c) jump
Answer:
(b) to move slowly

Question 2.
pavement:
(a) footpath
(b) pavilion
(c) zebra-crossing
Answer:
(a) footpath

Question 3.
sneeze:
(a) breathe
(b) belch
(c) sudden and noisy release air through nose
Answer:
(c) sudden and noisy release air through nose

Question 4.
malice:
(a) wish to harm others
(b) wish to help others
(c) wish to play together
Answer:
(a) wish to harm others

Question 5.
spatter:
(a) scatter
(b) shatter
(c) collect
Answer:
(a) scatter

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

B. Choose the correct alternatives:

Question 1.
Ivan Tcherviakoff was a …………….:
(a) general
(b) secretary
(c) leader
(d) minor official
Answer:
(d) minor official

Question 2.
Tcherviakoff recognised the oldman, he was …………….:
(a) Colonel Vladimir
(b) General Brizjaloff
(c) Captain Didmnitri
(d) General Gabriel
Answer:
(b) General Brizjaloff

Question 3.
Tcherviakoff felt deeply ashamed because …………….:
(a) he was sitting on another person’s sea
(b) he was watching the opera without a ticket
(c) he had sneezed on an old man accidentally
(d) he was not dressed property
Answer:
(c) he had sneezed on an old man accidentally

Question 4.
Tcherviakoff addressed General Brizjaloff as …………….:
(a) Your Excellency
(b) Dear Excellency
(c) Dear sir
(d) Dear Mr. Brizjaloff.
Answer:
(a) Your Excellency

Question 5.
Tcherviakoff kept on going to General Brizjaloff to beg his pardon again and again because …………….:
(a) he was playing a practical joke
(b) he was too much worried
(c) his promotion was as stake
(d) he had gone mad
Answer:
(b) he was too much worried

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 4

A. Fill in the blank spaces by using the word coming in the text:

Question 1.
It was just a matter of …………. practice, (vigorous/rigorous)
Answer:
rigorous

Question 2.
This gave a massive …………. to her confidence, (boost/boast)
Answer:
boost

Question 3.
I will never again …………. people; I hope you can forgive me. (prejudge/prelude)
Answer:
prejudge

Question 4.
Even the …………. remarks from the teammates only made her more resolute. (severe/snide)
Answer:
snide

Exercise – 5

A. ‘DTD & P’ stands for ‘Directorate of Technical Development and Production’. Such items are known as abbreviations. Make a list of at least three abbreviations known to you. The first one is done for you:
Indian Air Force – IAF
Answer:
1. National Cadet Cop – NCC
2. Public works department – PWD
3. State Bank of India – SBI

Exercise – 6

Give one-word substitute for the following expressions (the first letter is given as clue):

Question 1.
A child whose parents are dead. (o)
Answer:
orphan

Question 2.
The feeling of having lost all hope. (d)
Answer:
despair

Question 3.
To take away something quickly from a person, specially by force. (s)
Answer:
snatch

Question 4.
To continue to cause problem for someone for a long time. (h)
Answer:
haunt

Question 5.
An object that is worn as jewellery (o)
Answer:
ornament

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 7

Give one word for the following expressions:

Question 1.
air that moves quickly as a result of natural forces
Answer:
wind

Question 2.
to put something in a secret or unknown place
Answer:
hide

Question 3.
large and dangerous animal
Answer:
beast

Question 4.
a device or a person that produces a current of air
Answer:
blower.

Exercise – 8

A. Pick out the correct meanings of the given words:

Question 1.
Vehement:
(a) possessing strong ideas
(b) showing very strong feelings
(c) fearless and dashing
(d) innocent and lovable.
Answer:
(b) showing very strong feelings

Question 2.
Shepherd:
(a) a person whose job is to take care of sheep
(b) a farmer who works in the fields
(c) one who works on a ship
(d) one who supplies milk to others.
Answer:
(b) a farmer who works in the fields

Question 3.
Noble:
(a) very kind and polite
(b) a very famous drug
(c) having fine personal qualities the people admire
(d) the prestigious prize for literature and other areas
Answer:
(c) having fine personal qualities the people admire

Question 4.
Pilgrimage:
(a) a journey to a holy place for religious reasons
(b) a building with many pillars
(c) a voyage to the world
(d) a long drive
Answer:
(a) a journey to a holy place for religious reasons

Question 5.
Ancestor:
(a) a very ancient building
(b) a ruler in the past time
(c) one who studies the history of ancient heroes
(d) a person in your family who lived a long time ago
Answer:
(d) a person in your family who lived a long time ago

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

B. Use the following words in your own sentences:

1. rally,
2. generous,
3. ruin,
4. emblem,
5. shrewd.
Answers:
1. Indian people rally behind army during war.
2. We should be generous towards the poor people.
3. The cyclone ruined the coastal area completely.
4. Lions of an Ashoka’s pillar make the emblem of our country.
5. Most of the politicians are very shrewd people.

Exercise – 9

A. Bio-graphy is biography, which is the story of a person’s life. Use the suffix ‘graphy’ and make five other words:

1. Bibliography
2. Geography
3. Choreography
4. Angiography
5. Radiography.

B. Fill in the blanks using the suitable words from brackets:
(protect, instinctive, autobiography, inner, integration)

Question 1.
An …………. is the story of a person’s life written by himself.
Answer:
autobiography

Question 2.
People have the right to …………. themselves, if somebody attacks them.
Answer:
protect

Question 3.
The actions which happen automatically in order to protect ourselves, are known as …………. actions.
Answer:
instinctive

Question 4.
Happiness is an …………. state of mind.
Answer:
inner

Question 5.
…………. of personality can be achieved through coordination of thoughts.
Answer:
Integration.

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 10

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words from brackets:
(greedy, buried, squandered, reluctant, drive out)

Question 1.
Sarthak …………. his money.
Answer:
squandered

Question 2.
The dog had …………. the bone in the garden.
Answer:
buried

Question 3.
New fashions …………. old ones.
Answer:
drive out

Question 4.
Neha was …………. to admit that she was wrong.
Answer:
reluctant

Question 5.
Manoj stared at the diamonds with …………. eyes.
Answer:
greedy

Exercise – 11

Choose the correct option:

Question 1.
Disaster means:
(a) a pleasing incident
(b) distantly situated
(c) which brings happiness.
(d) an unexpected event that causes loss of lives or wealth.
Answer:
(d) an unexpected event that causes loss of lives or wealth.

Question 2.
Paddy fields are:
(a) fields where rice is grown
(b) big fields
(c) fields where wheat is grown
(d) fertile and big fields.
Answer:
(a) fields where rice is grown

Question 3.
The bags that she got from the rich people were brimming over with:
(a) useful clothes
(b) junk
(c) precious ornaments
(d) food packets.
Answer:
(b) junk

Question 4.
The writer of this article was invited to deliver a speech in a:
(a) company
(b) party
(c) village
(d) press conference.
Answer:
(a) company

Question 5.
The ………… used to be the superior one.
(a) polished rice
(b) white rice
(c) red rice
(d) yellow rice.
Answer:
(b) white rice

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 12

Fill in the blanks using the correct form of verb given in brackets: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
It ………… cats and dogs outside now. (Imp.) (rain)
Answer:
is raining

Question 2.
She ………… me two years ago. (Imp.) (teach)
Answer:
taught.

B. Re-arrange the words to form meaningful sentences:

Question 1.
teaching/when/was/in the class/called/she/the Principal/her.
Answer:
The Principal called her when she was teaching in the class.

Question 2.
been/joy/has/studying/his brother Sarthak/with/since/morning.
Answer:
Joy has been Studying with his brother Sarthak since morning.

C. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
She ……….. not have done it. (can/may)
Answer:
may

Question 2.
Look ……….. you leap. (after/before/till)
Answer:
before

Question 3.
I cannot attend school ……….. I am ill. (because/so/before)
Answer:
because

Question 4.
You may go ……….. you like. (where/why)
Answer:
where

Question 5.
After ……….. difficulties he succeeded at last. (some/any/few)
Answer:
some

Question 6.
I don’t like ……….. by bus. (travel)
Answer:
to travel

Question 7.
I could not go to school yesterday ……….. I was not well, (because/until/unless) (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
because.

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 13

A. Fill in the blanks using the correct words: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
Meera ………. late every day. (come, comes)
Answer:
comes

Question 2.
………. I take your pen? (can/may)
Answer:
can

Question 3.
Mr. Das is a rich person ………. not happy. (M.P. 2017) (but/and/or)
Answer:
but

Question 4.
Amit is ………. than Sohan. (taller, tallest)
Answer:
taller

Question 5.
The train is coming ………. Allahabad. (from/for)
Answer:
from

Question 6.
………. the thief saw the police, he ran away:
(a) As soon as
(b) As long as
(c) as far as
(d) As well as
Answer:
(a) As soon as

Question 7.
I saw a ………. train;
(a) moved
(b) moving
(c) to move
(d) moves
Answer:
(b) moving

Question 8.
If he had worked hard he ………. passed.
(a) had
(b) would have
(c) has
(d) have
Answer:
(b) would have

Question 9.
It is obvious that he knows more than animals. The underlined clause is:
(a) A Noun Clause
(b) An Adjective Clause
(c) An Adverbial Clause
Answer:
(a) A Noun Clause

Question 10.
Sohan has not ………. friends:
(a) much
(b) many
(c) some
(d) a lot of
Answer:
(b) many

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

B. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
A place where prisoners are kept is ………….. (cell/cattle)
Answer:
cell

Question 2.
…………..I take your pen? (can, may)
Answer:
can

Question 3.
I met my friend ………….. the train arrived. (when/where)
Answer:
when

Question 4.
I have not ………….. books to read. (much/many)
Answer:
many

Question 5.
We do not go to school ………….. Sunday. (on/at)
Answer:
on

Question 6.
The sun ………….. in the east. (rise/rises/rose) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
rises

Question 7.
He leaves for Bhopal today,?………….. (Don’t he, doesn’t he/didn’t he)
Answer:
doesn’t he

Question 8.
Please, ………….. come to my home. (did/do/does)
Answer:
do

Question 9.
………….. I come in Sir? (May, Can)(M.P. 2016)
Answer:
May

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Exercise – 15

A. Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verb given in the brackets. (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
The students ……… at this moment. (play)
Answer:
are playing

Question 2.
She ……….. in this school for five years. (teach)
Answer:
has been teaching

B. Re-arrange the words to form meaningful sentences: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
Was/When/Tanmay/Singing and dancing/Went/I/to see him.
Answer:
Tanmay was singing and dancing when I went to see him.

Question 2.
declared/The Election Commission/has/of assembly election/the dates/in Madhya Pradesh.
Answer:
The Election Commission has declared the dates of assembly election in Madhya Pradesh.

Question 3.
I/up/woke/already/the sun/risen/had/when/,.
Answer:
When I woke up, the sun had already risen.

Question 4.
could/home/go/they/said/teacher/the/that/.
Answer:
The teacher said that they could go home.

Question 5.
late/he/come/would/Harish/that/told/me. (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
Harish told me that he would come late.

Question 6.
he/that/says/Mohsin/his/friend/is.
Answer:
He says that Mohsin is his friend.

Question 7.
pot/thousand/the/contained/a/coins/gold/.
Answer:
The pot contained a thousand gold coins.

Question 8.
leave/the/why/she/did/hall/?
Answer:
Why did she leave the hall?

Question 9.
hobby/my/games/playing/is (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
My hobby is playing games

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

C. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct word from given brackets: (M.P. 2009)

Question 1.
We …………………… obey the rules of the road. (may/must/can) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
must

Question 2.
Strike the iron …………………… it is hot. (before/while/as long as) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
while

Question 3.
I can not jump …………………… I have pain in my stomach. (as/because/while)
Answer:
because

Question 4.
Put the keys …………………… you can find them without difficulty. (where/when)
Answer:
where

Question 5.
Both pens are good. Give me …………………… (any/some/a few)
Answer:
any

Question 6.
Students must avoid …………………… bad company. (keep)
Answer:
keeping

Question 7.
Ravi is …………………… football. (plays, playing, play) (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
playing

Question 8.
She …………………… taught in this school. (has, have) (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
has

MP Board Class 10th General English Vocabulary Important Questions

Question 9.
The student said, “…………………… I drink water, please ?” (may, might)(M.P. 2015)
Answer:
may

Question 10.
When I was ten years old, I was not …………………… lift this box. (can, able to, could)
Answer:
able

Question 11.
He can not succeed …………………… you help him. (if, unless)
Answer:
unless

Question 12.
I don’t know …………………… he will come or not. (what, whether) (M.P, 2016)
Answer:
whether.

MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Act – I

Question 1.
Describe the meeting between the Unknown lady and Mr. Barthwick in your own words. What is the outcome of this meeting? (M.P. 2017 Imp.)
Answer:
One morning an unknown lady tries to seek permission to meet Mr. Barthwick. She is escorted by the servant Marlow to Mr. Barthwick whom she refuses to meet. Instead she asks for Jack Barthwick i. e. Mr. Barthwick’s son. Mr. Barthwick calls for Jack in the hall to meet the unknown lady as she refuses to tell the reason to Mr. Barthwick about her meeting to Jack.

The unknown lady was a young girl with pale complexion and dark eyes. She had a pretty figure. She expresses her desire to meet Jack. Mr. Barthwick asked her the reason, for her desire to meet his son. She lodged a complain to Mr. Barthwick, that last night Jack had a quarrel with her and had taken away her crimson silk purse (reticule). This disclosure shocks Mr. Barthwick and he foresees his spending for Jack in vain (waste).

The unknown lady demands for her purse along with the money amounting to be nearly seven pounds and twelve pence. She wants her money back as she has to pay the rent to her landlady. She also threatens to complain of theft against Jack, if she does not gets the money back.

The outcome of the meeting brings out the darker aspects of the character of Jack Barthwick. Mr. Barthwick realizes the mistake of his son and tries to settle the matter by giving the girl eight pounds to cover the value of the purse and Cab fare. He said to his son that people like him are nuisance to the society and are dangerous. He lastly commented that his conduct is absolutely unjustifiable. It shows that he lost his hope for his son.

Question 2.
Write a note on the dramatic significance of the unknown lady-episode. (M.P. 2009, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17)
Answer:
The visit of the unknown lady serves a useful dramatic purpose. It throws light on lack’s character. The lady reveals that Jack is a drunkard and a debauch. He associates with prostitutes. He is also a thief. In other words he is as guilty as Jones. Thus the lady’s visit is an important link in plot construction.

Question 3.
Do you feel that Mrs. Jones attempts to defend her husband during the interview with Mr. Barthwick? (Imp.)
Answer:
Mr. Barthwick interrogates Mrs. Jones about the theft of the silver box. This reveals several vital facts about her miserable life. She has got three school going children and she can not support them. Her husband is still jobless as well as troublesome. He extracts money from her for drinking. He is a groom by profession. She had an affair with him before their marriage eight years ago. Her eldest son was born before marriage. Yes, She attempts to defend her husband.

Question 4.
What would the members of the Labour Party do, according to Mr. Barthwick, once they came to power? (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
A labour party candidate has won by election to the parliament. This gives a rude shock to Mrs. Barthwick. She blames the liberals for encouraging the common people. The political discussion reveals the attitude of Mr. and Mrs. Barthwick who represent the upper class. According to Mr. Barthwick, the members of the labour party would deprive the upper classes of their rights and property once they came to power.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

Question 5.
Write about the appearance of the Unknown Lady in your own words. (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
The visit of the Unknown Lady serves a useful purpose in the drama. It throws light on Jack’s character, as she wants to meet. Jack Mr. Barthwick for stealing her purse. One morning the Unknown Lady enters the house. She was a young girl, with pale complexion, dark eyes and pretty figure. She wears a hat with flowers intact on it.

Question 6.
What was the reaction of Mr. Barthwick after meeting with unknown lady? (M.P. 2015, 18)
Answer:
Mr. Barthwick rebukes and scolds his son after he meets the unknown lady and pays her the money. She had in her reticule along with cab fare. He says that he had no principles and he was a nuisance to the society. His conduct was unjustifiable and he had committed a crime. He warns Jack (his son) that he would defend him next time, and that he is not fit to be helped.

Question 7.
Describe in your own words the room in which Jones lived.
Answer:
Jones in the play ‘The Silver Box’ lived in a bare room, with tattered oil cloth and damp distempered walls. It had an air of tidy wretchedness.

Question 8.
What comment did Mr. Barthwick make regarding the case of the two girls? (M.P. 2015, 18)
Answer:
On hearing the case of the two little girls, Barthwick said that it is a painful case with a very distressing state of things. He comments that the case like this should be taken up in the house i.e. the parliament. He says that it is an important question regarding the distressful condition of the people.

Question 9.
Where were the two little girls found by the police? (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
The two little girls were found, wandering in the street by the police, as their aunt had not allowed them to be in her own house. The mother of girls had left them and gone and the father was unemployed thus could not take care of them.

Question 10.
What according to Mr. Barthwick is education doing for the lower class? (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
According to Mr. Barthwick education for the lower class is ruining the lower class, as they would be at par with the higher class.

Question 11.
What did Roper ask Jack to do when he testifies in the court of law? (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
Roper advises Jack not to say anything at all in the court. He should simply say that he slept on the sofa.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

Act – II

Question 12.
What is the dramatic significance of the conversation between Mrs. Jones and her husband? (M.P. 2009, 12)
Answer:
Mrs. Jones is a noble character, in the play, ‘The Silver Box’. She is a victim of malicious fate, for stealing a silver box. As she returns back home from her job, she finds Mr. Jones sleeping. He asks her about her early return from job. He shows his anger and frustration on her and misbehaves with his wife.

He tells his wife about the purse with seven pounds, which he picked out of spite. His wife informs Mr. Jones about the rent to be paid. Mr. Jones provides the rent with the sovereign he picked, and surprises his wife. While discussing about the sovereign and purse, she tries to fold Mr. Jones coat and drops the silver box from the coat’s pocket.

Mr. Jones tries to grab the silver box, from her and tells her that he picked it but of spite and will throw in the river. In the meantime a significant change takes place in the drama and a detective by the name-Snow enters and grabs ‘The Silver Box’.

Question 13.
What does Jones want to do with the money he has got? What does he want to do in his future life? (Imp.)
Or, What was Jones planning with stolen money? (M,P. 2015, 16)
Answer:
Jones has stolen a silk purse. It has seven pounds in it. He calls it a loss property with no name on it. As Mrs. Jones is an honest lady. She doesn’t look happy at it. But Jones has no sense of guilt. He says that he will go to Canada to change his luck. He would live a happy liffewith another lady. He would live with freedom.

Question 14.
Give an account of the way ‘The Silver Box’ was recovered from the residence of Jones. (M.P. 2009, 11, 13, Imp., 18)
Answer:
When Mrs. Jones detects the stolen purse she thinks to return it to her employer. So when jones is out she shakes out his coat. The silver box falls down from the coat packet. She looks hard at it. But Jones snatches it from her hands with a promise that he would throw it away into the river along with the purse.

On the other hand when Barthwick finds the box missing he asks Snow, a detective to search it. Snow out of doubt comes to Jones house just at the time when Jones trying to take the box from his wife who takes it to go to return it to Barthwick. Snow detects the letters J.B. Carved on it and is sure it was the stolen one from Barth wickis house.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

Question 15.
What transpires between Roper and Mr. Barthwick? (M.P. 2010,15)
Answer:
Roper the advocate, is shown in. Barthwick tells him about The Silver Box which was stolen not by the charwoman but her loafer husband. Jones also says that Jack let him walk into the house. Jones then took away both the things The Silver Box and the purse. The news might appear in the papers the next day. Jones is likely to make full use of the purse against his family. Jack confesses so many things one by one. His mother tells him to forget the truth that he led jones into the house, offered him whisky and left the key in the lock of the door.

Roper advises Jack not to say anything at all in the court. He should simply say that he slept on the sofa. In fact he needn’t attend the court at all. Jacks feels great relief. Barthwick wants that Roper should see to it that the purse theft case is not referred to at all. Roper promises to manage the whole case. He takes leave.

Question 16.
How was Snow able to recognize that the silver box belonged to the Barthwick family? (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
Barthwick’s had appointed Snow, a detective to Trace the whereabouts of silver box that was stolen from their residence. As per suspect, snow visits Mr. and Mrs. Jones residence and rescues the silver box from Jone’s residence. He recognizes the box by the letters J.B., which was inscribed on the box, which symbolises their (Barthwick’s) initials.

Question 17.
Who is Snow? What makes Snow come to the residence of Mrs. Jones? (M.P. 2014, 16, 18)
Answer:
In the drama ‘The Silver Box’ Snow plays a vital role in recovery of the missing box. Snow is a detective, who is appointed by Mr. Barthwick to find the silver box. Snow came to the residence of Mrs. Jones with an intention to arrest her, suspecting her to be the victim of stealing the silver box.

Act – III

Question 18.
Write in your own words the proceeding of the case of the two little girls in the court. (M.P. 2011)
Answer:
The Silver Box is based on the theme of social, economic and legal evils. It focuses on the suffering of poor families as a result of unemployment and poverty. The introduction of the two, little girls shows how children suffer the most when homes break. Livens can not find a job. So his wife leaves him and her daughters. He puts them in his sister’s house. But she too can not feed them. Finally they are sent to a home for destitute children. The episode is very relevant to the theme of the play.

Question 19.
How does the case against Jones proceed in the court of law? (M.P. 2009, 13, Imp.)
Answer:
The second case listed for the day is that of James, Jones and Jane, Jones. Barthwick whispers to his solicitor Roper to avoid any reference to the purse. The two charges against the accused relate to the theft of The Silver Box and assault on the police. Jones denies that he stole the box. He admits that he attacked the police but he has to say many thirjos why he did so.

Question 20.
What were the two charges made by the police against Jones? (M.P. 2014, 18)
Answer:
The Silver Box is based on the theme of social, economic and legal evils. Snow, the detective recovers the stolen The Silver Box from Mr. and Mrs. Jones residence and takes them to the court of law. He puts two charges against them-one of stealing of the silver box and second of assaulting on the police.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

Question 21.
What reasons did Jones provide for taking the silver box? (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
Jones is called into the witness box. He swears that he will speak the truth. Jones says that he had never before been brought to a police court.

Jones says that he took the silver box under the effect of liquor and in his fit of drunkness. He also reveals that Jack Barthwick offered him liquor and offered him to smoke and take whatever hp wishes from his room.

Question 22.
Why does Jones, towards the end of the play say, “Call this justice”? (M.P. 2015, 18)
Answer:
Mr. Jones was caught and found guilty of stealing the silver box from Mr. Barthwick’s house whereas Jack, Barthwick’s son was left untouched in spite of his involvement in the same activity.

