MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 16 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:
What did general Seizo Arisue inform Rash Bihari Bose and what was Rash Bihari’s reaction? (M.P. 2016)
General Seizo invited R.B.Bose in order to know his mind about Netaji’s coming. He asked Mr. Bose discreetly that Netaji was desirous of coming over there and he wondered how Mr. Bose would treat Netaji. Ras Bihari Bose the old revolutionary quietly replied that Netaji was a born under of Leader and he (Bose) would of course be quite pleased to ask him (Netaji) to take over from him.
How can you say that Netaji had a gift of judging the character Of his men? (M.P. 2013, Imp.)
Netaji had a gift of judging the character of the man which served him to put the right man at the right place at the right time and on the right job. He picked up some of the soldiers from the dust and made heroes out of them.
What was Netaji’s way of dealing with defaulters? (M.P. 2010)
Netaji had a tremendous power of judging a man’s character. So he always chose the right man for a right job. He never failed to appreciate when appreciation was due. A good word from him made the soldiers to strive to do their job well. He had a very kind heart. He never punished anybody. He always gave a defaulter an advice in a way that the defaulter may get a chance to improve himself.
How did Netaji’s love and appreciation bring a change in his men?
Netaji was an ideal leader. He took care of all his subordinates with all compassion. He appreciated when appreciation was due. He never punished anyone. Instead he advised them to realize their weakness and improve upon them. His man were so much impressed with him that they were ready to do anything for him and under his command. His appreciation made them feel proud.
Give an example of Netaji’s power of observation and prediction of some future events in war.
Netaji had a remarkable power of observation and could predict an event correctly. Once Netaji wrote a small note to the author on the Margin of the routine order. It was scribbled in his own hand. He told the author that as the mail was getting ready to be dispatched, he waited to advise him that instead of expecting the enemy at a particular map reference. The note was written about 500 Kilometers from the author. But it was accurate.
What was Netaji’s firm faith about the freedom of India and what did the British officers think about that? (M.P. 2017)
Netaji was very much confident that India would get freedom. He used to say often. “There is no power on earth that can keep India enslaved. India shall be free and before long.” The enemy officers used to mark at the statement. They thought it just illusory and a face saving device. Actually Netaji had a plan which was beyond the comprehension of profession soldiers.
How did the high spirits of the INA bring a change in the minds and actions of the Indian Soldiers in the British forces?
Netaji kept the INA in the field even in the face of defeat. He wanted his soldiers to pay the price of liberty not only when they were on the advance but also during the retreat while going away from India not to win a territory but to continue fighting against the British force who were holding India in bondage.
These forces consisted of a greater number of Indian soldiers who pondered that why the INA with their poor strength and poorer equipment yet higher spirit were fighting against British. It created a psychological resolution. The war ended and with it ended the slavish mentality of the Indian soldiers. Such was the vision and plan of action of Netaji.
What was Netaji’s proposal during the annual session of the Indian National Congress? (M.P. 2014, Imp.)
Netaji proposed that the Congress should at once send an ultimatum to the British government demanding independence within six months and should prepare immediately for a national struggle.
What did Netaji do before dealing with the situation? (Imp.)
Netaji before dealing with a situation, used to read well and do his homework to observe and understand the task well. When he had to see anybody, he would learn all about the person and his problems before the interview.
How did Netaji improve his men by punishing or by counselling them? (M.P. 2015)
Netaji had a gift of judging the character of the man. He never failed to appreciate when appreciation was due. He had a very kind heart and never punished anybody. Thus, he improved his men by counselling them and by giving an advice to the defaulters so that he could improve himself.
II. Answer the following questions in about 75 – 100 words each:
How did Netaji act in the following situations and with what result?
(i) When he had to meet somebody
(ii) In making the best use of the abilities of his men.
Netaji was a seasoned man. He was polite, courteous and well behaved. He had the capacity to manage every situation in his favour. He had a tremendous power to judge a man. Before dealing with anyone or any situation he used to read and do homework about that situation. He was always careful about the man to whom he had to meet. He took care of the honour and position of the man.
He had a compassionate nature. He always respected other’s feelings. He had a gift of judging the character of a man which served him to put the right man at the right place at the right time. He never failed to appreciate when it was deserved.
Narrate the episode which surprised the author at the accuracy of Netaji’s power of judgement regarding an eventuality.
Netaji could observe and predict accurately. Once the author was surprised when Netaji wrote a small note on the margin of a routine order. He advised him that instead of expecting the enemy at the particular point he should also watch at certain other point. He gave 6 figured map reference.
The note was written in Rangoon about 5000 kilometers away from the author. When the author received Netaji’s note he was surprised at the accuracy of Netaji’s judgement. The author was already facing the enemy where Netaji had pointed out to watch. This was a measure of Netaji’s skill at generalship.
