MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai

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MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai (E.L. Turnbull)

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Mirabai Textual Exercises

Work Power

(A) When a sequence of words is read or spoken as a meaningful unit, h is called a phrase. However, any such sequence can be further classified as noun phrase adjectival phrase, adverbial phrase, according to the function In a sentence.
For example:
(i) All the same (making no difference)-It is all the same to me whether I eat now or later. (Adv. Phrase)
(ii) In league with (secret understanding)-The police is in league with the criminals. (Prep. Phrase)
The underlined parts in the above sentences. represent adverbial and prepositional phrases respectively. Use the following phrases in sentences of your own. Make up; taken aback, in her train, hang around, to the’ utmost gain. sick with, brace up. to be heavy with
Answer:

  • Make up I told the small children a story. making it up as I went along.
  • taken-back – I was taken aback to see a gentleman begging.
  • in her train – The famous journalist came in her train.
  • hang around – I have a lot of work so don’t hang around me.
  • to the utmost gain – To his utmost gain he became a minister. sick with Mirabai was sick with her blind faith.
  • brace up – The runners braced up before the race begin.
  • to be heavy with – Rani was heavy with the behaviour ol Mirahai.

Comprehension

(A) Identity the speakers from the speeches about Mirabai, which bring out her qualities and arrange them in a table.

MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 1
MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 2
Answer:
MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 3

(B) Choose the correct alternative and rewrite the statements.

Question 1.
Rani is angry with Mirabai because
(i) She is not behaving as a wife should behave
(ii) She is bringing shame on the house of Mewar
(iii) She spends too much time with priests, and in worshipping Lord Krishna
(iv) She disobeys Rani.
Answer:
(iii) She spends too much time with priests, and in worshipping Lord Krishna

Question 2.
Rani wants Rana Sanga to order Mirabai to worship Durga because

(i) Durga is the customary goddess of the royal house
(ii) She doesn’t like Lord Krishna
(iii) She wants Mirabai to change her decision
(iv) All the above
Answer:
(iv) All the above

Question 3.
Mirabai thinks herself/a little better than a captive’ because

(i) She wants freedom in practicing her faith
(ii) She feels hindered in performing her duty
(iii) She keeps all the secrets close to her heart
(iv) All the above
Answer:
(iv) All the above

Question 4.
Jaimall is worried about Mirabai because
(i) Mirabai has poor relationship with Rana Sanga and Rani
(ii) He is close relative of Mirabai
(iii) He is afraid of Rana Sanga
(iv) He doesn’t like Prince Bhojraja.
Answer:
(i) Mirabai has poor relationship with Rana Sanga and Rani

(C) Answer the following questions briefly (in four or five sentences each):

Question 1.
Why was Rani angry with Mirabai?
Answer:
Mirabai, a 16 year old princess of Marwar, is in disgrace in her husband’s house because of her excessive devotion to Lord Krishna. The House of Mewar worships the Goddess Durga and takes it as an insult to the honour of the House that this young girl dares to defy them. The Rani of Mewar, Mirabai’s mother-in-law is angry with her at her obstinancy and wishes to punish her.

Question 2.
How did Rani try to influence Rana Sanga?
Answer:
Rani was a deadly enemy of Mirabai, her daughter-in-law. She poured poison into Rana’s ears. She said that Mirabai was unfaithful to her husband and she loved Jaimall, her cousin. She told Ranadhat Mirabai did not honour the family deity Durga. Instead she was devoted to Lord Krishna.

Question 3.
Who was Jaimall? How did he feel about Mirabai?
Answer:
Jaimall was a kinsman of Mirabai from Merta. He was a young man and the confidante of Rana Sanga. He felt compassionate about Mirabai. When Rani made charges against Mirabai, he came forward to defend her. He pointed out that she had always been loving the image of Lord Krishna as other children loved their toys. He was very much perturbed to see Mirabai’s predicament in the palace of Rana Sanga.

Question 4.
How did Rana Sanga try to persuade Mirabai?
Ans.
Rana Sanga was rather soft and polite while behaving with Mirabai. He advised her to stop too much brooding. He told her to play with children, mixed with women and get ornaments to wear. He warned that unless she stopped worshipping Lord Krishna, there would not be peace between him and her.

Question 5.
When Sanjogta says, “The clouds are heavy. There is thunder in the air.” the nurse replies, “inside the palace and without.” Explain her reply.
Answer:
The nurse gave a hint that everything is against Mirabai inside the palace. Mirabai’s life is in danger. She has no fiiends. Both Rana Sanga and Rani are totally against her. She may be poisoned to death. She cannot take food prepared by anybody but her nurse. Her only well-wisher Jaimall has been driven out of the palace. The thunder implies those bad times facing Mirabai inside the palace.

