Students get through the MP Board Class 10th English Important Questions Special English Essay Writing which are most likely to be asked in the exam.
MP Board Class 10th Special English Essay Writing Important Questions
1. A Visit to a Historical Place (Imp. 2017, 18)
I had a great desire to see the Taj Mahal: the most graceful and matchless tomb at Agra. So I made use of the Diwali Holidays and planned to visit Agra with my few friends. My father was ready to head us.
The Mughal emperor, Shah Jehan built this world famous tomb for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, as a token of his great love for her. It is said that it took twenty years to build and twenty thousand men were employed to complete it.
We were so anxious to see it. At last the fortunate moment arrived. We reached Agra and were in the premises of Taj in the evening just before sunset. The beautiful garden is surrounded by tall cypress tree and smooth green lawns. Beds of glowing flowers and its flashing flowers are centre of attraction. It is all made up of marble with white dome rising up in the midst with four tall white marble minarets around it, one at each comer of the raised platform on which the great tomb stood. I enjoyed this splendid sight which was unique.
It was the time of sunset when we went up the marble steps from where the dome seemed to soar high up into the blue sky and the clouds which were red and gold with sunset light. It stands on the bank of ‘blue river’ the Jamuna. The water glowed and made die building look very beautiful.
Impressed with the sight we further went to see the marble tomb within. They were decorated with precious stones and the beautiful screens of carved marble. The queen’s body laid below. The tomb of queen lies in a small room which could be reached by descending steps. This hall showed its beauty by beautiful marble work. The pavement is made with the square of white and black marble. The inscriptions from Quran were there on the walls. The flower designs are inlaid with beautiful precious stones of different colours.
The day we visited The Taj was luckily a full-moon. The whole building shone like silver, like a pearl. It was a wonderful sight to see. It is an memorable sight.
It always had been a subject for the poets and lovers. Some say it as a ‘Poem in Marble’ and some describe it as a ‘Dream in Marble’. Many poems and songs have been composed praising the love of Shah Jehan for Mumtaz. People visit to see this incompatible building from all over the world to see this great piece of art and fill it in their memory.
2. Television in Daily Life (MP 2015, 17)
Advantages or Disadvantages of Television
Modem age is the age of science. Science has provided man with many things that have made human life easier, healthier and happier. To make life happier science has provided man with many means of amusement. The latest among these means of amusement is television. The television was invented by an Englishman named John L. Baird in 1925. It came to India in 1965. But it became popular in India only in 1982 at the time of the ninth Asian Games which were held in Delhi. Today television has become a household word. Almost every third house in cities boasts of a television today. Many people possess coloured televisions. Day by day it is becoming popular. It is planned to have television everywhere in the country. The government wants that even the most far-off villages and towns should be connected with television network.
The first television centre in India was set up in Delhi in 1951, though public broadcasting began in August, 1965. Now the country has more than two hundred relay stations and about a dozen broadcasting stations. By the end of the seventh plan period, it is hoped that all far flung areas will come under television network.
The value of television as a means of recreation and mass education is very great. We could listen to songs, music and pictures on a cinema screen, but to see and listen to things happening in our own home is immensely great. The serials and news are the special attractions of television today.
In the west television has brought about a revolution in the field of education. It has become an important medium in the field of mass education in Europe, America and Australia. Thousands of students in England are taking their higher education through the medium of television. In these countries the peasants are also being benefited by television. In this sphere Japan’s agricultural programme is worth emulation. In some developed countries even the teaching of surgery is being done through television. Although our televised programmes are not so advanced, yet it is hoped that in near future our television would also be broadcasting such educative programmes.
Television has to play a major role in India. Ours is an advancing country which is making giant strides in every field. We have to develop our agriculture, industries, technology and take education to the remotest comers of the country. Television can provide lessons in every field. However, as things stand today, Indian television is more a means of recreation than a means of learning. Most of the programmes have recreational value, A few have educational value. Hence, a reorientation of the television programmes is a must. We have to change our attitude and use television for what it is worth.
3. My Favourite Hobby (MP 2014)
A hobby is a work which we do not do for money but for the interest in the work. We spend our spare time in that work and get delight from it. A hobby is a good pastime and provides us with lot of recreations and enjoyment.
There are many kinds of hobby. Some people collect stamps of all kinds and countries. Some like to collect leaves of different plants or coins of different countries of olden times. Some like to play upon the musical instruments. Some like to read newspapers. Others like to play chess or cards. Still others like to work in their kitchen, gardens and be in the company of plants and flowers of their likings. In fact there can be hobbies according to the taste of individuals.
But I am interested in gardening. When I was a little boy, I loved to go to the garden in our neighbourhood. I spent much of my spare time there especially in the mango season. My kitchen garden is a beautiful place. I can enjoy the natural scenery from there. In the garden I remain in the company of nature. I appreciate William Wordsworth’s love of nature that I myself enjoy its company.
