Students get through the MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions Special English Vocabulary which are most likely to be asked in the exam.
MP Board Class 10th Special English Vocabulary Important Questions
1. Use the following words in different contexts:
Spirit, may, mind, flame. (Imp.)
He is low in spirit.
The spirit never dies.
Gandhi was the leading spirit behind the reform movement.
He took spirit, went on a long drive and met with an accident.
We must work with team spirit to win the match.
May I come in, sir?
May the king live long !
It may rain in the evening.
You may go to the movie.
My mother was born on twenty fifth May.
Idle mind is devil’s workshop.
Raj, please mind the class in my absence.
Please don’t mind her comments.
The flame of Gas stove was not proper.
He is burning with the flame of passion.
They set the house to flames.
2. I. Make a list of words ending in -logy.
List of words ending in -logy:
II. (a) Collect the synonyms of the following words by consulting a dictionary: admire, happy, famous, lovely, see, walk, slumber. (MP 2010)
Words – Synonyms
Admire – praise, appreciate, esteem.
Happy – pleased, delighted contented, felicitous
Famous – well known, renowned, distinguished, noted
Lovely – pleasant, pretty, charming, enchanting
See – look, behold, view
Walk – wander, stroll, tread move
Slumber – repose, peaceful nap, short sleep.
(b) Collect the antonyms of the following words by consulting a dictionary: love, friend, beautiful, precious, day.
Word – Antonyms
Love – hatred, contempt
Friend – enemy, foe, adversary
Beautiful – ugly, bad looking, obnoxious, vulgar
Precious – cheap, inferior, low priced
Day – night.
III. English spelling is not phonetic, as there are many silent letters in English words. e.g.: know, column. Now select such words from the lesson 2:
bridge, white, watchman etc.
3. I. Find single words in the lesson 3 which have roughly the meanings given below:
- wonderfully fine
- to fall to a lower or worse state.
- the quality of being dishonest
- the great respect and admiration which people have for a person, country etc. often publically expressed
- the money used or needed for a purpose
II. Use the following words in your own sentences: hardly, scarcely, barely.
Hardly: We had hardly begun our walk, when it began to shower.
Scarcely: There were scarcely five students present in the hall.
Barely: I barely had time to see the movie.
III. Say the following words and notice the difference in their pronunciation
4. I. Write the exact meaning of the following words:
1. Wander: To walk slowly around without any specific direction on purpose
2. Stride: To walk with long steps
3. Stamp: To crush by putting down the foot forcefully
4. Creep: To crawl, sweeping the ground with the belly
5. Loiter: To linger about in a public place usually with no obvious reason
6. Stroll: To pace up and down at a place
7. Rove: To travel from one place to another, often with no clear intention.
II. Match the following:
|1. Vale||(a) that exists only in the mind and probably cannot be fulfilled|
|2. Babble||(b) distant in space or time|
|3. Mystery||(c) a sound like that of a stream running gently over rounded stones|
|4. Far off||(d) a broad low valley|
|5. Visionary||(e) something which cannot be explained or understood.|
1. (d) a broad low valley
2. (c) a sound like that of a stream running gently over rounded stones
3. (e) something which cannot be explained or understood.
4. (b) distant in space or time
5. (a) that exists only in the mind and probably cannot be fulfilled
III. Use the following words in your own sentences:
5. I. Use the following expression in your own sentences:
- By hook or by crook
- What the hell
- Is that plain enough
- will go straight
- Good for nothing
- God forbid
- Have my ears open
- As a matter of fact
- With flying colours
- By hook or by crook: He wants to succeed even by hook or by crook.
- What the hell: What the hell were you doing in the shopping mall during the school hours.
- Is that plain enough: Don’t kill my time. Is this plain enough to you.
- will go straight: I know that after being chided the boy will go straight to his mother.
- Good for nothing: Such criminals are good for nothing. They should be shot dead immediately.
- God forbid: God forbid ! how will the patient survive at the hands of such neglectful doctors.
- Bravo: Bravo ! our team has won the match.
- Have my ears open: Don’t shout, I have my ears open.
- As a matter of fact: She won’t listen to your advice, as a matter of fact, she is very stupid.
- With flying colours: He passed the examination with flying colours.
