MP Board Class 10th Special English Important Questions Chapter 9 If
I. Answer the following questions in about 25 words:
What does the poet want his son to do by saying “keep your head when all about you are losing theirs and blaming it on you”?
The poet refers to the situation when the people lose their cool. They get angry and start blaming someone for creating such a situation. A perfect man does not get irritated on such occasions.
How does the poet want his son to treat triumph and disaster?
His son should treat victory and defeat on equal footing in a nutshell, he should not be puffed up on gaining something. He should also not lose heart in the event of some loss or in the face of hardships.
How does the poet want his son to react to loss?
The poet wants his son to bear his loss cool headedly. He should not highlight his loss in public. He behaves in the proverb ‘weep and weep alone’ Nobody wipes the tears of a loser.
How does the poet want his son to deal with crowds, kings and commoners? (MP 2011)
The poet wants that his son should keep his virtue while talking to the crowds. He should be aware of his position in society while he walks with a king. He should not attach himself with commoners.
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
with sixty seconds worth of distance run,
yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
and which is more-you’ll be a man my son!
He should not remain idle even for a single second. He should achieve his objective in piece-meals. Then he will become the sole possessor of Earth or a complete (perfect/man) human being.
II. Answer the following questions in about 50 words:
‘If’ is a poem with a clear cut moral message.” Explain. (MP 2010)
‘If’ gives a clearcut message which resembles the message of the Gita. One should be like a lotus which lives in water but is not affected by it man should be neutral. Loss and gain, friendship and enmity should neither affect nor infect him. He should neither be elated in prosperity nor depressed in adversity. He should trust the voice of his conscience. He should not show himself off. He should keep his cool amidst uproar. He should be self-sacrificing.
“If you can dream and not make dreams your master.” Discuss with reference to the dreams of modern youth. (MP 2010)
A sound body alone sleeps soundly and views dreams. However, dreams are neither real nor reliable. He, who is guided by dreams is misguided. He loses both his present and his future. The modem youths are very dreamy. They aspire to grow rich and earn fame over night. They aspire to build a good body and have a sound mind.
They desire to get a good wife and a lofty career. They spend beyond their capacity to achieve them and lose their precious time, normal health and hard earned money. They also lose their cool and get shaken. Dreams leave them frustrated and worthless.