The green trees, the singing of the birds and growing of plants give me great pleasure. In my garden there are good fruit trees and some beds for growing vegetables. My father also takes much interest in the garden. So, he often goes with me and helps me in planting new plants and watering the old ones.
I take a hoe in my hand and dig the earth. I take out all the unnecessary plants and grass. Then I sow seeds. The seeds come out and give me great joy. I watch the growing of plants which gives me great delight. Sometimes I work with the spade and that gives me a good exercise as well. It makes my body strong. I have also to water the beds of vegetables every week. I take water from the tap and when each bed is full of water then stop it.
I like gardening for many reasons. The first advantage is that of getting fresh fruits and green vegetables from my garden. I get in different quantities. We cannot buy much from the market on account of its cost. The fresh vegetables are veiy tasteful. They give us all the necessary vitamins. We can get these vegetables and fruits whenever we like. Secondly, the work gives me delight. The sowing, the digging, the watering and the growing of the plants all give me great joy. Thirdly, the work gives a great exercise to my body and makes it strong.
Thus, gardening has become my hobby and I hope to love and work in the garden in future also.
4. Cinema: Its Merits and Demerits (MP 2014)
Introduction: Cinema is one of the most popular forms of entertainment. Thousands of people go to see cinema every day. It connects people to society. It is infact a mirror of the society.
Inexpensive: The biggest advantage of cinema is that it is not expensive therefore it has access to all sections of society. The combination of audio and visual presents life like picture before the audience. This is one of the major factors contributing towards its popularity and appeal.
Educative: Cinema is serve as a means to spread awareness among masses. Documentary films have direct educative purpose while other films can also play an important role in carrying out propaganda against social evils, inculcate values, create awareness of rights and duties.
Commercial: Cinema has a great commercial value. It has emerged as an industry. It provides employment to thousand of people and gives them a chance to exhibit their talent. This industry has emerged and taken roots of regional level also.
Disadvantages: But cinema has certain disadvantages of its own. Its results are long lasting and far reaching.
Bad effect on the youth: Certain bad characters shown in the cinema affect the minds of youth, and often they start smoking, drinking, gambling and taking drugs. Some of the vulgar scenes, dresses and dialogues affect the character of young boys and girls who get swayed by them.
Wastage of time and money: Spending time and money on cinema frequently is nothing but wastage. Cinema is means of recreation but making a habit of going to cinema at the cost of other important works is undesirable.
Effect of Eyesight: Cinema can affect eyesight badly. The habit of going to cinema regularly may spoil the eyes specially children should not be allowed to see much of it. Eyesight once lost can not be regained.
Conclusion: Cinema has its own merits and demerits. Films are made for entertainment of all sections of society with a view to make money. It is upto the people to differentiate between good and bad. They should learn what is good and discard what is bad for them Besides, watching cinema in excess is always harmful.
5. India’s Population Problem (Imp. 2017)
India is a vast country. Our country is facing many serious problems. We daily read of famines, floods and earthquakes. The Government is doing its best to solve these problems. Some of these problems are hindering the progress of our country.
One such problem is that of overpopulation. Our country is in fact facing a population explosion. The economists estimate about population is very discouraging. According to them, India’s population is multiplying very rapidly. If this growing population continues at this high rate, it will be about 908 millions at the end of the 20th century. The situation would be more explosive than that created by atom bombs.
India has made tremendous progress in the fields of agriculture and mdustiy. There has been manifold increase in the production of cereals but the ever increasing population has set at naught all the progress. The administrators, politicians and economists have been trying to devise ways and means to check the growing population but all their efforts have gone in vain. There are very many reasons for this unusual Increase in population. Marriage is universal in our country. Good or bad, earning or idler, a man must be married, this is our thinking. Most of the villagers do not adopt the family planning measures. All these things have resulted in the increased population. It is therefore, clear that some form of birth control on the growing population is very essential.
Our planners have thought over this problem seriously. Allocation of funds for family welfare in Five Year Plans have been increasing. In the first Five Year Plan a sum of rupees five lakhs were kept for population control. But the Fourth Plan had Rs. 100 crores for family welfare. The centres are associated with some hospitals of locality. The red triangle is the symbol of family welfare centre. In the rural areas, there is a Family Planning Centre on every eighty thousand population Mobile Service units are provided. For every fifty thousand population there is one Mobile Unit. Various contraceptives and other facilities are provided.
Family planning is being encouraged. Posters connected family planning are seen on walls, buses etc. Propaganda is made through newspapers, radio, films and television.
However, progress in the field is very slow, while the population is increasing very rapidly. It is not only the duty of the government to make plans and schemes, but the people should also feel the seriousness of the problem. They should cooperate with the government. They should make it their holy duty to exercise some control over it.