II. Select the correct spelling:
- A. Tution B. Twishan C. Tuition D. Tooshan
- A. Kursy B. Courtesy C. Courtsy D. Courtsye
- A. Mathematic B. Mathematics C. Mathamatics D. Mathamatiks
- A. Ainsteen B. Einstean C. Instein D. Einstein
- A. Unparalleled B. Unparralleled C. Unparaleled D. Unparelleled
III. Write the meanings of the following expression as they are used in Lesson 5:
- Approved of
- Examined in
- Agree with
- Entitled to
- Approved of = agreed with
- Examined in = tested in
- Agree with = to have similar opinion
- Entitled to = having the right for something
6. I. Find one word from the text for each of the following group of words:
(i) spoke in low voice.
(ii) a very small enclosed division of a larger room.
(iii) interfere in an annoying way.
(iv) place to which one travels.
(v) shut and opened the eyes.
II. Complete the following sentences choosing the right word/words given within brackets: (MP 2010)
(i) We bought their biggest basket then ………… (set in, set against, set off, set upon) towards town.
(ii) One could see ………… (at a glance, a glimpse of, in a glance, off) her resemblance to her brothers.
(iii) The boys grew ………… (in, on, for, to) hate the Germans.
(iv) You both ………… (See, look, watch, observe) rather tired.
(v) She answered all our questions perfectly, she never put ………… (leg, hand, foot, finger) wrong.
(i) set off
(ii) at a glance
7. I. Point out the important characteristics of the following words: Spectacles, trousers, scissors.
Spectacles: A pair of lenses set in frame for the use of defective eyes.
Trousers: A piece of dress worn on the legs from the waist to the ankles.
Scissors: An instrument consisting of two blades joined in the middle and used for cutting.
II. A. Here are some words/phrases which are generally used by the lawyers.
Write their meanings and use them in your own sentences.
dispute, argument, laws, lordship, amounts to, observe, case, condemn, shifting his side, plead, decreed.
|1. Dispute||argument and discussion.||Their conclusions are open to dispute.|
|2. Arguments||discussion based on reasoning.||He agreed to stay with me without much argument.|
|3. Laws||rules established by authority.||You should obey the laws of the land.|
|4. Lordship||a title used in speaking to a man of title.||Your Lordship should listen to the case heedfully.|
|5. Amounts||is equal to.||His crime amounts to murder.|
|6. Observe||To see minutely, to watch and note.||He observes keenly but says little.|
|7. Case||a lawsuit.||I went to the court in connection with a case.|
|8. Condemn||to pronounce punishment.||He was found quilty and condemned to be shot dead.|
|9. Shifting his side||speaking in favour of other party.||A lawyer of renown never shifts his side.|
|10. Plead||to present a case to a court of law.||They employed a top lawyer to fight their case.|
|11. Decreed||gave a lawful decision.||The Judge decreed that the divorced wife would not meet her husband.|
B. Read the following sentences and consult the dictionary to know the meaning of the word CONTEST in these sentences:
(i) I intend to contest the Judge’s decision in another court.
(ii) There is a contest for the leadership of the party.
(iii) There is going to be a beauty contest in our school.
(iv) As a protest, the party has decided not to contest this election.
(v) Cricket is a hotly contested game.
(i) Challenge / chain something wrong, (ii) struggle, (iii) event in which peo¬ple compete, (iv) fight, (v) debated / indulged in.
III. Say the following and point out the difference:
8. Make sentences with the following expressions:
1. A great deal of
2. Goes on
3. The last word
4. On the other hand
5. In spite of
6. Trial and error
7. To deal with
8. After all
1. A great deal of: She took a great deal of time to understand it.
2. Goes on: No matter what happens, life goes on.
3. The last word: The last words of Mahatma Gandhi was ‘Hey Ram!’.
4. On the other hand: Ram is good boy but on the other hand his brother is very wicked.
5. In spite of: In spite of repeated warning the drive did not stop the car and met with an accident.
6. Trial and error: Let us use the trial and error method to solve this sum.
7. To deal with: Police should deal with the criminals with a firm hand.
8. After all: Whether good or bad you have to accept the fate after all you cannot change it.
9. I. Fill in either ‘If’ or ‘Whether’ in the following sentences :
The question is ………… to go or stay.
The question is whether to go or stay.
It depends on ………… he’s ready or not.
It depends on whether he’s ready or not.
It’s your decision ………… you go or stay.
It’s your decision whether you go or stay.
I wonder ………… we should tell her or not.
I wonder if we should tell her or not.
………… I were you.
If I were you.
………… you pour oil on water, it floats.
If you pour oil on water, it floats.
………… she should phone, tell her I’m out.
If she should phone, tell her I’m out.