Question 6.
“That was a trick to lure some secret out of you,” says the nurse. What was the trick and who played it?
Answer:
The wicked Rani played the trick to cause more trouble to Mirabai. The trick was played by the maid-servant on behalf of Rani. The servant wanted to get a token of love from Mirabai for her cousin Jaimall. The gift : was to be exploited to malign both Jaimall and Mirabai. Rani would have showed that sign as a proof of romance between the cousins.

Question 7.
Why did the nurse scream when the Charnamrit was sent to Mirabai? Having drunk it, what does Mirabai mean when she says, “I paid in full ”?
Answer:
Charnamrit is in fact holy water. It is collected while giving a bath to a god. But the golden cup contained not charnamrit but poison. The nurse’s suspicion was correct. But God willed it otherwise. That poison had no adverse effect on Mirabai. The hymn sung by Mirabai means that i she has paid for Krishna the greatest price of all. She had agreed to drink poison and die in order to prove her love for Krishna. There could not be a higher price than one’s own life.

Question 8.
Who was Bhojraj? Why was he unhappy?
Answer:
Bhojraj was the son of Rana Sanga, the ruler of Mewar. He had been married to Mirabai, who was a devotee of Lord Krishna. As a bride she could not pay much attention to her husband and family. Instead she , used to spend too much of her time in worshipping Lord Krishna. At the I time of marriage with Bhojraj, she went round die image of Krishna three times. Bhojraj was very upset and unhappy.

(D) Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Question 1.
Describe the qualities of Mirabai as revealed in the play.
Answer:
Mirabai belonged to the royal house of Mewar or Merta. At the age of six her mother had dedicated her to Lord Krishna. She used to play with and love the image of Krishna as children love toys. At the time of her marriage with Bhojraj, son of Rana Sanga of Mewar, she went round the image of Krishna three times. Her only well-wisher in the court was Raja Jaimall, her brave cousin from Merta. She was protected from harm by her two female attendants – Sanjogta and an old nurse.

She spent too much of her time to her devotion. She worshipped Lord Krishna. She had brought Krishna’s image from Merta. She used to talk with the image as though to living god. She wrote verses in Krishna’s honour and praise. This displeased even her husband and her in-laws. She was just a lovely girl of sixteen when the incident narrated in the play took place. She was sorry that all her well-wishers suffered disgrace on her account. She had no interest in jewellery and no fear of death. Once she presented her bare neck to Rana Sanga to be cut off. Next time she drank off all the poison sent by the Rana Sanga and Rani. But no harm came to her because she was as pure as a white lotus.

Question 2.
State the theme of the one-act play ‘Mirabai’?
Answer:

Scene I

This scene opens in a room in the palace of Rana Sanga. Rana Sanga is the ruler of Mewar. The middle-aged Prince, looks older because of the many wounds he had received in battles. He is crippled. Rana Sanga is talking with his wife, the Rani and the son Bhojraj. Jaimall a Kinsman of Mirabai from Merta also stands there in anxious attention. He is a youngman and the confidante of Rana Sanga. They all are perturbed at the moment. The Rani is angry and Bhojraj is unhappy, The point at issue is the behaviour of Mirabai. She is only 16 years old. She is the wife of Rana Sanga’s son Bhojraj and a devotee of Lord Krishna.

Rana Sanga blames the parents o Mirabai lor turning Mirahai ‘s attention to religion when she should have been at play. [be Rani reminds Rana Sanga how she had always opposed the idea of taking a bride from Mena. Bhojraj’s complaint against his wil Mirabai is that she prays far too much. Rana Sanga sees no fault in that so long as Mirabat does her duty as a wedded wife and remains blameless morally. Ran, gives a hint that Mirabai is characterless Her hint is that Mirabai has an affair with her cousin Jaimall. But this ‘iew is not shared by Mirabais husband. Rani draws the attention of all the family members to the fact that on her wedding day. Mira had walked three times around the image of Lord Krishna.

It was shocking because it amounted to her marrying Lord Krishna. Jaimall defends Mirabai. He points out that she has always been loving the image of Lord Krishna as other children love their toys. Rani is angry at his interference. She questions him what has Mirabai to do with him. She charges him with misguiding Mirahai. Rana asks her to keep quiet. Then he asks his son Bhojraj what he has to say against his wife Mirabai. Bhojraj complains that Mirabai spends a lot of time at devotions of Lord Krishna. She writes holy poems and does nothing to please him. Rani complains that Mirabai disobeys her orders and wishes. When Jaimall cqntradicts this allegation, She is furious again She wants him to get away. She calls him vain of his noble birth. Rana Sanga remarks that Jaimall’s pride is excusable because he comes of a royal family.