Jones says so because he was sentenced for one month with hard labour while Jack who had committed the same offence of drinking and stealing was set free, he being a wealthy person.

II. Answer the following questions in about 60 words:

Act – I

Question 1.
What transpires when Mr. Barthwick calls Mrs. Jones for a talk? (M.P. 2011, 13)
Answer:
When Mr. Barthwick found the box missing from palace, he enquires from his servant Marlow asking about the responsibility of cleaning the room. Mr. Barthwick calls Mrs. Jones for a talk as he comes to know, that the responsibility of cleaning the room lies with Mrs. Jones.

Barthwick then interrogates about the theft of silver box. This reveals several vital facts about her miserable life. She had her school going children, whom she could not support. Her husband is still jobless as well as troubles her. He is a groom by profession which is not permanent for him.

He extracts money from her for drinking and harass her. This reveals that she leads a highly miserable life. Thus, Mr. Barthwick tries to investigate the whole affair of the loss of silver box she refuses to have any knowledge about the silver box.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

III. Answer the following questions in about 150 – 200 words each:

Question 1.
Write a critical appreciation of the play ‘The Silver Box’. (M.P. 2010, 17 Imp.)
Or, Describe the play’s relevance in the present day circumstance.
Answer:
The Silver Box, Galsworthy’s first dramatic work, is a three act play. The author calls it a ‘social comedy’ but it is comic only in the satirical portraits of characters in the society and the law courts. Here is a bogus liberal M.P., John Barthwick who loves fine phrases and speaks as if he were addressing his voters. But he turns cool the moment his own interests are threatened. Then there is his foolish and self-centred wife who would side with her good for nothing son at all cost.

She regards Jones as a dangerous fellow. Their son Jack is thoroughly spoiled. He is a debauch, a thief and a liar. For the likes of Barthwicks life is a comedy because they wield power, position and contacts. But they are the real criminals. For poor Mrs. Jones and her children, the play is a ‘social tragedy’. In spite of her complete innocence they become victims of a horrible miscarriage of justice.

She suffers bashing by her own husband. She is arrested for the crime committed by him. Her children go hungry. Her employer accuses of stealing The Silver Box. Towards the end, she is left alone, and without a job, only to starve. Strangely enough, the dramatist calls his play a comedy, perhaps because we are left at the end smiling ironically at the unfairness of the world.

The central theme of the play is the operation of law as it affects the rich and the poor. There are two sharply contrasted groups in the play. One consists of a bogus liberal M.P., his foolish wife and his spoilt son. He has got wealth and position and outward respectability. They guard their reputation jealousy even by using unfair means. They can easily buy detectives, constables and magistrates. The scales of justice are tilted in their favour.

The other group consists of Jones, his wife and children. This family is poor, miserable and defenceless. They are charged with theft and violence. Jones is found guilty of assaulting a public servant on duty. He can’t hire any advocate to defend him. He argues his own case. But his voice is muffled, and he is sent to prison with hard labour. Jack who is equally guilty of stealing a prostitute’s purse, gets a clean chit in the court.

Thus we find in the play police, lawyers, turning of the law, and conviction of the weak. The law in our so-called civilized society, has taken the place of ancient tyrants. It crushes down the innocent.

The Silver Box is a penetrating study of life in Edwardian England. It is as true and relevant today as it was centuries ago. The law remains the handmaid of the rich and the ruling class. The poor somehow manage to keep breathing.

Question 2.
Justify the title of the play The Silver Box. (M.P. 2010, 11, 13, 16, 17)
Answer:
Galsworthy’s original title for The Silver Box was The cigarette Box. Both essentially mean the same thing – an expensive cigarette case. It is the central thing in the plot. The entire story revolves around it. Jones an out-of-work poor man is tempted one night to take it away from wealthy Jack’s house.

Mr. Barthwick first points his accusing finger at this charwoman Mrs. Jones. She discovers it by chance at her house. She insists on returning it to its owner. There is a scuffle. Jones wants to throw it into the river. At this crucial moment a detective Mr. Snow enters the room and recovers the stolen box.

He draws Mrs. Jones on charge of theft to the police station. Jones attacks the policeman on duty. He too is arrested. Both are produced in the court. The dishonest Magistrate, the constable and the advocate Roper shield Jack. Jones is convicted though not on charge of stealing the box but of assault-ing a public servant on duty.

Thus, we see the cigarette box dominates the events from cover to cover. All conflict and suffering arise from it. The word ‘silver’ gives to the title the colour of a class struggle between the rich and the poor. Silver is the symbol of riches. Hence the title The Silver Box is more appropriate and effective than the cigarette Box.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

Question 3.
Write a character sketch of Mr. Barthwick. (M.P. 2014, 16)
Answer:
Galsworthy’s characters are neither glorious heroes nor outright villains. They are true to life. Most of them are ordinary men and women we meet with around us everday. Jack belongs to the aristocratic class, although he himself is a spoilt and dissolute young man. His father John Barthwick is a Member of the British parliament. He is rich and influential. Jack has all the advantages of his father’s status and purse. He becomes easy-going and pleasure loving. He is pampered further by his mother. He is studying at Oxford where boys drink to freely and mix with street women. And he admits this fact with shameless pride.

Jack spends money recklessly. So he is always hard up and penniless. He issues a cheque which is dishonoured by the bank. He runs the risk of prosecution for cheating or deception. He has just one shilling in his pocket when he seeks Jone’s help. So he allows Jones to drink, smoke and even take away whatever he likes. He quarrels with his father about money. He demands more money to spend recklessly on his pleasure hunting. He snatches away the handbag of a lady in a drunken fit of anger. The lady complains to his father who agrees to pay her 8 pounds.

Jack has no moral scruples. He mixes with women of easy virtue. He quarrels with one and snatches away her velvet handbag containing all her money in a purse. In the court he tells lies on inducement from his defence council Roper. He refuses to recognise Jones and pretends forgetfulness.

Jack happens to be guilty of the same offence as Jones. Both have the same weak-nesses for wine and women. Both steal and are made to stand in the witness box. But Jack is shielded by his father and the advocate. He goes scot-free while Jones get one month’s rigorous imprisonment.

However Jack is not a downright wicked villain. He is not a deliberate thief. He is a product of an unjust system and economic order. He is pampered chiefly by his mother.

Question 4.
Write a character-sketch of Jones. (Imp.)
Answer:
The Silver Box is a modem and magnificent play. It has a galaxy of characters, most of whom have their failings and vices. The only noble character who wins our sympathy and pity is Mrs. Jones. She is a good woman who wishes to bring up her children properly. She is honest, sincere and dutiful to the core. She claims no privileges and asks no favours. Yet she suffers the most. She suffers the drunken brute of a husband at home. She is falsely accused of stealing a silver box by her employer. When Jones is hauled upon charges of theft and violence, the poor Mrs. Jones is left jobless to Starve.

Mrs. Jones is slim with dark eyes and oval face. Her voice is soft, smooth and even. She is gentle and modest. She doesn’t have the aggressive nature of her husband. Her lamb-like docility annoys her husband. He calls her milky mild who hasn’t even the spirit of a louse. She accepts her lot without complaint or murmur, her self-effacement gives a peculiar grace to her personality.

Mrs. Jones is born under an unlucky star. She is a victim of malicious fate as well as society. She first suffers the tyranny of her husband who beats her cruelly in a state of drunkeness. He accuses of her being unfaithful and even threatens to cut her throat. But she bears it calmly as a good and faithful wife. She tries to spot his good points. She can not take a firm decision to leave him.

She tries to explain his violence and cruelty to his heavy drinking and unemployment. She says: “Of course, I know he has a very hard life. And he is fond of the children and it’s very hard for him to see them going without food. She affirms that Jones is kind and generous when he is sober. She tries her best to save her man from the grip of law.

Mrs. Jones is completely innocent of theft. Yet she loses her reputation as well as job. She and her children are left to starve. The court verdict hits her that hardest in three ways. Her husband is sent to jail. She loses her job in Barthwick’s house. She loses her reputation as it thrown out of her lodging.

The machinery of law crushes her. Her undeserved suffering is indeed tragic. She is simple honest and truthful. She condemns Jones’ action of stealing somebody else’s purse. She reveals frankly that she had an affair with Jones before she married him. That caused a scandal and cost Jones his job. On the whole, Mrs. Jones appeals powerfully to our sense of sympathy and pity.

Question 5.
“The play is an attack on the hypocrisy of the British higher class.” Discuss. (M.P. 2010, 12, 14, 18)
Answer:
The Silver Box presents, in fact, the on-going class war in the whole world. The Society is broadly divided into the upper class and the lower class the rich and the poor, the rulers and the ruled. John Barthwick represents the upper middle class. He is a liberal mem¬ber of Parliament.

He has lofty principles about social reforms. He wants all parties to have their representatives in the Parliament. He professes sympathy for the poor. He seems to be deeply moved during the case hearing of Livens. He decides to raise the issue of the down¬trodden in the house.

But Barthwick’s sympathy for the poor is only skin-deep. He thinks that the poor are committing the folly of distrusting the rich, and they themselves are largely responsible for their misery. “If they would only trust us (The upper class) they get on so much better”. He doesn’t realise that the poor are victims of social apathy and ruthless laws.

The Barthwick is a bogus liberal. His hypocrisy and selfishness are clearly exposed. He is mortally afraid of a public scandal. He helps his Jack out of trouble twice in order to save his own good name from damage. He seeks the help of Snow and Roper to drop the charge of theft against Jones. “Better to have lost a dozen cigarette boxes, and said nothing about it.”

He decides to make enquiries about the stolen box because it is question of his principle. But he makes Jack tell a lie in the court. At the end, when Mrs. Jones turns to him with an appeal, he turns his back upon her and goes away like a coward. The author’s estimate of Barthwick is very fair.

Question 6.
“Drinking affects the high and the low alike”. Illustrate the proposition on the basis of your study of the play. (Imp.)
Answer:
The Silver Box deals, is a family drama of two persons – John Barthwick and James Jones. The former is a wealthy M.R He has liberal views in theory, but he can go to any length to save his family’s reputation and his private property. He is not a socialist. He has a pampered son Jack studying at Oxford. Jack is given to drinking womanising and spending lavishly. He has no respect for anybody, not even for his father. He has no moral scruples. Mrs. Barthwick harps on the respectability of the family the innocence of her son and supposed evil designs of the lower classes.

Jones represents the have-nots the poor working class. His family consists of his wife and three children. He is out-of-work. He is willing to work but is unable to get work. Mrs. Jones works as a charwoman in the house of Barthwick where she is accused of stealing the silver box. There is a lot of similarity between Jack and Jones. Both are reckless in their conduct. Both drink too much and both run after other woman. Both are guilty of robbing or stealing. Jack snatches away the purse of a prostitute. Jones steals away that silk purse along with a silver box. both are characterless.

If Barthwick shows concern for his own reputation. Jones become violent to protect the honour and goodname of his respectable wife. He frees her from the false charge of theft. Barthwick is a bogus liberal, a hypocrite. He doesn’t hesitate to destroy a weak family. His son Jack tells lies and robs a woman of her purse.

Mrs. Jones on the other hand is very honest, sincere and submissive. Thus Jone’s family is in a way better than Barthwicks family. But at the same time both the families suffer in a similar manner due to the drunkard protagonists of them. Hence, it is apt to say the “Drinking affects the high and the low alike”. It prompts them to acquire similar vices, irrespective of their social and financial status.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 The Silver Box

Question 7.
What short coining of the British judicial system emerge out of the play? (M.P. 2016, 18)
Answer:
‘The Silver Box’ as regarded by John Gals worthy a comedy, is actually a problem play. We can call it a social tragedy. There are two categories of people in the society. One is upper class. The other is of lower class.The victims are poor and unemployed Jones, his wife, MrsJones and their three children.

The victimiser in the case is not so much the wealthy liberal, Mr. Barthwick as law itself. John Galsworthy indicts the established institu¬tion of law courts which is held in highest esteem for its fairness. The real quality is that the scales of justice are tilted in favour of mean of position and wealth. The principle of equality before law in a paper tigger, a legal function.

Jack and Jones are equally wicked. Both are equally guilty of misconduct, moral degration and stealing. But law treats them differently. Jack is able to get the help of a lawyer and the policeman. His offence of stealing is ignored. While the poor Jones is silenced and sent to prison.

Question 8.
Write a summary of Act II of the Silver Box in your own words.
Answer:
The Silver Box written by John Galsworthy is a short play. It contains three acts. It is a comedy on social structure. The laws prevailing in the society are not alike for rich and poor. The play has two kinds of characters of high standard and low standard.

In the summary of Act II, Mrs. Seddon, the landlady of Jones house, comes to collect the rent. Jones takes out the crimson purse. He says he got it lying on the road. It contained more than seven pounds. He plans to go to Canada to change his luck. The silver box is found in the coat pocket of Jones by Mrs. Jones. She blames him for spoiling her reputation.

Mr. Jones says he has not stolen it but picked it up under the influence of liquor. At the same time Snow, a detective enters and puts his hand on the box and declares to arrest Mrs. Jones. Jones confesses that he has stolen the box. He is thus arrested along with his wife and are produced before the law.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Chapter – 1

Question 1.
Why was Swaminathan apprehensive of Mondays? Which sentence in the lesson suggests that it was a five day week in Swaminathan’s school? (M.P. 2010, Imp.)
Answer:
Swami hated Mondays for it meant activity, discipline and work. After the holiday he had enjoyed on Saturday and Sunday, Monday was unpleasant for him. As Swami sat on the table in his room he found that he had a lot of homework to do and only two hours for doing it. The sentence in the text that suggests that it was a five day week in Swaminathan’s “After a delicious freedom of Saturday and Sunday it was difficult to get into the Monday mood of work discipline.”

Question 2.
Write about the four persons who were Swami’s friends. (M.P. 2015, Imp.)
Answer:
Swami is a boy, ten years old. He is a student of Albert Mission School. First form (A). He is quite happy at school, despite the tyranny of the teachers, and also despite the fact that he is not a good student, and net at all interested in his studies. His happiness results from the fact that he has got four fast friends, who were Somu, Mani, Shankar and Samuel, the Pea. Later on he gets another friend, Rajam.

In the company of these friends he cuts jokes, plays pranks and also sometimes, is engaged in friendly quarrels. With Mani and Rajam his relations are personal and human; these three (Swami, Mani and Rajam) constitute a sort of an inner circle. Swami’s relations with the other three – Somu, Shanker and the Pea are scholastic and impersonal.

Question 3.
Describe Mani’s personality. (M.P. 2009, 10, Imp.)
Answer:
Mani is one of the closest friends of Swami. He is known as “The mighty good for nothing”. He towers head and shoulders above the other boys of the class, and is friend and admired by all. He is a sort of bully, and says that his strength lies in the two clubs he has at home. He can easily break the neck of those with it who offend him. Swaminathan was proud of his friendship. While others crouched in awe, he could address him as ‘Mani’ with gusto and pat him in the back familiarly.

Question 4.
What were the similarities between Swaminathan and Samuel, the Pea? (M.P. 2009, 18, Imp.)
Answer:
Swami’s another bosom friend was Samuel, the Pea. He was called the Pea as he was very small in size. There is nothing uncommon about him, for he is neither a good student nor physically remarkable. The only thing common between them was laughter. They were able to see together the same absurdities and incongruities in things. The most trivial and unnoticeable things to others would tickle them to death.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Chapter – 2

Question 5.
Who was Rajam? Why was Mani angry with him? (M.P. 2010, 12, 14, 16, 18)
Answer:
Rajam was a new student. He was the son of the Superintendent of Police. Swami admired Rajam and was much impressed by his carefree conduct and manners, and by his brilliance as a student. Even on the very first day, Rajam had much to impress him by his non-chalance, he dressed very well. He was the only boy in the class who wore socks and shoes, fur cap and tie, and a wonderful coat and knickers.

He came to the school in a car. He was a very good student too. It was said that he had come from some English boys school somewhere in Madras. He spoke very good English, exactly like a “European”. In his manner to Mani, he assumed a certain non-chalance to which Mani was not accustomed. If Mani was the overlord of the class, Rajam seemed to be nothing less. And add to all this the fact that Rajam was a regular seventy-percenter, second only to Shankar.

These were sure indications that Rajam was going to be the new power in the class. Day by day as Mani looked on, it was becoming increasingly clear that a new menace had appeared in his life. So Mani was jealous of Rajam.

Question 6.
What did Mani decide to do with Rajam? (M.P. 2014, 17)
Answer:
Mani wanted to bundle him into the river or to crack his shoulders with his club.

Question 7.
How did Swaminathan react when Mani told him about his intention? (M.P. 2009, Imp.)
Answer:
When Swami came to know about Mani’s plan he warned him to be careful for his father was the Superintendent of Police, and the police are an aw fill lot. But Mani did not care for all this and was determined to put the vile upstart down.

Question 8.
How did Mani and Rajam, instead of fighting, become friends? (M.P. 2010, Imp.)
Answer:
It was at last agreed that Mani and Rajam would meet on the banks of the river near Nallappa’s Grove. Accordingly, Mani came to the place with his clubs, and Rajam came there with his air gun. When Mani pointed out that he should not have brought the gun as it was to be a hand-to-hand fight, Rajam pointed out that he ought not to have brought his clubs.

Both the air gun and the clubs were then dispensed with, the Complaints which they had against each other were re-counted and hotly denied.The upshot was that the two suddenly decided to be friends, quite against the expectations. This conclusion was much to the relief of Swami, for he admired Rajam and wanted to be friends with him.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 9.
Mani and Swaminathan wanted to play a prank on Rajam. Describe how the prank turned upon them? (M.P. 2016)
Answer:
Mani and Swami wanted to play a prank on Rajam and later was exposed as he was not annoyed. He knew what they had done was out of jealousy and enmity among themselves. He did not mind their dirty trick, instead he praised their performance as the kitten and puppy.

Chapter – 3

Question 10.
Where did Swaminathan’s grandmother live? What were her belongings? (M.P. 2014, Imp.)
Answer:
Swaminathan’s grandmother lived in a room which was ill-ventilated passage between the front hall and dining room. Here she lived with all her belongings. Her bed was made of, “five carpets, three bed sheets, and five pillows, a square box made of jute fibre, and a smgUAvooden box containing copper coins, cardamoms, cloves and areca nut”.

Question 11.
What did Swaminathan tell his grandmother about Rajam? (M.P. 2013, 17, Imp.)
Answer:
Swami told his grandmother that Rajam was a brilliant boy. He was the son of the Superintendent of police. He used to secure 90% of marks.

Question 12.
What did grandmother tell Swaminathan about his grandfather? What did grandmother do with grandfather’s medal?
Answer:
The grandmother was a garrulous lady and liked to talk about events in the distant past. When Swami told her about Rajam she began telling him about his grandfather. She told that his grandfather was a powerful magistrate and the police trembled before him and dacoits ran away is fear. He got 200 marks in the subject and got gold medal.

Question 13.
Describe in your own words the story of Rajam’s bravery as told by Swaminathan to his grandmother.
Answer:
Swami narrated a story of Rajam’s bravery. He told that once when Rajam’s father was camping in a forest Rajam was also with him. Two tigers came upon them suddenly one knocking down the father from behind and other chasing down Rajam. Rajam took shelter behind a bush and shot it dead with his gun.

Question 14.
What was Swaminathan waiting for while his father was preparing to go out? What did Swaminathan do in the meanwhile?
Answer:
One Saturday afternoon Swami was eager to go off to his friends, and impatiently waited for the departure of his father for his office. He pretended to read but in reality watched closely every detail of his father’s preparation to go to his office. He watched him as he tied his turban, took his watch, his snuffbox, his handkerchief and his umbrella.

He went out but was called in by the mother to the great annoyance of Swami, who had almost stood up to go out. She wanted some money, and the father returned to give it to her, and then went out a second time.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 15.
How did Rajam entertain his friends at his house? (M.P. 2009, 16)
Answer:
Swami and Mani together went to Rajam. They were much amazed to see the large room of Rajam with his books arranged neatly on a big table, with a time-piece. Rajam kept them waiting for a few minutes and then came to them. He showed them his almirah full of toys. They beheld astounding things in it, miniature trains and motors, mechanical marvels, and a magic lantern with slides, a good, many large picture books and a hundred other things.

What interested Mani most was a grim air gun that stood in a comer. Rajam gave them permission to handle anything they pleased. In a short while Swaminathan was running an engine all over the room, Mani was shooting arrow after arrow from a bow, at the opposite wall. When he was tired of it, he took up the air gun devastated the furniture around with lead balls.

Question 16.
Do you approve of Rajam’s behaviour with the cook? Give reasons in support of your answer. (M.P. 2009)
Answer:
No, we do not approve of Rajam’s behaviour with the cook. At Rajam’s house coffee with some snacks was brought for Mani and Swami by the cook. Rajam tried to snub him in order to impress his friends with the power and authority he had. But the cook was more than a match for him. First he tried to argue with Rajam, and then walked off with the snacks telling him to come to the kitchen if he wanted the eatables. He had to go to the kitchen and bring in the snacks and the coffee himself. In order to hide his humiliation, he told his friends that he kicked the cooks for his impertinence and at that time he was lying unconscious in the kitchen.

Chapter – 4

Question 17.
How did Swaminathan know that the boys of his class called him tail? (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
Swami was surprised at the behaviour of his friends. He asked for his place in game. Nobody paid attention to him. His friends were talking amongst themselves. Again and again they were referring the word ‘tail’ like what is a tail, whether there was anyone like a tail etc.

When they said that there was someone present there who was a tail. Swaminathan could comprehend very little expect that remark contained some unpleasant references to himself. He became very hot and wanted to cry, then he asked about that remark and got confirmed that they were calling him tail of Rajam.

Question 18.
Whom did Swami suspect for writing ‘Tail’ on the blackboard? What did he do then? (M.P. 2014,18)
Answer:
Swami entered the classroom one day and a giggle went along the benches. Somebody had written ‘tail’ on the blackboard in huge letters. Swami suspected that the Pea and Shankar had done it. So he slapped them on the face. Pandemonium broke out in the class with Shankar, Pea and Swami rolling over and tearing clothes. The fight stopped with the entry of the teacher.

II. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Chapter – 1

Question 1.
Describe how Swaminathan passed Monday in his school? (M.P. 2014, 16)
Answer:
Swami is a student of the first form (Section A). It is Monday morning and Swami hates Mondays, for it means activity, discipline and work, after the holiday he has enjoyed on Saturday and Sunday. As Swami sits on the table in his ‘room’ he finds that he has a lot of home work to do, and only two hours for doing it. He feels bored and tired, and is in no mood for work.