II. Explain the meaning of the following words in the poem: triumph, disaster, will, the Earth, a man.
Triumph: Great achievement or success.
Disaster: Loss through damage or death.
Will: Mental power by which one can direct one’s thoughts and actions or influence those of others.
The Earth: The planet on which we live.
A man: A real human being; a complete man.
III. Write different meanings of the following words: minute, second, head, allowance, deal, watch.
Minute: a moment, official note, careful and accurate in time, of similar qual¬ity, to support somebody.
Head: upper part of body, ability, side of a coin, device on tape recorder, prominent end of something.
Allowance: Amount of something (money etc.), tax free money.
Deal: To distribute cards, to hit, to give somebody a shock, an agreement, boards of wood etc.
Watch: To look with attention, To guard or protect, An instrument for showing time.
10. I. Find out from the lesson no. 10 the words which mean:
A foolish person or slow learner.
Foolish talk, nonsense.
The season between summer and winter.
Strong and sometimes angry disrespect towards a person or thing that is regarded as worthless.
a little devil.
a total lack of respect.
A person who guards the main door of a large building.
II. Each sentence has one incorrect word. Write the correct word: (Imp.)
1. The room was very easy to live in.
2. Say me as soon as you have finished.
3.Young artists must prove their way to Art by drawing photos for magazine stories.
4. Leaves on the ivy wine.
5. One was from mane, the other from California.
11. I. What is the meaning of the following words in the poem ‘mending walls’: mending, spell, pine, fences, savage.
|1. Mending||repairing, restoring to a sound state.|
|2. Spell||magic, charm.|
|3. Pine||trees which yield turpentine.|
|4. Fences||hedges, structure of bricks, stones etc. to make partition.|
|5. Savage||wild, cruel or violent/fierce, uncivilized and rude.|
II. The word ‘good’ has different meanings in the following sentences. What are they?
- A boy from a small town who made good in Mumbai met me yesterday.
- Milk is good for you.
- Take a good look at it.
- Did you have a good time at the party?
- We travelled a good distance.
- We must reach the station in good time.
12. I. Choose the appropriate alternatives to complete the sentences given below: (MP 2011)
Charity begins at …………. (house, home)
I claim to be …………. (first, second) to none in all Paris.
I’ll get …………. (odd, even) with him for it one day, mark my words.
He couldn’t find …………. (sentences, words) enough to thank me.
We make a pretty pair …………. (I and you, you and I)
you and I
II. Make sentences with each of the following words and phrases so as to bring out its meaning: Prefer, budge an inch, out of sight, run errands.
- I prefer coffee to tea.
- The virtuous people never budge an inch from the path of truth.
- The boy ran away fast and soon he was out of sight.
- I am tired of running errands for my boss.
13. I. There are different ways of seeing. Use the following in your own sentences: Notice, spot, glimpse, observe, witness, sight.
- Notice: The thief got into the house without being noticed.
- Spot: I spotted my friend in the crowd.
- Glimpse: I got her glimpse between the half drawn curtains.
- Observe: She observes keenly but speaks little.
- Witness: The witness turned hostile.
- Sight: We sighted land after twelve days at sea.
II. Write the meaning of the following and use them in your own sentences:
often, now and then, at times, look into, on the way, awe-inspiring sight, at midnight.
|Word||Meaning||Usage in sentence|
|Often||frequently||She often comes to Mumbai.|
|Now and then||from time to time||I like to see the T.V. shows now and then.|
|At times||occasionally||At times she accuses her brother.|
|Look into||to examine||His disappearance is being looked into by the police.|
|On the way||in midway||I visited her house on the way to market.|
|Inspiring sight||Causing fear and respect||The view from the hilltop is an awe – inspiring sight.|
|At mid night||Around the middle of night||Thieves entered his house at mid night.|
14. Distinguish between the following pairs of words:
- Rows: Boys are standing in rows.
- Rose: He rose to greet his uncle. / Rose is a beautiful flower.
- Be: Be honest.
- Bee: The bee gathers honey from the flowers.
- Peace: India believes in peace and prosperity.
- Piece: I gave him a piece of advice.
- Veil: Veil is a definite sign of backwardness.
- Well: I am quite well.
- Morning: I got up early in the morning.
- Mourning: She kept mourning for hours when her father died.
- Shore: The ship has reached the shore.
- Sure: I am sure of success.
- Heart: Do not take my words to heart.
- Hurt: A boy hurt an old lady.