MP Board Class 12th Special English Important Questions Chapter 12 Youth and the Tasks Ahead
I. Answer the following questions in about 50 – 60 words each:
Why does the author want our youth to be physically and intellectually strong?
Dr. Karan Singh, a great political thinker, puts his candid views about the youth of our nation. He invokes that our youth must be equipped with physical and intellectual dimensions. Because building a great democracy and defending it from predatory, aggressors requires a young generation that is physically strong with muscles of iron and nerves of steel.
What should the youth do to become intellectually competent?
The author feels our youth must be equipped with intellectual capabilities in order to compete with the highly competitive age of science and technology. Moreover the challenges before them are greater than those of their predecessors. Hence they must obtain high academic abilities.
Those who go to schools or colleges are the privilege elite for there are a lot in our country who fast even to attain primary education. So the students should not lose even a moment in false or disruptive pursuits, but strain every nerve to become able and efficient in their respective fields of study.
What does the author mean by patriotism? (Imp.)
Patriotism is one of the important dimensions that a youth must acquire. By patriotism the author means the deeper patriotism which transcend all pettiness and exclusivism which creates in our youth a deep urge for national unity and progress. The author feels that this can eradicate corruption and nepotism from our nation and galvanize the whole process of our economic development.
Why is it necessary for our youth to be spiritually strong? (M.P. 2013, 16, 17)
The author feels that for our youth it is necessary to equip themselves with spiritual dimension which is the main faculty that distinguishes human beings from the myriad other forms of life. Spiritualism leads to fearlessness and dynamism even at the crucial hours and are overcome all difficulties. By spiritualism the author doesn’t mean merely denominational religion, but the string of unity which runs through all religions and from which they all ultimately derive power and sustenance.
What, according to the writer, are the things to be done for strengthening the country?
In this address to the youth of our country Dr. Karan Singh puts forth his high ideals in the interest of the country. First he thinks the youth of a nation must be equipped with physical, intellectual, patriotic and spiritual dimensions.
These will help them defend the country’s idealism and values. They will strengthen our great democracy. Corruption, nepotism and pettiness need to be eradicated. We must have a feeling of unity above all political, communal, regional and injustice diversities.
When Dr. Karan Singh speaks about spirituality, what does he means by it? (M.P. 2015)
Dr. Karan Singh, by spiritualism means the unity and power of sustenance.
II. Answer the following questions in about 75 – 100 words each:
Describe in brief, all the four dimensions in which our youth must equip themselves. (M.P. 2012, Imp.)
In his exhortation to the youth, Dr. Karan Singh urges the youth of India to develop physical, intellectual, patriotic and spiritual qualities in order to fulfil their responsibilities towards the nation. The author explains these qualities in his own terms. Physical quality is needed for building a great democracy and defending it from predatory aggressors.
We need a young generation which should be physically strong, with iron muscles, and nerves of steel. For this they also require proper physical training in order to develop physical fitness to the maximum extent. It develops discipline and teammanship in them.
Next, the author talks of the intellectual qualities which our youth need in order to face the challenges of the highly sensitive competitive age of science and technology. They need to be more alert and competent than their predecessors. They must attain academic ability of the highest order so that they can serve the nation in a proper way.
The third dimension that the author feels necessary for the youth is the quality of patriotism for it transcends all pettiness and excluvism and creates in them a deep urge for national unity and progress. This alone can eradiate corruption and nepotism from our land this will galvanize the process of economic development.
Then finally the author talks of the supreme quality of spiritualism which distinguishes human being from the myriad other forms of life that exist on earth. At a time of deep crisis we must be endowed with a new spiritual fervour which leads to that fearlessness and dynamism whereby we can overcome all difficulties. Here spiritualism is the unity of all faiths living together in peace and harmony.
What does the author expect from those who belong to the post-independence era?
The author feels that we are living in a crucial age. We have suffered a lot under the long servitude and gained freedom after immense sacrifices. Now our responsibilities are far more greater than those of our predecessors. It is quite tough to keep our independence safe.
We have to build a great democracy and defend it also. We have to be more alert and competent to face the challenges in every sphere of life. We have to spread knowledge, eradicate corruption, pettiness and nepotism. We have to galvanize the whole process of economic development. The young generation has to bear all these responsibilities for they are the future of the nation.
For this author urges them to equip themselves with qualities like physical fitness, intellectual traits, patriotic feeling and spiritualism. These all together can give them confidence, courage and ability to face all challenges and help them make a great nation.
How according to Dr. Karan Singh can the youth repay their debt to society? (Imp.)
According to Dr. Singh the youths can repay their debt of the nation in many ways. They can do their best to keep our country safe from the external attacks. They can spread knowledge among those who fail to go to schools or colleges. They can help the nation in eradicating corruption, pettiness, nepotism and all other diversities. They should spread the message of unity, peace and harmony. They can work everything for the welfare of the nation.
How can N.C.C. and other similar organizations help in making our youth physically strong?
Physical fitness is one of the most first and foremost requirement for one to prove oneself victorious. Building a great democracy and defending it is a great task. It requires a young generation that is physically strong, with muscles of iron and nerves of steel. One can achieve and improve these qualities only by undertaking physical training and developing physical fitness to the maximum. N.C.C. and other such organizations are working in this field.
Physical fitness and the qualities of discipline and teammanship are essential particularly for those who are planning a job in defence forces. N.C.C. like organization train one in all these directions and make a young man competent enough to face all sorts of challenges in life.