He reaches the class in time, and we are introduced to the fire-eyed Vedanayagan, the class-teacher and also arithmetic teacher. Swami does not like him and criticizes him that his face was that his eyes were too near each other, that there was more hair on his chin than one saw from the bench, and that he was very-very bad-looking. All the sums of Swami are wrong, they are crossed out, the remark ‘very bad’ is given and he is very severely pinched over his left ear, and told to go back to his seat.

Then comes the history period, and the teacher is Dr. Pillai. His method of teaching is interesting, but it does not conform to any known principles of education. It is followed by the scripture period and the teacher, Ebenezar, is a fanatic Christian. He constantly criticises and abuses Hindu Gods who, for him, are merely so many pieces of stone. When Swami puts a question, his ear is severely pulled and pinched.

Swami complains to his father, who writes a long letter to the Headmaster asking him to take action against the teacher, otherwise Hindu boys will be withdrawn from the school and the matter will be referred to higher authorities. But nothing comes out of it, except the reprimand to Swami from the Headmas¬ter who is there to take care of the boys. He tells Swami, “you must come to me if you want any help, before you go to your father.” Swaminathan furtively glances at Ebenezar, who has writhed in his chair.

“I am sorry”, said the headmaster, “that you should have been so foolish as to go to your father about this simple matter. I shall look into it. Take this letter of your father.“ Thus things remain where they were.

Chanter – 2

Question 2.
What were the reasons of animosity between Mani and Rajam? (Imp.)
Answer:
Rajam was a new student to the class of Swaminathan. He was a son of the Superintendent of police. He had been transferred from an English school of Madras. He was well dressed and well mannered. He was wear shoes and socks and tie. He came in a car. He was well built and knew all tacts.

On his first day at school he walked up to the last bench and sat beside Mani and felt comfortable till Mani gave him a job in the ribs which he returned. He had impressed the whole class on the very first day. He could speak English fluently. No other student in the class was able to compete with him in any way. By that time Mani was the boss as there was no one to challenge his strength. Rajam became a rival of Mani.

In his manner to Mani he assumed a certain non-chalance to which Mani was not accustomed. If Mani jabbed, Rajam jabbed; if Mani clouted, he clouted; if Mani kicked, he kicked. If Mani was overlord of the class, Rajam seemed nothing less. More than that Rajam was a brilliant student which Mani was not. So Rajam was now the new centre of power which was not acceptable to Mani. There were the remains of animosity between them.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 3.
Despite their friendship, Swaminathan was afraid of Mani. What incident in the chapter shows this? (Imp.)
Answer:
Mani and Swaminathan were good friends. Swami had respect for Mani. Mani was the hero for he was well built and able to do anything which was beyond imagination for many. He could break neck of anyone with his clubs. Swami was proud of his friendship with him. While other crunched in awe,he could address him as ‘Mani’ with gusto and pat him on the back familiarly. Swami turns angry with him when he begins rivalry with Rajam.

Swami likes Rajam very much for his qualities. Mani doesn’t like Rajam because he appears to be a challenge to him. Mani decides to bundle Rajam into the river or to crack his shoulders with his club. Swami worns him to be careful for his father is the Superintendent of police. When Mani doesn’t show reluctance Swami cries in protestation which makes Mani surprised. This incident shows that he was also afraid of Mani.

Chapter – 3

Question 4.
“Swaminathan had good rapport with his grandmother.” Do you agree with this statement? Give instances in support of your answer.
Answer:
Swami had good rapport with his grandmother. Swami used to feel very snug and safe in the faint atmosphere of cardamon and cloves. After the night meal, with his head on his granny’s lap he nestled close to her. Some of the instances of his rapport with granny is seen when he talks with her. Let us see how he talks:

“Oh, Granny: he cried ecstatically.” You don’t know what a great fellow Rajam is.” He told her the story of the first enmity between Rajam and Mani and the subsequent friendship.

“You know he has a real police dress.” Said Swaminathan,
‘Is it? What does he want a police dress for?’ asked Granny,

The grandmother is rather garrulous and likes to talk at length about wants in the distant past, the memories of which crowd in upon her and make her discourse at length, when Swami tells her about Rajam she herself begins to talk incoherently about her own part. Her narration is often inaccurate and confused and rambling. Still Swami enjoys it.

Question 5.
Swaminathan was waiting impatiently for his father to go out, but his exit was taking too long. Describe how his father took so long to leave the house? (Imp.)
Answer:
One Saturday afternoon Swami had a plan to visit Rajam’s house. So he was waiting impatiently for his father’s departure. But his father was taking time for preparing himself. He stood before mirror, winding a turban round his head. He had put on his silk coat. Swami was watching him keenly. Now only his spectacles remained and then the watch.

Swami felt gland that it was the cast item and after that his father would leave for the court. But then his mother came with a tumbler of water in one hand and a plate of betel leaves and nuts in the other father drank water and held out his hard. Mother gave him a little areca nut and half a dozen neatly rolled betel leaves. He put them all into his mouth, chewing them with great contentment.

Swami read at the top of his voice the poem about a woolly sheep. His father about a little for his tiny silver snuffbox and took his handkerchief. He hooked his umbrella which was the signal for starting. Swami had almost closed the book and risen. In the meantime mother stopped his father. He again came back. He opened his bureau, gave money to mother, adjusted his turban before mirror, took a heavy pinch of Snuff and wiping his nose with hanky went out. Now Swami was relieved.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

III. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Chapter -1

Question 1.
Why did Swaminathan go to the infant standards? What did he find children doing there? (Imp.)
Answer:
As the geography teacher was absent, the boys of the first A i.e., Swami’s class were in leisure. Swami missed his friend and he was alone. He wandered along the corridor of the infant standards. He saw the infants dabbling in wet clay and trying to shape models. For Swami it was ridiculous things to do in school.

Question 2.
Where did Swaminathan find Sankar, Somu and others? How did they behave with him? (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
Swaminathan found Shankar, Somu and other under a tamarind tree. This was secluded place in the school campus. They were playing some games. Swami joined them with a low, ecstatic cry. But they responded indifferently. It disappointed him. They turned their faces to him with a faint smile and returned to their game.

Question 3.
Describe Swaminathan’s state of mind when Sankar, Somu and others stopped talking to him. (M.P. 2011, Imp.)
Answer:
Swami was feeling restless when Shankar, Somu and others stopped talking to him. He was feeling lonely. His friends were also hostile to him. It was very painful for poor Swami, but he could not help it. He wanted to talk to them and crack jokes but, he was helpless. He was feeling uncomfortable.

Question 4.
How did grandmother react when Swaminathan told her about Rajam’s visit? What instructions did Swami give her?
Answer:
It was Saturday and Rajam was to visit Swami in the afternoon. Swami wanted to create a good impression on his friend who was a V.I.R, the son of a Superintendent of Police. He first cleaned his table and arranged his books properly. Then he told to his Granny that she was too old, and so she should not come in when Rajam was with him. He told her so quite frankly even though it must have been rather painful for her.

Question 5.
What provoked Swaminathan to slap the Pea? What followed thereafter? (M.P. 2016, Imp.)
Answer:
One day when Swami entered the class, a giggle went along the benches. Somebody had written ‘Tail’ on the blackboard in huge letters. Swami suspected that the Pea and Shankar had done it. So he slapped them on the face, pandemonium broke out in the class, with Shankar, Pea and Swami rolling over and over and tearing each others hair, faces and clothes. The fight stopped for a moment when the teacher entered. But a moment later they left the class, to fight it out in the fields adjoining the school.

Question 6.
Why did Mani take the boys out of the class to a secluded place? Why could he not succeed in bringing about a reconciliation? (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
Swami told his friends that Pea and Shankar wrote the ‘Tail’ on the blackboard, and that they called him “Rajam’s tail”. Somu sided with Shankar and Pea, and Mani stood up for Swami. In order to settle the matter Mani took the boy to a secluded place in order to bring about a reconciliation. A fierce fight between Main and Somu followed.

Mani swung his hand and brought it down on Somu’s nape. Sonu pushed it away with a heavy blow. Mani aimed a kick at Somu, which would send him rolling. Somu stepped aside and delivered one himself, which nearly bent the other. He could not succeed because they went on fighting with none to aim.

Chapter – 3

Question 7.
What prank did Mani and Swaminathan want to play on Rajam? (Imp.)
Answer:
Mani and Swami knocked at the door of Rajam’s room and as soon as he opened the door, they pretended to be a blind kitten and a blind and crawled into the room as such. As they had closed their eyes, they did not see that Somu, Shanker. and Pea were there. Indeed, they touched and fondled their feet and when they did open their eyes they saw that they had the feet of Somu, Shanker and the Pea.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 8.
What made Mani to boil with rage? How did Rajam assuage his anger? (M.P. 2011, 13, 16)
Answer:
They were angry with Rajam, for they thought he had played a dirty trick on them. But Rajam soon pacified them by praising their performance as the kitten and the puppy. He then proceeded to give them a long lecture on the value of friendship, and the infinite torture to which those who harbour enmity are subjected to in hell. So vivid and eloquent was he, that the boys were terrified.

Question 9.
What impressive things did Rajam tell them about friendship? (Imp.)
Answer:
In the end, he offered them handsome gifts, if they would become friends and give up their hostility. The gifts were attractive, they were already terrified, and so they soon shook hands and left as very good friends.

Question 10.
What, according to the Vedas, was the punishment for those who foster enmity?
Answer:
Rajam gave an eloquent lecture on those who harbour jealousy and enmity with other. He cited instances and lines from the great religious book Vedas. He said that it is written there that a person who fostered enmity should be locked up in a small room after his death.

He would be made to stand, stark naked, on a pedestal of red hot iron. There were beehives all around with bees as big as lemons. If the sinner stepped down from the pedestal he would have to put his foot on immense scorpions and centipedes that crawled about the room in hundreds.

Question 11.
What made the boys end their enmity – Rajam’s lecture on friendship or the prizes he offered to each of them? Support your answer with arguments. (M.P. 2017)
Answer:
Rajam’s lecture on friendship put greater effect on each of the friends. They got afraid of the religious interference and they were not in mind to continue enmity and get punishment in the life hereafter. The gift offered by Rajam may have also put them in pressure.

Question 12.
What thoughts crossed Swaminathan’s mind when he gazed at the maps in the atlas? (M.P. 2016, 18)
Answer:
Swaminathan when sat with the atlas he wandered what the shape of the people might be who lived in places where the outline narrowed and how he managed to escape being strangled. He wondered if he would able to see India as it looked in the map, if he stood on the top of Town hall.

IV. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Chapter – 1

Question 1.
What preparations did Swaminathan make for Rajam’s visit to his house? (M.P. 2014)
Answer:
On a Saturday afternoon Rajam had promised to visit Swami’s house. He was very much excited. As he had already visited Rajam’s house, he did not want to show himself inferior to Rajam in any way. First he was confused about the room where he would entertain his friend. He selected his father’s room. He cleansed the table and arranged his books so neatly that his father was surprised. Then he instructed his mother to prepare something nice and sweet.

He suggested not to make usual coffee but very good and hot. He asked his mother to serve the coffee and tiffin as he had seen Rajam’s cook serving them. He asked his cook to wear a clean, white dhoti and shirt. Then he asked mother to ask father to allow him to use his room for Rajam’s visit father agreed. Then he asked his granny to change her dhoti and not to interrupt between them.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 2.
Narrate the incident in the class which ultimately led to the fight between Mani and Somu.
Answer:
On the Monday morning after Saturday’s visit to Rajam’s house, Swami come to school. But it was not at all pleasant for him. Someone has written the word ‘tail’ on the blackboard in huge letters. Swami suspected that the Pea and Shankar had done it. So he slapped them on the face. There was a silence in the class. Swami, Shankar and Pea were rolling over and over and tearing each others, hair faces and clothes. The fight stopped for a while when the teacher entered the class. But a moment letter they left the class to fight.

V. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Chapter -1

Question 1.
Why was Swaminathan cold and reserve to his mother when he was taken to her room? (Imp.)
Answer:
Swamiriathan’s mother was in labour pain. She had been bedridden for two days. Swami didn’t see her in kitchen. He felt uncomfortable in her absence. When he was taken to her room he found her lying disherited and pale on the bed. She called him closer to her. As Swami was not so mature he couldn’t understand what was going on. Therefore was cold and reserved when he came in the room.

Question 2.
How did Swaminathan describe his little brother to the Pea? (M.P. 2012, 14)
Answer:
Swami was confused at the birth of his new baby brother. When he came to school next day he told his friend Pea about it. For him the baby was funny. He said “Oh like him. He is hardly anything. Such a funny looking creature. Further he said “this thing was wonderful pair of hands. So small and plump, you know! But I tell you, his face is awful, red, red like milk.

Chapter – 2

Question 3.
What change did swaminathan observe in his father’s behaviour toward him before the examination?
Answer:
It was the month of April, just two weeks before the annual exams. Swami’s father, quite naturally, now wanted that his son should devote more time to his studies and often rebuked him when he saw the boy wasting his time. Swami thought he was changing and growing more fussy and difficult every day.

However, his words had some effect on him when he warned him that, if he failed, his juniors would become his classmates, and his friends would become his seniors, and would no longer like to mix up with him.

Question 4.
What changes did Swaminathan find in his friends behaviour before the examination? (M.P. 2013)
Answer:
At school also everybody seemed “to be overwhelmed by the thought of the examination”. His friends hardly exchanged even a few words with him, they were busy with their preparations.

Question 5.
What hints did the school clerk give to Mani? Was Mani satisfied with them?
Answer:
The boys were under the impression that the school clerk knew all about the question papers and he could help them a lot. So one day, Mani visited him with a gift of brinjals. The clerk was pleased, welcomed Mani, and talked a great deal about various matters. When he did not come to the point, Mani asked him bluntly to tell him a few important questions.

The clerk did not refuse but told him vaguely that it is good to prepare maps, to solve five problems every day for Maths, and as regards English, there is nothing to worry about it he has read all the lessons.

Question 6.
Do you agree to what Mani did to succeed in the examination? Give reasons in support of your answer. (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
I think what Mani did to know the questions from the school clerk was not good. When he know that the clerk had the idea about the questions he went to meet him. He took a gift to impress him. Though the clerk did not say anything clearly, Mani thought it right and prepared accordingly. It is not good for a good student. It is unjustified.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 7.
Why did Swaminathan find his brother more interesting as he grew up?
Answer:
In the beginning Swami was skeptical of his brother but as he grew he become more interesting for him. He was six months old now and was charming. He made shrill noises wherever he saw anybody, thrust his fist into his mouth, damped his round arms up to the elbow and vigorously kicked the air. He also displayed his base red gum in a smile. Swami loved each of his activities. Swami was feeling more attached with him.

Question 8.
Waht did Swaminathan’s father do when he saw the list?
Answer:
After preparing the list of the items for his examination when Swami approached his father. Father became angry. He said that there is no need to buy anything as everything was available there. His father said that he neither had any clip nor Swami need them. He asked what was the use of pad when there were benches in school. Then he said that he didn’t need anything. They were useless. Swami felt bad at such response from his father.

Chapter – 3

Question 9.
What were Swaminathan’s friends doing when he left the examination hall?
Answer:
Examinations were going on in school. Swaminathan came out of the examination room. But he found none of his friends had come out. They were still in the examination room. Shankar was lost to the world with his left shoulder against the wall. Rajam had become a writing machine while Mani was still gazing at the rafters scratching his chin with the pen. The Pea was leaning back in his seat revising his answers.

Question 10.
How did Swaminathan solve the question paper?
Answer:
Swami came out of the exam hall twenty minutes before the time. Out of six question set he had answered the first question to his satisfaction. The second was doubtful, the third was satisfaction, the fourth was clearly wrong. But the sixth answer was the best of all. It took only a minute to answer it.

Question 11.
Which two morals did Swaminathan draw from the story in the question paper? Which of them did he write in the answer book and why? (Imp.)
Answer:
There was a story given in the sixth question. The question was to give the moral of the story. Swami had never thought that this story contained a moral. But later he thought it must have one as the question said. Then it took a minute to decide whether the moral was: “we must never accept a gold bangle when it is offered by a tiger” or “Love of gold bangle costs one’s life”. He saw more logic in the latter and wrote it down.

Question 12.
Why did Swaminathan lie about the length of the answer of the last question about moral of the story?
Answer:
When the friends of Swami came out of the examination room they began discussing how they answered the question. At the question of moral of the story one of them had written a full page, Rajam had written only three quarter of a page. While Shankar had written a little more than half. As Swami had written only a line he felt disclosing it would be befooling himself, so he said he also wrote about half a page.

Question 13.
What did the Headmaster ask the student to do during the vacation?
Answer:
The headmaster came and announced the closure of school for the vacation. He hoped that the boys would not waste their time but read story books and keeps glancing through the books prescribed for their next classes.

Question 14.
What mischief did the boys play while returning home? Why did they do it?
Answer:
After the headmaster’s speech the assembly was dispersed. Boys began making mischief out of jubilation for the vacation. Ink bottles were broken and ink was poured over one another’s head and clothes. Mani was the leader of the jubilant team of the boys. All the stationery items here destroyed.

Question 15.
Why did Singaram, the peon rush into the crowd of boys with a stick?
Answer:
In the midst of merry making the boys broke more bottles of ink on the ground. Mani cried to bring the turban of Singaram the school peon to dye in the ink. As Singaram was the only man to oppose such liberty of the boys he became a target of the boys. But as Singaram heard something about himself he became infuriated and he rushed into the crowd dispersed the revellers.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Question 16.
name all the characters of the Novel. In your view who is the best one out of all of them?
Answer:
The characters of the Novel ‘Swami and Friends’ are: (a) Swami, (b) Mani, (c) Rajam, (d) Pea, (e) Samuel, (f) Somu and (g) Shankar.

Swaminathan: Swaminathan is the hero of the novel though he is unheroic in his deeds, yet, the whole story is centred around him. Swaminathan is just an ordinary boy with no outstanding intellect. He was a student of First Form (A). He is not a good student and every Monday is unpleasant for him.

After the freedom of Saturday and Sunday it is difficult for him to get into the Monday mood of work and discipline. At school he is rebuked by his teachers for his unsatisfactory work and at home his father keeps a watch on him that he does not loaf around in afternoon on weekends.

School is a bad place for him although he feels happy in the company of his friends, particularly, Rajam and Mani. He admires Rajam, the son of Police Superintendent, and likes his company. He was seen with him so much that his other friends started calling him ‘Tail’ of Rajam.

Swami himself is weak and nervous about things and therefore feels protected in the company of Rajam and Mani who are stronger than him. For him, they are heroes and he follows them. Mani is his good friend yet he is afraid of him. At home, he has a good rapport with his Granny. She is his friend at home. He shares with her everything that occurs in his life.

He is not so close to his mother as to his granny. He sleeps at night listening stories from her and gets emotional support from her. He is afraid of his father and waits impatiently for his departure from home on weekends as he has to go out to meet his friends.

He is not good at studies and is very bad in arithmetic. He is everytime rebuked by his father for studies before his examinations. Though he is not a good student yet, he does not think about using unfair means to pass in examination like his friend Mani. He does not think about going to the school clerk’s house to know the important questions for exams. He is therefore, honest.

Question 17.
Who was the cord or communication between Mani and Rajan? (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
There was animosity between Mani and Rajam. They were sitting on the back bench in the classroom. Swaminathan acted as a cord of communication sitting between them, with an exchange of message in writing. He was like a link between them.

Question 18.
Who challenged Mani’s authority? (M.P. 2015, 18)
Answer:
Somu challenged Mani’s authority. The fighting was violent. They both roled over the ground to beat each other which frightened the other boys of the class. The headmaster ended the fight.

Question 19.
How did Swaminathan prepare the list of things he wanted for the examination?
Answer:
The examination of Swaminathan were very near. Two days before starting the examination, he prepared a list of things that he needed for the examination. He wrote un-rolled paper – 20 sheets, Nibs – 6, Ink – 2 bottles, clips and pins. He nibbled his pencil and re-read the list. It was not good. He thought that it was short. Then he scrutinized it and made another one monitoring:

  • Unruled paper – 20 sheets
  • Ruled white paper – 10 sheets
  • Black ink – 01 bottle
  • Clips – 3-6-12
  • Pins – 6-12

The list was not satisfactory even then. He pondered over it and added cardboard pad – 01 and one rupee for additional expenses.

VI. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Chapter – 1

Question 1.
Describe in your own words the activities that took place in Swaminathan’s house on the night when his new brother arrived. (Imp.)
Answer:
Swami’s mother was to give birth to a baby. One day his Granny said to him that he was going to have a baby brother. That night he was allowed to sleep on Granny’s bed. The lights kept burning all night. Whenever he opened his eyes he was conscious of busy feet scurrying along the passage. Late at night when he woke up he saw a lady doctor in the hall. She behaved as if the house belonged to her. She entered mother’s room.

A mingled noise was coming out of that room. Then she came out and commanded Swami’s father to do something. He went away and returned with a small bottle in his hand. He hovered about uncertainly. The hushed voices, hurry, seriousness, agitation, hot water, and medicine preparations for ushering on new person were all beyond comprehension of Swami.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 20 Swami and Friends

Chapter – 2

Question 2.
Why did Mani go to the school clerk’s house? Do you approve of his behaviour? Give arguments in support of your answer. (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
As the examination was coming nearer the students were becoming more worried. They were totally confused but overwhelmed. In the meantime a rumour spread that the school clerk had the secret idea about the question paper. Mani was more concerned about it. So one day he took a meat bundle of fresh brinjals and reached the clerk’s house and laid the bundle at his feet.

The clerk was pleased. The clerk was a clever fellow. He talked all about cat and other things but he was not coming to the point of examination. Finally, Mani’s patience broke down and he directly asked him about the question paper. The clerk replied vaguely about all the subjects. However Mani was satisfied.

He came back and began preparing in that direction, what Mani did was absolutely improper and ill-ways for a sincere student. No one will call him a read student. A student duty is to read labour honestly. Mani never paid attention to his study but wanted to know the question using unfair means. I condemn such a boy.

Question 3.
How did Rajam bring about reconciliation between his fighting friends? (M.P. 2011, Imp.)
Answer:
Rajam was a tactful boy. He belonged to a high society. He was a brilliant student. He always wanted to be cordial and friendly with everyone so when Swami and Mani wanted to play pranks on him and later was exposed he was not annoyed. He knew what they had done was out of jealousy and enmity among themselves.

