MP Board Class 10th General English Important Extracts from Prose

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MP Board Class 10th General English Important Extracts from Prose

Two extracts from different prose lessons from your textbook will be given. Each extract will be of 5 marks. 1 mark in each extract will be for vocabulary.

Read the extracts carefully and answer the questions given below them.

(Lesson 2)

But the brave boy didn’t want to die. He made up his mind that he would survive. Somehow, to the amazement of the physician, he did survive. When the mortal danger was past, he again heard the doctor and his mother speaking quietly. The mother was told that since the fire had destroyed so much flesh in the lower part of his body, it would have been better if he had died since he was doomed to be a lifetime cripple with no use at all of his lower limbs.

Once more the brave boy made up his mind. He would not be a cripple. He would walk. But unfortunately from the waist down, he had no motor ability. His thin legs just dangled there, all but lifeless.

Questions:
(a) The brave boy made up his mind to :
(i) die (ii) survive (iii) run
(b) The boy heard the doctor talking to his :
(i) mother (ii) father (iii) grandfather
(c) The word which means ‘disabled’ is :
(i) cripple (ii) mortal (iii) amazement
(d) What did the doctor tell his mother?
Answers:
(a) (ii) survive.
(b) (i) mother.
(c) (i) cripple.
(d) The doctor told his mother that since fire had destroyed the flesh in the lower part of his body, it would have been better if he died, since he was doomed to be a lifetime cripple.

(Lesson 16)

This went on for many years. When I was a little older, I asked my grandparents a question that had been bothering me for long.
‘Why should we eat the red rice always at the night when it is not so good, and give those poor people the better quality rice?’
My grandmother Krishtakka smiled and told me something I will never forget in my life.

‘Child, whenever you want to give something to somebody, give the best in you, never the second best. That is what I have learned from life. God is riot there in the temple, mosque or church. He is with the people. If you serve them with whatever you have, you have served God.’

Questions:
(a) The writer lived with :
(i) parents (ii) relatives (iii) grandparents
(b) Better quality rice was :
(i) white rice (ii) red rice (iii) yellow rice
(c) What should we give to somebody?
(d) Which word in the passage means ‘troubling’?
Answers:
(a) (iii) grandparents.
(b) (ii) white rice.
(c) We should give somebody the best that we have and never the second best.
(d) Bothering.

(Lesson 13)

Happiness, after all, is an inner state of mind. It is little dependent on outside environment. Happiness has very little to do, for instance, with whether you are rich or not rich. Some of the most miserable persons I have come across in my life are the rich people. It is true that poverty makes one miserable in a very acute way. But my point is that it is not wealth but co-ordination of one’s thought and action which removes inner conflicts. It is in that way that integration of personality is achieved.

Questions:
(a) removes inner conflicts.
(i) Wealth (ii) Peace of mind (iii) Co-ordination of one’s thought and action.
(b) Poverty makes one :
(i) criminal (ii) miserable (iii) unhappy
(c) Miserable means :
(i) unhappy (ii) poor (iii) sympathetic
(d) Who are some of the most miserable persons?
Answers :
(a) (iii) Co-ordination of one’s thoughts and actions.
(b) (ii) miserable.
(c) (i) unhappy.
(d) Some of the most miserable persons are the rich people.

(Lesson 14)
The wicked Kubuddhi then said, “Subuddhi, it j is you who have taken away all that gold. If you do not agree to give me my share of four hundred gold coins, I will take the matter to the court.”

Subuddhi was angry and said, “How dare you speak to me like that, you scoundrel. I’m not a thief.” A quarrel arose between the two friends and the matter was brought before the judge. Upon hearing the whole story, the judge did not know what to do since there were no witnesses.

Subuddhi had no witnesses but Kubuddhi said he had one the goddess of the forest. “If we go and ask her, she will be able to tell us which one of us stole the gold,” he suggested.

Questions:
(a) was blamed for stealing of gold?
(i) Subuddhi (ii) Kubuddhi
(iii) Kubuddhi’s father
(b) Kubuddhi’s share was :
(i) Hundred gold coins (ii) Five hundred gold coins (iii) Four hundred gold coins
(c) Which word in the passage is an antonym of‘ peace’?
(i) Angry (ii) Quarrel (iii) Scoundrel
(d) Why was the judge unable to give my judgment?
Answers:
(a) (i) Subuddhi
(b) (iii) Four hundred gold coins.
(c) (ii) Quarrel.
(d) The judge was unable to give any judgment since there were no witnesses.

(Lesson 8)

I bolted for a week in Delhi, the city of the great Sufi Saint Hazrat Nizamuddin, and appeared for the interview at DTD & P (Air) [Directorate of Technical Development and Production (Air)]. I did well at the interview. The questions were of a routine nature and did not challenge my knowledge of the subject. Then I proceeded to Dehradun for my interview at the Air Force Selection Board. At the Selection Board, the emphasis was more on “personality” than on intelligence. Perhaps they were looking for physical fitness and an articulate manner. I was excited but nervous, determined but anxious, confident but tense. I could only finish ninth in the batch of 25 examined to select eight officers for commissioning in the Air Force. I was deeply disappointed. It took me some time to comprehend that the opportunity to join the Air Force had just slipped through my fingers.

