MP Board Class 10th Special English Composition Important Questions
[A] Report/Notice/Message/Telegraph/Short Post Card
Composition – 1
A newspaper reporter has been sent to report on a road accident. Below you can see one page of his notes. Use the information to complete the report he wrote for his newspaper. Do not add any new information to write your answers. (MP 2012)
Accident in Sevoke : 1 Dead
Sevoke, 15 Oct: A road accident took place yesterday at 8:35 pm when a jeep
(a) ………………………………………………………………………….. at Sevoke, 10 km from Siliguri.
According to an eye witness the jeep braked in order to avoid collision with
(b) ………………………………………… The driver was unable to control the jeep, which
(c) …………………………………………………………………… The jeep driver,
(d) ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. Three
(a) Crashed into a ditch,
(b) a local bus that was running at high speed in the middle of the road,
(c) Swerved, hit a tree and overturned,
(d) Mahinder Singh, aged 35, was killed instantly,
(e) persons who were injured were taken to a hospital.
Composition – 2
Mr. A. Mathur is the Manager of Super Chemicals Ltd. He has made the following notes about a job candidate called Mohan Srivastava. He asks his Personal Assistant to write to a letter to Mr Srivastava. Complete the letter using information from the notepad below. (MP 2012)
|Dear Mr. Srivastava
Sub : Interview for the post of salesman
With reference to your application, we are pleased to (a) …………………………………………. for interview for the above mentioned post. Your interview (b) …………………………………. You are required (c) …………………………………………………….Please note that no TA/DA will be paid by the company, and that you are responsible (d) ……………………………………………………….
(a) inform you that you have been selected, (b) will be held on 16th June at 10:30 am in Room no. 315, (c) to bring all your testimonials and two copies of your latest photographs, (d) for making your own arrangements for accomodation, dining and lodging, (e) confirm by letter or telephone if you are reporting for interview on the said date.
Composition – 3
You are Anupama, Secretary of the Environment Club of Government Higher Secondary School, Balaghat. Write a notice in about 120 – 150 words announcing the launching of a Tree Plantation Drive in your school. (MP 2014)
SCHOOL NOTICE BOARD
All the students of the school are hereby informed that the school is going to launch a Tree Plantation Drive on 22 April, 20…. at 10:00 a.m. All the students are required to reach the ground by 9:30 a.m.
Composition – 4
You have managed to get two tickets of a famous play (drama) in Bharat Bhawan that you and your friend wanted to see. Write a message to your friend meet you at a fixed time and place. Do ask your friend to inform his/her parents. (MP 2014)
I have somehow managed to get two tickets of the play in Bharat Bhawan which we have been planning to see for long. Meet me today at 6 in the evening at the parking of Bharat Bhawan. Also, don’t forget to inform your parents so that they are not worried as we may get late in returning home.
Or, You have managed to go sanctuary at Bandhavgarh Umariya to see wild animals with your friend. Write a message to your friend to meet at a fixed time and place in a hotel. Do ask your friend to inform his/her parents. (MP 2015)
1st March, 2018
I have somehow managed to go to sanctuary at Bandhavgarh Umariya, which we have been planning to see since last year. Meet me today at 6:30 in the morning at the parking of Indian Coffee House. Also don’t forget to inform your parents. So that they are not worried as we may get late in returning home.
Composition – 5
Write a telegram to your friend congratulating him on his success in Board Examination. (MP 2012, 18)
Composition – 6
You are Ashutosh Acharya, President of Bharat Mata Higher Secondary School, Bhopal. Write a notice in about 120-150 words announcing the Inter House Dance and Singing Competition, held on 28th October 2018.
Bharat.Mata Higher Secondary School, Bhopal
All the students are hereby informed that Inter House Dance and Singing Competition is scheduled on 28th October 2018 at 5:00 P.M. Interested students may submit their names to the undersigned latest by 05-10-18. Film songs and dances are not allowed. All the songs and dances must be folk based.
Composition – 7
You are Ashutosh Soni attending an NCC camp. write a postcard to your father on your experiences in the camp. (MP 2009, 16)
|Respected father, Pranam,
I am now enjoying the life in the NCC camp. We are the four boys sharing a tent. Initially we had some problems but now we are doing nicely and are good friends now. I have understood why you insisted on early rising and punctuality. They are very much required here. we have to get up early for morning parade and if get late then we miss the breakfast. I have also learnt to wash clothes and polish my shoes. I am enjoying the life here. Please convey my regards to mom and bhaiya.
Composition – 8
Write a message on behalf of your mother telling your brother to reach your uncle’s house for dinner tonight. (MP 2010)
30 August, 2018
Composition – 9
You are Ashutosh Acharya the cultural secretary of your school. Draft a notice giving information about the selection of two participants from your school to take part in the inter school debate competition. (MP 2010, 11, 18)
NACHIKETA HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
30 August, 2018
It is my pleasure to inform all the candidates of the inter school debate competition that held on 17 August, 2018 that two participants Ashish Sahu and Dinky Valecha of classes VII and IX respectively have been selected. Selected students should contact the undersigned for further details.
Composition – 10
Ram wrote the following letter to Gopal. Then he decided to send a telegram instead of the letter. Using relevant information from the letter, write this telegram using more than 20 words. (MP 2012)
17 June, 2018
My sister has sponsored me to go to Australia for higher studies. I have gone through all the formalities and will be leaving India on the morning of 25th June from Mumbai. I will be-arriving in Mumbai by Knourk Express on 23rd June along with my parents and my sister. I’d be very grateful if you could arrange a good hotel for three days for us. Could you possible meet us at the station too?
Hoping to see you soon.
|Receiver’s Name – Gopal
Receiver’s Address – Gopal
MumbaiLeaving for Australia. Reaching Mumbai on 23rd by Konark Express with parents and sister. Arrange hotel for three days and meet at station.