So, he tried to give an elaborate and effective lecture to time explaining what friendship was and how enmity can spot their life. He did not mind their dirty trick. Instead he praised their performance as the kitten and puppy. Then he preached them on the value of friendship and said that those who harbour enmity are subjected hell. They are tortured. Later they all realised their faults. Then Rajam offered them gifts. Thus Rajam enough reconciliation between his friends.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 19 The Gita and Swadharma

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 19 The Gita and Swadharma

I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Question 1.
What does Vinoba Bhave say about his heart and mind?
Answer:
Vinoba says that the Gita seeks to remove the delusion that distracts him from his duty.

Question 2.
Where does he soar high and how?
Answer:
He soars high in the vast expanse of the Gita on the twin wings of faith and experimentation.

Question 3.
What does Vinoba Bhave compare the Gita with?
Answer:
Vinoba Bhave compares the Gita with the Ocean of nectar.

Question 4.
Where has the Gita been set?
Answer:
The Gita has been set in the Mahabharata.

Question 5.
What does it look like?
Answer:
It looks like a lighthouse.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 19 The Gita and Swadharma

II. Answer the following questions in about 40 – 60 words each:

Question 1.
In the opinion of many people what was the purpose of preaching Gita?
Answer:
In the opinion of many people the purpose of preaching the Gita was to restore Aijuna’s manliness and persuade him to fight. In their view the Gita preaches not only Karmayoga (the philosophy of action) but also Yudhayoga (the philosophy of war).

Question 2.
What in the opinion of Vinoba, is inconceivable?
Answer:
In the opinion of Vinoba, it is inconceivable to doubt Arjuna’s manliness and valour. The army is not braver than him. It is not out of fear that he is turning away from the battle. He is a great warrior. He had fought hundreds of battles and valour is in every drop of his blood.

Question 3.
Whom had Arjuna single handedly routed and when?
Answer:
Arjuna was a great warrior. He had fought hundreds of battles. He had single handedly routed Bhishma, Drona and Kama when they had invaded Virat’s Kingdom.

Question 4.
Why had war become inevitable?
Answer:
Every attempt to avoid war had failed. The Pandava’s had pitched their claims at the minimum. Still the kaurava’s didn’t agree. Even Krishna himself had tried to meditate in order to burry the chance of war. But all the attempts proved in vain, making th e war inevitable.

Question 5.
Why did Arjuna ask Krishna to place his chariot between two armies?
Answer:
Arjuna had come to the battlefield to fight war. Krishna was his charioteer. But before starting the war, he asked Krishna to place his chariot between the two armies because he wanted to have a look at the people who had assembled there to fight with him.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 19 The Gita and Swadharma

Question 6.
What did he see then?
Answer:
When Krishna placed his chariot between the two armies, Arjuna looked around and saw his kith and kin, near and dear ones arrayed on both the sides. He found four generations of his own people intent on fighting to the finish.

Question 7.
What made Arjuna lose his nerve? (M.P. 2018)
Answer:
Arjuna saw his kith and kin, near and dear ones arrayed on both the sides in the battlefield. This made him lose his nerve. He found it difficult to fight with his own people.

Question 8.
What Lord Krishna realize?
Answer:
Arjuna felt attached with his Kinsmen. This attachment to the kith and kin clouded his sense of duty. He began to curse war. Krishna realized that Arjuna was not voicing his own authentic conviction, his words were seemingly wise, but not really so.

Question 9.
Where does the Gita nowhere deal with and why?
Answer:
The Gita nowhere deals with the opinion that Arjuna had really become a votary of non-violence. Had he really become so, he would not have been satisfied until his arguments has been convincingly answered.

Question 10.
What then is the purpose of the Gita?
Answer:
The purpose of the Gita is to remove the delusion that stands between us and our Swadharma. Arjuna was confused about his dharma. He was gripped by a delusion about his Swadharma. When criticizes him, he himself admits it. The Gita’s main task is to remove that delusion, that attachment.

III. Answer the following questions in about 75 words each:

Question 1.
What is the second common opinion about the Gita, which according to Vinoba Bhave is not right?
Answer:
The second common opinion is that the Gita is meant to make Arjuna willing to fight by removing his inclination towards non-violence. But Vinoba Bhave rejects this opinion by giving appropriate example. If Arjuna had really become a worshipper of non-violence, he would not have come to the battlefield but the fact was that he had come to the battlefield with a firm resolve and a sense of duty.

He was a Kshatriya and fighting was in his blood. He had slain innumerable warriors in many battles. War was for him his natural and inescapable duty. But he was trying to evade it under the spell of delusion, i.e., attachment of his Kinsmen.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 19 The Gita and Swadharma

Question 2.
What clouded his sense of duty and made him philosophies?
Answer:
Arjuna had come to the battlefield with a firm resolve and a sense of duty. He was a Kshatriya and fighting was in his blood. But when he looked around the battlefield, he found his kith and kin, near and dear ones arrayed on both sides. It was not that Arjuna had no Idea of what he was going to see. But the actual sight shook him from within the heart.

He felt attached to his close friends and relatives. Had there infront of him not been his Kinsmen he would even now have felt no qualms in severing their heads. But attachment to the kith and kin clouded his sense of duty and then he started philosophising.

Question 3.
What specious argument did Arjuna put before Lord Krishna?
Answer:
It was attachment with his kith and kin, near and dear ones that clouded his sense of duty. He suddenly began to evade war under the spell of delusion i.e., attachment to his friends and relatives. He philosophised so that war might not occur. He put before Krishna the specious argument that war in itself was sinful that it would destroy the clan, eclipse dharma and bring total destruction.

Question 4.
What proved that Arjuna had not become a votary of non-violence?
Answer:
Arjuna had not really become a votary of non-violence. Being a Kshatriya, fighting was in his blood. The intrinsic tendency to fight was still very much a part of his nature. War was for him his natural and inescapable duty. He had slain innumerable warriors in many a battle. But he was trying to evade war under the spell of delusion i.e., attachment of his close friends and relatives.

IV. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Question 1.
What story of a judge does Vinoba Bhave narrate, and why?
Answer:
Vinoba Bhave narrates the story of a judge. He had awarded death sentence to hundreds of criminals. But one day his own son accused of murder, was produced before him. The guilt was proved and the time came for the judge to pronounce the sentence. But then he hesitated and started arguing that the death sentence is in human. It is not good to inflict such a punishment. It destroys all hopes of reforming the guilty.

One commits murder in a fit of passion. The moment of blood thirsty madness then passes off. Still we take him to the gallows and hang him to death. It is really a blot on humanity. But had his son not been there the Judge would have gone sentencing people to death.

This makes it clear that the judge’s arguments were born out of attachment to his son. Vinoba Bhave narrates the above story because he finds Aijuna’s condition like that of the judge. Arjuna tried to evade war because he didn’t want to fight with his own people.

Had these infront of him not been his Kinsmen he would certainly have felt no qualms in severing their heads and merrily tossing them around. The arguments that he put before Krishna looked inner conviction, like that of a judge. They were all born out of attachment to his own people.

Question 2.
What does Vyasa say at the beginning of the Mahabharata and does the Gita succeed in achieving that purpose?
Answer:
Vyasa at the beginning of the Mahabharata says that he is lighting this lamp of history to dispel delusions from the minds of the people. The Gita succeeds in achieving its purpose which centres around the removal of delusion that stands between us and our swadharma. When Krishna criticizes him severely, he himself admits it.

The main task of the Gita is to remove that delusion i.e., Arjuna’s attachment to his kith and kin. When Lord Krishna asked Arjuna at the end of the Gita if his delusion had gone then, Arjuna replied in affirmative. He said that the delusion had fled away, and he had realized what swadharma is.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 18 The Abominable Snowman

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 18 The Abominable Snowman

I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Question 1.
What analogy has the author used for proving the existence of the Snowman? (M.P. 2014, Imp., 16)
Answer:
In this article the author makes an effort to unfold the mystery of the Abominable Snowman who has long been undiscovered with authenticity. He takes the footprints as evidence of the existence of Snowman. The analogy that he takes to prove it is that if fingerprints can decide the hanging of a man why footprints can not establish the existence of one.

Question 2.
Why did the author want to start his inquiry with Mount Everest?
Answer:
The author wants to start his inquiry with Mount Everest because it is still untrodden and has been mysterious for long strange things that happen there.

Question 3.
More evidence was provided by two persons about the existence of the Snowman in 1936. What was it and who were they?
Answer:
In 1936 one Mr. Ronald Kaulback travelled in the Upper Salween and reported having seen at 16,000 feet five sets of tracks taking exactly as though made by a barefooted man. He added that there were no bears. More evidence was tendered by wing commander Beauman who reported similar tracks from the Central Himalayas.

Question 4.
How did Mr. Kaulback react when people suggested that the footprints could be those of the Giant Panda or Snow Bear?
Answer:
When Mr. Kaulback said that the tracks which he saw were exactly made by biped, he was contradicted with the view that they were made by Giant panda or Snow Bear. At this he reacted hat he was ashamed that he had not thought of it himself. But he had not heard of Pandas in those parts nor were there bamboo shots.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 18 The Abominable Snowman

Question 5.
How did Mr. Tombazi happen to see the Snowman? (Imp.)
Answer:
Mr. Tombazi writes that “an intense glare prevented him seeing anything for the first few seconds, but soon he spotted the object referred to, two or three yards away down the valley. They were exactly like human beings. They were not wearing any clothing.

Question 6.
What was Mr. Newman’s theory about the footprints? (M.P. 2015)
Answer:
Mr. Newman’s theory about the footprints was that they belonged to men who were either outlaws or ascetics striving to obtain magical powers by cutting themselves off from mankind.

II. Answer the following questions in about 75 – 100 words each:

Question 1.
How did Mr. Smythe strengthen his claim that the footprints were those of a ‘biped’? Why did he later retract his claim and say that the tracks were made by a bear?
Answer:
Mr. Smythe was an explorer in the Himalayas. He found the evidence of the footprints. They were huge, apparently of a biped. Photographs and measurements were taken. Then in order to clinch the thing he got the Sherpa’s signature on a written statement to the effect that the tracks were those of a Metch Kangami. They added that although they had never seen one, because anyone, who does, dies, or is killed, they had seen pictures of his tracks in Tibetan monasteries.

Later when Smythe submitted his evidences he retreated his claim and said that the tracks were made by a bear. He did so because he was not sure about the Sherpas who were frightened men and could withdraw any moment. More than that there was no way to measure and prove the tracks and print.

Question 2.
Describe H.W. Tilman’s sighting of tracks in Sikkim.
Answer:
The author H.W. Tilman had on open mind on the subject. In 1938 during the course of his exploration he was in Sikkim when he saw tracks. Along with two Sherpas he was crossing the Zemu Gap, a 19,000 foot pass between Kanchanjunga and Shimu. The weather was thick, the snow soft and they plodded up a long easy snow slope when they saw a single line of footsteps. In view of the prevailing weather it could not be many days old.

Question 3.
How did the author confirm that the tracks that he had observed were not made by human beings? (Imp.)
Answer:
The author was trying to get a conclusion about the identification of the track he had seen. When he reached Darjeeling he came to know that no party had gone on the mountains recently. The last visit was made by Brigadier John Hunt. But even Mr. Hunt had been there in November. So the author got confirmed that the tracks were not of the human beings.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 18 The Abominable Snowman

Question 4.
What reasons does the author ascribe to the round shape of the footprints?
Answer:
There is a discrepancy between the tracks seen by Hunt and the author himself and those of the two previous climbers. They were circular while those seen by the author and 1 lunt resembled those made by large boots. The author in order to confirm, used his senses and said that those were not necessarily of a brute beast, but an erect being who might have came down from his tree even earlier than they did. He thinks that even bears, bees, ants are not without constructive ability so we can without doubt attribute those tracks to the Snowman.

Question 5.
Describe in your own words the sight Mr. Tombazi witnessed when he was called from his tent by his porters?
Answer:
Mr. Tombazi, having been called from his tent, saw an intense glare which prevented his seeing for the first few seconds. But soon he could spot the object two or three hundred yards away down the valley. The figure, no doubt, in outline was exactly like a human being, walking upright and stopping occasionally to uproot some dwarf rhododendron.

It showed dark against the snow and wore no clothing. Within the next minute or so it had moved into some thick scrub and disappeared. He examined the footprints which were similar in shape to those of a man but only 6 or 7 inches longer.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 17 The Last Ride Together

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 17 The Last Ride Together

I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:

Question 1.
What thoughts pass through the lover’s mind when he and his beloved were riding together? (M.P. 2012, Imp.)
Answer:
The lover expresses the heavenly bliss which he experiences for a short while in the company of his beloved during the ride. The lady bent towards him and placed her head on his shoulder. Her body was in close contact with his own. The lover thinks that the world may end that very night and so the moment of his bliss may become eternal.

Question 2.
How does the speaker find his fulfilment in the present when he says. “I hoped she would love me; here we ride?”
Answer:
Here the lover, as he rode by the side of his beloved, mused on the sorry lot of humanity in this world. As he rode by the side of his beloved, he felt as if his spirit was soaring high. The entire landscape seemed to wear a different look. The fields through which they rode and the cities they came across seemed to him to be bathed in divine glory.

His own joy transfigured and illuminated the entire region which rushed passed them, on both sides, as they rode forward. The poet here puts his ideals that aspirations of man are never realised. But he at least has the consolation of riding with as beloved. Others are denied even this sort of consolation.

Question 3.
How does the statement “We know, what’s fit for us”, reveal the speaker’s faith in fate?
Answer:
Who knows, what’s fit for us, reveals the speaker’s faith in fate. None can say what may happen in future. All men make efforts in the world but some of them succeed and some of them fail. Success and failure go on with the man’s fate. At some time man becomes successful, at another time, the same man becomes unsuccessful.

There are some that succeed through life while there are others who fail throughout life. The poet, as a lover, expresses his views that success in life means failure to come in life success &failure appear after each other, as joys and woes follow each other in mans life.

Question 4.
Why does the speaker consider the earth a favoured place in comparison to heaven? (M.P. 2013,18)
Answer:
Heaven is nothing but the realisation of our highest hopes as aspirations. It is life at its best. Man has always looked upwards and thought that heaven lies somewhere over head. But for the lover if one enjoys the company of his beloved it is the earth which is heaven. It gives him heavenly bliss.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 17 The Last Ride Together

Question 5.
Explain the significance of the expression “this glorygarland round my soul” in reference to the ride.
Answer:
Man can’t get all his desires fulfilled. Had he reached his goal in this world and had gained the garland of victory by winning the love of his beloved he would have had nothing to look forward in the life to come. If he had achieved the heavenly happiness in this world, if he had won the love of his beloved here, no hopes of any reward in other world would have left for him.

Question 6.
How are the brave deeds of the soldier rewarded by the world? (M.P. 2014, Imp.)
Answer:
In the poem, ‘The Last Ride Together’ the poet has compared his achievement with that of a statesman, a soldier, a poet or a musician. In reference with the above lines in the question, the brave deeds of a soldier is rewarded by the world only with a burial in the Westminster Abbey, a place where only the great and heroic passengers are hurried and a flag is hoisted over his memorial.

Question 7.
How does the speaker compare his soul with a scroll?
Answer:
As his soul had grown wrinkled and disfigured with grief, so the poet compares it with a scroll.

Question 8.
What does the poet express in his verses?
Answer:
In his verses the poet expresses the view that sublime ideals and beautiful things are best and men should try to achieve them.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 17 The Last Ride Together

II. Answer the following questions in about 75 – 100 words each:

Question 1.
The speaker considers his fate better than that of others. Why and how? (Imp.)
Answer:
In this poem a lover reflects on human life. He realises that all in this world work hard to achieve their objectives. But all of them do not succeed. Man can hardly achieve his ambitions. Despite lifelong toil man can achieve very little. Actual achievement is small in comparison with much that remains undone. Aspirations of man are never realized to the fullest.

In this poem the lover aspires for his beloved’s love but fails. Still he thinks himself to be a little better in the sense that he gets a chance to enjoy his last ride together with his beloved. He experiences a heavenly bliss in her company. Others are denied, even such momentary bliss.

Question 2.
The speaker in the poem says to the poet “(You) sing, riding’s a joy! For me, I ride”. How does this statement contrast the fate of the two?
Answer:
The lover illustrates his point by referring to the fate of a poet. A poet no doubt is more skilful than other artists. But his reward too meagre. His life is also a failure. In his poetry he expresses the view that sublime ideals and beautiful things are best and men should try to achieve them.

All this is a great achievement for a poet. But he dies in poverty even in the prime of life. He never achieves his own sublime ideals in life. A poet can only sing that riding with one’s beloved is a source of great pleasure. But he does never actually enjoy this pleasure. The lover considers himself more lucky in this respect for he is actually enjoying a ride with his beloved.

Question 3.
To the man of music, the speaker says “I gave my youth, but we ride, in fine.” How does he prove his achievement greater than that of this man of music?
Answer:
While comparing his fate with that of other artists like a man of music, the lover finds himself in a better position. The musician is also an unsuccessful artist. He devotes all his life to his art. He grows old in composing sweet tunes. But the only praise that he gets even from his friends is that he composed great music. But then fashion and taste in music change and his achievements become outdated.

Similarly, the lover in this poem devoted his youth, the prime of his life, in courting his beloved but now he has been rejected. But he has his reward tp enjoy the pleasure of the last ride in his beloved’s company. The musician can never enjoy such a fulfilment.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 17 The Last Ride Together

Question 4.
Discuss ‘The last Ride together’ as a dramatic monologue. (M.P. 2010, Imp., 16)
Answer:
The last Ride together is a dramatic monologue and it shows Browning at his best in the handling of this poetic form. It has also been called a dramatic lyric because it is not an expression of his own personal emotions, but that of an imagined character. It is spoken by a lover who loved his lady over a long paned of lime, and who, after making him wait for so long, finally rejected him, and turned to another lover.

The lover then prayed to her to grant two requests of his. First, that she should remember his love of her, and secondly, that she should come with him for a last ride together. To his great joy the lady consented.

The entire poem is a dramatic monologue. The lover is proving out his emotions, actually in front of none. He seems to be talking to himself in loneliness. He analyzes his own courting and persuasion of his beloved and its ultimate result. But instead of getting disheartened over his miserable failure, he finds consolation in the consent of his lady love for going on the last ride with him. The sheer imagination of proximity fills him with thrill and sense of fulfilment.

Question 5.
Discuss in detail Browning as a poet of love. (Imp.)
Answer:
Although the poem is dominated by intellectual analysis it yet shows Browning as a singer of passionate love. The intensity of emotion characterises many of the lines in the poem. As the lover’s heart overflows with love, some of his statements become highly charged with feelings and emotions.

For instance when his beloved is considering his final request for a ride he feels it like life and death in the balance and as if the circulation of his blood has stopped. When she agrees to his proposal, he feels that the circulation of his blood has started again and he experiences a feeling of elation.

When she leans against him, he feels as if he is in heaven. There is a passionate quality in the whole of the third stanza in which he describes how a lover’s passion might draw cloud, sunset, moonrise and star shine down on himself, near and yet more near, till flesh must fade for heaven was here! The lover experiences intense joy and intense fear when the beloved leans against him and lingers.

It is a moment of ecstasy for him. When the ride actually begins he feels that his soul has smoothed itself out like a long cramped scroll freshening and fluttering in the wind.

MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 10 Concept of Democracy

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 10 Concept of Democracy

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What right does the Marxist principle of democracy lay emphasis on?
Answer:
The Marxist principle of democracy lays more emphasis on the economic equality rather than on political and civil equality.

Question 2.
What has been mentioned with reference to democracy in the later vedic period?
Answer:
During the later vedic period the republican form of government and local self-governing institutions were prevalent. In the Rigveda and Atharvaveda a reference of Sabha and Samiti is found.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write any two definitions explaining the meaning of democracy. (2008, 09, 13)
Or
Explain the meaning of democracy and give two definitions of it. (2015)
Answer:
By ‘Democracy’ is meant a system of governance where public welfare is of utmost importance. Democracy is not confined to a system of governance. It is a form of state and a society. Therefore it is a mixture of state, society and governance. Democracy gives the power to rule the people, to control and to dismiss the government.

As a form of a society, democracy is a social system where the thought and behaviour of equality is strong. There must be equal importance to dignity of individuals and all must have equal opportunity of growth. It is a total way of life. It is a system of values where the individual’s welfare is the end and the development of personality its goal. It is based on the preconceived notion of freedom, compatibility and mutual co-operation. Abraham Lincoln has called democracy as a ‘rule of the people, by the people and for the people.’

According to Dicey “Democracy is a form of government where the ruling community is comparatively bigger part of the entire nation.”

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Question 2.
What do you understand by direct democracy? In which type of states is it possible?
Answer:
When the people residing in a state, themselves directly discuss public issues on the basis of which policies are decided and laws are made, then such a governance is called direct democracy. It is possible only in states with less population and those which are small in size.

Question 3.
What do you understand by indirect or representative democracy? (2009, 16)
Answer:
When the people participate in the making of laws and controlling the working of the administration through the elected representatives, it is called Indirect democracy,

In the present time indirect democracy is practised. In this the people choose their representatives for a definite period who form the legislature and make laws. In this system the wishes of the people are expressed through the elected representatives.

Question 4.
How does democracy impart political education?
Answer:
Democracy is the best means of political education. People take interest in the political field naturally, due to the right to vote and freedom to hold a political position.

Freedom of expression and the use of means of communication, promote the tendency to exchange ideas among citizens. All political parties keep campaigning continuously
which gives political education to the masses. Therefore in a democracy citizens receive administrative, political and social education.

Question 5.
Describe the importance of Democracy. (2008, 09, 11)
Answer:
Democracy is a system of governance based on freedom, equality, participation and brotherhood. It can also be called a social system. Under this the entire life of man h is based on the democratic belief that every individual has equal importance in the society.

If the importance of a person is only in the political field then democracy will remain incomplete. For realization of true democracy it is important that individuals get equal opportunities of growth in the political, social and economic sphere of life.

In the political sphere of man’s life, democracy means a political system in which the power to take decisions does not vest in an individual but in the hands of the elected representatives of the people.

In the social sphere of man’s life, democracy implies a society where there is no discrimination on the grounds of caste, religion, colour, gender, race, creed or wealth.

In the economic sphere of man’s life, by democracy is meant a system where every member of the society gets the freedom and the right to choose his means of livelihood or any profession. The government is expected to provide the facilities of food, clothing, shelter, health, education, employment etc.

Thus, democracy is not only a special type of rule but it has a special perspective towards life.

Question 6.
Why is the constitution essential for Democracy? (2009, 10, 16)
Answer:
The fundamental belief pf democracy is that the power of governing must be in the interests of the governed for protecting the rights of the people. In a democracy the common people easily get to know the procedure of formation of the Government and rights and duties of the citizens. There should also be a provision to ensure that the constitution may not be easily changed.