Write a short note on Netaji’s military foresight.
Netaji’s had tremendous military foresight. He was always accurate in his predictions or guess. One such incident was that Netaji once during the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Tripuri in Jabalpur in 1939 made a proposal to send an ultimatum to the British government demanding independence within six months and should prepare immediately for a national struggle.
His proposal, though opposed, was based on his appreciation of the European situation which was something beyond the understanding of the political leaders. But Netaji’s prediction turned to be correct. The war did break out within 6 months on 3rd September 1939.
How did the Indian people and the Indian soldiers in British army react when the INA Trials of the three great INA heroes began?
The INA trial of the three military officers in India was a memorable event which brought about many changes in the Indian mass and the soldiers. When the British started this trial in the Red Fort they thought that the Indian people especially the soldiers would appreciate the British action against the INA officers. But it happened just the opposite.
As soon as the first INA trial of the three frontline commanders started on 5th Novemebr 1945, within a week disturbances broke out in Lahore followed by that in Lucknow then Kolkata where hundreds of demonstrators were injured and twenty killed in police firing.
Even after the first trial in which the three accused officers were released by the commander-in-chief the public demand to stop the future INA trials continued. It gave rise to anti-British sentiments culminating in the mutiny in various regiments all over India. The days of the British Raj in India were close to their ends.
Write a note on the secular character of Netaji and his provisional Government of Azad Hind. (Imp.)
Netaji was a man of great qualities. He was a great humanist, a seasoned commander, a compassionate leader, perfect visionary and a staunch secularist. The author had full confidence that they would get absolute justice from him and his government the forerunner of our government today. The complete personality and all embracing idea is distilled in the last but one para of the proclamation of provisional Government’ of Azad Hind.
In that proclamation Netaji said that the provisional Government is entitled to and hereby claim the allegiance of eveiy Indian. It guarantees religious liberty as well as equal rights and equal opportunities to all its citizens. It declared its firm resolve to pursue the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and of all its parks, cherishing all the children of the nation equally and transcending all the differences cunningly fostered by alien government in the past.” It was a complete vision of Netaji.
There is a contradiction in the statement “Netaji’s power of generalship turned the defeat of the INA into the defeat of the British Raj”. Prove the truth of the statement on the basis of the text.
This statement highlights the farsightedness and military observation of Netaji. He had a tremendous power of calculating the future situation. When he proposed for sending an ultimatum to British government demanding independence within six months he was foreseeing the future events.
The war broke out within six months. He had a plan which was beyond the comprehension of professional soldiers. He kept the INA in the field even in the face of defeat. It created a psychological revolution. The war ended and with it ended the slavish mentality of the Indian army.
It gave rise to anti-raj activity all over India even in the military camps of Bombay, Karachi, Jabalpur Netaji’s plan of action had transformed the British Indian army into the Indian army. His powers of Generalship turned the defeat of the INA into the defeat of the British raj.
In what respect can Netaji’s Provisional Government of Azad Hind be called the forerunner of our Government today?
Netaji was a great visionary. In order to find a solution to Indian freedom he crossed the sea and organised his own army. He approached to Indian freedom was not supported by the rightist leaders is India. It was his quality that the author feels confident to get absolute justice from him and his government the forerunner of the government today. The Indian constitution after the freedom accepted the high ideal of equality, justice secularism which were the vision of Netaji.
Make a general assessment of Netaji as: (Imp.)
(a) A man of brave but kind heart, as.
(b) A man of keen insight and foresight.
Netaji was a complete man. He practised what he preached. He cared not only for the honour, welfare and comfort of his soldiers but also respected their feelings. He had a compassionate nature. His soldiers were overwhelmed with his concerns individually and collectively. He used to help his own staff officers to wash hands by pouring water and offering his own towel to scrub hands.
He used to shed tears on hearing about the difficulties of his soldiers and took immediate steps to supply relief. He was a rare leader of man in war.He had power of observation. He was gifted with insight and foresight whatever he did was accurate in result. He did whatever he could for the freedom of India. By putting INA in war he proved how a defeated soldier can win a greater victory.
The defeat in war of the British Indian Army gave a new identity of Indian Army. It transformed the whole scene. So what he did was beyond comprehension of a profession soldiers.
Explain the spirit of the last but one para of the proclamation of the provisional Government of Azad Hind.
Netaji’s complete personality is revealed in the distilled form in the last but one para of the proclamation of provisional Government of Azad Hind. In this proclamatory para he talks about the ideas of his government.
A political loyalty is claimed on the part of the government for it guarantees religious liberty as well as equal rights and equal opportunities to all its citizens. It declares its firm resolve to pursue the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and of all parts, cherishing all the children of the nation equally and transcending all the differences cunningly fostered by alien government in the past. In short Netaji wished for a welfare and complete democratic government.