6. Pollution (Imp.)
Science and industry have made human life easier, more comfortable and happier. But these have also brought about the problem of pollution. This pollution has increased so much that the very existence of human life has become difficult and if pollution continues to increase unabated, that day is not far when life would become impossible on our planet. Even beautiful buildings like the Taj Mahal faces the danger of losing their grace and lustre because of the pollution in rivers near them.
The pollution may be of water or of air. The pollution of water is mainly caused by the flow of industrial waste, hospital wastes and city sewage into the rivers and lakes. While rain water is pure, while underground water is comparatively pure, surface water is full of all sorts of impurities. The discharge of industrial and other wastes into river or lake water makes water poisonous which causes harm to living beings, vegetation and to fish and water animals. This pollution brings to us water-borne diseases. Today jaundice has become a very common disease thanks to the polluted water which we drink. Thus, water pollution is very dangerous.
The pollution of air is no less fatal. The pollution of air is mainly caused by petrol and diesel which are used for driving vehicles, railways and motor engines of several kinds. Air pollution may also be caused by overpopulation and the falling of trees indiscriminately. Today cities are especially prone to air pollution. Sometimes back research was conducted in the United States of America on the consequence of air pollution. This search showed that pollution of air can bring about changes in weather conditions and cooling of earth’s atmosphere. It must be borne in mind that the last ice age on the earth took place due to the fall in temperature just by 4°C. Who knows we are heading towards another ice age.
Nuclear fall out is also causing pollution. The effects of nuclear explosion are so well-known that it is not necessary to elaborate them here. Hiroshima and Nagasaki bear ample testimony to the danger of atomic and nuclear fall out. We also have the example of Chernobyl.
To prevent water pollution ways must be found, so that wastes are not allowed to fall in rivers and lakes. Air pollution can be checked if dependence on mechanisation is lessened. Humanity and civilization can survive only if the problem of pollution is fought on war footing.
7. Mahatma Gandhi: A Lover of Humanity (MP 2014, 16)
Birth and Parentage: Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. His father, Karamchand Gandhi was Diwan (Chief Minister) in the state of Porbandar. His mother was Putlibai. He travelled to London, England to study Law. He worked as legal representative in South Africa. He spent a long time in South Africa. His political views took shape here.
Political Career: In South Africa he faced discrimination directed against black people. He was thrown out of a train only because he was a black Indian. This awakened him about social injustice done to Indians and other people of colour. In 1913 he returned to India permanently, joined Indian National Congeress and soon became the favourite leader of the country. He led India’s struggle for independence. India became independent under his leadership in 1947.
Moral Values: Gandhiji was a man of moral values. He was honest, truthful and principled. When he was in school an inspector came to visit his school. He dictated five words to the students of his class. Gandhiji did not know the spelling of ‘kettle’ so he wrote only four. His teacher signalled him to copy from the student sitting next to him but Gandhiji did not do this conserving to be a dishonest act.
Gandhiji’s Secularism: Despite being a Hindu by birth Gandhiji had equal faith and reverence for all the religions and their teachings. It is said about him that he was a Hindu, a Muslim and a Christian at the same time.
Love for Humanity: Gandhiji renounced a comfortable life to fight for the rights of the poor and illtreated. He always travelled in third class, wore dhoti, went barefoot and bare chested like the poor people of India. He extended his love and sympathy to people of all castes and communities. Praised his voice for the rights of ‘the untouchables’ and called them Harijan’s-the people of God.
Practical Approach: He had a practical approach in life. He preached only after he practical. He carried out several experiments like Swadeshi, boycott and satyagraha before launching them on a large scale.
Concept of Non-violence: He was against violence of any kind. He suspended the Non-cooperation Movement in 1922 after the Chauri-Chaura incident. He believed in practcing non-violence at all levels. His concept of non-violence was not restricted to actions, if extended to the thought. He believed that even a thought of violence should not pass through the mind.
Conclusion: Gandhiji was a man of character and values. All his life he fought for the welfare and rights of others through his non-violent methods. He always said having a noble goal is not enough, the means to attain that goal should also be noble. He was the leader of leaders and the real man behind the show. He played a vital role in the freedom struggle. He is rightly called ‘The Father of the Nation’.
8. Wonders of Science
Science: Its uses and abuses (Imp.) (MP 2016, 17, 18)
There are reasons to consider science to be a blessing. Science has helped men to conquer the forces of nature. It has added new comforts to the life of men. It has made men superior to all other creatures.
It has made the rulers powerful because of gunpowder. The life during the dark ages was unsafe. In those days looting and murders were common. After sunset the murderers used to roam about the roads. Nobody could say firmly that he would see the sun the next day.
Now a days we have faster means of travelling. Science has conquered distance. We can travel to any part of the world in no time. Steam ships, aeroplanes, trains, cars and many other vehicles have made it possible to travel over long distances during a short time. Similarly telephone, telegraph and wireless have helped us to send messages from one place to another in no time. Man has overcome dullness with the help of machines. From typing papers to digging the earth, many other kinds of dull work are done by machines.