Sender’s Name – Ram
Not to be telegraphed
Composition – 11
Anil Verma was on his way to USA spend by holiday with his aunt and uncle. At Delhi airport just before when his plane was due to depart, he remembered something important. It was his grandfather’s 70th birthday next week and although he had bought a present, it was still lying inside his wardrobe at home. He had forgotten to wrap it and send it. Anil decided to write a post card to his sister Anuja, asking her to send the present. He had only a few minutes before his plane left. Write the post card to Anuja using not more than 40 words. (MP 2012)
25th April, 2018
My Dear Anuja,
My plane is about to take off. As you know Grandpa’s 70th birthday is falling next week. I had bought a gift for him but forget to send it. It is still lying inside my wardrobe at home Please send it.
Composition – 12
You are Darpan, a senior perfect of your school. Your school is going to arrange a painting competition on coming Monday. Draft a notice for the students and ask them to get registered themselves with you before Friday. (MP 2011)
The Arts club, St. Joseph Senior Secondary School is organising a on-the-spot Paint-ing Competition on Monday, 11th April 2018. All the students willing to participate should get themselves registered with the undersigned before Friday, 8th April 2018.
Composition – 13
Your school is going to organise a social work for the welfare of the poor living in slum areas of your city. Draft the Principal’s notice to the students. (MP 2013, 16)
All the students of the school are hereby informed that the school is going to organise a ‘Cleanliness Drive’ for the welfare ot the poor living in the slum area of the city on 10th March 2018. nhe students shall report at 8:00 AM.
Composition – 14
You have lost your watch somewhere in the school premises. Besides being valuable the watch has an emotional value to you. Write a notice to put on school noticeboard, promising a good reward to one who finds it (MP 2017)
All the students are informed that a watch or ‘Titan’ with black belt and golden dial has been lost somewhere near play ground. It belongs to Amit Sharda student of class XI. whose over gets it please bring it to vice Principal’s office. The student will be rewarded for it.
Composition – 15
You have saved one thousand rupees. Write a message to your friend describing your plan that how are you going to use it. (MP 2016)
25 July, U18
[B] Verbal/Visual/Diary Entry
Composition – 1
The following is a diary entry of a reporter. Read this entry and write a paragraph basing it on this, together with your own ideas in 150 words. Assign a suitable title.
Sonepat: Sonepat police busted gang of dacoits and auto-lifters-a Maruti Alto signalled to stop at Delhi-Haryana border-driver speeded up-chased and caught-disclosed on interrogation lifting two cars from Meerut, Ghaziabad-engaged since 2000-stolen goods worth 25 lakhs recovered-police to catch the gang leader.
Dacoits and Autolifters’ Gang Busted
Sonepat: Sonepat police busted a gang of dacoits and autolifters yesterday. Robberies and cases of autolifting were increasing much in the district. As a result police checking was done at various check posts. A Maruti Alto car was signalled to stop at Delhi-Haryana border as it caught the police attention. The driver speeded up but was chased two cars from Meerut and Ghaziabad. He also disclosed that their gang had ten members and they had been operating in Meerut, Ghaziabad and border towns of Haryana since 2000. The police recovered stolen goods worth twenty-five lakhs from various places. Their gang leader is yet to be arrested. The police claim that the members of this gang will soon be arrested and put behind the bars.
Composition – 2
Observe the things in your Examination Hall and attempt a (factual) description of your examination room. Here are a few tips to enable you to write a good description:
|Location, shape and size, colour scheme on the walls, objects and articles seen in the room and their arrangement|
Also include the other striking or special features if any your answer should not exceed 150-175 words. (MP 2016)
Factual Description of Your Examination Room
– by Akshya
At the moment I am writing my Examination paper in the Examination Hall. The paper is of English. I am sitting in the second row writing my answer. This room opens in the long corridor. It is situated on the second floor or my school building. It is rectangular in shape. It has a seating capacity of about fifty students. The white colour on the wall makes the room well-lighted. The sun rays fall through the six windows. These make the room well-lighted and well-ventilated.
There is a long table in front of me, besides the black board on the wall. On it is written ‘Best of Luck’. There are beautiful ‘shlokas’ written on the wall. The room has fixed benches in rows in an ascending order. The seating is comfortable. Wafts of fresh air enter the room. There is no noise now in it. Everything is calm and quiet because the examination is on.
Around me to my left and right, in front of and behind are sitting other examinees. They are busy writing their paper. There is some slight murmur here and there. It is inaudible in the sound of chirping by birds. The whole scene is of seriousness and full concentration of the examinees.
Composition – 3
You happened to overhear the following conversation:
Rahul: Where have your planned to go during the summer holidays?
Jeevan: I wish I could go boating on Dal Lake.
Rahul: It is safe to go to Kashmir now ? Don’t you hear a lot about terrorism in the newspaper?
On hearing this dialogue you decide to write an article in the local daily on the need to provide security at tourist spots and suggest ways and means by which such spots could be made more attractive to tourists. Using ideas from which such spots could be made more attractive to tourists. Using ideas from the unit on ‘Travel and Tourism’ along with your own ideas, write the article in 150-175 words.
Need to Provide Security at Tourist Spots
– by Ram
India is a great country as far as weather and tourist spots are concerned. In one comer we have summer, in the other we have winter. Then there are scenes of deserts and scenes of wild nature in its great gloiy. Places of historical importance are in plenty. India’s glorious past comes alive when we visit these places.
But it is really sad that terrorism has affected these places of tourist importance. There are daily news in the newspapers about the sad plight of tourist spots in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir being near to Pakistan is a hot spot of terrorism. There are bomb blasts almost daily in the parts of Kashmir. Innocent lives are lost without their fault. Children become orphans and women widows.
Tourists are a constant source of bread and butter for the people living in them. Their not going there means loss of livelihood to those people. Terrorism has no human face. The govt, no doubt, is doing its utmost to provide security to such places. But a lot more needs to be done.