In this manner it is important to have a written constitution for safeguarding democracy. Democracy is therefore called the Rule of Law. Here the law is above an individual or a group of individuals, which is ensured through a written constitution. Therefore a constitution is very important for a democracy.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Question 7.
What is meant by Democracy? Write its chief characteristics. (2008, 09)
Or
Write any five features of Democracy and explain any one feature. (2010)
Or
Write any three features of Democracy. (2009, 17)
Answer:
Meaning of Democracy: By ‘Democracy’ is meant a system of governance where public welfare is of utmost importance. Democracy is not confined to a system of governance. It is a form of state and a society. Therefore it is a mixture of state, society and governance. Democracy gives the power to rule the people, to control and to dismiss the government.

Features of Democracy: Democracy is the only administrative system in which all get equal opportunities without any discrimination for their allround development. The fundamental features of democracy are given as ahead:

(1) Accountable ruling system: In a democracy, the people can make the government work in an accountable manner by asking questions and criticising it. Here the power to govern is basically with the people which is handed over to the representatives for a fixed term.

(2) Rule based on equality: Democracy is based on the principle of equality. In this form of government all citizens without any discrimination have equal civil and political rights. No discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender, social status and availability of minimum economic needs is considered to be the aim of democracy.

(3) Strengthening the system of freedom: In a democracy various types of freedom are given to the citizens for their around development. Besides political freedom, rights to various types of religious and cultural freedoms are also given to the citizen. In a democracy citizens have the right to vote, get selected, hold public officers, give speeches, freedom to express themselves, form associations, organize meetings, address people or practice any profession of trade.

(4) Rule of law: By rule of law is meant that everyone is equal before law. Similar punishment is given for similar crimes, whatever be the status and position of the individual. In a democratic countiy the fundamental laws are stated in the constitution. These laws are above all.

(5) Independent and Impartial Elections: The will of the people is supreme in a democracy. In this form of government elections are held from time to time. For forming the government various political parties and independent candidates also have the freedom to participate in these elections. Most of democratic countries along with India have a system of open election.

Question 8.
What are the challenges at present to Indian democracy?
Answer:
Challenges to Indian democracy: There are some challenges to Indian democracy. Indian democracy is getting affected by illiteracy, casteism, linguism, regionalism, separatism, communalism, political violence, social and economic inequalities, dominance of money and muscle power, corruption and politics of vote banks.

Question 9.
“Freedom is the soul of Democracy Explain. (2015)
Answer:
In a democracy various types of freedom are given to the citizens for their all rounded development. Besides political freedom, rights to various types of religious and cultural freedoms are also given to the citizen. If the citizens do not agree with the policies of the Government then they have a right to protest. Freedom is the soul of democracy without freedom democracy is not possible.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe the fundamental principles of democracy. (2009, 14)
Answer:
The fundamental principles of democracy are as follows:
(1) The classical principle of democracy: According to this principle the basis of governance is the consent of the people, but if the government does not come up to the expectations of the people, then the people can remove the government through next election. The welfare of the people is the aim of the government. This is also known as the liberal principle of democracy.

(2) The elitist principle of democracy: It lays emphasis on the basic natural inequalities among men and believes that all political systems there are two classes: the ruling and the ruled. Though the ruling class is in a minority, as a center of power it is still on elite class. Generally people think that they are participating in the political process but actually their influence is confined to elections. The basis of the elite is selection on the basis of superiority. Their superiority can be on any basis nature, thought, economic status, social and educational background which makes them different from the common people.

The elite also consider themselves different and superior but they act and react with the common people. The power of governing is in the hands of this elite class. In this way integration of people’s sovereignty is attained. The elite have an influential role in deciding the policy or in the money and wealth of the society but in a democracy everyone has an equal opportunity to enter this elite class.

(3) Pluralist principle: This principle believes that in a democracy a person has the freedom to organize himself into various groups for the fulfilment of various interests. These groups are autonomous in their region and pressurise the government for fulfilment of their interests. This principle also believes that acutally power is divided among these groups therefore its basic concept is decentralization of power. According to this, the state alone does not have the right to supreme power. In a democracy all groups of the society have a share in political power and power to govern.

(4) Marxist principle: According to this, in classical democracy or a liberal democratic system real democracy is not possible.because in this governance is controlled by a small resourceful class whereas actually democracy is based on the welfare of all and equality among all.

According to this principle for the establishment of true democracy a classless and stateless society should be established first. The resourceful class is empowered with political power therefore the state itself becomes a group of exploiters. The Marxist principle believes that political power must be vested in the entire society but for this it is important that the economic power should be in the hands of the entire society.

This principle of democracy lays more emphasis on economic equality rather than on political and civil equality. It recognizes that if a person has no food, clothing or shelter then the right to vote or get elected is meaningless for him.

Question 2.
Describe the merits and demerits of democracy.
Or
Describe the merits of democracy. (2012, 17)
Or
What are the defects of democracy? Explain. (2009)
Or
Describe any two merits and demerits of democracy. (2008, 14)
Answer:
Merits of democracy: The merits of democracy are as follows:
(1) Based on the highest value of humanity: Democracy is based on high values like equality, justice and brotherhood and everyone is treated with equality respecting every individual’s dignity. It develops virtues like self-respect and self-reliance in the citizens as it is based on sovereignty and partnership of the citizens.

(2) Public welfare: In a democracy the representatives of the people who are elected by the people for a definite period govern. They are always afraid that if they do not work in accordance with the wishes, feelings and needs of the people then they will be defeated in the next elections. Therefore the government is responsible to the people in a democracy and is always vigilant about their interests.

(3) Political education: People take interest in the political field naturally, due to the right to vote and freedom to hold a political position. All political parties keep campaigning continuously which gives political education to the masses. Therefore in a democracy citizens receive administrative, political and social education.

(4) Growth of the feeling of patriotism: A democracy is the rule of the people for attaining public welfare for the people. People feel associated with the government and state since they are politically conscious. This association promotes the feelings of love and commitment for the nation. This leads to the cultivation of nationalism. Citizens feel that the government is formed by them and they alone have all rights and powers.

(5) Minimum possibilities of violent revolution: Democracy is a philosophy of peace and tolerance. It is based on understanding and consensus. The opposition also has a right to put forth its views. Therefore the opposition also criticises and condemns the government. If the majority of the people are dissatisfied with the ruling class they can easily remove them through constitutional methods. Therefore, there is least possibility of a violent revolution in a democracy.

Demerits of democracy: The main demerits of democracy are as follows:
(1) Emphasis on quantity rather than quality: In a democracy more importance is given to quantity then quality. Only the votes are counted in this system. The vote of every voter has equal value irrespective of the fact whether he is capable or incapable, educated or illiterate. The basis of democracy is the concept, that everyone is equal whereas the potential of all in the society is not equal. Therefore the views/opinion of more capable people are not correctly evaluated.

(2) Rule of the incapable: Government is an art. For this special knowledge and qualifications are required. The aim of welfare of the entire society cannot be realized if the ruler does not have the knowledge of this art. Only a few people have the art, capability and the potential to govern. But in a democracy there is a rule of majority and a capable person is also equated with an incapable one.

(3) Waste of public time and money: Only after a long and complex procedure is the legislature formed. Sometimes it takes years to make important laws. Lot of money is spent on the election process. A lot of money is also spent on the members of parliament, legislative assembly, minister and officers attached to legislature. Therefore there is a waste of both time and money in a democracy.

(4) Domination of the wealthy: To say that everyone participates in the political process in a democracy is only theoretical. Practically elections have become so expensive that common people can not even think of participating in the election for any position. To contest elections based on money has become a common feature of the democratic system. Candidates contesting elections spend a lot of money in campaigning. This has led to the transformation of democracy from ‘Rule of the people’ to the ‘Rule of the Rich’.

(5) Partisanship: Ideally political parties are formed on the basis of ideologies but in practice their main aim is to acquire power. Political parties level baseless charges against each other to influence people and win popularity opposition for the sake of opposing and not for principles or values becomes the aim of the political parties.

Political parties become a battle ground for those who influence the feelings of the people through negative campaigning and find ways and means to fulfil their selfish motives and establish their supremacy. Their immoral behaviour during elections embitters the entire environment.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Question 3.
What is the concept of democracy? Describe the present form of Indian democracy. (2008)
Or
Describe the present form of Indian democracy. (2013)
Answer:
Concept of Democracy: There have been various administrative system in the political development of the human race of which democracy is considered to be the most important system. The main concept of it is that the entire power of the state vests in the people and not in any individual, group or a dynasty. Therefore participation of the people is the basic foundation of democracy. All must participate in the taking of such decisions or work which affects everyone.

In the initial period of democracy when the population and geographical boundaries of the state were small, the entire population was a part in decision making in administration. Therefore it was practised in states with limited boundaries and populations.

The beginning of direct democracy is believed to have started from the city states of Greece. Since the geographical boundaries and population of the states in the present times has increased considerably, direct democracy is no more possible. Therefore in the present times democracy is practised in an indirect form. It is an administered democracy through the representatives of the people.

Present Indian Democracy: After independence, the Indian constitution came into force on 26th January, 1950. India became a sovereign, democratic republic after the enforcement of the constitution. Citizens were given universal adult suffrage in accordance with the fundamental principles of democracy by the constitution.

The commitment of Indian people towards democracy is clear from the various timebound peaceful elections and through change in power from time to time through constitutional methods. Therefore we can hope for perpetuation and success of democracy in India.

Question 4.
Explain the types of democracy. (2011)
Or
Write the difference between direct and indirect democracy. (2012)
Answer:
Generally democracy is of two types:
(1) Direct democracy: When the people residing in a state, themselves directly discuss public issues on the basis of which policies are decided and laws are made, then such a governance is called direct democracy.

It is possible only in states with less population and those which are small in size.

(2) Indirect democracy: When the people participate in the making of laws and controlling the working of the administration through the elected representatives, it is called Indirect democracy.

In the present time indirect democracy is practised. In this the people choose their representatives for a definite period who form the legislature and make laws. In this system the wishes of the people are expressed through the elected representatives.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.
Democracy is a rule of the people, by the people and for the people: (2008, 14, 15)
(i) Machiavelli
(ii) Rousseau
(iii) Lincoln
(iv) Hautes
Answer:
(iii) Lincoln

Question 2.
Democracy is called as the ‘Rule of Many’: (2008)
(i) Dicey
(ii) Lincoln
(iii) Aristotle
(iv) Lenin
Answer:
(iii) Aristotle

Question 3.
The beginning of direct democracy is believed to have started from: (2008)
(i) The city states of Britain
(ii) The city states of Greece
(iii) The city states of France
(iv) The city states of Germany
Answer:
(ii) The city states of Greece

Question 4.
Which is the democratic concept?
(i) Freedom
(ii) Exploitation
(iii) Inequality
(iv) Individualism
Answer:
(i) Freedom

Question 5.
Which one of the following is not a demerit of democracy?
(i) Waste of public time and money
(ii) Dominance of the wealthy
(iii) Partisanships
(iv) Public welfare
Answer:
(iv) Public welfare

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Fill in the Blanks

Question 1.
The Indian constitution came into force on …………. (2009)
Answer:
26 January, 1950

Question 2.
A group formed by definite geographical area, population, government and sovereignty is called a …………. (2011)
Answer:
state

Question 3.
The classical principle of democracy is also knowan as …………. principle.
Answer:
liberal

Question 4.
At present India is the biggest …………. country in the world. (2012)
Answer:
democratic

Question 5.
Aristotle has called democracy as the …………. (2009, 10)
Answer:
‘Rule of Many’

Question 6.
…………. is a rule of people, by the people and for the people. (2017)
Answer:
Democracy.

Match the Columns

A B
1. Concept of Communism (a) 26 January, 1950
2. Emergency enforced in India (b) Lincoln
3. Indian constitution came into force (c) 1975 – 77
4. ‘Rule of Many’ statement (d) Soviet Union
5. ‘Democracy is a rule of people, by the people and for the people’. (2009) (e) Aristotle

Answer:
1. (d)
2. (c)
3. (a)
4. (e)
5. (b)

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

True/False

Question 1.
There should be fair elections in democracy. (2015)
Answer:
True

Question 2.
In the present times indirect democracy is practised.
Answer:
True

Question 3.
Exploitation is the democratic concept. (2017)
Answer:
False

Question 4.
There is no arrangement of accountability in the democratic government. (2009)
Answer:
False

Question 5.
Dicey has called democracy as ‘Rule of Many’. (2014)
Answer:
False

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 9 Major Cultural Trends

Answer in One Word/Sentence

Question 1.
Switzerland’s political or administrative province/unit. (2016)
Answer:
Canton.

Question 2.
Which is the democratic concept? (2013)
Answer:
Freedom.

Question 3.
‘Democracy is a rule of the people, by the people and for the people’. Who gave this statement?
Answer:
Abraham Lincoln.

Question 4.
The supreme power of state is. (2016)
Answer:
Sovereignty.

Question 5.
‘Democracy is a form of government where the ruling community is a comparatively bigger part of the entire nation.’ Who gave this statement?
Answer:
Dicey.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Explain the term ‘economy’?
Answer:
The meaning of economy is the ownership of economic resource. It includes all economic activities of an area that are used by the people of that place.

Question 2.
Write different types of economy.
Answer:
There are three types of economy:

  1. Capitalisitc economy
  2. Socialistic economy
  3. Mixed economy

Question 3.
What do you mean by an economy of a village?
Answer:
A village economy includes farms, shops, and all other establishments where people work. Thus an economy is a field of earning the living.

Question 4.
What is meant by self sufficiency of villages? (2010)
Answer:
Self sufficiency meant that villagers may fulfill their needs through local resources only.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
State the structure of the Indian rural working community before the arrival of the Britishers?
Answer:
There were three main components of the working population or community in ancient villages – farmers, artisans and village officers.
(1) Farmers: The most important component of the rural economy was the farmer. The special feature was that every farmer in the village had his own house and share in the land. They were resourceful. Livelihood was the primary objective of farming.

(2) Artisans: In every village all types of artisans were there carpenters, blacksmiths, pooters, goldsmiths, craftmen, cobblers, weavers etc. They fulfilled the needs of the villages in the village itself. The remuneration for their work was paid in the form of grain or commodities.

(3) Village officers: The village officers were of three types:

  • Head (Mukhia): He was the chief officer of the village and was responsible for collecting the rent from the farmers and then paying it to the ruler.
  • Meal gujar: Record keepers of land revenue.
  • Kotwal: Who informed the ruler about criminals and provided other important information to the ruler.

Question 2.
Why did the transfer of land-holding start after arrival of Britishers? (2009, 12, 13)
Answer:
The Britishers ruled over our country for about 200 years. They exploited India as well as Indians in every way. They adopted such policies due to which prosperous India had to face poverty and starvation. It affected agriculture and industry adversely. Due to the zamindari system started by the English the farmers became poor.

They started meeting their requirements by taking loans due to widespread poverty. But due to the inability to repay loans, the moneylenders started confiscating their land. Thus the agricultural land was transferred to the money lenders from farmers. As a result the farmers became land-less and homeless.

Question 3.
Why did the Barter system of exchange prevail in ancient India? (2008, 09, 12)
Answer:
In the ancient India, the needs of a person were limited. But he could not fulfill his needs by his own. He had to depend on others for his other needs. Money was not prevalent at that time. The farmers obtained the required goods and services from artisans and money lenders and gave them food grains in exchange. This system of goods exchange was called the barter system of exchange.

All the payments for the services of the pandit, the doctor, the barber, the washerman were made in the form of grains or other things. In other words “Barter system of exchange was a system in which goods were exchanged directly with goods or services. Money was not used.”

Question 4.
What changes occurred in the structure of rural community after Independene?
Or
In how many categories we can divide the rural community on the basis of ownership of land after Independence? Describe. (2008)
Answer:
Structure of the rural community: We can divide the farmers into four categories on the basis of ownership of land available to them after Independence:

  • Big farmers: Farmers who own land between 2-10 hectares, comes under big farmers.
  • Medium farmers: Farmers who own 2 hectare or a little more then 2 hectare of land.
  • Small farmers: Farmers who own less than 2 hectare of land.
  • Landless farmers: Farmers who do not own any land are tanant farmers or agricultural labourers.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Why did the population migrate from villages to cities? Explain it. (2008, 09, 13)
Or
Why did the population migrate from villages to cities after the Independence? Explain. (2009)
Answer:
In the ancient time, villages were self-reliant and self-sufficient. The villagers fulfilled their needs through local resources. Due to lack of means of transport and communication they used to stay in their villages. They were happy and prosperous. But after the arrival of Britishers prosperous villagers had to face poverty and starvation. They were unemplyoed and landless.

The zamindari system started by the English had a bad effect on farmers and farming. The rural population started migrating towards urban areas due to poverty, starvation, unemployment, lack of basic facilities etc. In 1951 out of the total population, the percentage of rural population was 82.7 percent which came down to 72.2 percent in 2001 where as the urban population in 1951 was 17.3 which increased to 27.8 in 2001.

From the above data it has been cleared that due to lack of basic necessities the rural population is migrating towards cities.

Question 2.
Explain the rural economy of India after the arrival of Britishers. (2008)
Answer:
(1) Decline of workmanship and handicraft: As a result of policies of the British the handicrafts manship in Indian villages declined. The artisans of the villages became unemployed, prosperity and well being of villages came to an end.

(2) End of self sufficiency of villages: As a result of commercialisation of agriculture, the crops were transported and sold out of the villages and the required commodities were brought from outside to the villages. Thus, the self sufficiency of villages come to an end.

(3) Transfer of agriculture land: Farmers started meeting their requirements by taking loans due to widespread poverty. But due to the inability to repay loans the moneylenders started confiscating their land. Thus the agricultural land was transferred to the money lenders from farmers. As a result the farmers became landless and homeless.

(4) Backwardness of agriculture: The zamindari system started by the English had a bad effect on farmers and farming. The farmers become poor and in debt. Neither the government nor the zamindars showed interest in the improvement and productivity of the land which resulted in the exploitation of farmers and farming.

Question 3.
Write about the characteristics of ancient rural economy of India. (2009, 16)
Or
What were the characteristics of Indian rural economy before arrival of the British? (2011, 17)
Answer:
In ancient times the majority of the population resided in villages. In fact villages were a major unit of the economy. At that time villages were self sufficient, prosperous and happy. The ancient rural economy was very different from the present villages. Its characteristics can be explained on the basis of the following points:
(1) Structure of working community: There were three main components of the working population or community in ancient villages – farmers, artisans and village officers.

(2) Self sufficiency: The ancient villages were self reliant and self sufficient. Villagers fulfilled their needs through local resources because the needs of villagers were limited and there was lack of means of transport and communication.

(3) Barter system: Barter system of exchange was prevalent in the ancient rural economy. The farmers obtained the required goods and services from artisans and moneylenders and gave them food grains in exchange. All the payments for the services of the pandit, the doctor, the barber, the washerman were made in the form of grains or other things.

(4) Simple division of labour: Economic activities were divided. The division of work was hereditary or based on tradition as farming and animal husbandry, and on caste or in accordance with traditions e.g., blacksmiths, goldsmiths, carpenters, cobblers, barbers, washermen etc. This division of labour was absolutely simple.

(5) Immobility of labour: It was a significant characteristic of ancient economy. Due to lack of means of transport, the caste system, the problem of language and food habits, labourers used to stay in their villages. Generally they did not go out of their villages.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Question 4.
Give a comparative study of ancient and modern rural economy. (2009, 14, 16)
Answer:
A Comparative Study of Ancient and Modern Rural Economy

S. No. Comparison basis Ancient Economy Modern Economy
1. Self-sufficiency Villages were completely independent. Self sufficiency of villages came to an end.
2. Objective of farming The type of fanning was of subsistence. Commercialization has become the chief objective.
3. Contribution of agriculture in the national income Contribution of agriculture was maximum. Contribution of agriculture is decreasing.
4. Economic condition There was prosperity and well being in the villages. Poverty, unemployment still exists but is decreasing steadily.
5. Methods of cultivation Methods of farming were old and irrigation facilities were traditional. At present, ancient and modem both the methods are in use.
6. Rural finance system Loan was provided by big farmers, moneylenders. Today local moneylenders co-operative credit societies, rural banking institutions, are providing loans.

Question 5.
What are the characteristics of an ‘Ideal Village’? Explain. (2008, 10, 14, 15, 17)
Answer:
An ideal village should have the following characteristics:
(1) Advanced agricultural system: For the development of agriculture the small non-economic farms should be merged into one big farm. Consolidation of land should be adopted. Group farming, use of bio and chemical fertilizers to increase the equality of crop use of high yielding variety seeds and modem facilities of irrigation should be in practice.

(2) Housing facilities: In villages there should be proper facilities of housing. The houses should be clean whether they are ‘kuchcha’ or ‘pucca’ and along with this there should be toilets and bathrooms in the houses. There should be separate space for animals and a proper system of preparing bio-gas by collecting cow dung.

(3) Drinking water facilities: The wells, tanks and ‘pucca’ wells with steps should be renovated for clean and safe drinking water. Arrangements should be such that no villager can dump waste into it. Attention should be paid for raising underground water level in villages.

(4) Health facilities: In every village, there should be primary health centres, as well as doctors and medicines so that the problems of villagers can be solved at the village level itself. The villagers can avail the benefits of the government plans at Delhi.

(5) Education facilities: Efforts should be made to educate each and every child of the village. There should be awareness among villagers of the need for the education of girls. There should be provision of adult education in villagers along with traditional education. Nutritive and clean mid day meal should be provided.

Question 6.
What attempts have to be made to make a village self-depended and for its growth? (2009)
Answer:
For the self-sufficiency and growth of a village the following attempts should be made:
(1) Development of irrigation facilities: For the increase in agricultural productivity in villages, irrigation facilities should be developed. Therefore ponds, wells, canals should be made.

(2) Training programmes and awareness: Training programmes for villagers should be arranged, so that they can have the knowledge of preparing bio-manure and realise its importance. Efforts should be made for the development of oil industry.

(3) Construction of godowns: For the economic development of farmers, godowns should be constructed for the storage of agricultural products.

(4) Improvement in the state of animals: Animals should be given good and nutritious fodder, better water, medical and health facilities for improvement of their state.

(5) Development of agriculture based industry: Attention must be paid towards the development of agriculture based industry such as dairy industry, animal husbandry etc. The opportunities for self-employment should be increased.

(6) Check on excessive expenditure: Though the income is low, people spend much money on family and social programmes; for example twenty thousand to ten lakhs of rupees are spent on marriages. In the same way, ten thousand to forty thousand of rupees are spent on mourning programmes Rs. 500 to Rs. 2000 amount of money is spent on festivals etc.