Bhojraj also takes a firm stand his mother’s allegation that Mirabat has any romance towards her cousin. He tells his mother that she is most unfair to his wife Miraba: Rani’ another allegation against Mirabai is that she has refused to meditate Durga, the Goddess of the house. The Rana supports his wife and decides to question Mirabai about it. Rani with tears asks him to be firm while dealing with Mirabai. Bhojraj quits the palace. The Rana is hopeful that Mirabai will remain polite and gentle, but Rani knows that Mirabai is tough as granite.

She retires into an inner chamber.Mirabai’s arrives and stands before the Rana with bent head and folded
hands. Rana asks her to send away her attendants. She is frightened. Mirabai requests that her old nurse may be allowed to stay with her. Rana Sanga grants the request but he wants the nurse to face away from them. He starts cross questioning her. He wants to know if she has been defying the Rani. She submits that she has been paying due respect and honour.

His second question is about her religious learnings. She worships Lord Krishna and not Durga, the guardian of their spiritual strength. She submits that it is question of personal faith. The Rana calls it an act of defiance. But she contends that she will die if she is not allowed to worship Lord Krishna. The Rana becomes soft and advises her to stop too much, of brooding. It tells her to play with children, mix with women and get ornaments to wear Fie warns that unless she stops worshipping Lord Krishna. there would not be peace between him and her. Mirabai bares her neck and offers herself to be done to death. He feels awkward. He thinks that she is mad and dismisses her. His parting advice is that she should give up her sickly habit and prepare herself to bear children.

Scene II

The Scene is in a room of Rana Sanga’s palace assigned to Princes Mirabai. Among her companions one is Sanjogta. She has followed her from Merta. Then there is an old nurse. She is at the moment stringing some gold beads. Sanjogta remarks that the weather is stormy with thundering clouds in the sky. The nurse adds that the weather conditions are equally bad inside the palace also. Mirabai has been living like a prisoner in her apartment for three days. The Rani is up to some further mischief. The nurse prays to God for the safety and security of Mirabai. The little saint who/is as pure as white lotus.

Sanjogta recalls an incident. Once her mother had slapped her because she did not have the luck to go to Mewar’s Royal House as a bride. The nurse calls her fortunate. She points out how difficult the life of Mirabai is. The Rani hates her, envies her beauty and is jealous even for her son. Mirabai is facing the danger of being poisoned. The nurse gives Mirabai food prepared all by herself. She has no friends with in the palace. The Rani has no love for those from Merta. The nurse laments that Mirabai is obstinate and refuses to repent if only to pacify the Rana.

Just then a maid servant brings a basket of fruit for Mirabai. Mirabai is busy in singing her prayer, as if she were speaking to some dear friend or lover. She refuses to believe that she is all alone inside. The maid servant wishes to hand over a message from Raja Jaimall to Mirabai. She refuses to give it to anyone except Mirabai. She is ready to be slapped as she had been the other day. She declares that she will wait until Mirabai comes out of her room. Mirabai comes out of her room. She has grown very thin. The servant gives her the message that Jaimall wants some token of lover from her.

Mirabai tells that she does not need anything as help from her cousin. When the servant is gone, the nurse ealls her a wicked woman whose job is to poison the Rani’s ears. She was an emissary of the Rani and not of Raja Jaimal. The nurse curses the day when they left. Their state for Mewar. But Mirabai does not grumble. She calls it a part of their destiny. She says that her mother had dedicated her to Lord Krishna when she was only six years old. But her devotion to her lord is causing hardships to all those who love her. She is sorry for brave Jaimall who has suffered disgrace and driven out of Mewar on her account.

Outside a dispute is taking place between the guards and some women. Soon two female attendants enter, carrying a tray with a golden cup standing on it. They say that this charnamrit is from the Rana Sanga, Lord of Mewar. The nurse raises a hue and screams that Mira will hot drink from the Rana’s, She knows very well that it is poison. Sanjogta also starts sobbing. She wants to drink it herself. But Mirabai does not allow her to do so. She agrees to drink the contents of the cup herself because only a person from royal family is entitled to drink it. She lifts the cup to her lips. She is ready to die. She drinks it off at one go. But a miracle takes place. The poison does not affect her at all. She goes on chanting her prayer. She says that she has bought her Lord Krishna at a price which some call too high and other call to small. But she has paid to him her life, her love, her soul and her all.