The information gathering mechanism at both centre and state levels needs to be strengthened. Highly sophisticated gadgets should be procured to intercept the terrorists’ communications. Army should be deployed at most sensitive areas. Terrorists are humanity’s enemies. They should be crushed with an iron hand.
Composition – 4
Read the following telephone conversation which took place when Suresh was staying with the his uncle. Write the message from Suresh to his uncle, using not more than 50 words. (MP 2012)
Seshu: Hello! Hello! This is Seshu from Lucknow. Can I speak to Mr. Rao, please ? I am a friend of his son, Madhav Rao.
Suresh: This is Suresh Rao. My uncle is not here at the moment. We heard about the earthquake. Is Madhav all right?
Seshu: Yes, Yes. He’s okay now. But he had a bad fall during the earthquake and he broke his left ley. It was a multiple fracture, but there’s nothing to worry about now.
Suresh: Is he in hospital?
Seshu: Yes, he’s at the Tata Memorial Hospital here. Would you please inform his family?
Seshu, a friend of Madhav Rao’s son, rang up and told me that Madhav Rao had a wall fall during the earthquake and had broken his left leg. He is admitted in the Tata Memorial Hospital but there is nothing to worry.
Composition – 5
Look at the visual input given below and produce a story: (MP 2011, 18)
Once there was a crow. He was very thirsty. He flew around in search of water. Soon he saw a pitcher. There was very little water in it and the crow could not drink because he found that the neck of the jug was too narrow. He thought for a while and an idea struck his mind. He took some small stones in his beak and put them in the pitcher one by one. Thus, after some time the stones settled at the base and the level of water rose up. The crow drank water and flew away. Therefore it is said that, ‘where there is a will, there is a way’.
Composition – 6
Here is a diary entry of a reporter. Read it and on the basis of it write a paragraph in 150 words.
New Delhi: 15 March, 2018
Lamented much falling standards-University campus and colleges places of politics and Violence-Minister called upon the youth for constructive work- shun violence and cement universal brotherhood-communal harmony-asked teachers to spread peace, brotherhood, amity-stressed on the ancient Gurukul values.
5 More College, University soon in Delhi
At last students shall have some relief in seeking admission to colleges in Delhi since 5 more colleges are coming up. This was disclosed by the Human Resource Development Minister at his Press Conference yesterday. He also disclosed that the setting up of another University in West Delhi has also been cleared by the Union Cabinet. It shall be completed by 2018. The proposed University shall be both residential and affiliating in nature.
The Minister lamented that the educational and academic standards have been falling at a great speed. Education was safe from social evils in the past but this is not true today. He pointed out that colleges and universities are now hot places of politics and violence. He called upon the youth to join hands for constructive work rather than destructive one. He also called upon them to shun violence and cement universal, brotherhood and communal harmony. He also asked teachers to spread peace brotherhood and amity together with stressing on the ancient Gurukul values. The conference came to a close around 5 pm.
Composition – 7
Read the following flow chart showing the ordinary process of withdrawing money from ATM. Write a paragraph on it. (MP 2016, 18)
ATM stands for ‘Automated Teller Machine’. ATM is a machine at a bank branch or other location which enables a customer to perform basic banking activities round the clock. Now we are free to operate it any time, any place. ATM cards comes in two types debit card and credit card. Now lets start the discourse about the process of withdrawal money from ATM through the card. ATM card comes with a magnetic stripe or a plastic smart card with a chip. First locate an ATM machine of your bank nearby your place. Before entering ATM room. We should insert card to open the door of the ATM bank.
After entering the ATM room, insert your ATM card in the slot of ATM machine (where you can see a blinking green light in the machine). Then on the screen select the language you want to do the transaction for. Now the machine will ask for your secret PIN code number. Enter your PIN number. After that on the screen select the mode of transaction, from the options given like withdraw, deposit, balance enquiry, bill payment etc. Click on withdrawal cash from the option. On the screen it will show various types of account, like saving or current account.
Then choose saving account. Then it will ask for the amount you want to withdraw. Here make sure that the amount you are entering is not more than your main balance. And press correct options, now the money comes out from the dispenser machine. Collect your money before 30 seconds. Then collect your card and the statement from the dispenser machine. Once you have completed your transaction press the button of stop or clear before leaving the ATM room.
Composition – 8
Look at the visual input given below and produce a paragraph. (MP 2016, 18)
Noise pollution has become one of the big problems in India, affecting the human lives in many ways. We all should know the causes, effects and most importantly the preventive measures of the noise pollution in order to get prevented from the effect of it. Normal level of the sound is necessary to maintain the daily lives, however undesired sound or noise which is not tolerated by the people, animals or plants which causes noise pollution.
In India many festivals and small or big functions are celebrated with great enthusiasms. The use of loud speaker or band is usually used at the time of festivals or functions. High level sound creates unpleasant effects and discomfort to the health especially to the ears. Though the people enjoy the event who takes part in it but many suffer due to this. New generation people play music in full volume and dance late night causing lots of physical and mental disturbances to the neighbours. Mostly it is annoying and inconvenience caused to several people, mainly to the students. Many a time the loudspeakers are used both during night and day by some people. The old age people and the students mainly suffer the most.
The students who are having examination or facing competitive examination, they are not able to concentrate well in their studies, at times when loudspeakers are on high volume. High level of noise slowly affects the health and acts as a slow poison. However, a strict action should be taken for the use of loudspeakers or there should be a restriction on hours as well as volume at which the loudspeakers can play. This is also a way we can keep our environment free and clean from noise pollution.
[C] Report Writing/Short Composition
Composition – 1
Write a report in about 120-150 words on a “one day match” played by your school team i.e. Maharshi Parsuram H.S., against the team of Maharaja Agrasen H.S. (MP 2015)
One Day Cricket Match
20th November, 2016, Jabalpur (Raghu)
Cricket match has became a religion with our youth. Yesterday an interesting Cricket match was played between our school Maharshi Parsuram H. S. and Maharaja Agrasen H.S. at our cricket ground. It was twenty-twenty match. The match drew a huge enthusiastic crowd. Student from both the school had gathered there in large numbers even before the match started. The toss was called. We won the toss. Rajesh and Mukesh opened the innings. Rajesh hit the very first ball over the heads of the fielders for a six. Mukesh also opened his account with a cover drive, and then came the sudden collapse we lost four wickets within an over. But our captain Swarup played well and turned the tide.