Questions:
(a) Who is the narrator :
(i) Dr. Kalam (ii) Mahatma Gandhi
(iii) Pt. Nehru
(b) At the Selection Board, the emphasis was on:
(i) intelligence (ii) personality (iii) strength
(c) The word ‘comprehend’ means to :
(i) give up (ii) understand (iii) accept
(d) What was the result of the interview at the Air Force?
Answers:
(a) (i) Dr. Kalam.
(b) (ii) personality.
(c) (ii) understand.
(d) He was not selected in the Air Force as 8 out of 25 examined were selected and he was at ninth position.

(Lesson 6)

One month later, the school organized the annual sports meet. Mamta wanted to participate in ; the 400 metre race. She was a fast runner. She used to walk long distances in her town. That had helped her develop strong leg muscles and good stamina. On top of that she was also tall for her age. She would be competing against the school champion, who had been winning the race for the past three years. ; Most girls laughed at her wish to win the race. After all, Mamta had never before participated in a race, i But she believed in herself. She knew she could run well. It was just a matter of rigorous practice. And she wanted to win for a very strong reason. She felt that winning against the school champion would
also helg her somehow in her basket ball game. So she started concentrating on her speed when she exercised in the morning,
Questions:
(a) The school organized the :
(i) annual sports meet (ii) debate competition (iii) dancing competition
(b) The school champion had been winning for past:
(i) 4 years (ii) 3 years (iii) 6 years
(c) The antonym of ‘distracting is’:
(i) competing (ii) concentrating (iii) winning
(d) For. which strong reason she wanted to win?
Answers:
(a) (i) annual sports meet.
(b) (ii) 3 years.
(c) (ii) concentrating.
(d) She wanted to win because she felt that winning against the school champion would also help her somehow in her basket ball game.

(Lesson 5)

Now, sneezing is not prohibited to anyone. Peasants sneeze, and chief’s of police sneeze, and even politicians sneeze; everyone sneezes. Naturally, Tcherviakoff did not feel embarrassed at what he had done. He wiped his nose with his handkerchief and glanced about him politely to make sure that he had not disturbed any one by his sneezing. And then he felt deeply ashamed. He saw that an old man who was sitting in front of him was painfully wiping his bald spot and the back of his neck with his glove and muttering something. He was, Tcherviakoff recognized, General Brizjaloff of the Department of Highways.

Questions:
(a) Tcherviakoff did not feel:
(i) happy (ii) embarrassed (iii) sad
(b) The old man belonged to the department of:
(i) Highways (ii) Railways (iii) Airways
(c) The word which means ‘to speak very slowly’ is:
(i) muttering (ii) wiping (iii) glance
(d) Why Tcherviakoff did not feel embarrassed in the beginning?
Answers:
(a) (ii) embarrassed.
(b) (i) Highways.
(c) (i) muttering.
(d) He did not feel embarrassed in the beginning because he felt that sneezing was not prohibited to anyone.

(Lesson 17)

Now, we all live in a big house which we call our native country. We have each of us been given, some one rupee, some two rupees, some three and some four. These rupees are not rupees with which we can buy things, but they are different powers we have been given. Each of us has powers of body, powers of mind and powers of character. Each of us has strength, time and intelligence, which can be used. As we leave school and go out into the world, we are tested as to how we are going to use these talents which we possess. Are we going to use them to buy useless hay or are we going to use them to spread light throughout our house, that is, our country? If we are going to be good citizens, then we shall use our powers and abilities to try to spread light into all parts of our country, that is, we shall spend ourselves in the service of our country.

Questions:
(a) By native country we mean :
(i) country we live in (ii) country of our birth (iii) foreign country
(b) From which lesson has the extract been taken?
(c) The synonym of ‘spread’ is :
(i) disperse (ii) gather (iii) collect
(d) What do good citizens do?
Answers:
(a) (ii) country of our birth.
(b) Torch Bearers.
(c) (i) disperse.
(d) Good citizens use their powers and abilities in the service of their country.

(Lesson 10)

I shivered with the cold, and my own ingratitude. The process of the division was finally over. Whatever the second brother demanded, my elder brother agreed to it with a smile. My second brother proposed to buy the share of land that was given to me and offered eighteen thousand rupees as the price.

In the evening, my elder brother took me along with him to show me the paddy fields that were to be mine. I quietly followed him. We moved from boundary to boundary. Everywhere, I could feel the imprints of his feet, his palm and his fingers. On the bosom of the paddy fields sparkled the pearls of my elder brother’s sweat. He was showing me the fields, as a father would introduce a stranger to family members.

Questions :
(a) Which process was over?
(i) shifting (ii) division (iii) multiplication
(b) The fields were of:
(i) wheat (ii) paddy (iii) maize
(c) Find out the synonym of ‘offered’ from the passage.
(d) Where did his elder brother take him?
Answers:
(a) (ii) division.
(b) (ii) paddy.
(c) Proposed.
(d) His elder brother took him to show the paddy fields that were in his share.

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