Speaking Activity

A. Develop a short conversation between two classmates on what Mirabai needed to do on being sent the poisoned charnamrit.
Answer:
Do yourself.

Writing Skill

B. Comment on Mirabai’s statement ‘One’s faith is one’s own’.
Answer:
Mirabai’s statement ‘one’s faith is one’s own’ is very much true to the fact. It shows that everyone is an individual and thinks in his own way. He has his own conscience. In order to establish his own identity one must nourish his own ideas, belief and thought. It may be the case of one’s living, behaviour and faith. One this is very much clear that one’s faith or behaviour is not meant to hurt anyone else. One should never put under pressure to follow a path of religion or any other value or thought.

Think it Over

A.Think of other famous women characters from Indian history and prepare a brief sketch of their exemplary qualities.
Answer:
Aslo other woman warrier in history of India has made such a powerful impact on the mind of the Indian people as the Rani of Jhansi, Laxmi Bai. Her heroic battle against the British has become the subjects of may folk songs and ballads all over the country. Her indomitable sport as a fighter for the independence of her country was appreciated even by her enemies. Rani Laxmi Bai did fighting bravely for the sake of her country. The Rani of Jhansi became the most popular leader of the first war of Independence (1857). The British forces under the leadership of Sir Hugh Roze besieged Jhansi. The Rani commanded her forces bravely. But unfortunately she was surrounded from all sides and so, she tried to organise a retreat. While doing so was fatally wounded and breathed her last on the battlefield.

B. Is there any right in the constitution of modern India relating to freedom of faith? How does it relate to Mirabai?
Answer:
There is a provision of such a right under Indian constitution in the category of fundamental. It provides the freedom of religion and faith. There is no compulsion or pressure to any one in democratic set-up to follow a certain religion. Everyone has a right to choose a religion of his own choice.

In this case Mirabai appears to be a genuine citizen who could have go to the court of law to beg for justice. For she was compelled to follow the religion of her-in-laws’ family. The .Constitution provides constitutional I remedies against the violation of any of the fundamental rights.

Things to Do

A. Mirabai should be exacted in front of the class. Two terms may be chosen, one for each scene.
Answer:
Scene I – Scene II
Rana Sanga – Nurse
Rani – Sanjogta
‘Bhojraj – Servant
Jaimall – Mirabai
Female attendant (non-speaking) – Two female attendant (one non-speaking)
Mirabai
Nurse (non-speaking)
Following instructions should be given beforehand:

  • Read the whole scene, not just their own part
  • Read the stage directions relating to their part as given in parentheses
  • Read and understand directions on characterization

Answer:
For self attempt.

B. Frame a dialogue between Akbar and Birbal, based oh anyone of Birbal’s well-known witticism and enact it before the class. Birbal was late one day – Akbar asked the reason – Birbal’s son didn’t let him go – Akbar laughed and wanted to show Birbal how to deal with the child – Emperor Akbar ordered for a sugarcane the child wanted to eat – the child wanted the whole sugarcane instead of the pieces – he wanted the same pieces put together – Akbar agreed to Birbal’s logic that it is not easy to satisfy a child.
Answer:
For self attempt.

C. Go through the text of E.L.Turnbull’s another one-act play, Rana Pratap and find out the description of Rana Pratap’s heroic qualities.
Answer:
Rana Pratap was one of the most heroic personalities. He was the King of Mewar. He was the only Rajput King who fought against the great Mughal King Akbar. Akbar made marital relationships with the Rajput Kings in order to expand the boundaries of his empire. Again and again he Ip tried to control over Rana Pratap’s kingdom. But he failed. Rana never surrounded before him. He spent his days in forest and had to eat the bread of grass. Slavery was not suited to him. He led to free life. His name adds a glory to Indian history.

Mirabai  Summary in English

Scene I

This scene opens in a room in the palace of Rana Sanga. Rana Sanga is the ruler of Mewar. The middle-aged Prince, looks older because of the many wounds he had received in battles. He is crippled. Rana Sanga is talking with his wife, the Rani and the son Bhojraj. Jaimall a Kinsman of Mirabai from Merta also stands there in anxious attention. He is a youngman and the confidante of Rana Sanga. They all are perturbed at the moment. The Rani is angry and Bhojraj is unhappy, The point at issue is the behaviour of Mirabai. She is only 16 years old. She is the wife of Rana Sanga’s son Bhojraj and a devotee of Lord Krishna.