He scored half century gave us a respectable total of 160 runs. Now Maharaja Agrasen H. S. started the innings in a great style. Their openers were in a furious mood. When there was 50 for no loss, no one could hope for a victory. But then the most unexpected did take place. Their half of the team was out at 80. Soon a quick knock of 40 by Raj gave them a new hope, but it proved fatel. Our bowlers were again on the top Maharaja Agrasen H. S. was bundled out on 145 runs. We won by a narrow margin in the 20th over. But a victory is always sweet. The members of both the teams had a light refreshment.
Composition – 2
You are Anshul Raj. As a responsible citizen, you have organised a campaign on ‘Say no to polythene bags’ in your locality. Write a report in not more than 150 words for publication in a magazine.
Say No to Polythene Bags
Plastic is an environment Hazard. Polythene bags are polluting land, water and air because they are non-bio-degradable. A plastic bag if buried in soil will remain there intact even after hundreds of years. Plastic is impermeable to water and air. Hence water cannot percolate down the plastic sheet and it also deprives the soil of the oxygen. Thus it deterio-rates the fertility of the land. Plastic is lighter than water and floats on its surface. It stops mixing of vital oxygen from air to water. Plastic can neither melt in water nor degrade in soil. It is very difficult to get rid of it. Even burning causes air pollution as many poisonous gases are produced in the process. Thinner than five micron plastic bags are especially harmful because if they are mixed in the soil they cannot be picked. We must ban its uses.
Composition – 3
Given below is information about Rabindra Nath Tagore. Use this information to develop a paragraph/speech: (MP 2014)
1861—Born in Calcutta, 1901—Founded a school at Shantiniketan near Bolpur, 1910—Gitanjali, his best known collection of poem, 1913—Awarded the Nobel Prize for this (literature), 1919—Surrendered the title in protest against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre, 1921—Inaugurated the Viswa Bharti University, 1941—Died in Calcutta.
Rabindra Nath Tagore, the poet of poets was born in Calcutta in 1861. He was a multi-dimensional personality. In 1901 he founded a school at Shantiniketan near Bolpur, Shantiniketan is a famous centre of learning in the fields of art, literature, music, painting etc. In 1910 he composed Gitanjali, his best known collection of poems, he was awarded Nobel Prize for this piece of literature (Gitanjali) in 1913. He surrendered the title (Knighthood) in protest against the Jalianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919. He inaugurated the Viswa Bharti University in 1921. He breathed his last in Calcutta in 1941.
Composition – 4
Deforestation is imbalancing the Ecosystem. Write your views. (MP 2009, 11, 13)
Trees and Forests
1. A tree is a woody plant usually with a single stem. A large area well covered with woody plants is a forest. The woody plants called shrubs and bushes are smaller than trees and have usually more than one main stem. Trees are the largest living things on the Earth, and they live longer than any animal. The tallest trees are mountain ashes. Which have grown to well over 330 feet. The oldest trees are the Californian pines, some of which are more than 4,500 years old.
The age of a tree can be told by counting the rings in the trunk. In most kinds of temperate trees (i.e. grown in neither very hot nor very cold climates), new wood is formed each year in a layer outside the wood of the previous year. The layers of wood, as seen on the cut end of a felled tree, are circular and are called annual rings. Each ring in the trunk of the wood represents one year of the tree’s life. In a year of good rainfall, ‘he ring formed is wider than one formed in. the drier year. A record of rainfall can thus be read in tree rings.
2. Trees are important to our world for a number of reasons. Like all green plants, they build up their food by the process known as photosynthesis . The by-product of this process is oxygen which human beings and other animals take from the atmosphere as they breathe. That is why the great forests have been called the “lungs of the world”. They make much of the oxygen we need to live.
3. Trees are living things like man and animals, they too feel pleasure and joy as well as pain, therefore should not be destroyed. Today due to the destruction of forests, mercilessly we are suffering from its consequence. The temperature of the earth has risen, the rainfall on the earth has declined the amount of poisonous gasses on the earth has increased. Therefore efforts are being made to save forest and to plant more and more trees to save our earth from getting entirely destroyed due to only our selfishness and foolishness*
Composition – 5
Write an article for your school magazine on ‘Importance on newspapers in our life’. (MP 2009)
Todays world is ruled and run by media. Media provides us with the up-to-date information and newspaper is the oldest family member of media. Today though there are many fast methods of gaining information but still newspaper has its own place and importance in the life of man.
Newspaper not only provides us with information but also help to mould public opinion. Newspaper also provides us a platform to advocate social reforms introduced by the reformers. Press also alerts man against the harmful products sold in the market. It also criticises the government for the wrongs done by her and raises a voice of protest through its special column.
Newspaper no doubt is a very powerful media. It has the power to install or overthrow a government from its power, therefore press owes a great responsibility to be fair and just whenever it prints any news. It is.like a loaded gun that has a power to destroy the peace of a nation.
Newspaper also does great social job by printing an-appeal of a needy family who wishes to approach the social welfare society in her column thus drawing the attention of the charitable trusts.
Thus, we can see how the newspaper serves the nation and also helps in shaping the destiny of a nation.
Composition – 6
Describe your childhood in your own words. (MP 2009)
Childhood is the golden period in every man’s life. It is that period when they are not worried about anything. It has its own pleasures and pains. In childhood, I used to get tonnes of love and affection. I was pampered and cared and given everything I asked for but within limits I used to find joy and happiness all around me. I enjoyed eating sweets and playing with colourful balls and balloons. As a child, I was a quick learner therefore my elders were very careful when they spoke in front of me, they never used a wrong word in my presence. I had to do what my elders felt was right for me, maybe therefore I desired to growup soon and become free to take up my decision, but I some times do regret and desire for my childhood to return to me even if it is for a flying moment.