(7) Increase in the tendency to save: Efforts can be made to establish self-help groups to increase the tendency to save among people. Discussions can be arranged in the meetings of Gram Panchayat, Shikshak Palak Sangh etc. for the awareness toward unnecessary expenditures.

(8) Spread in education: There is aneed of spreading in education in villages. Villagers should come out of traditions and superstitions. Akashwani and televison are giving important contribution in it.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Question 7.
What are the characteristics of Indian rural economy after independence? (2010)
Answer:
The following are the characteristics:

  • Structure of community on the basis of ownership of land.
  • Multi cropping.
  • Migration of population towards urban areas.
  • Rise of monetary system.
  • Inadequate facilities of transport and communication.
  • Development of subsidiary and cottage industry.
  • Institutional changes.
  • Extension of education and health facilities.

Question 8.
What contribution is made by small scale and cottage industry in the economy of India? (2015)
Answer:
Small scale and cottage industries play an important role in Indian economy. This can be made clear by the following facts:
(1) Economic development: In India the contribution of small scale industries in gross national product is 10 percent, in gross industrial product it is 39 percent and in providing employment it is 32 percent and 35 percent in the total exports of the country.

(2) Employment: The small scale industries reduce unemployment as they have potential of employing large number of workers with less capital investment for the same.

(3) Income distribution: The ownership of small-scale industries is distributed among lakhs of people and families as a result of this economic power cannot be centralised hence it helps in equal distribution of income.

(4) Suitable for rural economy: Around 50.4 percent working population of India depends on agriculture, but the farmers do not get work for the whole year. Therefore small scale industries are important for them and suitable for Indian economy.

(5) Decrease pressure of population on agriculture: Major part of population is already dependent on agriculture in India and increasing population increases pressure on agriculture. If small scale industries are set up in rural areas it will reduce pressure on agriculture which will be beneficial for the country.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.
Who owns resources in a capitalistic economy? (2008)
(i) Individual
(ii) Government
(iii) Both (i) and (ii)
(iv) None of these.
Answer:
(i) Individual

Question 2.
Which Mughal ruler gave priority to the construction of canals to increase irrigation facilities? (2015)
(i) Mohammed Tughlaq
(ii) Akbar
(iii) Shahjahan
(iv) Humayun
Answer:
(i) Mohammed Tughlaq

Question 3.
Before the arrival of the Britishers rural economy was based on: (2014)
(i) Currency system
(ii) Self sufficiency
(iii) Imports
(iv) None of these
Answer:
(ii) Self sufficiency

Question 4.
The percentage of rural population in India in the year 2001 was:
(i) 21 – 4
(ii) 32 – 8
(iii) 65 – 7
(iv) 72 – 2
Answer:
(iv) 72 – 2

Question 5.
Which system of exchange was prevalent in the ancient rural economy? (2009)
(i) Currency system
(ii) Barter system
(iii) Rupee system
(iv) (i) and (ii) both.
Answer:
(ii) Barter system

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Question 6.
According to the 2001 census, what percent of Indian population resides in urban areas?
(i) 37 – 8
(ii) 17 – 8
(iii) 27 – 8
(iv) 47 – 8
Answer:
(iii) 27 – 8

Question 7.
The contribution of agriculture to the gross product of the country is: (2008)
(i) 22%
(ii) 26%
(iii) 20%
(iv) 30%
Answer:
(ii) 26%

Question 8.
When was land reform introduced in India?
(i) After Independence
(ii) Before the arrival of Britishers
(iii) In the Vedic period
(iv) None of these
Answer:
(i) After Independence

Question 9.
Who was the originator of the Zamindari system? (2008)
(i) Lord Cornwallis
(ii) LordCurzon
(iii) Lord Mountbatten
(iv) Lord Dalhousie
Answer:
(i) Lord Cornwallis

Fill in the Blanks

Question 1.
In socialist economy, resources are owned by (2008)
Answer:
Government

Question 2.
In the capitalistic economy, resources are owned by (2009)
Answer:
individual

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Question 3.
was not used in the barter system of exchange.
Answer:
Money

Question 4.
Division of work among the labour according to their specific abilities is known as
Answer:
division of labour

Question 5.
The Zamindari system was started by (2016)
Answer:
Lord Cornwallis.

Match the Columns

A B
1. Indian economy (a) Lord Cornwallis
2. Zamindari system (2009, 17) (b) Self sufficiency
3. Rural economy before the arrival of Britishers (c) Mixed economy
4. System prevalent in the ancient rural economy (d) Sher Shah Sur
5. Land measurement (e) Barter system

Answers:
1. (c)
2. (a)
3. (b)
4. (e)
5. (d)

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

True/False

Question 1.
Before the arrival of Britishers, the rural economy was based on imports. (2010)
Answer:
False

Question 2.
The barter system of exchange was prevalent in the ancient rural economy. (2009)
Answer:
True

Question 3.
Kharif crops are crops of the rainy season which are harvested around September-October.
Answer:
True

Question 4.
Contribution of agriculture after independence is reducing.
Answer:
True

Question 5.
India has 6,00,000 number of villages today. (2011)
Answer:
False

Answer in One Word/Sentence

Question 1.
The most important part of rural economy. (2012)
Answer:
Farmer.

Question 2.
Who got the measurement of land done in an accurate manner during Akbar’s reign? (2009)
Answer:
Todarmal.

Question 3.
Who owns land from 2 – 10 hectares? (2012)
Answer:
Big farmers.

Question 4.
Direct exchange of one commodity for another. (2009, 10)
Answer:
Barter system.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 13 Development of Rural Economy

Question 5.
The resource on economic system is called private ownership. (2011)
Answer:
Capitalistic economy.

Question 6.
Who constructed canals to increase irrigation facilities? (2008)
Answer:
Mohammed Tughlaq.

Question 7.
Which industries play a significant role in the development of rural areas? (2013)
Answer:
Cottage and small scale industries.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What were the features of Chalukya’s administration? (MP 2011)
Answer:
The chief features of Chalukya’s administration were:

  • They ruled for nearly 200 years.
  • Monarchial form of government was prevalent. Emperor was the pivot of administrative system.
  • They gave the federal lords the right to govern over the conquered territories.
  • Villages was the smallest unit of administration.

Question 2.
Write a short note on AUauddin Khilji. (MP 2011)
Answer:
Allauddin Khilji (1296 A.D. to 1316 A.D.) was very ambitious. His desire was to become the emperor of entire India. In order to accomplish this aim he attacked Sindh, Multan, Gujrat, Jalore, Jaisalmer, Ranthambor, Chittor, Ujjain, and Chanderi and won them. In order to win over four kingdoms of south Devagiri, Warangal, Dwar Samudra and Madhurai, he sent his military commander malik Kafur. He organized a big army and an espionage department. He crushed the power of revolting Sardars and Arms.

In order to make goods available to his army on less prices he implemented “market control policy” in Delhi. With his death in 1316 A.D. the Khilji dynasty also declined.

Question 3.
Who was Iltutmish?
Answer:
The most efficient ruler among the slave dynasty rulers was Iltutmish. He crushed the power of the rebel Subedars and Sardars and formed a union of the Turks. Due to this far sightedness and diplomacy he saved Delhi from the attacks of the Mongol leader Chengiz Khan. Iltutmish attacked Ranthambor, Mandor, Nagod, Sambhar, Nayana, Jalore and Gwalior to contain the rising Rajput power. He won the Gwalior fort in 1232 A.D. The Sultan attacked Bhelsa and Ujjain parts of Malwa empire in 1234 A.D. and won them. He died in 1236 A.D.

 

Question 4.
What was the market policy of Allauddin? (MP 2013, 15)
Answer:
Allauddin was very ambitious: In order to make goods available to his army on less prices he implemented market control in Delhi, which benefited the people of Delhi. He also implemented the rationing system. He made government granaries keeping in view the sudden change in the weather.

He fixed the rates of goods not on the basis of one’s wishes but in accordance to the cost of production, Bami in his book Tarikh-i-Firozshai has given a descriptive account of market control and a list of prices of goods. Excessive taxes were imposed on farmers, traders and Hindus. Taxes were collected strictly and without respite.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

Question 5.
Write the contribution of Sher Shah’s administrative organization in Indian history. (MP 2010, 12)
Answer:
Sher Shah’s brief period of rule has an important place in Indian history because he restored the lost Afghan pride and rekindled the old administrative system with fundamental reforms which proved to be foundation stones for future. Sher Shah gave utmost importance to the welfare of the people and laid the foundation of a strong administration, the advantage of which went to the Mughals.

He started many works in the field of military administration, judicial system, and land revenue system which was later adopted by Akbar. Sher Shah divided his Empire into Sarkars’ and Sarkars into Parganas. He made reforms in the currency system. The silver coin started by him was known as ‘Rupaiya’.

In the field of education he constructed Madarsas. For travellers he made arrangements for Sarais (Guest houses) and wells for travellers and got trees planted. Sher Shah got the entire land measured. He got reconstructed the old royal road from Kolkata to Peshawar ‘Grand Trunk road’ (Present G T. road) from Agra to Rajasthan and Gujarat and in south to Burhan got new roads constructed. He had a strong espionage system.

Question 6.
Write the contribution of Prithvi Raj Chouhan.
Answer:
Prithvi Raj Chouhan was an able, brave, valiant and powerful Emperor. He had a fine army and army commanders. Prithvi Raj faced Ghori in 1191 A.D. on the plains of Tarain, this is known as the first Battle of Tarain. Ghori’s army could not with stand the massive attack launched by Prithvi Raj Chauhan’s army and were forced to flee. Ghori also fled in a wounded state. Prithvi Raj did not chase the fleeing army as it was against the Rajput honour and tradition to chase a fleeing army.

Consequently Ghori managed to escape. Ghori could not forget his disgraceful defeat and again made preparations for the war and attacked India the very next year. There was another battle fought in the plains of Tarain in 1192, which is known as the second battle of Tarain. Prithvi Raj fought valiantly and compelled the forces of Ghori to retreat but through diplomatic manovers Ghori imprisoned Prithvi Raj Chouhan.

Question 7.
Describe why Maharana Pratap is famous in Indian History? (MP 2015)
Answer:
After udai Singh’s death in 1572 AD. his son Rana Pratap became the ruler of Mewar. He had to face many problems at home and outside after becoming the king. He spent a tough time with his father in jungles valleys and mountains. Maharana Pratap gave a tough challenge to Akbar till he lived. Rana Pratap, started organizing Me war to give Mughals a fight. He organized vassals (Samants) and Bheels.

For the first time Rana Pratap included the Bheels in his army and honoured them by giving them high positions. He shifted his residence from Kumbhalgarh to Gogunde so that Akbar could not attack it easily. Through public relations he created awareness against the Mughal power. These efforts brought unity and the entire Mewar rose against the Mughal power.

Question 8.
Write short notes on the following:
(1) Rani Durgawati (2) Chhatrapati Shivajee.
Answer:
(1) Rani Durgawati: Rani Durgawati was a valiant warrior of medieval Indian history. She faced Mughal emperor Akbars greed for extension of the Empire with bravery courage and patience. Rani Duragwati was the Chandel princess of Mahoba. She was trained in horseriding armaments and kisher (iron claw) right from the childhood. She was married to the king of Garha Dalpat Shah. Nearly eight years after his marriage Dalpat Shah died.

Durgawati had to shoulder the responsibility of the state as guardian to her minor son Veemarayan. Rani managed the affairs of the state with courage and bravery. She cleverly made Baj Bahadur’s (rule of Malwa’s) attack unsuccessful.

Akbar sent Asaf Khan with a big army to attack on Garha state for extending his empire. Rani Durgawati decided to fight than surrendering. Asaf Khan attacked Garha in 1564 A.D.

Rani Durgawati bravely fought against the forces of Asaf Khan but in the end was wounded seriously. In the wounded state brave Durgawati was unable to continue the war but she did not want Akbar’s soldiers to imprison and humiliate her. Therefore, she killed herself with a sword while her son Veemarayan died while fighting.

(2) Chhatrapati Shivajee: Maharaja Shivaji was born on 20 April, 1627 A.D. in the hilly fort of Shivner in Maharashtra. His mother’s name was Jeejabai and father’s name was Shahji Bhonsle. During his childhood he also received military education. He learnt the lessons of honesty, uprightness, bravery and religiousness from his mother.

Shivaji did not like his father’s serving under the Sultan of Bijapur. Therefore, he decided to fight against the Sultan and organized an army. He won the first Torana in 1646 A.D. from Bijapur. He got fort Raigarh constructed five miles east of Torana. Hereafter he won one fort after the other. He won over Chakan. Kondana, Purandar, Javali, Konkan, etc.

Shivaji coronated himself in 1674 and became Chhatrapati. He made Raigarh his capital. After coronation Shivaji organized the entire state and states administrative system. Shivaji’s administration was based on public welfare. In his administration Ashtapradhan was important. By Ashtapradhan is meant the eight ministers who were responsible towards Shivaji. He died in 1680 A.D.

In management and administration Shivaji attained the highest success. He built powerful state. Shivaji had played an important role in routing out Mughal power from southern India. After Shivaji his successors Shahji, Raja Ram Sahu, Tarabai, etc. continued.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

Question 9.
Describe Akbar’s religious policy. (MP 2010)
Answer:
Akbar’s religious policy: After hearing discussion of various religions, Akbar felt that there was something good in every religion but due to the narrow mindedness of religious officials the religion was disrupted from its path and misunderstood. Therefore to end this he established a universal religion ‘Din-E-Illahi’.

Consequences of religious policy: There were the following consequences of religious policy propounded by Akbar:

  • The long lasting bitterness between Hindus and Muslims ended and hence they came near.
  • There was coordination between Hindu and Muslim policies in the fields of art, literature and tradition.
  • Due to Akbar’s religious policy, Rajputs cooperated Mughal empire and assisted in its extension.
  • Majority of citizens in the empire were Hindus which due to Akbar’s religious policy became supporters of Mughal empire.
  • Due to the religious policy Akbar got non-muslim able administrators and brave warriors which strengthened Mughal empire.

Question 10.
What was the contribution of Prithvi Raj Chauhan in Indian History? (MP 2008, 09, 10, 12, 13)
Answer:
Prithvi Raj Chauhan: Prithvi Raj Chauhan was an able, brave, valiant and powerful emperor of Delhi and Ajmer. He had a fine army and army commanders. Chandravardai was the contemporary poet during Prithvi Raj’s reign. He composed Prithvi Raj Raso in which he has described about Prithvi Raj’s valour and fame. Prithvi Raj faced Ghori in 1191 A.D. on the plains of Tarain, this is known as the first Battle of Tarain.

In this battle Mohammad Ghori was defeated by Prithvi Raj. Ghori could not forget his disgraceful defeat and again made preparations for the war and attacked India the very next year. There was another battle fought in the plains of Tarain in 1192 which is known as the second battle of Tarain. In the battle, Prithvi Raj was defeated by Mohammad Ghori.

Question 11.
Why is Maharanit Pratap famous in Indian history? Explain. (MP 2008, 10)
Or
Write a short note on Maharana Pratap. (MP 2009)
Answer:
Maharana Pratap was a brave and courageous Rajput ruler. He was the son of Rana Udai Singh and successorofRana Sanga. He made Kumbhanerhis capital. Akbar tried to befriend him but was unsuccessful and hence on 18 June, 1576 sent his army for attack in Haldi Ghati under the leadership of Man Single There was a war between the two armies.

Man Singh became victorious. Maharana Pratap fled away after being defeated. But he did not accept defeat. He carried on war against the Mughals and managed to win back many of the lost areas. He died in 1597 A.D. Akbar remained unsuccessful in suppressing Maharana Pratap till the end.

Question 12.
Who founded the mughal empire in India and under what circumstances? (MP 2010)
Answer:
Babar who laid the foundation of the mughal empire in India was the son of the ruler of Fargana state in central Asia and a descendant of Taimur. During the time of Babar’s attack there was a political instability in north and south India. These was a predominance of national fighting, struggle and conspiracies.

Babar took full advantage of this political disorders. In 1526, the First Battle of Panipat’, was fought between Babar and Ibrahim lodhi, the ruler of Delhi. Ibrahim was killed in the battle and success gave him control of Delhi and Agra.

He wanted to crush the Rajput power to rule over India. On the other hand Rajput ruler were determined to crush the Mughals from India under the leadership of Rana Sanga. fierce battle between the arms of Babar and Rana Sanga.

Question 13.
Write the chief characteristics of Chola empire. (MP 2008, 09)
Answer:
The most powerful ancient dynasty in southern India was the Cholas. The ancient Chola rulers have been described in the Sangam literature. Chola dynasty is known in history for its administrative reforms.

Characteristics of Chola Administration :

  • King was the highest official of the state.
  • Administration was done with the help of Council of Ministers.
  • Empire was divided into Provinces, Mandalams, valanadus (districts).
  • The smallest unit or administration was the Gram and this important unit Grama was divided into 3 parts (assembly of the common people), Sabha (intellectuals, Brahmins), Nagaram (trades, shopkeepers, sculptors). There were several committees for the administrative organization of the Grama.
  • Agriculture and trade was well developed.
  • The chief source of state’s income was land revenue and tax on trade
  • Trade as means of communication were developed and there was foreign trade too.

Question 14.
How did Tughlaq dynasty make a control over Delhi Sultanate? Analyse (MP 2009)
Answer:
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq laid the foundation of Tughlaq dynasty. He could not bear the chaos prevailing after the death of Alauddin Khilji. In 1320 A.D. he removed the last ruler of the Khilji dynasty Nasir-ud-din Khusro and became the Sultan of Delhi. He led military campaigns to Warangal, Orissa and Bengal after becoming the Sultan.

Question 15.
What do you know about later medieval period?
Answer:
The period from 13th century A.D. to 18th century A.D. is known as the later medieval period. During this period the foreign invaders carried on their destructive activities one after the other on India which Indian stiffly resisted from time to time. After stiff struggle the invaders were able to establish their rule on India.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

Question 16.
Who was Ghiyas-ud-din Balban? Give brief description.
Answer:
Ghiyas-ud-din Balban: Balban bought by sultan Ututmish. He impressed his master with his ability and services and was soon made a member of group of 40 Amirs ‘Chalisa’ Balban served Ututmish and his successors with full loyalty. He sat on the throne in 1206 A.D. After the death of Nasruddin Mahmood, Balban followed the policy of ‘blood and Iron’ for regulating his administration. He organised a despotic monarchical administrative organisation. He reorganised the army for the security of his kingdom and established a powerful espionage system.

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Write down the live kingdoms of 8th century A.D. of North India and explain any one kingdom. (MP 2010)
Answer:
The chief five kingdoms of north were during the 8th century A.D.:

  1. Rashtrakutas/Gurjar Prathihar
  2. Pala dynasty
  3. Chalukya dynasty (solanki)
  4. Parmar dynasty
  5. Chandel dynasty

Gurjar Pratihar: Nagabhatt I was the founder of Pratihar dynasty. He took whole Maiwa and East Rajasthan under his control. After Nagabhatt there were two other rulers but there is no description about their region. The fourth important ruler was Vatsraj who tried to expand the empire. After Vatsraj Nagabhatt-II, Ramchandra, Mihir Bhoj, Mahendra Pal, Bhoj-II and Mahipal were the prominent rulers. After Mahipal, Pratihar dynasty saw its downfall. Guijar Pratihar dynasty ruled from 8th to 11th century A.D.

Question 2.
What were the objectives of Mahmud Gaznavi’s and Mohammad Gori’s attack on India? Write the causes of their success.
Answer:
Mohammad Gori’s invasion: After 150 years of Mahmood Gaznavi’s invasion, Mohammed Gori ruler of a small principality Gor in Afghanistan in the north west India. Taking advantage of the mutual conflicts of the Indian rulers Gori first invaded India in nearly 1175 A.D. and brought Multan and Sindh under his domination.

The objective of Mohammad Gori’s invasion on India was acquiring wealth and propagating Islam. During this time, Hindu states in northern India induded-Chouhan state of Delhi and Ajmer Solanki Kingdom in Kannauj, Sena Kingdom in Bengal-Bihar and Chandel kingdom in Bundelkhand. In southern India Devgiri and Warangal and Hoysal were prominent states.

Invasions of Mahmood Gaznavi: Mahmood was an ambitious ruler of a small principality of Western Asia. He needed money for his army. He had heard many legends about Indian wealth. In order to plunder India’s wealth, he invaded many parts of northern India from about 1000 to 1027 A.D. Mahmood made 17 (seventeen) successful attacks on India. Punjab, Multan, Bhatinda, Nagarkot, Narainpur, Kashmir, Thanesar. Mathura, Kalinjar and Somnath were prominent centres of invasion. Places on the given map.

Gaznavi destroyed many religious places and looted and carried immense wealth to Gaznavi. The famous writer Alberuni who came to India with Mahmood Gaznavi has written about the carnage of Mahmoods destruction. His attacks led to great economic and cultural loss to the country. The contemporary Hindu rulers faced Mahmood Gaznavi but were unsuccessful due to lack of political unity.

Question 3.
Describe the administrative organization of king Krishna Dev Raja and its impact on the people.
Answer:
The form of administration of Vijaynagar Empire was despotic monarchy. The powers of the king were uncontrolled and unlimited. The basis of the state was Hindu religion. The administration of Vijaynagar was divided into Central, provincial and local administration.

In the Central administration of Vijaynagar the Emperor, minister Council, Kings assembly, Prince played an important role.

The Emperor had the chief position in the State and was called the Raja. All powers of the state were concentrated in his hands. He himself administered the state. Declaration of war and treaty, appointment of officers and workers organization of law and justice, etc. were in his hands. There was a central secretariat for the administration of the state in which there were various departments, Chairman, secretaries and officers.

Vijaynagar administration can be divided into two.

(1) Provincial administration: The Empire was divided into provinces, Provinces were divided into Kottams or Valanadus. Kottam was a district which was divided into Nadus. Nadus were divided into cities. Village was the smallest unit of the state. The responsibility of the province was in the hands of a member of the royal family or powerful feudal lord.

(2) Local administration: The smallest unit of administration was the village. There was a representative body (Pratinidhi Sabha) for the administration of the village which had the representatives of the village. The Pradhan (chief) of the Gram Panchayat was called Iyengar. He was also given some powers of justice and punishment. He also collected royal taxes. Gram Sabha could donate or sell the land under it. Gram Sabha was given the power to decide some diwani (revenue) and Fauijdari (criminal) cases.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

Question 4.
Examine the Rajput and religious policy of Akbar. (MP 2013)
Answer:
Akbar followed a policy of diplomacy and friendship to win over entire India. Akbar won Malwa, Jaunpur, Chinnaur, Meerut, Gondwana, Ranthambhor, Kalinjar, Marwar, Gujarat, Bihar, Bengal, Kabul, Kashmir, Sindh, Orissa and many parts of South India. After along struggle in 1567-1588 A.D. he conquered Chittor. Rajputs gave a tough challenge to Akbar under the leadership of Jaimal and Fatta.