Rana Sanga blames the parents o Mirabai lor turning Mirahai ‘s attention to religion when she should have been at play. [be Rani reminds Rana Sanga how she had always opposed the idea of taking a bride from Mena. Bhojraj’s complaint against his wil Mirabai is that she prays far too much. Rana Sanga sees no fault in that so long as Mirabat does her duty as a wedded wife and remains blameless morally. Ran, gives a hint that Mirabai is characterless Her hint is that Mirabai has an affair with her cousin Jaimall. But this ‘iew is not shared by Mirabais husband. Rani draws the attention of all the family members to the fact that on her wedding day. Mira had walked three times around the image of Lord Krishna.

It was shocking because it amounted to her marrying Lord Krishna. Jaimall defends Mirabai. He points out that she has always been loving the image of Lord Krishna as other children love their toys. Rani is angry at his interference. She questions him what has Mirabai to do with him. She charges him with misguiding Mirahai. Rana asks her to keep quiet. Then he asks his son Bhojraj what he has to say against his wife Mirabai. Bhojraj complains that Mirabai spends a lot of time at devotions of Lord Krishna. She writes holy poems and does nothing to please him. Rani complains that Mirabai disobeys her orders and wishes. When Jaimall cqntradicts this allegation, She is furious again She wants him to get away. She calls him vain of his noble birth. Rana Sanga remarks that Jaimall’s pride is excusable because he comes of a royal family.

Bhojraj also takes a firm stand his mother’s allegation that Mirabat has any romance towards her cousin. He tells his mother that she is most unfair to his wife Miraba: Rani’ another allegation against Mirabai is that she has refused to meditate Durga, the Goddess of the house. The Rana supports his wife and decides to question Mirabai about it. Rani with tears asks him to be firm while dealing with Mirabai. Bhojraj quits the palace. The Rana is hopeful that Mirabai will remain polite and gentle, but Rani knows that Mirabai is tough as granite.

She retires into an inner chamber.Mirabai’s arrives and stands before the Rana with bent head and folded
hands. Rana asks her to send away her attendants. She is frightened. Mirabai requests that her old nurse may be allowed to stay with her. Rana Sanga grants the request but he wants the nurse to face away from them. He starts cross questioning her. He wants to know if she has been defying the Rani. She submits that she has been paying due respect and honour.

His second question is about her religious learnings. She worships Lord Krishna and not Durga, the guardian of their spiritual strength. She submits that it is question of personal faith. The Rana calls it an act of defiance. But she contends that she will die if she is not allowed to worship Lord Krishna. The Rana becomes soft and advises her to stop too much, of brooding. It tells her to play with children, mix with women and get ornaments to wear Fie warns that unless she stops worshipping Lord Krishna. there would not be peace between him and her. Mirabai bares her neck and offers herself to be done to death. He feels awkward. He thinks that she is mad and dismisses her. His parting advice is that she should give up her sickly habit and prepare herself to bear children.

Scene II

The Scene is in a room of Rana Sanga’s palace assigned to Princes Mirabai. Among her companions one is Sanjogta. She has followed her from Merta. Then there is an old nurse. She is at the moment stringing some gold beads. Sanjogta remarks that the weather is stormy with thundering clouds in the sky. The nurse adds that the weather conditions are equally bad inside the palace also. Mirabai has been living like a prisoner in her apartment for three days. The Rani is up to some further mischief. The nurse prays to God for the safety and security of Mirabai. The little saint who/is as pure as white lotus.

Sanjogta recalls an incident. Once her mother had slapped her because she did not have the luck to go to Mewar’s Royal House as a bride. The nurse calls her fortunate. She points out how difficult the life of Mirabai is. The Rani hates her, envies her beauty and is jealous even for her son. Mirabai is facing the danger of being poisoned. The nurse gives Mirabai food prepared all by herself. She has no friends with in the palace. The Rani has no love for those from Merta. The nurse laments that Mirabai is obstinate and refuses to repent if only to pacify the Rana.

Just then a maid servant brings a basket of fruit for Mirabai. Mirabai is busy in singing her prayer, as if she were speaking to some dear friend or lover. She refuses to believe that she is all alone inside. The maid servant wishes to hand over a message from Raja Jaimall to Mirabai. She refuses to give it to anyone except Mirabai. She is ready to be slapped as she had been the other day. She declares that she will wait until Mirabai comes out of her room. Mirabai comes out of her room. She has grown very thin. The servant gives her the message that Jaimall wants some token of lover from her.