Man has almost conquered diseases. He has checked pestilence and plague. Surgery is now showing miracles.
By applying science to industries men have been able to raise the living standard of common people. Most of the people were naked. They were very poor. They had no food to fill their bellies. Like cats and rats they died due to starvation, cold and over work. Science has now made large scale production. Now everyone has the common necessities of life.
Scientific invention cannot be blamed for the tragedy of man. An atom bomb does not explode of its own will. Being lifeless science cannot control man. Let the science remain a servant and man the master.
Men should always think of positive and beneficial aspect of discoveries of science. When man loses the moral values in life then he thinks of destroying innocent people. He also becomes one of its victims. No body should be slave to science and an enemy to human civilization. Science should always be used for peaceful purposes.
Importance of Newspaper (Imp)
The four letters of the ‘NEWS’ denote four directions: North, East, West and South. Newspaper brings news from all directions. It is like a mirror of the whole world.
Everyone is eager to know what is happening in the world. Newspaper gives information. It supplies local and foreign news. It gives news of political, social, economic and scientific events. Without newspaper we are ignorant about the affairs of the world. The newspaper is very cheap and is available to common mass. Newspapers are the best means of education. There are good articles pertaining to different subjects. There are interesting stories, short plays, poems, speeches, talks, humorous remarks and criticism. After day’s work everyone needs recreation. It provides mental food.
Newspapers are helpful to all. They are very important for businessmen. They reveal the rise and fall of prices, rates of articles and market reports. Sportsmen find news about sports and games. Doctors know about modem method of treatment. Students increase their general knowledge. They know the result of their examinations. There are nice matters for women and children too.
Newspapers are the best means of advertisement. Businessmen attract their customers by advertising their goods in newspapers. Buyers and sellers come closer. There are chances of employment for unemployed youths. Matrimonial columns help us in finding suitable matches. Newspapers contain radio programmes, news of films, legal notices, test match commentaries and government notices. Newspapers play an important role in the life of a nation. They educate people and help to form public opinion. The Government knows public opinion through them. They bring people of different countries close to one another. They are of great help in checking corruption and other social evils. The printers, publishers and hawkers earn their livelihood through newspapers.
Sometimes newspapers prove harmful when they spread wrong news. They misguided people. There are false statements by different political parties. Such newspapers should be stopped.
In short we can say that the newspapers are helpful in supplying mental food. They are beneficial to national and international life if they are not misused.
10. The Value of Travelling (MP 2014)
Introduction: We travel for business. We travel for sight seeing. We travel for necessity. But a very few in our country travel to acquire knowledge. In Europe travelling is a necessary part of education.
Education value of travelling: Education value of travelling can hardly be described. Bacon says that travelling in younger age is a part of education, in the elder, a part of experience. Travelling teaches us better than books. Sense organ is not very powerful factor. The eye is very essential in learning. We read of the existence, in the past, of a university called Nalanda. They say that there were one hundred lecture rooms. We think this a fact of imagination. Run to this spot. Your doubt will at once be removed.
It supplements our knowledge: Travelling gives us an opportunity for getting practical experience of the world. Pope, the poet, sings that the proper study of mankind is man. The travellers come into contact with various types of people. If a traveller moves about with keen eyes and the open door of his mind he can get a lot of knowledge about men and things which no book can give.
It is essential for health: Travelling is also essential for the healthy growth of mind. “The mind’s health”. Says Tagore, “cannot be maintained on the ration supplied by books in our class rooms”.
It broadens our outlook: Travelling broadens our outlook. It makes us liberal in thought and outlook. It deepens our sympathies. The experience enables us to see things from a new angle of vision. It develops in us a correct sense of value.
Its role in the promotion of trade and commerce: Travelling gives us a practical knowledge of trade and commerce. A visit to the commercial centres teaches us more of commerce than all the books of a commercial library. Personal contact helps to build and expand business. It quickens trade.
Travelling brings closer to nature: It means travelling brings us closer to nature. To a traveller nature becomes a living thing. It speaks in a language more impressive than any pen can make.
Education excursion essential of students: It is very essential that students should have every chance of travel. Our schools and colleges should make arrangement for funds. The railway authorities should issue very cheap tickets for student to give chance to travel.
Conclusion: To take the full advantage of travelling we must have eyes to see, ears to listen and a desire to learn.
11. The Evil of Dowry
The definition of dowry is very simple and significant. It is the money or valuable things that bride brings to her husband at the time of marriage or gifts given by the brides parents at her marriage.
India is the only country in the world where the pernicious dowry system exists. It is the most vicious system that is eating into the vitals of the nation and hampers the growth and development of the Indian womanhood on the right lines.