Akbar was clever ruler. He understood that Rajputs were loyal and served their masters even at the cost of their lives, it was therefore necessary to work in association with the Rajputs. He did not have the courage to fight with all the Rajput states therefore he followed a separate policy towards the Rajputs. Akbar befriended the Rajputs and took fine and loyal and brave Rajputs in his service, which prolonged the life of Mughal empire.

Akbar gave high mansabs to some Rajput kings like Bhagwandas, Raja Mansingh, Birbal and Todarmal. Akbar also established friendly and matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs. Akbar married the princess of Amer (Jaipur) Bikaner and Jaisalmer. In this manner Rajputs had an important contribution in realization of Akbar’s dream of a powerful and extensive empire.

He waged wars against the Rajput kingdoms who did not accept his sovereignty. Akbar established a universal religion Din-I-Illahi. He got Ibadatkhana constructed in Fatehpur Sikri where he held religious discussions with the followers of all religions.

Question 5.
What were the causes of decline of Mugal Empire? (MP 2010)
Answer:
Following were the causes of decline of Mugal empire:
(1) Excessive Taxes: Mughal rulers imposed heavy taxes on the people for their pleasures and wars, paying which became impossible for the people. Their were voices of revolt among the common man.

(2) Vastness of Empire: The vastness of Mughal Empire in and outside India also became a cause of decline of Mughal Empire. A vast empire could have only been regulated through a centralized authority. Due to weak central authority the Mughal Empire also started breaking up. Akbar had saved the empire by his diplomacy but his successors were not successful in this.

(3) Revolts of Chieftains and Prince: Revolts of Loyal Chieftains and Princes also helped in the decline of Mughal Empire. The revolts of royal leaders like Saleem, Khusro, Shah Jahan and Amangzeb also gave a blow to the unity of the Empire.

(4) War of Succession: The war of Succession for power also gave a deep wound to the Mughal Empire. There was no certain rule of succession in Muslim royal power. There were many claimants to the throne due to which the successor was decided on the bayonet point. The war of succession between the sons of Jehangir and among the sons of Shahjahan for power aided the decline of Mughal Empire.

(5) Moral decline of Mughal rulers: Early Mughal rulers were loyal and virtuous towards their state. But the Mughal rulers from Jehangir were pleasure seeking and complacements.

(6) Religious Policy: The religious policy of the Mughals was bias. Most of the rulers were staunch followers of Islam. They supported the spread and growth of Islam, whereas harmed other religions and other religion followers, due to which Mughal Empire could not get their support.

(7) Rise of Hindu Powers: The rise of new Hindu powers also played a role in the decline of Mughal Empire. Marathas, Jats, Sikhs, Rajputs, etc. reorganized themselves and rose against the Mughal empire which had struck Hindu culture.

Continuous wars, autocratic rule decline of military power, moral decline of Amirs (nobles), groupism and other reasons also aided the decline of mughal empire.

Question 6.
What is the contribution of Sher Shah’s administrative system in Indian hisrofy: (MP 2012)
Answer:
Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah Sun holds and important place among the Medieval period’s of Indian rulers. He ruled only for five years but in this brief period, he extended the empire and laid a strong administrative system. He gave utmost important to the welfare of the people and laid the foundation of a strong administration, the advantage of which went to the Mughals. His important works were as follows:

  • He started many works in the field of military administration, judicial system, and land revenue system which was later adopted by Akbar.
  • Sher Shah divided his empire into Sarkars, and Sarkars into Parganas.
  • He got reconstructed the old royal road from Kolkata to Peshawar, Grand Trunk Road (Present G.T. Road), from Agra to Rajasthan and Gujarat and in south to Burhan got new roads constructed.
  • For travellers he made arrangements for Sarais (Guest houses) and wells and got trees planted on both sides of roads.
  • In the field of education, he constructed Madarssas.
  • He opened Langars (for free food) for orphans and poors.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

I. Choose the correct alternative:

Question 1.
Mahmood Gaznavi was the ruler of:
(a) Multan
(b) Gazni
(c) Bahamani
(d) Iraq
Answer:
(b) Gazni

Question 2.
The founder of the slave dynasty was: (MP 2009)
(a) Iltutmish
(b) Mohammad Ghori
(c) Qutub-ud-din Aibak
(d) Balban
Answer:
(a) Iltutmish

Question 3.
Who injured Ghori in the 1st battle of Tarain:
(a) Prithviraj
(b) Krishna Raya
(c) Govindraj
(d) Deepakraj
Answer:
(a) Prithviraj

Question 4.
Which empire did Harihar and Bukka found: (MP 2015)
(a) Bahamani empire
(b) Vijay Nagar empire
(c) Delhi Sultanat
(d) Mohammad Nagar
Answer:
(b) Vijay Nagar empire

Question 5.
Who Killed Afzal Khan:
(a) Shivajee
(b) Raja Ram
(c) Sahu
(d) Tarabai
Answer:
(a) Shivajee

Question 6.
In 1266 Delhi sultanat was taken by:
(a) Iltutmis
(b) Razia Sultan
(c) Qutab-ud-din Aibak
(d) Balban
Answer:
(d) Balban

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

II. Fill in the blanks:

Question 1.
Krishna Dev Rai was the ruler of …………..
Answer:
Tuluv dynasty

Question 2.
The head of the Gram panchayat is called …………..
Answer:
Ayangar

Question 3.
The elder son of Babar was …………..
Answer:
Humayun

Question 4.
The ruler of Mewar was …………..
Answer:
Maharana Sanga

Question 5.
After Jahangir became ………….. ruler.
Answer:
Shahjahan

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Gurjar Pratihar dynasty (a) Dalpatishah
2. Pal dynasty main rule (b) vijay Nagar
3. Harihar, Bukka (c) Nagbhatta I
4. Iltutmish (d) Dharma Pal
5. Durgavati (e) Slave dynasty

Answers:
1. (c)
2. (d)
3. (b)
4. (e)
5. (a)

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

IV. Write ‘true’ or ‘false’:

Question 1.
Akbar was clever emperor.
Answer:
True

Question 2.
Guru Govind Singh established Khalsa organization in 1699.
Answer:
True

Question 3.
The first battle of Panipat was fought in 1536.
Answer:
False

Question 4.
The minister of Vijay Nagar Ramrai was diplomat.
Answer:
True

Question 5.
The first ruler of Vijay Nagar was Harihar.
Answer:
True

Question 6.
Jaziya tax was levied on Hindus.
Answer:
True

V. Write answers in one word:

Question 1.
Who built Grand Trunk road?
Answer:
Sher Shah Suri

Question 2.
Founder of Khalsa Panth.
Answer:
Guru Govind Singh

Question 3.
Din-i-Illahi religion.
Answer:
Akbar

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 10 Medieval India

Question 4.
Defeated Ibrahim Lodi and founded Mugal dynasty in Delhi.
Answer:
Babar

Question 5.
Cousin of Krishna Dev Rai.
Answer:
Achyutdev Rai

Question 6.
By whom was the land measurement policy made in Akbars’ reign correctly?
Answer:
Todar Mai as Todar Mai Bandobust

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What are the fundamental rights?
Answer:
The rights which are essential for the all round development and dignity of a citizen are incorporated in the constitutions of the country and are protected by the judiciary are called the fundamental rights.

Question 2.
In how many parts is the Indian constitution divided?
Answer:
The Indian constitution is divided into 22 parts.

Question 3.
What is meant by the equality before law?
Answer:
Article 14 of the constitution guarantees to each citizen equality and protection before the law. Nobody is above the law and the law is considered paramount authority and every person whatever be his rank or position, is subject to the jurisdiction of an ordinary court regarding a common offence.

Question 4.
In the constitution what provisions have been made for abolition of untouchability?
Answer:
Article 17 of the constitution has abolished untouchability with a view to bring social equality among its citizens. Civil Right Protection Act of 1955 provides that the practice of untouchability by the state or citizens be a punishable offence.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is the difference between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy? Explain. (2008, 09, 10)
Answer:
The followings are the major differences between fundamental rights and directive principles of state policy:
(1) The constitution stands behind the enforcement of fundamental rights whereas a public opinion is the force behind the directive principles of state policy. If there is a violence of fundamental right of citizens by any law of the government then for its protection the court declares the law as null and void. If there is any law against the directive principles of state policy then the court cannot declare those laws as null and void. But the state cannot violate these principles easily due to the fear of public opinion.

(2) Fundamental rights are prohibitory whereas directive principles of the state policy are not prohibitory. Fundamental rights can stop the government from performing some functions whereas directive principles of state policy direct the government to fulfill their duties.

(3) The aim of fundamental rights is to establish political democracy whereas directive principles of state policy aims at the establishment of economic and social democracy.

(4) Fundamental rights are for citizens whereas directive principles of the state policy is the duty of the government. These are the instructions given to the government for policy-making and practice.

Question 2.
Describe the right to freedom of religion. (2009)
Answer:
The Republic of India has been declared a secular state. It means that the state has no religion of its own or is atheistic and this means that every religion has been given equal respect in the state. Articles 25-28 explain the right to freedom of religions which include:

  • All persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right to freely profess, practice and propagate their religion.
  • All religious communities shall have the right to establish and maintain religious institutions.
  • Taxes cannot be imposed for the maintenance of any particular religion.
  • No person shall be compelled to acquire religious education or worship.
  • No religious education shall be imparted in government aided educational institutions.

Question 3.
“Fundamental rights and fundamental duties are two sides of the same coin.” Explain the statement. (2008)
Answer:
Duties and rights are two sides of the same coin. We cannot enjoy rights without fulfilling the duties. If citizens fulfill their fundamental duties than it will be easier for them to enjoy their fundamental rights. If citizens do not follow their duties than there will be irregularities and the environment will be disturbed. Fulfillment of fundamental duties develops a healthy social environment. There is no legal action for violence of fundamental duties in the constitution. There is no provision for punishment if these are disrespected but they are our responsibilities towards our nation.

Fundamental duties are the inspiration for strengthening the country’s culture, heritage, national property, individual and collective progress, defence system of the country etc. and to protect the environment to respect national ideals and to maintain social harmony.

Question 4.
What are the directions for the promotion of international peace in the directive principle of policy? Write.
Answer:
The directive principles of state policy are included in the constitution to establish a welfare state and to provide all the citizens social, economic and political justice. Directive principles of state policy is the dream of the fulfilment of economic and social revolution in India. The directions for the promotion of international peace are as follows:

  • To promote international peace and security.
  • To maintain just and honourable relations between nations.
  • To respect international laws and treaties.
  • To make efforts for the settlement of international disputes by arbitration.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 5.
What are fundamental duties described in the constitution? (2013)
Or
Which fundamental duties should be exercised by Indians? (2008)
Answer:
According to Indian constitution, the Indian citizen should follow the following fundamental duties:

  • To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and instructions, the national flag and the national anthem.
  • To respect and follow those noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  • To protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  • To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  • To promote harmony and the spirit of brotherhood amongst all the people of India.

Question 6.
Explain the right to equality.
Answer:
The right to equality is a veiy important right. The following rights to equality are provided to us:

  • All people are equal before the law. Nobody is above the law.
  • No discrimination shall be made by the state between citizens on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth.
  • No discrimination shall be made on the basis of untouchability.
  • No one can be barred from using shops, public places, hotels and all places of public entertainment on the above grounds.
  • Constitution provides equal opportunities for all citizens in matters of public employment.
  • All titles have been abolished except the special honours relating to military, education and science and non-military citations conferred by the President of India.

Question 7.
What are the freedoms enjoyed by the citizens under the right of freedom? (2009, 12, 13, 17)
Or
Explain the rights to freedom. (2015)
Answer:
Articles 19 to 22 of the constitution guarantee the right to freedom to citizens. This article provides them the right to freedom of expression, belief, religion and worship. This help them in developing their personality. We enjoy the following freedoms:

  • Freedom to speech and expression.
  • Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms.
  • Freedom to form associations and unions.
  • Freedom of movement.
  • Freedom to live and settle in any part of India.
  • Freedom to take up any job or trade anywhere in India.

Question 8.
“Practice of untouchability in any form is a punishable offence under the Indian constitution.” Explain. (2008)
Or
What provision has been made for the abolition of untouchability in Indian constitution. (2011)
Answer:
Article 17 of the constitution has abolished untouchability with a view to bring social equality among its citizens. Civil Rights Protection Act of 1955 provides that the practice of untouchability by the state or citizens be a punishable offence. Therefore no person shall be prohibited from entering public institution places and religious areas etc. No person can be humiliated on account of their caste or any other basis.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
Describe the importance of fundamental rights.
Or
What are the fundamental rights? Explain their importance.
Answer:
Fundamental rights: The rights which are essential for the all round development and dignity of a citizen are incorporated in the constitutions of the country and are protected by the judiciary are called the fundamental rights.

Importance of Fundamental Rights:
(1) Helpful in the development of an individual: Fundamental rights provide those conditions which are helpful in mental, physical, moral, social, religions etc. development of an individual. Fundamental rights also provide freedom and security to an individual in these areas. In this way fundamental rights are helpful in the development of personality of citizens.

(2) Basis of successful democracy: Our country, adopts the democratic system of governance. ‘Freedom’ and ‘Equality’ are the main bases of democracy. Without these, we cannot expect democracy. Every citizen has a right to criticise the government. All people have equal right to vote, to contest and win elections. In this way fundamental rights provide favourable environment for successful democracy.

(3) Supremacy of the judiciary: Fundamental rights are protected by the Supreme Court of India. Therefore legislature and executive cannot interfere in the matters of the fundamental rights.

(4) In accordance with social and economical conditions of country: Fundamental rights are in accordance with the social and economical conditions of the country, therefore right to choose any job and educational rights etc. are included in the fundamental right.

(5) Recognised by Indian society: Fundamental rights are associated with the basic needs and dignity of the people. The society recognise them because they are essential for all.

Question 2.
Describe the fundamental duties described in the Indian constitution. (2008, 13, 15)
Answer:
When the Indian constitution was framed only fundamental rights were incorporated in it, there was no discussion on duties in it, whereas rights and duties are two sides of the same coin. Through the incorporation of fundamental rights only, citizens became aware of their rights but remained indifferent about their duties. For correcting this drawback 10 fundamental duties were enumerated for the citizens by adding part IV A to the constitution in the year 1976 by the 42nd constitutional amendment by the parliament, which are given below:

  • To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institution, the national flag and national anthem.
  • To respect and follow those noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  • To protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  • To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  • To promote harmony and the spirit of brotherhood amongst all the people of India.
  • To maintain the tradition of rich heritage of our composite culture.
  • To protect and improve the natural environment.
  • To develop a scientific temper and curiosity.
  • To safeguard public property.
  • To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.

Question 3.
What do you mean by right to constitutional remedies? (2010)
Or
What are the main writs issued by the court under right to constitutional remedies?
Answer:
The arrangements for the security of the fundamental rights have been made in the articles of the constitution from 32 to 35. The court for this purpose can issue five types of writs:

  • Habeas Corpus: The court can issue an order to be detaining authority to present the detained person before the court.
  • Mandamus: The court issue orders to an officer or institution to perform an act which falls within its jurisdiction.
  • Prohibition: It is a writ issued by High Courts to lower courts when they exceed the limits of their power of jurisdiction.
  • Certiorari: The writ of Certiorari is exercised by the High Court. The high court can summon the record file or a case from the lower court in order to verify the records.
  • Quo Warranto: When a person, officer or an institution does such a work which is legally not in his jurisdiction then this writ of Quo Warranto is issued by the high court to the lower courts. These writs are issued for the violation of fundamental rights, against those persons or institution who have violated them.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 4.
Mention and explain the types of directive principles of state policy. (2008, 16)
Or
What are the directive principles in accordance with the ideals of Gandhiji? (2009)
[Hint: See title “Directive principles in accordance with the ideals of Gandhiji”.]
Or
Describe the directive principles of state policy by explaining their aims. (2009)
Answer:
The directive principles of state policy are enumerated in the articles 36 to 51 of part IV in the constitution. They aim at:

  1. A welfare state,
  2. Developing India in accordance with the ideals of Gandhiji and
  3. Promoting international peace and security by the state.

I. The welfare system:

  • To make available equal means of livelihood for both men and women.
  • Utilisation of resources of the country for the welfare of the people.
  • Wealth and means of production should not be concentrated in the hands of a few but their utilisation should be for public welfare.
  • There should be equal pay for equal work for both men and women. Their health and their childrens’ health and energy should not be misused.
  • The youth and children should be protected from economic and moral degeneration.
  • There should be employment and education for all and the states should help in case of unemployment and inability.
  • The state should provide just and human working conditions.
  • All should be provided and dignified standard of living in enough live and social and cultural facilities, the standard of food and health should be good.
  • Compulsory and free education should be made available for children. The 86th Amendment of the Constitution 2002, provides equal opportunities of education to children between 6 to 14 years of age.

II. Directive principles in accordance with the ideals of Gandhiji:

  • To promote cottage industries.
  • Organisation of village panchayats and to make them function as self governing unit.
  • Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and other backward sections and to save them from exploitation.
  • Prohibition of consumption of intoxicating goods,(Except medicines).
  • To organise agriculture and animal husbandry on a modern and scientific basis.
  • To protect and improve the breeds of milk and draught cattle.
  • Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
  • Protection of important national and historical monuments.
  • Separation of judiciary from the executive in public service.
  • To frame civil and criminal laws for the country.

III. Promotion of international peace:

  • To promote international peace and security.
  • To maintain just and honourable relations between nations.
  • To respect international laws and treaties.
  • To make efforts for the settlement of international disputes by arbitration.

Question 5.
How many fundamental rights are mentioned in the constitution? Describe the ‘Right to equality’. (2009)
Answer:
We are provided six fundamental rights by our constitution:

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom
  • Right against exploitation
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Cultural and educational rights
  • Right to constitutional remedies.

Right to equality: The right to equality is a very important right.
The following rights to equality are provided to us:

  • All people are equal before the law. Nobody is above the law.
  • No discrimination shall be made by the state between citizens on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth.
  • No discrimination shall be made on the basis of untouchability.
  • No one can be barred from using shops, public places, hotels and all places of public entertainment on the above grounds.
  • Constitution provides equal opportunities for all citizens in matters of public employment.
  • All titles have been abolished except the special honours relating to military, education and science and non military citations conferred by the President of India.

Question 6.
What are fundamental rights? How many fundamental rights have been given to us by the Constitution of India? (2011, 12)
Answer:
The rights which are essential for the all round development and dignity of a citizen are incorporated in the constitution of the country, and are protected by the judiciary and called the fundamental rights. The following six fundamental rights have been included in the Indian constitutions:
We are provided six fundamental rights by our constitution:

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom
  • Right against exploitation
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Cultural and educational rights
  • Right to constitutional remedies.

Right to equality: The right to equality is a very important right.
The following rights to equality are provided to us:

  • All people are equal before the law. Nobody is above the law.
  • No discrimination shall be made by the state between citizens on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth.
  • No discrimination shall be made on the basis of untouchability.
  • No one can be barred from using shops, public places, hotels and all places of public entertainment on the above grounds.
  • Constitution provides equal opportunities for all citizens in matters of public employment.
  • All titles have been abolished except the special honours relating to military, education and science and non military citations conferred by the President of India.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 7.
What do you understand by the Right to Information? Clarify the special features related to the Right to Information Act. (2014)
Answer:
Right to Information: The Right to Information Act was passed in Indian Parliament in May 2005. According to this Act, the people of country have been given the right to obtain information from any government office. Efforts have been made from last many years to increase the participation of people in development programmes.

The establishment of Panchayati Raj and participation of local communities in the supervision of public service in an important step of this. Without the knowledge of public services, facilities and plans, rules and regulations, people are not able to participate in the development programmes properly, but now because of the right to information, transparency may be brought in the developmental plans and public works. This is an important step towards the end of corruption and possibility of partiality and favouritism in the process of decision making in government working.

Features related to Right to Information Act: Important features of this Act are the following:
(1) Who have the Right to Information: Right of Information is available to every citizen of the country. Any citizen may obtain information from public system related to it. In addition, all public systems demonstrate the necessary information related to their daily working on their notice-board for the people.

(2) Meaning of Public Authority: All such authorities or institutions which have been established under the law passed by Parliament or Legislative Assembly, they come under the category of public authority. In addition, such organisation, which are self-government or non-government but which receive aid from government or which are controlled by central or state government are also included in this. Thus, public authority refers to government, bodies consituted under the constitution and departments.

Question 8.
Explain the importance of Right to Information. (2017)
Answer:
Importance of Right to Information: The importance of Right to Information is clear from the following points:
(1) Enabling people to effectively use the fundamental rights: Right to information is also included in fundamental rights. It protects the fundamental right to speech and expression. It is not possible to express opinion in an impressive way to a person in the absence of information. It has also been added with the right to life under section A21 to our constitution by the Supreme Court. Without the right to know, the right to live is incomplete.

(2) Making the government working transparent: An important objective of this act is to bring transparency in government functioning. People must have the information whether their representatives are using their rights in a suitable manner or not, money is being properly used or not. Thus the objective of w el fare of people may be achieved with money of the public. There will be transparency with the right to information and a pressure will be created to use the public funds in an appropriate manner.

(3) Increasing the participation of people in government functioning: Indian constitution is based on the principle of participatory democracy. For this, people elect their representative by the mode of election. Hence this right is an important tool for increasing the participation of people in government functioning.

(4) Check on Corruption: Right to information is an important weapon to stop the increasing corruption. Since this right is based on the principle of transparency and answerability, a corrupt person will be quickly identified and legal action may be taken against him. Thus responsible persons will move away from doing illegal works because of fear and good governance may also be ensured.

(5) Making the government schemes successful: Right to information also plays an important part in making government schemes successful. The success of government schemes mainly depends on two things – First, the schemes are carried out in desired manner and are completed in scheduled time and Second, the benefit of the schemes may reach out to the real beneficiaries. The right to information is a useful weapon for the fulfilment of both these two objectives.