Composition – 7
Write a composition on your “Dream School”. (MP 2009, 11)
Education is a sacred instrument for building the nation and teachers are that key who help to unlock the students shyness, hesitation etc. and thereby help to shape the society, A school should not only be a place where the child is taught basic subject like Maths, History, Geography, Science etc. but it should be a place where his whole personality is developed. He is provided with ample opportunity to play games and if interested in any particular facility should be provided to achieve perfection in it. The school staff should be helping and should always be ready to help any time. There approach should be friendly. My ‘Dream School’ should have a spacious laboratory of all Science subjects, it should be well equipped and well ventilated. The same thing goes for the classroom, it should not be dark and dingy nor too small to accommodate students, My school besides the above given facilities also provides opportunities in co-curricular activities like paper mashy art, painting, drawing etc.
A good school with the help of devoted teaching staff can help to build a new India mache’ an India that holds fast to the traditional culture of the past and at the same time look forward to future oriented India and it is these teachers alone can provide through rich dynamic education.
Composition – 8
Give an account of importance of a role model. (MP 2010)
A role model is a person who may be taken as an example to be copied. He/she plays a vital role in one’s life. He directs, guides and channelises is one’s course of life. My grandfather is my role model. He is over seventy. He was a successful teacher before retirement. He had excellent command over English, Urdu, Sanskrit, Punjabi and Marathi. His ideas were a source of inspiration to me. He authored many books. He is a renowned scholar and excellent speaker. He has tought me the value of work, discipline and character and how to make the best of time. He taught me the art of living by facing all odds in life.
Composition – 9
Prices are rising very high. It becomes very difficult to manage the expenses. Write a short note on ‘Proper Money Management’. (MP 2010)
‘Proper Money Management’ means, how one should manage to expend money according to the occasions and save proper proportion of one’s income. Money is for spending. First of all we should fulfill our necessary wants of life. Everyone has to fulfill his necessaty wants. Without fulfilling our necessary wants, we cannot service. Necessary wants include the wants of food, clothes and shelter. After fulfilling necessary wants, we should think of all other wants. We should spend our income in such a way that we may be able to save money for future. We must spend money according to the worth of occasion. If we spend much money on a particular item, we should save money on another item. Above all, we must save a part of income. We must not be the victim of evil habits.
Composition – 10
Suppose you are going to deliver a speech on ‘Teacher’s Dayr. Prepare a draft of your speech. (MP 2010)
Respected Teachers and Students,
Today is Teacher’s Day. Dr. Radhakrishnan had been the President of India. He had been a teacher also. His birthday was 5th September. He felt very much proud of being a teacher. So, he declared that his birthday should be celebrated as ‘Teachers day’. He used to say that the profession of a teacher is very pious. Giving education to the citizens of one’s country is a noble deed. It is a kind of patriotic performance. Teachers are the nation builders. They give good guidance and direction to students. They teach them to value of discipline. They teach them how to make progress of their country.
Teachers help the students to become good citizens. Good citizens are file great wealth of a nation. Good citizens make progress of a country. They are the pillars of the nation. They make the foundation of the country deep and lift the country to the sky. Teachers help their students to do all this. Thus, we can say that teachers are noble persons. We must pay great regards to them.
Composition – 11
Games and Sports are not only means for entertainment but useful in complete personality development They also help a person to live a fit life. Write a composition to highlight “Importance of Games and Sports”. (MP 2010)
Games are a necessary part of education. Just as books form part of education, games and sports also form part of education books enlighten the mind, games refresh the body. In a word, books and games are complimentary to each other. For students both are essential, excess of either can be harmful.
There is an old saying that “a healthy mind lives in a healthy body”. It simply means that both games and books are necessary. Good health is absolutely necessary for a person. If a person is always engrossed in books he is bound to be dull and listless. “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy” reads an old saying. Life is without charm if one is not healthy. And games and sports go a long way in keeping a man healthy and fit.
Games are compulsory in schools. One period is reserved for games. There are many benefits that come to us through games and sports. Firstly they keep us healthy and in good spirits: After a game, one feels refreshed and ready for the work of the day. Games also develop a sense of fellow feeling and comradeship in people. Team games are especially helpful in this regard. They teach us the spirit of following the orders of a fellow player, who happens to be our captain. However games must not be played with the spirit of enmity.
However, excessive indulgence in games is bound to be harmful. Too much play is harmful to health as well. Also spending too much time on the playfield will mean less time for students to study. So there must be a right balance between games and other activities of life.
Composition – 12
Give an account of the ‘Importance of obedience and discipline in a students life’. (MP 2010)
Discipline is the most indispensable quality of life. It plays an important role in t every walk of life. It is the greatest law of nature. It is therefore, essential for every person. Discipline is the symbol of being civilized person or society.
Discipline and obedience is important in every walk of life. It is necessary in school, family, offices, factory, neighbourhood and is nature. Every object of nature works according to the fixed and set principles. We cannot imagine what will happen if a slight disturbance takes place. Everything will come to dead end and we will be no more in the world. At the social and national level, discipline and obedience means mutual help and cooperation.
Our progress, strength, stability mental peace and prosperity depends upon discipline. It is discipline that teaches us to subordinate our selfish desires to the greater interest of human society. If every person does what he considers to be good for himself alone, there would be disorder all around. This will lead to quarrels and violence.
Composition – 13
‘Mahatma Gandhi was a great social reformer’. Write your views in about 100 words. (MP 2013, 17)
Mahatma Gandhi is known as a great social reformer in the history of India. No aspect of social life has been left untouched by him. He treated all the religions alike. He did not hate any caste. He did not like caste system in India. He favoured the improvement of the condition of women. He used to say that man and woman are the two wheels of the cart of society. Both are the complement to each other. He favoured the education for women. He favoured the uplift of the downtrodden. He always tried to reform their condition. He was sternly against the untouchability in India: He used to say that God has made all equal. All are equal in the eyes of God. According to the law, all people are equal, if it is so, we must not hate any caste or any religion because the same blood flows through the veins of all human beings.