The evil of the dowry system with the ever increasing demands by greedy parents of well to-do young boys from the parents of the hapless young girls has assumed such meaning proportions that the government has taken a very serious view of the whole matter and has made dowry giving and dowry taking a cognizable offence punishable with imprisonment. Still day in and day out, we are horrified by the news of bride-burning. Young brides are burnt alive by mothers-in-law in connivance with other members of the family: sister-in¬law, brother-in-law, even husbands for not bringing adequate dowry. These human sharks deserve the severest punishment, even extermination from society.
The evil of dowry system and bride-burning is a blot upon the Indian civilization and deserves the severest condemnation. Foreigners ridicule our callousness and inhuman cruelty towards women and fail to understand how we can call ourselves civilized when such an atrocious practice prevails in the Indian society.
How can the menace of dowry system be effectively checked? Social boycott and wide publicity of the offenders will go a long way in reducing the menace of dowry. Women’s organisations staging demonstrations against the guilty people shall be made more effective. Lastly, every dowry death must be properly probed and the offenders should be awarded exemplary punishment within six months of the occurrence of the death.
12. Anna Hazare: A Hope against Corruption
Kishan Baburao Hazare was born on 15 June 1937 in a small village in Hingangaon near the city of Bhingar in Bombay Province. Kishan’s father, Baburao Hazare, worked as an unskilled labourer in Ayurveda Ashram Pharmacy. Kishan’s grandfather was working for the army in Bhingar, when he was born. His father died in 1945, but Baburao continued to stay at Bhingar. Kishan had six younger siblings and the family faced significant hardship.
Kishan’s childless aunt offered to look after him and his education and took him to Mumbai. Kishan studied up to seventh and he sought employment, due to the economic situation in his household.
Anna Hazare joined army at the age of 25 years to serve his motherland. After 10 years of service he resigned and came back to his native place Ralegan Siddhi in 1978. He started the transformation of his acute poverty, fragile ecosystem plagued village into a model village, self reliant and now one of the richest village of India.
Anna Hazare is strictly against alcohol, untouchability, corruption, dowry system, child marriages etc. He is a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, his work has fragrance of Mahatma in it. He encouraged people to establish grain bank, milk bank, collective marriages, to educate children and many more.
In the early 2000s, Hazare led a movement in Maharashtra state which forced the state government to pass a strong Maharashtra Right to Information Act. This act was later con¬sidered as the base document for the Right to Information Act 2005 (RTI) enacted by the Union Government.
In 2011, Hazare initiated a Satyagraha movement for passing a strong anti-corruption Lokpal (ombudsman) bill in the Indian Parliament as conceived in the Jan Lokpal Bill (People’s Ombudsman Bill). These include placing the Prime Minister CBI, etc., within the ambit of the proposed Lokpal’s power.
On 8th April 2011 Government of India accepted all demands of the movement. On 9th April 2011 Hazare ended his 98 hour hunger strike by taking lemon juice but the bill prepared by government was fake and Anna’s faith on government ended and he announced for an indefinite fast from 16th August 2011 and called it as “Second struggle for independence”.
On 16th August 2011, Hazare was arrested four hours before the planned indefinite hunger strike. But he without any fear started his fast on the proposed time in Tihar jail, supported by media, social workers youth etc. He was released from jail on 20th August and then he came to Ramlila maidan where his followers were joining fast with him. On 27th August 2011 government of India approved the bill of Anna’s will to be presented in parliament. He broke his fast on 28 August 2011 at 10 a.m. in Ramlila maidan.
In few days he became the role model of every one. People saw in him the shadow of our father of nation “Mahatma Gandhi”. He was widely supported by youth by all means due to his weapons like satyagraha and non-voilence. The chants of “I am Anna” became the mouth line of every one and Anna topi as the trademark of being true Indian. According to Anna this is not the end of struggle against corruption it’s just the beginning, in his words “ Yeh aag nahi aangdai hai, aage aur ladai hai”.
13. The Unemployment Problem in India (Imp.) (MP 2016, 18)
Introduction: India has a bundle of problems such as problem of food, water, educational, medical, residential, agriculture, unemployment etc.
The Burning Problem: The problem of unemployment today has become a front page news, a household word and a headache to the politicians. The mouths are many the jobs are limited. The reservation policy is defective. The educational system needs overhauling.
Consequences: The consequences of unemployment are serious. It lowers income. It increases poverty. It brings frustration in our youth. There are cases of suicide and burning. The looting and cheating are very common. It is a challenge to government and ministers. It upsets all human values and generates crime.
Causes: We have limited land and limited jobs. Machines gives jobs only to a few persons. Business conditions are not very good. Soon facilities are not easily available. Matthus said, “human population multiples at a geometric rate, food supply increase only at an arithmetic rate”.
Types of Unemployment: There are three types of unemployment agricultural, industrial and educational. In agriculture we have lack of capital and lack of scientific methods of cultivation. Industrial development is very slow. Regular strikes of employees and defective location of industries give birth to unemployment. Defective education system and lack of ‘technical education’ lead to painful unemployment.