Mirabai tells that she does not need anything as help from her cousin. When the servant is gone, the nurse ealls her a wicked woman whose job is to poison the Rani’s ears. She was an emissary of the Rani and not of Raja Jaimal. The nurse curses the day when they left. Their state for Mewar. But Mirabai does not grumble. She calls it a part of their destiny. She says that her mother had dedicated her to Lord Krishna when she was only six years old. But her devotion to her lord is causing hardships to all those who love her. She is sorry for brave Jaimall who has suffered disgrace and driven out of Mewar on her account.

Outside a dispute is taking place between the guards and some women. Soon two female attendants enter, carrying a tray with a golden cup standing on it. They say that this charnamrit is from the Rana Sanga, Lord of Mewar. The nurse raises a hue and screams that Mira will hot drink from the Rana’s, She knows very well that it is poison. Sanjogta also starts sobbing. She wants to drink it herself. But Mirabai does not allow her to do so. She agrees to drink the contents of the cup herself because only a person from royal family is entitled to drink it. She lifts the cup to her lips. She is ready to die. She drinks it off at one go. But a miracle takes place. The poison does not affect her at all. She goes on chanting her prayer. She says that she has bought her Lord Krishna at a price which some call too high and other call to small. But she has paid to him her life, her love, her soul and her all.

Mirabai Summary in Hindi

दृश्य – I

यह दृश्य मेवाड़ के राणा सांगा के राजमहल के एक कमरे का है। अधेड़ आयु के राजा से अधिक वृद्ध दिखाई दे रहे हैं क्योंकि उन्होंने अनेक युद्धों में बहुत से घाव खाये हैं। वह अपंग हैं। वह अपनी पत्नी तथा अपने बेटे भोजराज से बातचीत कर रहे हैं। मीराबाई का रिश्ते का भाई जयमल भी वहाँ खड़ा है। वह एक वीर युवक है तथा राजा का विश्वासपात्र है। सभी इस समय बेचेन से हैं। रानी क्रोधित है और भोजराज अप्रसन्न। झगड़े का कारण है भक्तिन मीराबाई का आचरण जो मात्र 16 वर्ष की है। वह भोजराज की पत्नी है और कृष्ण की पुजारिन।

इस कार्य के लिए राणा मीराबाई के माता-पिता को दोषी मानते हैं कि उन्होंने बेटी का ध्यान धर्म की ओर लगा दिया जबकि उसे खेलने में रुचि लेनी चाहिये थी। रानी उसे स्मरण दिलाती है कि वह सदैव से ही मेड़ता से दुल्हन लेने का विरोध करती थी। भोजराज को अपनी पत्नी से शिकायत यह है कि वह पूजापाठ अधिक करती है। राणा को इसमें कोई बुरी बात दिखाई नहीं देती जब तक मौरा अपने पत्नी होने का कर्तव्य निभाती है तथा नैतिक रूप से दोषरहित रहती है। रानी संकेत देती है कि मीरा दुष्चरित्र है। उसका आशय यह है कि मीरों का अपने रिश्ते के भाई जयमल से अवैध संबंध है। किन्तु इस बात से मीरा का पति सहमत नहीं है। रानी सबका इस तथ्य की ओर ध्यान दिलाती है कि अपने विवाह के दिन ही मीरा ने तीन बार कृष्ण की मर्ति के फेरे लिये थे। यह बरी बात थी क्योंकि इसका अर्थ है कृष्ण से विवाह करना।

जयमल मीरा का पक्ष लेता है। वह बताता है कि मीरा उसी प्रकार से सदैव कृष्ण को प्यार करती रही है जैसे अन्य बच्चे अपने खिलौनों से करते हैं। रानी इस हस्तक्षेप से क्रोधित हो जाती है। वह उससे प्रश्न करती है कि तुम्हारा मीराबाई से क्या लेना-देना। वह आरोप लगाती है कि तुम मीरा को बहका रहे हो। राणा उसे चुप कराते हैं। फिर वह अपने बेटे से पूछते हैं कि तुम्हें अपनी पत्नी के विरुद्ध क्या कहना है। भोजराज शिकायत करता है कि मीरा अपना सारा समय भक्ति में लगाती है। वह भजन लिखती है तथा उसे प्रसन्न करने के लिए कोई काम नहीं करती। रानी को शिकायत है कि मीरा उनकी अवज्ञा करती है। जब जयमल इस आरोप को काटता है तो रानी पुनः नाराज हो जाती है। वह चाहती है कि जयमल वहाँ से चला जाये। वह कहती है कि इस व्यक्ति को अपने उच्च कुल में जन्म लेने पर बहुत गर्व है। राणा सांगा चाहते हैं कि जयमल का गर्व क्षम्य है क्योंकि वह राजपरिवार से संबंध रखता है। भोजराज भी अपनी माँ के आरोप का विरोध करता है कि मीरा का अपने भाई से कोई प्रेम-संबंध है। वह माँ को कहता है कि तुम मीरा के साथ अन्याय कर रही हो।