He was the follower of Raja Ram Mohan Roy who stood against the evil customs and traditions of Indian society. He disfavoured ‘Sati Pratha’ in Indian society. Gandhiji also favoured his views and spoke against ‘Sati Pratha’. Gandhi loved poor veiy much. He was not against machines but he stood against the extreme use of machines. He was in favour of cottage industries in villages, he wanted that machines should not create the problem of unemployment. He was in favour of rural up-liftmen.
Composition – 14
With the help of the words given below, produce a composition. The topic is ‘The Republic Day”: (MP 2011, 18)
(a) Assemble in ground
(b) Unfurl national flag
(c) National Anthem
(d) Principal’s address.
(e) N.S.S. and N.C.C. Cadets.
The Republic Day
We celebrate the Republic Day every year on 26th of January. This year we were asked to reach the school at 7-30 in the morning. All the students assembled on the school playgroud. We were asked to stand in rows in front of the flag post. Soon the headmaster and other members of the staff arrived there. The P.T.I. gave a caution to stand at attention. The headmaster hoisted the National flag. We all sang the National anthem. Then there was a short speech by the headmaster. He explained the importance of the day. All the members of the staff and the students took a vow to serve our motherland.
The NCC and NSS cadets participated in the march past and helped to maintain discipline and organise the function.
Then there were games and sports. In the evening, there was a cultural programme. Some students sang patriotic songs and recited other poems. There were monoactings and a one act play also. Then the headmaster distributed sweets and we all dispersed.
Composition – 15
Describe the scene in a bank with the help of the given cluses: (MP 2011)
(a) The guard outside
(b) The counter for different transactions
(c) People working at counters
(d) The crowd present in the bank
(e) The Manager.
The Scene in a Bank
Recently I had the opportunity of visiting a bank with my father. The bank that I visited was the main branch of State Bank of India, Jabalpur. The bank was opened in a double storey building. There was a guard outside the building whose business was to keep an eye over the visitors. The bank was computerised and there were three cash counters at the ground floor. These counters were meant for monetary transactions. Gne of the counters were meant for the savings account holders, including students and pensioners.
The bank was equipped with fire safety measures, generators, computers and air conditioners. On the other side were several other counters dealing with passbook updation, making drafts, opening accounts, fixed deposit etc. At the right hand, comer is customer help desk counter where one may get a satisfactory answer of his queries.
On the first floor, there was Branch Manager’s cabin. The Branch Manager was Mr. Rajneesh Sood. He was a well behaved man with fine personality and pleasing communication skills. Besides this there were several other sections dealing with loans like home loan, car loan, personal loan, education loan etc. the diaty section that maintains a record of daily transactions of the bank.
The manager took me around with him and showed me the strong room of the bank made with very heavy iron doors. It was protected by a high alert security system. It meant for keeping cash. The manager also showed me the locker room. There were many lockers in this room each having a number. The customers willing to avail locker facility can keep their jewellery, documents and other valuable items here safely.
There was a huge crowd present in the bank. Everyone was busy. People were depositing and withdrawing cash, buying insurance policies, opening new accounts, taking loans and enquiring about their accounts. The bank staff was too busy catering to the needs of customers.
Composition – 16
Write a short biography of Jawahar Lal Nehru under the following headings:
(a) Parentage and education
(b) Contribution in Indian freedom struggle
(c) Jawahar Lai Nehru as a Prime Minister. (MP 2011, 14)
Jawahar Lal Nehru
Jawahar Lal Nehru was bom on 14 Nov, 1889. He was bom to Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani in a Kashmiri Pandit family. He was educated in India and Britain. In England, he attended the Independent boy’s school, Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.
On 7th February, 1916, he was married to Kamla Nehru. In the first year of marriage, she gave birth to Indira Priyadarshini. Being a son of wealthy barrister and politician he soon became the leader of the left wing of the Congress. He later rose to be Congress President under the guidance of Gandhiji. He was a radical leader who advocated complete independence or ‘Pooma Swaraj’ for India from the British Empire. In the long struggle for Indian independence, he was recognised by Gandhiji as his political successor. Nehruji also led an interim govt, that faced opposition from the Muslim League headed by Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Thus, failing to strike a coalition, he supported the partition of India.
On 15th August, 1947 he took office as the Prime Minister of India and delivered his famous speech ‘A Tryst with Destiny’. However, this period was marked by communal violence. He conducted several, tours and encouraged Muslims to remain in India. Under his leadership, the Congress won a overwhelming, majority in the elections of 1952. He served as the Prime Minister of India till 1964 and is the longest serving Prime Minister of India. He was also the founder of Non Aligned movement and was an important figure in international politics in the post war era.
Composition – 17
Suppose you are the captain of the team. Draft a speech for your team members for a letter coordination and team spirit in 50-60 words. (MP 2013)
Friends! As we all know ‘A sound mind lives in a sound body’. The advantages of games and sports are manyfold. As an organised team we shall work like a co-ordinated machine to win honour, recognition and glory. As the captain of this team, my focus will be on the development of team-spirit and sportsmanship. We shall face challenges like a family but with all our honesty and sincerity. We shall help and cooperate one another in every possible manner. Let us explore our capabilities to win laurels for our school and learn to accept both success and failure like a true sportsman.
Composition – 18
Write a paragraph of about 120-150 words on how can we make our surroundings green, pollution free and environment friendly. (MP 2014)
India is faced with the problem of environmental pollution. Rapid industrialisation, deforestation, fuel emission and extensive use of pesticides are source of the chief causes. This has resulted in the depletion of ozone layer, various health problems, ecological dis-balance, extinction of some of true species of animals. It is high time that we make efforts to protect our environment. Efforts should be made to discourage deforestation and encourage aforestation. Industrial and domestic wastes should be properly disposed off. It should not be allowed to flow into rivers. Use of air conditioners and refrigerators should be reduced because harmful gases are released on their operation. The various legislations to protect different components of environment like Factories Act, Indian Forest Act, Industries Act, Municipal Corporation Act should be properly implemented. Rashly people may be made aware through various awareness programmes.