Remedy: Cottage and small industries should be encouraged. Rural educational and private enterprises should be taken into consideration. Rapid growth of population should be strictly checked. Natural resources and educational reforms should be worked out.
Conclusion: Unemployment gives birth to disease and deaths. Dark and dreary prospects are the result of unemployment. Unemployment brings misery and misfortune. Our sincere efforts in solving the problem, will be the dawn of a true “Welfare state.”
14. An Interesting Match
A Cricket Match Witnessed by You (MP 2014, 15)
Cricket is very popular in India. I am also fond of cricket. I also like playing cricket matches. Once I played interesting match.
It was the final match of the district tournament. It was played between the Diamond club and the Jawahar Club. There was a good crowd to watch the match. I played for the Diamond club.
Our, Diamond club won the toss and decided to bat. Our openers Ravi and Rajesh started batting. They are good batsmen. The bowler was Raman. He bowled well and in the third over got Ravi caught. The score was 10. Then Rajesh and I played slowly. We scored 60 runs in 20 overs. When Rajesh was clean-bowled, Sunil came to bat.
Sunil and I played fast. On 80 my wicket fell. Sunil and Raju now batted till the final score of 128 for 3. All the wickets were taken by Raman.
After lunch, the match resumed, Jawahar club started batting. Their start was not good. In three overs they lost three wickets. Then Suresh and Ramesh came to bat. They played very cautiously. In 15 overs they had made 50 runs when Ramesh was out LBW. Now Jitendra came to bat with Suresh. They took the total to 80 for 4.
Now Raman came to bat. He is an all-rounder. He hit a six and a four in the same over. They made 100 in 3 0 overs. In 31st over they both got run out. The rest of the players could not do much.
The winners were presented the trophy. They were cheered by the crowd. Raman was adjudged the best bowler. It was really a thrilling match.
15. Problem of Corruption in India
Corruption is a worldwide phenomenon (event). It is a comprehensive term. It includes illegal gratification, bribe or hush money, adulteration, hoarding, profiteering, smuggling, misuse or abuse of power, nepotism, favouritism, etc. There is corruption in every department or field of life of India. It like cancer is eating into the vitals of our society and nation destroying its moral structure. It has ruined our economy. Whom ever we deal with an official, a trader, a politician, a minister, a labourer is corrupt in one form or the other. There is corruption from the highest rang of the ladder to the lowest. There is no recognition of merit or efficiency. Justice denied, even bought and sold. People have lost their faith in honesty. They say that dishonesty is a sure passport to success in life.
Politics in India has become a dirty game of corruption. Politicians are financed lakhs of rupees by big business houses. After getting elected they role out favours in the form of licences or permits to business houses with whose help they got themselves, elected. They have power and authority. Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts a man absolutely. Further, our politicians have no moral scruples or principles. They change sides or defect from one party to the other for selfish ends. They are timeservers. They are power hungry.
Our community of traders is most corrupted. They resort to hoarding and create artificial shortages of daily use with a view of profiteering. They sell things in black-market and fleece the poor and the rich alike. Smuggled goods are sold at high prices. Spurious things are sold as genuine ones. Our shopkeepers give short measures. All these people are antisocial.
Our government machinery is thoroughly corrupt and dishonest. It is impossible to come across an honest officials. No work in any government office can be got done without a bribe to some official. Cases are not disposed off promptly, files move slowly from one desk to another. Corrupt officials often enjoy the patronage of Ministers or some influential persons. They therefore, go scot free when caught.
The chief reason for this widespread corruption in our country is lack of national character. We could not built up this national character even during these fifty years of independence. Secondly, we need to develop a sense of duty to our country or countrymen. Temptation make people amass money by fair or foul means.
Thirdly, everybody wants to make easy and quick money. People wish to become rich overnight.
Drastic measures are needed to root out this disease. Strict action should be taken against dishonest and corrupt officials. We must create social awareness against the wide spread corruption in our society or else our country would perish
16. Importance of Trees/Forests
Why should We Plant Trees (MP 2015)
“Fauna and Flora is a part and parcel of our environmental life.”
From old days man and trees have lived in hormony we depend on them as they depend on us. In fact, the animals can’t live if there are no plants. Let us see how plants and trees are useful to us.
Trees give us wood. This wood is used as fuel. It is also used for building houses and boats. Wood is the raw-material for paper and rayon.
Trees and plants make starch by photosynthesis. This starch is the food of all grass eating animals. It is also the main food for human being; our demand for meat is also indirectly fulfilled by plants.
Trees give out water vapour. This cools the air. It is helpful is causing rains. Also, they bind the soil fast and stop the erosion of soil.
We get many herbs and medicines from plants. Uses of Tulsi, Neem, Amla etc. are well known. They also purify the air by taking carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen to the atmosphere.