रानी का मीराबाई के विरुद्ध दूसरा आरोप यह है कि उसने दुर्गा माता की पूजा करने से इंकार कर दिया जो कि इस परिवार की ईष्ट देवी हैं। राणा अपनी पत्नी का समर्थन करता है तथा मीरा से इस बारे में पूछताछ करने का निर्णय लेता है। रानी आँसू भी आँखों से अपने पति से कहती है कि मीरा से बात करते समय कठोर बने रहना। भोजराज वहाँ से चला जाता है। राणा को आशा है कि मीरा विनयशील बनी रहेगी किन्तु रानी जानती है कि मीरा ग्रेनाइट पत्थर की भाँति कठोर है। वह अंदर कमरे में चली जाती है।

मीरा आती है और अपना शीश झुकाये हाथ जोड़े राणा के सामने खड़ी हो जाती है। राणा कहते हैं कि अपनी दासियों को वापस भेज दो। वह भयभीत हो जाती है। वह विनती करनी है कि बूढी नर्स को यहीं ठहरने दिया जाये। राणा यह विनती स्वीकार कर लेते हैं किन्तुं चाहते हैं कि नर्स अपना मुंह उन लोगों से दूसरी ओर कर ले। वह मीरा से प्रश्न करते हैं। वह जानना चाहते हैं कि क्या तुम रानी की आज्ञा का पालन करने से इंकार करती हो। मीरा कहती है कि मैं उन्हें सदैव उचित सम्मान देती हूँ तथा उनके प्रति विनयशीलता दिखाती हूँ। राणा का दूसरा प्रश्न मीरा की धार्मिक वृत्ति के संबंध में है। मीरा कृष्ण की भक्ति करती है, दुर्गा की पूजा नहीं करती जो कुल की शक्ति की अभिभावक हैं।

मीरा कहती है कि यह तो व्यक्ति की आस्था का प्रश्न है। राणा इसे अवज्ञा कहते हैं। किन्तु वह कहती है कि यदि मुझे कृष्ण की पूजा करने से रोका गया तो मैं मर जाऊँगी। राणा नर्म पड़ जाते हैं तथा परामर्श देते हैं कि अधिक पूजा-पाठ चिन्तन-मनन त्याग दो। वह कहते हैं कि बच्चों के साथ खेलो, महिलाओं के बीच उठो-बैठो तथा आभूषण धारण करो। वह चेतावनी देते हैं कि यदि तुम कृष्ण की भक्ति नहीं त्यागती तो मेरे-तुम्हारे बीच शांति नहीं रह पायेगी। मीरा अपनी गर्दन खोल देती है तथा कहती है उसे काट दो। राणा को शर्म आ जाती है। वह सोचते हैं मीरा दीवानी है और वह उसे जाने का आदेश देते हैं। उनका अंतिम परामर्श यह है कि अपनी बीमारों जैसी आदतें त्याग दो तथा वंश वुद्धि के लिए तैयार हो जाओ।

दृश्य – II

यह दृश्य राणा सांगा के राजमहल में मौराबाई के निवास में एक कमरे का है। उसकी सहेलियों में एक लड़की संयोगिता है जो मेड़ता से ही उसके साथ आई है इसके अतिरिक्त एक वृद्ध नर्स भी है जो सोने के मनकों को धागे में पिरो रही है। संयोगिता कहती है कि मौसम तूफान वाला हो रहा है तथा आकाश में मेघ गरज रहे हैं। नर्स कहती है कि मौसम की स्थिति महल के अंदर भी उतनी खराब है। मीरा तीन दिनों से अपने निवास में बंदियों जैसी स्थिति में रह रही है। रानी फिर कोई नई शैतानी की योजना बना रही है। नर्स ईश्वर से मीरा की सुरक्षा की विनती करती है जो एक छोटी-सी साध्वी है, इतनी विशुद्ध जितनी कि श्वेत कमल होता है।

