MP Board Class 10th Special English Important Questions Chapter 21 Gitanjali
I. Answer the following questions in about 25 words:
Explain: thou has made me endless, such is thy pleasure. This frail vessel thou emptiest again and again, and fillest it ever with fresh life.
The individual soul is a part of supreme Brahman. The soul never dies. It is endless. The body is like a fragile vessel which is subject to decay and death. But the soul is immortal. It acquires the next body and fills it with fresh life. Here the poet refers to ‘Transmigration of soul’.
What does “this little flute of a reed” stand for, and who carries it over hills and dales and breathes through it eternally new melodies?
“This little flute of reed” refers to the human body. The will power of the supreme Power carries the human body everywhere (high and low). Through this body the jivatama breathes new tunes.
What does the poet mean by “utterance ineffable” and how is it born in his heart?
The human body utters unique tunes. The human body is a more conglomerate of bones and flesh. It can do nothing of its own. When the soul enters the body it gets activated. It becomes operative. The heart starts beating and words gush forth from the body.
With what wish does the poet conclude the songs of Gitanjali?
The poet wishes to sing songs in honour of immanence and glory of God. His last wish is that he should wander all over throughout the span of his life. In the end, the jivatama should return to his eternal home that is the feet of God with reverence. This means he longs for emancipation from the cycle of birth and death.
What images does the poet use to express his final voyage to his eternal abode in the last verse of Gitanjali?
In the last verse of Gitanjali the poet uses the image of a flock of cranes. The birds keep singing the whole day but they wish to return to their mountain nests at night. In the same manner the poet wishes that he should sing songs in praise of the Almighty and seek permanent refuge at God’s feet.
II. Answer the following questions in about 50 words:
“Gitanjali” begins in the statement: ‘Thou hast made me endless, such is thy pleasure’; it ends with the Jeeva’s voyage to its eternal abode. The wheel has come full circle.” Explain.
God has made the soul endless. It is his sport as well as sweet will. One who is born must die, and one who is dead must be reborn. After birth, till death the jivatama has to pass through several stages according to the life span of the human body. The wheel comes full circle.
The soul is transmigrated from one physical structure to the other. The individual soul goes on its journey until it reaches its eternal home and finally rests there. That is the stage of renunciation and liberation from the snares of birth and death.
“Tagore uses images from Indian mythology and the world of nature to express his longing for reunion with God”. Explain. (Imp.)
There is a myth that God causes deaths and births of human beings with his own will and pleasure again and again. He carries the people high and low and makes them sing the desired tunes. Man seeks boundless joy when he is touched by God’s hand. God ever showers his blessings on man.
Man longs to bow with awe at God’s feet as the heavy rain clouds touch the earth. He wishes to sing different tunes in honour of God out of devotion. He loves to end his journey in the eternal home that is the feet of God as the cranes desire to return to their mountain nests at night.