Composition – 19
Given below is information about the title ‘The Bet’ Use this information to develop a paragraph: (MP 2015)
- Age of 25 years a banker
- He bet about a man
- First year for the prisoner
- Second year for the prisoner
- Sixth year for the prisoner
- Mentality of the prisoner at the end.
Fifteen years ago at the age of 25 year, a banker had thrown a party. Many of his friends were present in the party. There was a young lawyer too. They discussed on the death penalty. The banker was of the opinion that death was better than life imprisonment but the lawyer disagreed and claimed that it was better to live some how than not to live at all. The banker challenged the lawyer two millions if he would stay in solitary confinement for five years. The lawyer accepted the bet and declared that he would stay for fifteen years. The agreement was drawn up. The banker locked the lawyer in the garden wing of his house. During the first year, the prisoner suffered from loneliness and depression and read light books and played on piano.
From second to fifth year he ate, drank and rested. In the sixth year he began to read zealously, he read immense quantity of books on natural sciences, poetry, chemistry, medicine, novel philosophy and theology. He read lot of books of philosophical and religious, which gave him wisdom. From these hooks he learnt and understood that freedom, life, health are worthless. The world is illusion. Everything in this world is subject to decay. Death is the only certainty in this uncertain world. Life is not worth living. Death wipes away every achievement. The mentality of the prisoner changed at the end. For him “wisdom is more valuable than any other thing”.
Composition – 20
Write a short biography of Dr. A.P. J. Abdul Kalam under the following heading:
- His parentage and education. (MP 2015)
- His contribution to India’s most important works.
- As a president of India.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born to Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma on October 15, 1931. He came from a family whose financial condition weren’t sound enough. Kalam took up odd jobs in his childhood to support his family income but never gave up on his education. He graduated from Saint Joseph’s College. Tiruchirappalli in 1954 but was not satisfied with his degree. He left for Madras to study Aerospace Engineering. He enrolled at the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT).
His contribution to India as a scientist was immensely at the Indian Space Research Organization was immense. He was responsible for numerous projects such as Project Devil and Project Valiant and launch of the ‘Rohini-I’, besides developing missiles under the missions ‘Agni’ and ‘Prithvi’ For the same. He was popularly tagged as the “Missile man of India”. Kalam was honored with great laurels and awards for his work by both the Government of India and other countries.
Kalam served as the 11th president of India from 2002 until 2007. One amongst the most respected people of the country and became the first citizen of India. With his appointment Kalam the first scientist and first ever bachelor to occupy the Rashtrapati Bhawan. During his tenure as a President, Kalam as both appreciated and criticised. After completing his term as President, he served as visiting professor esteemed institutes and universities of India. In addition to all the profiles that Dr. Kalam held, he authored numerous influential and inspirational books. His books include “Mission India” and “Inspiring Thoughts.” He launched his mission for the youth of the nation called the “What can I give movement”, with the main aim to defeat corruption in India.
Composition – 21
You are Rohit Saini. Traffic jams and road accidents are common in your city as people don’t follow the traffic rules. Write an article of about 200 words for your school magazine on “Safe Driving”. Take the help of the following points:
Follow the lane, You save petrol, Continuous flow of traffic, Save money. Cut down the risk of accident, Save yourself from heated arguments, You reach your destination faster. (MP 2014)
There has been a rapid increase in the number of road accidents in the past few years. This is due to the carelessness of pedestrians and drivers. There are traffic jams and road accidents because people don’t follow the rules. There is a need to make people aware so that they follow the traffic rules and drive safe. Traffic jams and road accidents occur because everybody seems to be in a hurry. People do not follow the law and soon the road gets conjusted. By following the law you save much petrol and can help in maintaining a continuous flow of traffic. This in turn will save time, money and most importantly life, since it will cut down the risk of road mishaps. Not only this, it will also keep you away from problems like entering into a heated argument with a traffic policeman or a stranger and reach your destination safe and in time.
Composition – 22
You are Manasi. You visited ‘The Green Gardens Resort’ during the holidays. Write an article in not more than 150-175 words for your school magazine about why the place attracted you. Include the following:
- Reasonable charges
- Hygienic surroundings
- Scenic beauty
- Facilities available.
Green Gardens Resort – A Natural Attraction
‘Green Gardens Resort’ deserves a visit by any lover of nature and its beauty. Its plus points are many. That’s why, it has become a favourite holiday resort for all alike. I also visited this Resort during the holidays. I found it incomparable.
The most important points that make the Resort worth visit are many. These are: its accessibility, reasonable charges, hygienic surroundings, scenic beauty and facilities available. The place can be reached easily by rail, road and air. It is a five-hour journey. There are a series of three-star, five-star hotels and lodges. They provide a good staying arrangement at reasonable charges. They charge reasonably which suits every tourist’s pocket.
The most prominent feature of the place is its hygienic surrounding. Its scenic beauty is just magical. The natural beauty with snowy peaks and virgin forests add glory to the entire place. The temples highlight the indigenous culture. The food is both continental and international. There is a strange mixture of indigenous and international culture.
All kinds of facilities make the place a favourite tourist spot. The prominent tourist spots like the old fort, the botanical park, children’s park, water sports complex and the zoo are well connected by bus and taxi services.
In all, the Resort has its own charm and beauty that make it a favourite place to visit.
Composition – 23
A reporter made the following notes of theft case news item. Complete the news using the given notes: (MP 2012)
|Place : Date : Time.
Market: Raghav Colony : 12-02-18 : 3 a.m.