In this way, it is clear that the right to information is a very important right.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.
Which of the following is not a fundamental right? (2008)
(i) Right to work and rest
(ii) Right to freedom
(iii) Right to equality
(iv) Right against exploitation
Answer:
(i) Right to work and rest

Question 2.
Right to free and compulsory education of all children between 6 and 14 years of age comes under which fundamental right?
(i) Right to equality
(ii) Cultural and educational right
(iii) Right to freedom
(iv) Right to constitutional remedies
Answer:
(ii) Cultural and educational right

Question 3.
Which fundamental right has been eliminated from the list of fundamental rights through 44th Amendment Act?
(i) Right to property
(ii) Right to freedom
(iii) Right to equality
(iv) Cultural and educational rights
Answer:
(i) Right to property

Question 4.
Which function out of these comes under the category of child labour?
(i) A child of less than 14 years of age working in hotels, construction companies
(ii) Movement and acquiring education by a child below 14 years of age
(iii) Playing of children below 14 years of age
(iv) Doing physical exercise by children below 14 years of age
Answer:
(i) A child of less than 14 years of age working in hotels, construction companies

Question 5.
Which one of these rights is not associated with the fundamental right of freedom?
(i) Freedom of speech
(ii) Abolition of titles
(iii) Freedom to reside or settle
(iv) Freedom of movement
Answer:
(ii) Abolition of titles

Question 6.
Out of the following who protects the fundamental rights? (2009)
(i) Parliament
(ii) Legislative Assemblies
(iii) Supreme Court
(iv) Government of India
Answer:
(iii) Supreme Court

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 7.
Through which writ can the High Court or Supreme Court summon any record of life from its lower court?
(i) Habeas Corpus
(ii) Certiorari
(iii) Quo Warranto
(iv) Mandamus
Answer:
(ii) Certiorari

Question 8.
Out of these which is the directive principle of state policy?
(i) Bound by law
(ii) Eligible for justice
(iii) Creative direction to the state
(iv) Directives of judiciary
Answer:
(iii) Creative direction to the state

Fill in the Blanks

Question 1.
………… protects the fundamental rights. (2009)
Answer:
Supreme court

Question 2.
In all, the Indian constitution is divided into ………… parts. (2010)
Answer:
22

Question 3.
………… fundamental rights have been included in the Indian constitution. (2011, 13)
Answer:
Six

Question 4.
Fundamental rights are for ………… (2014)
Answer:
citizens

Question 5.
Right to information is available to every………… of the country. (2013)
Answer:
citizen

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 6.
The Right to Information Act is a strong medium to stop the (2017)
Answer:
corruption.

Match the Columns

A B
1. Protection of public property (2009) (a) Article 16 of constitution
2. Equal opportunity in public appointments (b) Fundamental duties
3. Right to freedom (c) Article 22 of constitution
4. Constitution (2017) (d) Article 10 of constitution
5. Prevention against arrest and detention (e) Supreme Law of Country

Answers:
1. (b)
2. (a)
3. (d)
4. (e)
5. (c)

True/False

Question 1.
Article 19 of the constitution guarantees to each citizen equality and protection before laws. (2014)
Answer:
False

Question 2.
Supreme court protects the fundamental rights. (2015)
Answer:
True

Question 3.
School education up to the age of 20 years should be made free and compulsory. (2012)
Answer:
False

Question 4.
The directive principles of state policy are the creative directions or the state. (2009)
Answer:
True

Question 5.
It is the responsibility of every citizen or the state to follow the fundamental duties. (2009)
Answer:
True

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 6.
The constitution provided the 8 fundamental rights to its citizens. (2009)
Answer:
False

Question 7.
Cultural and educational rights are fundamental rights. (2016)
Answer:
True

Question 8.
Practice of untouchability in any form is a punishable offence under the Indian constitution. (2016)
Answer:
True

Answer in One Word/Sentence

Question 1.
Who protects the fundamental rights? (2008)
Answer:
The Supreme Court.

Question 2.
The labour below the age of 14 is called? (2012, 15)
Answer:
Child labour.

Question 3.
The changes in the constitution of any country brought about by the parliament of that country. (2010)
Answer:
Constitutional Amendments.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Unit 12 Constitutional Rights and Duties of Citizen

Question 4.
Freedom to express views and give speech. (2012)
Answer:
Right to freedom.

Question 5.
Public service empowered by the state. (2008)
Answer:
Compulsory service.

Question 6.
Supreme law of country which consists of the fundamental laws for running society and politics of any country. (2011)
Answer:
Constitution.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
How does air or noise pollution affect health? Explain.
Answer:
Effect of air pollution: Disturbance of balance among various gases in the air or presence of unwanted gases is known as air pollution. Burning of coal and mineral oil also adds sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere which leads to burning sensation in eyes, burning is throat, respiratory and lung diseases. Air pollution also cause acid rains. The danger of increase in the hole of the ozone layer is also on rise because of air pollution.

Due to the hole in the ozone layer the ultraviolet rays on the earth surface is spreading. As a result the possibility of skin cancer is increasing. It also reduces the immunity of human body.

Effect of noise pollution on health: Any sound that disturbs the mental peace is known as noise pollution. Due to noise pollution man becomes psychic and tense. This increases irritability and headache and also has ill effects on the health of infants.

Question 2.
What do you mean by population explosion? (MP 2010)
Answer:
Population explosion means sudden increase in the birth rate and decrease in death rate, in any country when the population grows at a rapid rate it is called population explosion. Human lifestyle has improved due to progress in the field of medicine. The fertility and mortality rates have come down. Deaths due to war are decline. As a result mortality rate have unexpectedly gone down and population has gone up.

Question 3.
How does over grazing affects the quality of land?
Answer:
Excessive intake of vegetation by domestic animals is called over grazing. As a result the vegetation does not grow again very fast in these areas. The ill effect is that layer of vegetation from land is destroyed. Due to soil erosion the danger of desertification on arises. In such areas soil absorbs less water and plants do not get adequate water. Such situation has developed the highlands of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Western Madhya Pradesh.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Question 4.
Show the relation of human being and environment.
Answer:
Man and environment are dependent on each other. Like man other living beings are also dependent on environment for food, water, air and shelter. Man is dependent on the factors of environment for his physical, cultural, industrial and economic progress. By using the elements of natural environment he has built farms, factories, towns, cities, road railways, dams and canals. Religion, beliefs and practices and culture have all developed on the same basis.

The quality of environment has declined due to human interference with the natural environment. As a result of population growth, urbanization, industrialization, farming, transportation and progress in technology the natural structure has changed. Previously man considered nature as means of life saving but in the modem industrial era he is exploiting his treasure in irrational ways. This has intoxicated the air, water and food.

At some places forests are being of destroyed whereas in other places vegetation is being destroyed. Thousand of pebple are suffering from droughts, floods and land sliding. The stores of natural resources are gradually exhausting. Deserts are increasing and agricultural land is decreasing. Food supply is inadequate to supply for growing population. All these conditions are created by man himself. Man creates imbalance in the environment.

Question 5.
Why is it necessary to protect our Preserve Resources?
Answer:
Man is completely dependent on natural resources. Man uses land, water, air, forest, minerals etc. in his life. Population is increasing so demand of these natural resources is increasing day by day. Natural resources available on the land are limited but the demand of these resources is very high. Gradually these resources are going to finish and pollution is increasing. That is why it is essential to conserve the resources so that they will be used by us for a longer time.

Question 6.
What will be the effect of carbon dioxide increase in the atmosphere?
Answer:
Increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will increase the temperature of the atmosphere. As a result the polar ice caps will melt and sea level would rise in near future. There is always danger of submerging the coastal regions.

Question 7.
Explain Radioactive pollution?
Answer:
Radioactive pollution: Radioactive pollution is a curse for modem age. The habitants of Earth are suffering from the hazardous results of atom and nuclear, test explosions, power plants, radioisotope use in medicine, industry and research, etc.

Nuclear tests and weapons of war using nuclear power are the greatest threat to the human race. During explosion, the radioactive substances like Strontium 90, Cesium 137 and Cobalt 60 are produced which are long lived. Strontium 90 can accumulate in bones and causes cancer. It replaces calcium due to which bones become weak. It causes leukemia, bone cancer and other diseases.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1.
What is the relation between man and environment?
Answer:
Man and environment are dependent on each other. Like man other living beings are also dependent on environment for food, water, air and shelter. Man is dependent on the factors of environment for his physical, cultural, industrial and economic progress. By using the elements of natural environment he has built farms, factories, towns, cities, road railways, dams and canals. Religion, beliefs and practices and culture have all developed on the same basis.

The quality of environment has declined due to human interference with the natural environment. As a result of population growth, urbanization, industrialization, farming, transportation and progress in technology the natural structure has changed. Previously man considered nature as means of life saving but in the modem industrial era he is exploiting his treasure in irrational ways. This has intoxicated the air, water and food.

At some places forests are being of destroyed whereas in other places vegetation is being destroyed. Thousand of pebple are suffering from droughts, floods and land sliding. The stores of natural resources are gradually exhausting. Deserts are increasing and agricultural land is decreasing. Food supply is inadequate to supply for growing population. All these conditions are created by man himself. Man creates imbalance in the environment.

Question 2.
What is Environment? What are its main elements? (MP 2009,11)
Answer:
By Environment, it is a broad term. It includes all that surrounds us such as air water, flora and fauna.

It also means all those conditions which are necessary for a living being. The main elements of environment are:

  1. Natural Environment or Physical.
  2. Cultural and Social Environment.

(1) Natural or Physical Environment: Includes all natural elements given by nature. e.g., location, rocks, climate, vegetation, wildlife etc.

(2) Cultural or Social Environment: Develops due to the mutual relationship between man and natural environment. It includes the economic and social activities coated, developed and conducted by man such as farming, industry, rites and rituals, settlements, roads, railways, air services, means of services, government system etc.
Man keeps changing and modifying the environment.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Question 3.
What do you mean by pollution? Explain its kinds. (MP 2013)
Answer:
Enviionnent pollution is unfavourable altcration of our sunrounding, wholly or largely as a by-product of man’s actions through direct or indirect effect of changes in energy patterns, radiation levels; chemicals and physical constitution and abundance of organism.

Thus, the environmental pollution is that process where the purity of environmental is destroyed.
1. Air pollution: When, some poisonous gases, such as, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, etc. enter into the pure and clear air, then its balance is disturb and the air gets polluted.

The problem of air pollution is worse in the cities and in the metropolitan cities, it has reached the extreme point. Due to poisonous smoke and gases the people have to suffer from many diseases, like – Asthma, skin diseases and eye sight problems. The air pollution has taken place because of increase in industries, chemical, metallurgical, oil refineries, etc. The industrial and domestic consumption of coal, oil and fuel are other sources of sulphur dioxide and harmful smoke. In an estimate, it is found that sixty per cent of air pollution is due to emission of vehicles moving on road network.

2. Soil pollution: With the increase in the world population, the quantity of waste material is also increasing day by day, on account of this the problem of soil pollution takes place.

Polluted air and water affect the pollution of soil because air polluting gases in dissolved form with rain water reach on earth and pollute the soil. Increased use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers has deteriorated the soil.

The soil pollution is of three types:

  • Physical soil pollution: Pollution, caused by man and other organism is called physical soil pollution.
  • Chemical soil pollution: Polluted air and water combined cause soil pollution because they dissolve in rain water and reach to the earth and pollute soil.

3. Noise or Sound pollution: Man can tolerate the noise around him up to a limit, because the ear also has a limit to capture sound. The sound, which is above that limit is harmful for man. If we define noise as an unwanted sound, then noise pollution is an unwanted sound, having adverse effect upon the people living around. It produces restlessness in man.

The problem of noise pollution is increasing due to industrialization and machines. Noise pollution should be checked otherwise it have disastrous result in future.

4. Radioactive pollution: Radioactive pollution is a curse for modern age. The habitants of Earth are suffering from the hazardous results of atom and nuclear, test explosions, power plants, radioisotope use in medicine, industry and research, etc.

Nuclear tests and weapons of war using nuclear power are the greatest threat to the human race. During explosion, the radioactive substances like Strontium 90, Cesium 137 and Cobalt 60 are produced which are long lived. Strontium 90 can accumulate in bones and causes cancer. It replaces calcium due to which bones become weak. It causes leukaemia, bone cancer and other diseases.

5. Industrial pollution: Industrial pollution means, pollution by mills and factories. Due to their residues (i) Soil pollution, (ii) Water pollution and (iii) Air pollution is increasing. We must devise measures to control the pollution by chimney wastes.

Question 4.
Explain the problem of ozone depletion. (MP 2010)
Answer:
Ozone Hole: It is about 20-35 km, above the sea level in the atmosphere. This layer absorbs the ultraviolet rays coming from the sun and saves living being on the earth.

Due to excessive use of Chloro Floro Carbon (CFC), in the appliances as refrigerator and use of air conditioner, there is a hole in ozone layer. It was first observed in Antarctica in 1985.

Due to the hole in the ozone layer, the ultraviolet rays on the earth surface is spreading. As a result the possibility of skin cancer is increasing. It also reduces the immunity of the body. Due to decreasing rate of photosynthesis growth of flora and fauna is hampered and forests are drying.

“Carbon dioxide and other heat resistant gases absorb some part of heat and reverse it back to the earth surface. As a result extra heat is stored in the lower atmosphere and its temperature increases called “Global warming.”

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Question 5.
What do you mean by resources? Explain the types of resources.
Answer:
When any physical thing or matter is useful or valuable to man it is called a resource. Nature has given many gifts to man for fulfilment of his needs such as rocks, minerals, soil, rivers plants and animals etc. When these gifts of nature are useful to man they are called resources.

Types of Resources:
1. Natural resources: The resources which are given to us by nature and man’s role in its creation is negligible are called the Natural Resources.
Natural resources are of two types:

  • Renewable
  • Non-renewable.

(a) Renewable resources: Renewable resources which are recyclable after the use or can be used again e.g., forests, pastures and agricultural land.
(b) Non-renewable resources: Those resources which once exploited cannot be recycled or supplied in the near future such as petroleum, coal.

2. Human resources: Human resources means the resources which are qualities of man. Education and health increase man’s physical and mental capacity. Man himself is major resources who uses the natural elements as resources on the basis of his knowledge, labour and technical know-how.

3. Man made resources: Man made resources are those resources which are produced by man to utilize the physical matters of environment such as machines, buildings, tools etc.

4. Land resources: Land is an important natural resources. Land is used for housing, roads, railways, farming pasture etc.

5. Water resources: Water on the earth surface is obtained through rains, rivers, lakes ponds, glaciers etc. The water is used for irrigation, industry, domestic supply and water transport. For better use of water multipurpose river valley project in prepared.

6. Soil resources: Good soil is essential for the growth of vegetation, the living beings are dependent on plants for their food. The soil formation is a slow process. In the soil formation types of rocks, climate, land slope, type of vegetation have specific contribution. Fertility of soil depends on all these.

7. Forest resources: 30% of the total area of the world is covered by forests. Forest do not grow in dry and snowy areas. Forests have specific importance for us. The trees absorbs Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen, therefore forests are considered as the store house of life giving for all living beings. Forest conserve water and soil. They increase the underground water level.

Question 6.
What is excessive Grazing. What are its ill effects? (MP 2011)
Answer:
Excessive intake of vegetation by domestic animals is called over grazing. As a result the vegetation does not grow again very fast in these areas. The ill effect is that layer of vegetation from land is destroyed. Due to soil erosion the danger of desertification on arises. In such areas soil absorbs less water and plants do not get adequate water. Such situation has developed the highlands of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Western Madhya Pradesh.

Question 7.
How does the over population affect the human life? Explain.
Answer:
Population explosion is a major problem of our country. Because of this many problems are arising. They are as follows:
1. Hunger: Because of high population the problem of food is faced by people. Production capacity of our country is less in compare to increase in population. Many people in the world are not getting two meals also in a day. Some of them get meals but they are not nutritious.

2. Problem of housing: People are facing the problem of housing because of increase in population. Many people are living on footpath, railway platform and bus stands. Some people live under the open sheets and huts.

3. Shortage resources: Because of over population people are facing the shortage of resources. Water problem, soil resources are used on large scale because of heavy burden of population on it. Resources are limited which we cannot increase. So population have to be controlled by us.

4. Unemployment: There is a great problem of under employment and unemployment. Wealth is required by man. But because of unemployment problem people cannot earn wealth. Nowadays in every part of the world people are facing the problem of educated unemployment. Sometimes people get the job but not according to their interest.

5. Problem of pollution: Because of high population the problem of pollution is faced by every country of the world. There is a problem of noise pollution, water pollution and soil pollution because of over population. All the metro cities are facing the problem of pollution because of excess burden of people on the earth.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Question 8.
How does the construction of huge dams harmful for environment? Explain with example.
Answer:
Under the multipurpose river valley project many dams are constructed on big rivers. By these dams various purposes are solved at a time. About 700 dams have been constructed after independence but apart from their advantages there are certain disadvantages also. The harmful effects can be studied under the following heads:

1. Clearing of green plants: Whenever a river valley project is started the construction of houses for the workers, construction of roads, railway and underground tunnels become essential. As a result the greenery of large areas disappears. The artificial pond made from the huge dams drawn forests and farm land. Damodar valley project, Hirakund project are the example of it, where greenery of large area is cleared.

2. Effect on agriculture: Wherever a river valley project in started the artificial pond made from the huge dam drowns the agricultural land also. The alkalinity of the land increases due to water drained from the canals of the dam and its fertility decreases. Due to the prevalence of continuous water in dam and canal area the nearby land become unsuitable for agriculture.

3. Salty water: Nearby dam area the amount of salty water increases. This salty water is not suitable for agriculture and other purposes.

4. Displacement of human settlement: Human settlements are displaced from the dam areas. Many families have to leave their places and settle at other places. Bhakara dam and Pong dam are the best examples of it. For the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dams of Narmada river many families were displaces.

5. High economic cost: The economic cost of dam is very high and their profits are not in proportion to the cost. So it is better to construct lower cost small dam instead of huge dam.

Question 9.
“Centralization of industries is dangerous for environment.” Explain with example. (MP 2009, 15)
Answer:
Construction of industries on one land is very useful but at the same time centralization of industries in dangerous also. The following problems are there:
1. Air pollution The factories release poisonous gases in the atmosphere. This disturb atmospheric balance and increases air pollution. It causes many diseases.

2. Increase in temperature: Because of smoke of factories the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increase. It increases the temperature of the atmosphere. If this temperature goes on increasing continuously the existence of life on the earth will be over.

3. Ozone layer: Air pollution causes acid rains. The danger of increase in the hole of the ozone layer is also rising because of air pollution. Due to the hole in the ozone layer the ultraviolet rays on the earth surface is spreading. As a result the possibility of skin cancer is increasing.

4. Clearing of forest: Because of industrialization forests are cut. Deforestation is causing less rainfall, increase in temperature. Environmental balance is also getting disturb due to reckless cutting of forest. Content of oxygen is increasing in the atmosphere.

5. Noise pollution: Because of industrialization. Noise pollution is also increasing. Sound of machines and syrans are very harsh and they create sound pollution.

6. Water pollution: Because of industrialization water is also polluted. The polluted water is drained in the rivers which directly influences human health and environment. Damodar and Hugli river have been poisoned by the effluents of surrounding factorises.

Question 10.
What do you mean by water pollution? Describe the increasing river polution in India.
Answer:
Some unwanted substances in the natural water that reduces its purity is known as water pollution.
Causes of water are many such as industrial effluents, domestic drainage and sewage fertilizers used in agriculture etc.

Main causes of water pollution in rivers are:

  • Paper and sugar mills and tanneries drain their wastes into rivers or into open land is a major cause of water pollution.
  • Water get polluted by the effluents of coastal cities and by dripping of oil.
  • Big industrial units and lot of small factories use the river water and deposit their harmful wastes back into the rivers causing water pollution.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

I. Choose the correct alternatives:

Question 1.
Unit of measuring noise is: (MP 2010)
(a) Centimetre
(b) Decibel
(c) Celsius
(d) Millibar
Answer:
(b) Decibel

Question 2.
Where was the ozone hole observed in 1985?
(a) Australia
(b) Antarctica
(c) Western Europe
(d) Alaska
Answer:
(b) Antarctica

Question 3.
City with the highest intensity of noise in the world: (MP 2012)
(a) Mumbai
(b) New York
(c) Rio-de-Janerio
(d) Tokyo
Answer:
(c) Rio-de-Janerio

Question 4.
Ozone layer is:
(a) 15 km above the earth surface
(b) 5 – 10 km above the earth surface
(c) 75 – 100 km above the earth surface
(d) 32 – 80 km above the earth surface
Answer:
(d) 32 – 80 km above the earth surface

Question 5.
Main cause of environmental degradation is:
(a) Increase in tourism
(b) Shifting cultivation
(c) Changing nature of land use
(d) All the above.
Answer:
(c) Changing nature of land use

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Question 6.
Population explosion is:
(a) Migration
(b) Equal death rate and birth rate
(c) Crowding
(d) Continuous increase in number of humans
Answer:
(d) Continuous increase in number of humans

Question 7.
‘Cut and Burn’ is related: (MP 2011)
(a) Shifting cultivation
(b) Tourism and pilgrimage
(c) Mining
(d) Construction of dam
Answer:
(a) Shifting cultivation

II. Fill in the blanks:

Question 1.
God Buddha got the divya gyan under the ……………
Answer:
Banyan tree

Question 2.
…………… of total area of world is covered by forest.
Answer:
30%

Question 3.
…………… decibel of sound makes man mad.
Answer:
140

Question 4.
Unit of …………… is Decibel.
Answer:
noise

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

Question 5.
…………… rays on the earth causes skin cancer.
Answer:
Ultra violet

Question 6.
First of all ozone hole observed in 1985 in area of …………… (MP 2009)
Answer:
Antarctica.

III. Match the following:

A B
1. Renewable (a) Means of irrigation
2. Natural pollutant (b) Modifying
3. Protection (c) Pasture land
4.  Pollution (d) Insecticide
5. Social environment (e) Preserve
6. The Radio Active substance (f) Rio-De-Janerio.      (MP 2012)
7. The city having highest noise in the world. (g) Cancer       (MP 2011)

Answers:
1. (c)
2. (d)
3. (e)
4. (b)
5. (a)
6. (g)
7. (f)

IV. Write ‘true’ or ‘false’:

Question 1.
Organic environment is physical environment.
Answer:
True

Question 2.
Petroleum is renewable resource.
Answer:
False

Question 3.
Man and environment is depending on each other.
Answer:
True

Question 4.
Literary meaning of environment is all that surrounds us.
Answer:
True

Question 5.
Machine is a man made resource.
Answer:
True

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions Chapter 1 Man and Environment

V. Give answer in one word:

Question 1.
To keep more than one purposes.
Answer:
multipurpose

Question 2.
One who creates
Answer:
creater

Question 3.
Capacity to resist a disease.
Answer:
disease resistant

Question 4.
In take vegetation by domestic animal is called.
Answer:
excessive grazing

Question 5.
The process of extension of cities is called.
Answer:
excessive grazing urbanization.

MP Board Class 9th Social Science Important Questions