Forests also provide food and shelter to various birds and animals which make our earth such a beautiful place.
Unfortunately, our growing population needs lots of space and so trees have been mercilessly cut in the past. Forests are destroyed to make roads, dams and mines.
It is time, we thought seriously about this. If we don’t wake up in time to the need to save forests, it may be too late.
17. Pleasures of Reading (MP 2016, 18)
There is perhaps no greater pleasure in the world than the pleasure of reading books. Milton rightly said, “A good book is the precious lifeblood of a master mind.” Books recreate as well as ennoble our minds. These give us self-forget-fullness which is the essence of pleasure. We escape from the strain and stress of modem life through reading books. Books help us forget sorrow and pain of life.
There is no limit to variety in the world of books. We have books on literature, art, science, politics, mathematics and what not.
Books are a storehouse of knowledge. These enrich our information and broaden our outlook. Through books we come into contact with masterminds like Shakespeare, Kalidas, Milton Wordsworth, Tolstoy and Gandhi, Though physically dead, their souls live in their books. Their ideas and views on life continue to inspire and delight us The knowledge contained in books will never be lost. We can meet in the world of books grat personalities whom we cannot hope to see in real life.
Books are a fountain of inspiration. Some books leave indelible impression on our minds. Their study proves a hiring point in life. The study of the Gita or Ruskin’s ‘Up to the Last’ cast a spell on Gandhi’s mind. Writing of Roussean of Karl Mark inspired revolutions in the world.
The fascinating world of books is open to all. It is a democractic world. The rich and the poor, the king and the peasant can enter this world on equal footing. Books never feel irritated however we may treat them. We may read them at any time of the day or in any place in bus or railway train, they do not withhold their pleasures.
Reading books is an important mark of a cultured and educated mind. A man who has no love for reading can not be considered an educated man-no matter how many academic degrees he holds.
Like the company of men we have the company of books. We should have the best company whether it be of men or books. Some books can do us great harm. Their study can corrupt our minds. Such books are more dangerous than scorpions. A good book will elevate and refine our minds, while a bad one will demean us. We should therefore, make a judicious choice of books. There is such a variety of books that te choice of books is difficult. We should consult book reviews and men of learning in our choice. The choice of books largely depends on our taste and temperament, some people like to read fiction, other love to read poetry and still others find the study of history quite absorbing.
We have to to dig-out wisdom and knowledge that hidden in books. This requires sincere efforts. Unless we approach the masterminds with sympathy and understanding, the will never reveal to us their wealth of wisdom and knowledge.
18. The Value of Games and Sports (MP 2016, 18)
An ideal education makes a student physically and mentally strong. Gandhiji also stressed the need of physical education. There should be development of body and soul together. Games and sport must from an integral part of the deucation of our youth. Now a days we see that the games and sports have been neglected in schools and colleges. The students are running after taking degrees and diplomas. Our young men have started neglecting physical labour. Young graductes of our universities with gold medals are physically weak. They are seen wearing spectacles. They are unable to run for a mile, they cannot lift a fifty pound weight. Their pale faces, lean bodies, hollow and sunken eyes present a bad sight. In their later life they are often in search of doctors to get rid of diseases. This is a disgrace on the part of our nation.
We should change our attitude towards games and sports. Some think sports and games to be amusement. They think that they are harmful to the studies of a student. Sports and games are having greater value to those who are busy in mental work all the day long.
“A sound mind resides only in a sound body.”
Physical exercise is essential for health. Hockey, cricket and football are the good means. They give us valuable practice in making eyes, brain and muscles work together. Sport and games are also very useful for character building. They teach students virtues like unselfishness, discipline and love for their country. Games develop the habit of team work. Being disciplined, the players obey the orders of referee. They take their defeats and victories with a smile.
The games and sports are the source of enjoyment. After the days tiring mental work an hour in the field gives freshness to our dull brain. A hot game of hockey, a fast game of football and an exciting cricket take off our fatigue. One feels fresh once again and is ready for any amount of work.
Games and sports must be compulsory for all students. Colleges and schools must provide proper equipment and facilities for students. It doesn’t matter much whether the team win or lose the game but the games play wonderful roles in making students active in their life.
19. A Journey by Train (MP 2015)
A Railway Journey
(i) “Travelling is a younger sort of education.”
(ii) “Journeys enrich our experience and control our behaviour.”
Journey are always educative and pleasant. During the course of journey we see new places and meet many new friends. Our experiences are enriched. Particularly, a journey made in a group is more memorable. From childhood I have always been fond of journeys. I used to go on short journeys with my parents and other relatives.
My joys knew no bounds when I came to know that my uncle’s marriage was fixed at Delhi. The very imagination of such a long journey with friends and relatives gave me great pleasure.
A compartment was reserved for the Barat in Kalinga Utkal Express. All preparations for the marriage ceremony were made. Invitations were distributed and sweets were prepared. A number of friends and relatives assembled on the appointed day of ‘Barat’ and all of us went to the railway station.