Items stolen : Jewellery- worth 3 lacs- cash 50 thousand-electronic goods-broken window – no clue.
Theft at Raghav Colony
It was reported that a theft (a) ……….. on 12-02-18 at 3:00 a.m. near the(b) ………. place. The burglars (c) ……… some (d) ……….. Also were reported to be missing from the house. So far (e) ……….. found about the thieves.
It was reported that a theft occured on 12-02-2018 at 3:00 a.m. near the market, Raghav Colony. The burglars took away jewellery worth 3 lacs, 50 thousand rupees in cash, some electronic goods also were reported to be missing from the house after breaking the window. So for there is no clue found about the thieves.
Composition – 24
Write a paragraph in 75-100 words “small deeds of kindness are greater than the grandest intentions” Expand the thought (MP 2017)
The thought is so well that even a very small action of kindness or help is bigger, of more value than any of the intentions. Small kind act like a simple smile giving a compliment, lending hand, holding door for someone counts. Small acts of kindness counts and are worthy single word of kindness may give warmth to hearts. Being thankful to others is also required. One act of kindness can change a persons life. A word, an action of kindness is more valuable than big deeds done for someone. Little things make differences. We feel happy from care and spread happiness all over. It demands or costs nothing but has much value one feels contented while spreading contentment.
Composition – 25
Write a paragraph in about 80 words on preventing Malaria with the help of verbal input given below: (MP 2017)
(i) Malaria a dangerous disease, (ii) Anopheles mosquito, (iii) Anti-malarial drugs, (iv) Use of long sleeved shirts, trousers, (v) Use of mosquito nets, (vi) Awareness in society.
With the onset of rainy season, breeding of mosquitoes starts and starts spread of Malaria. Malaria is a dangerous disease which if not treated on time may prove life threatning. Female Anopheles mosquito bites and malaria is caused. Anti-malaria drugs are available but still it is being wise to take precautions first. Prevention is better than cure. Stangled water must be avoided near houses. People must try to wear long sleeved clothes and legs should also be covered. Mosquitoes nets and repellants must be used at nights people must be made aware.
Composition – 26
Amit writes a page of his diary about his first experience of a competitive examination. Below are listed his experience using these write a page of his diary:
(i) Nervous feeling, (ii) Praying to god, (iii) Finding the correct seat, (iv) Receiving question paper, (v) Instruction from the examiner, (vi) Reading the paper and begin to write, (vii) Finishing in the time.
Today was the first time I gave a competitive exam of UPSC. I was all set with my preparations but still was very nervous. The course was vast and I tried to go through everything. I could not sleep whole night. In the morning I took bath and prayed to god and rushed to my centre. It was a big deal finding my seat as there was no one to help or guide. Only roll number were written on the door. Finally I got my seat. Just in ten minutes question paper were distributed. I was very excited. The instructor gave all the candidates, the instructions about filling of the informations and how answer sheet has to be filled. I read the paper, found it quite easy and thus soon began to solve it. I tried well to be with time and finally finished it on time. Now I am lagerly waiting for the results.
Composition – 27
Using following points Write a paragraph in 120-150 words on ‘Developing reading habits’: (i) Field of knowledge expanding, (ii) Extra reading necessary, (iii) To be updated, (iv) Reading makes a full man. (MP 2017)
‘Developing reading habits’
Inculcating reading habits is one of the valuable habits to be had. Reading books, magazines, articles, newspaper is the-best time pass. Habit of reading is a good thing to be adopted, these reading materials proves to be one of the best friend. As there is no limit of knowledge and its field is expanding with every single second, reading is the instrument that can keep one connected. Apart from syllabus books, students must devote their time in extra reading. Reading keeps onself updated and connected to the world. Reading makes a full man who is knowledgable, updated and well informed.
Composition – 28
Write a newspaper report to be published in a newspaper giving the detailed account of your school annual functions. (MP 2017)
Like every year Annual function of Amar Jyoti Higher Secondary School was celebrated on the foundation day of school. The programme was a great success. A great number of students participated with real and enthusiasm. The programme of inaugurated by Mr. Shah. Lamp lighting song and Saraswati Vandana started the cultural programme. Small tip and tones of kindergarten students took away every one’s heart. The programme was a wonderful blend of classical, western and folk dances with melodious group and solo songs and skits on social evils. There was a message associated with every skit. Toppers and achievers were awarded with certificates and medals. Chief guest blessed students with his valuable words. Vote of thanks was proposed by Vice Principal Mr. Paharia.
Composition – 29
Write a paragraph on ‘Grow more trees’ using following points:
(i) Importance of trees
(ii) Services that trees provides
(iii) Different kinds of trees
(iv) Usefulness to animals.
Trees existed on the Earth before man. “One large tree can supply a day ’s supply of oxygen for four people”. Trees are our friends. They breathe in carbon-di-oxide and produce oxygen we breath. Trees purify the air and make the environment clean and pure and maintain ecological balance. Trees are useful to us in other ways too. They give us timber for furniture and as firewood. Wood pulp to make paper. Trees provide us with useful medicines and many herbs. Trees gives flowers, fruits, leaves, buds and woody parts of trees which are used by many different species. They also provide shade to animals, birds and human beings and protect them from disaster. Growing more trees would mean reducing soilerosion as they allow water to flow down intathe earth and also helps in soil fertility which results to the better yield of crop. Hence reduce hunger all over the world, not only for human beings but also for other species.
There are different kinds of trees like Bamboo, Pine, Cedar, Teak, Ashoka, Oak, Apple, Birch, Orange, Eucalyptus etc. Trees provide habitat for wildlife. It is only natural that wherever trees are planted, wildlife and other plants are sure to follow. Trees provide shelter and food for variety of birds and small animals such as squirrels and beavers.Many animals also use trees for resting, nesting and for places from which to hunt or capture prey. The major characteristics of a trees benifits wild life. The importance of trees goes far and deep into our everyday lives and balance of the entire ecosystem on earth. “So Grow More Trees”.