संयोगिता एक घटना स्मरण करती है। एक बार उसकी माँ ने उसे थप्पड़ मार दिया था क्योंकि बेटी इतनी भाग्यवान पैदा नहीं हुई कि राजकुल की दुल्हन बनकर चली जाती। नर्स कहती है तुम भाग्यशाली हो। वह बताती है कि मेरा जीवन कितना कठिन हो गया है। रानी माँ को उससे घृणा है। उसकी सुंदरता से डाह है तथा अपने बेटे से भी ईर्ष्या है। मीरा को भय है कि कहीं उसे विष न दे दिया जाये। नर्स स्वयं अपने हाथों से बना भोजन ही मौरा को खिलाती है। मीरा का राजमहल में कोई भी सगा नहीं है। रानी का मेवाड़ के किसी भी व्यक्ति से प्यार नहीं है। नर्स दुःख से कहती है कि मीरा हठी है और वह राणा को शांत करने के लिये भी पश्चाताप का दिखावा करने में इंकार करती है।

तभी एक सेविका मीरा के लिये फलों की टोकरी लेकर आती है। वह मीरा को अपने अंदर वाले कक्ष में बोलते सुनती है। वह संदेह करती है कि मीरा अपने प्रेमी से वार्तालाप कर रही है। वह बात को मानने से इंकार करती है कि मीरा अंदर कमरे में अकेली है। वह मीरा के लिये जयमल का एक संदेश लेकर आई है। वह यह संदेश मीरा के अतिरिक्त किसी अन्य को देने से इंकार करती है वह पुनः उसी प्रकार से थप्पड खाने को तैयार है जैसा कि उसने पिछली बार खाया था। वह कहती है कि मीरा के कक्ष से बाहर आने तक वह प्रतीक्षा करेगी। मीरा बाहर निकलती है। वह बहुत दुबली हो गयी है। सेविका उसे संदेश देती है कि जयमल तुमसे प्यार कर प्रतीक पाना चाहता है। मीरा उसे बताती है कि उसे जयमल से किसी प्रकार की सहायता प्राप्त करने की आवश्यकता नहीं है। उसके जाने के बाद नर्स कहती है कि यह बहुत दुष्ट औरत है। इसका काम रानी के कानों में जहर घोलना है।

राजा जयमल की नहीं रानी की दूत बनकर आई थी। नर्स उस दिन को कोसती है जब उन लोगों ने मेवाड़ छोड़ा था। किन्तु मीराबाई कोई शिकायत नहीं करती। वह कहती है कि यह सब अपनी-अपनी किस्मत है। मीराबाई बताती है, कि मेरी माँ ने मुझे कृष्ण को समर्पित कर दिया था जब मैं केवल छह वर्ष की थी। किन्तु मेरी भक्ति के कारण मेरे हमदर्द लोगों को कष्ट भोगना पड़ रहा है। उसे वीर जयमल के लिए दुःख है। उसी के कारण उसको न केवल अपमान सहना पड़ा वरन् मेवाड़ से भी बाहर जाना पड़ा।

बाहर रक्षकों तथा कुछ महिलाओं के बीच कहासुनी हो रही है। शीघ्र ही दो महिला सेविकाएँ एक तश्तरी में रखे स्वर्ण प्यालों को लेकर प्रवेश करती हैं। वे कहती हैं कि यह राणा सांगा द्वारा भेजा गया चरणामृत है। नर्स चीखती है कि मीरा उसे नहीं पियेगी। वह भली-भांति जानती है कि यह विष है। संयोगिता रोने लगती है। वह इस विष का पान स्वयं करना चाहती है। किन्तु मीरा उसे ऐसा नहीं करने देती। वह कहती है इस प्याले का रस मैं स्वयं पियूँगी क्योंकि राजवंश के व्यक्ति को ही इसे पीने का अधिकार है। वह प्याला अपने होठों से लगा लेती है। वह मरने को तैयार हो जाती है। वह एक घंट में सारा विष पी जाती है। किन्तु एक चमत्कार घटित होता है। विष का मीरा पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं होता। वह अपना भजन गुनगुनाती रहती है। वह कहती है कि मैंने भगवान कृष्ण को ऐसा मूल्य देकर खरीदा है जिसे कुछ लोग तो अधिक कहते हैं और कुछ बहुत कम। किन्तु मैंने तो उन्हें अपना जीवन, अपना प्यार, अपनी आत्मा, अपना सर्वस्व देकर प्राप्त किया है।

Mirabai Word Meaning

MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 4 MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 5 MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 6 MP Board Class 11th English A Voyage Solutions Chapter 19 Mirabai 7

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