The railway platform was humming with various kinds of noise. The hawkers were shouting a loud to sell their articles. There were stalls of tea, refreshments and fruits. At last the train came on platform No. 1 and we got into our compartment. I took my seat just window so that I could see the outside scene.
The train was running speedily with a roaring noise of wheels. The trees and houses appeared as if they were running. The cattles were grazing on the field. We crossed many villages, towns, brooks and rivulets then came the long bridge over Shivanath river. The cool silvery water flowing under the bridge was glistening.
After crossing many stations and big cities our train reached Nizamuddin station the next day afternoon. There was rich arrangement of our reception by people from brides home. We all got down with our luggage. A huge crowd waited to go out from the main gate. The coolies were carrying luggage. They also tried to move fast.
Somehow we managed to get out of the station and got into the taxies arranged for us. They took us to Janawasa the place fixed for our stay. The marriage ceremony took place at night with great pomp and show. The next day we started on our back journey with the newly married. After a long and pleasant pass of time we reached Raipur station.
20. Rabindra Nath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore is the greatest Indian poet. He was born on May 6, 1861 at Jorasanka in Kolkata into a wealthy and prominent brahman family. His parents were Maharsi Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.
Rabindranath was educated at home, under the private tutors and although at seventeen only, he was sent to England for formal schooling, he could not finish his studies there. However, Tagore started to compose poem at the age of eight. His first book, a collection of poems, appeared when he was 17, it was published by his friends who wanted to surprise him. Like his father, he also came under the influence of the philosophy of the Upanishads. He also read the work of the Vaishnava poets, writing of Kalidas, Dante and Shakespeare also attracted him greatly.
Rabindranath was a great writer, great poet, great novelist, great educationist and an early advocate of independence for India. His works are famous all over the world. He was the first Indian to receive the Nobel prize for his poetic creation ‘Gitanjali’ in 1913. Two years later he was also awarded the ‘Knight hood’ by the British government, but he surrendered it in 1919 as a protest against the jalianwala massacre of Amritsar, where british troops killed more than 400 Indian demonstrators. He was also awarded D. litt by the Oxford University in 1946.
Rabindranath’s love for children and teaching them used to give him joy. His interest in the education of children led him to conceive a much better and healthier education. To more than a generation of Indian’s he stood in the position of a great teacher who taught them to learn a beautiful language in finer shades of poetic art and to know the beauties of nature. He also had a close touch with common humanity and interest in social reforms. He started an experimental school at ‘Shantiniketan’ where he tried his Upanishedic ideals of education in West Bengal and also founded a school outside Calcutta, ‘Visva Bharti’ which was dedicated to emerging Western and Indian philosophy and education. Now these two schools has become a famous university.
Added to his credit is the fact that he was also a painter, a philosopher and a great patriot. He is the composer of our National anthem, “Jana Gana Mana” and also composed national anthem for Bangladesh “Our Golden Bengal”. Beside these, he wrote musical dramas, dance dramas, essays of all types, travel diaries and two autobiographies one in his middle years and the other shortly before his death in Calcutta, on August 7, 1941. His contribution to the literature is unmatchable.
21. Value of Discipline (MP 2017)
Discipline is an important virtue in one’s life. Discipline means training of mind or complete obedience to certain rules and regulations. Life without discipline is just like a house without a roof. It is absolutely essential for successful life and for one’s moral life. Discipline costs nothing but pays rich dividends.
Discipline is the structural and fundamental unit of successful person. It is essential for us in home, for soldier’s in battlefield, for students in school, for players in playground. A team of experienced player’s often lose the match because of indiscipline in the team.
Discipline is very important in one’s life. If a student follow a disciple life and obeys his teacher’s and follow rules sincerely with dedication, firm mind and focus on his goal. He can achieve his dream. If he voilates, then he suffers a great deal in future. So life without discipline is incomplete and unsuccessful. We need to follow some rules by respecting our elders and seniors. Discipline works everywhere. It controls mental and physical movements and moral values. There is no sphere in heaven and earth where discipline does not dominate. Discipline is everything which we do in the right way, in right time.
Everything in this world is organised by the discipline. Air, water and land give us the way to live. Discipline in the nature which exists in everything made by the nature. If we don’t follow them, in a way we are harming the environment or nature. The entire cosmos, all the heavenly bodies and all the natural objects, seem to acting, moving or existing under a discipline of their own. The plants and crops grow in a disciplined way. Even the insects and animals in the forest have their own organised way of life. The proper growth of life is impossible if there is no discipline in it.
One should observe discipline even in small things of life. Punctuality is a form of discipline, Good manners are also a mark of discipline. The habit of discipline always makes us happy. So one needs to be punctual to his routine, hard working to be fit and healthy. Discipline demands self control and dedication. It also strengthens the nation.